Prue Addison

Prue Addison
Berks Bucks and Oxon Wildlife Trust

PhD

About

58
Publications
19,483
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1,347
Citations
Introduction
I am a conservation scientist and strategist with 18 years of international experience in the research, design and implementation of innovative conservation solutions that address marine and terrestrial environmental challenges. I am an experienced business director with expertise in conservation strategy development, conservation finance, and corporate biodiversity accountability. You can find out more about me and my research on my website: www.prueaddison.com

Publications

Publications (58)
Article
We devised a participatory modeling approach for setting management thresholds that show when management intervention is required to address undesirable ecosystem changes. This approach was designed to be used when management thresholds: must be set for environmental indicators in the face of multiple competing objectives; need to incorporate scien...
Article
Full-text available
Decision-making for conservation management often involves evaluating risks in the face of environmental uncertainty. Models support decision-making by (1) synthesizing available knowledge in a systematic, rational and transparent way and (2) providing a platform for exploring and resolving uncertainty about the consequences of management decisions...
Preprint
There are growing calls for businesses to implement ‘nature-positive’ strategies. Convergence around a precise definition is now needed. We review definitions of ‘nature-positive’ and propose four key elements for ‘nature-positive’ strategies: 1) demonstrating positive biodiversity outcomes across the entire value chain; 2) measurable outcomes agai...
Article
Full-text available
Background Anthropogenic degradation of marine ecosystems is widely accepted as a major social-ecological problem. The growing urgency to manage marine ecosystems more effectively has led to increasing application of spatial management measures (marine protected areas [MPAs], sectoral [e.g. fishery] closures and marine spatial planning [marine plan...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The BD Protocol aims to enable any organisation, from any sector, to identify, measure and account for its impacts on biodiversity. Companies can now develop their biodiversity impact inventory and the associated Statements of Biodiversity Position and Performance for various applications, from site or project management to disclosure. For instance...
Article
Full-text available
The upcoming Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) meeting, and adoption of the new Global Biodiversity Framework, represent an opportunity to transform humanity's relationship with nature. Restoring nature while meeting human needs requires a bold vision, including mainstreaming biodiversity conservation in society. We present a framework that...
Article
Both internal and external stakeholders of organisations are increasingly aware of the importance of natural capital in creating sustainable value. Corporate reporting on natural capital has been growing considerably over the past couple of decades, particularly for issues such as climate change, water and waste. Yet, quantified data disclosed is c...
Article
There is substantial and unexplored potential for scientists to engage with the private sector for a sustainable ocean. The importance of such cooperation is a frequent emphasis of international dialogues and statements, it is embedded within the Sustainable Development Goals, and has been championed by prominent business leaders and scientists. Bu...
Article
Full-text available
Biodiversity loss is a critical sustainability issue, and companies are beginning to seek ways to assess their biodiversity performance. Initiatives to date have developed biodiversity indicators for specific business contexts (e.g., spatial scales—from site, to product, to regional, or corporate scales); however, many are not widely translatable a...
Preprint
The upcoming meeting of the Convention on Biological Diversity aims to agree a Global Biodiversity Framework, representing an opportunity to transform humanity's relationship with nature. Restoring nature while meeting human needs requires a bold vision, but this will only succeed if biodiversity conservation can be mainstreamed throughout society....
Article
Full-text available
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were designed to address interactions between the economy, society, and the biosphere. However, indicators used for assessing progress toward the goals do not account for these interactions. To understand the potential implications of this compartmentalized assessment framework, we explore progress evaluatio...
Article
Full-text available
The Convention on Biological Diversity strategic goals direct the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity from global to local scales. Yet business’ role in meeting the strategic goals and being accountable for their impacts and dependencies on biodiversity are still not fully and coherently outlined. We demonstrate how business actions ca...
Article
Full-text available
Background Anthropogenic degradation of marine ecosystems is widely accepted as a major social-ecological problem. The growing urgency to better manage marine ecosystems has led to the increasing application of ‘spatial management measures’ including marine protected areas, sectoral (e.g. fishery) closures, and marine spatial planning. However, the...
Article
Full-text available
Much research and policy effort is being expended on ways to conserve living nature while enabling the economic and social development needed to increase equity and end poverty. We propose this will only be possible if policy shifts away from conservation targets that focus on avoiding losses towards processes that consider net outcomes for biodive...
Preprint
Highlights:  Corporations fail to account for and disclose their net impacts on renewable natural capital.  Net biodiversity impact accounting has been pioneered at the project level.  Scaling up these approaches to the company level should be a priority.  We propose the development of Statements of Biodiversity Position and Performance through...
Article
Full-text available
The World Economic Forum has identified biodiversity loss as an increasingly significant and impactful risk facing business. However, businesses themselves can negatively impact on biodiversity. Recognizing this, a number of companies have developed their own biodiversity commitments, including those to achieve a no net loss (NNL) or net positive i...
Article
Participatory research approaches are increasingly advocated as an effective means to produce usable climate adaptation science, and increase the likelihood that it will be beneficially incorporated into decision-making processes. However, while the implementation of participatory research approaches, such as those associated with knowledge co-prod...
Preprint
Full-text available
This document presents the results of an expert knowledge elicitation workshop which identifies policy mechanisms of relevance to the issue of mosquito net fishing across the relevant sectors of public health, fisheries management, development and conservation. A synthesis of current policy and future recommendations is contextualised within the re...
Article
Full-text available
Indicators are effective tools for summarizing and communicating key aspects of ecosystem state and have a long record of use in marine pollution and fisheries management. The application of biodiversity indicators to assess the status of species, habitats, and functional diversity in marine conservation and policy, however, is still developing and...
Article
Indicator species are frequently used for biodiversity management but whether indicator species selection is explicit about their ability to improve management decisions remains unclear. We reviewed the scientific literature to assess whether existing methods for selecting indicator species account for the following five monitoring and management “...
Article
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Article impact statement: New collaborations with accounting research can improve conservation impact of ecosystem‐based information systems. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved
Article
Full-text available
Biodiversity declines threaten the sustainability of global economies and societies. Acknowledging this, businesses are beginning to make commitments to account for and mitigate their influence on biodiversity, and report this in sustainability reports. The top 100 of the 2016 Fortune 500 Global companies' (the Fortune 100) sustainability reports w...
Article
Full-text available
Efforts to conserve biodiversity comprise a patchwork of international goals, national-level plans, and local interventions that, overall, are failing. We discuss the potential utility of applying the mitigation hierarchy, widely used during economic development activities, to all negative human impacts on biodiversity. Evaluating all biodiversity...
Article
Full-text available
The relationship between business and conservation is growing increasingly closer, with the recognition that collaboration can lead to better outcomes for biodiversity. Bennun et al. (2017) introduce the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (the Red List) to inform businesses' mitigation of biodiversity impacts; and subsequently how it can be improv...
Article
Full-text available
Cultivating a more dynamic relationship between science and policy is essential for responding to complex social challenges such as sustainability. One approach to doing so is to “span the boundaries” between science and decision making and create a more comprehensive and inclusive knowledge exchange process. The exact definition and role of bounda...
Article
Full-text available
Sustainable management and conservation of the world's oceans requires effective monitoring, evaluation, and reporting (MER). Despite the growing political and social imperative for these activities, there are some persistent and emerging challenges that marine practitioners face in undertaking these activities. In 2015, a diverse group of marine p...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Parks Victoria has developed a series of report cards to provide timely, accurate, and reliable information on the condition of natural assets, level of threats and management effectiveness. These report cards form part of Parks Victoria’s State of the Parks evaluation. This report card is for Yaringa Marine National Park
Article
Decision triggers show great potential for facilitating timely management action, promoting evidence-based management and preventing undesirable changes to the status of species, ecosystems and threats. Integration of decision triggers into day-to-day management practice has been slow, constrained by insufficient resources and limited in-house expe...
Article
Protected area management effectiveness (PAME) evaluation is increasingly undertaken to evaluate governance, assess conservation outcomes and inform evidence-based management of protected areas (PAs). Within PAME, quantitative approaches to assess biodiversity outcomes are now emerging, where biological monitoring data are directly assessed against...
Article
Sustainable management and conservation of the world’s oceans requires effective monitoring, evaluation, and reporting (MER). Despite the growing political and social imperative for these activities, there are some persistent and emerging challenges that marine practitioners face in undertaking these activities. In 2015, a diverse group of marine p...
Article
Full-text available
With the number of marine protected areas (MPAs) growing rapidly and progress being made towards protecting 10% of the ocean, as called for by the Convention on Biological Diversity, there is equally a need to increase efforts and provide incentives for effective management of these sites. The IUCN Green List of Protected and Conserved Areas (GLPCA...
Article
Protected area management organisations are on the front line of protecting biodiversity, and effective management is recognised as critical in halting the loss of biodiversity. Evidence-based management can help guide effective management of natural systems by integrating the best available evidence to support management decisions and evaluate man...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Reef 2050 Long-Term Sustainability Plan is the most recent government initiative designed to guide adaptive management of the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) over the next 35 years, and to ensure the protection of natural values of this world heritage area. A key initiative of the plan is to develop an integrated monitoring and reporting program for t...
Conference Paper
The ecological condition of Victoria’s Marine National Parks and Marine Sanctuaries is the subject of a series of new report cards which assess condition in a consistent, logical and systematic way. Each report card identifies conservation objectives for focal ecosystems within the park, along with the key ecological attributes (KEAs) of each ecosy...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report has been prepared by the Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS) for the Department of the Environment. It outlines the cost-effectiveness estimation process developed by AIMS that has informed the prioritisation of management interventions for investment under the second phase of Reef Trust. The Reef Trust is a Commonwealth Gover...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background / Purpose: Parks Victoria is establishing an ecological monitoring and evaluation framework for the network of marine national parks and sanctuaries as an integral part of the adaptive management framework for these marine protected areas. A key component of the framework is identifying indicators for monitoring condition of priority n...
Chapter
Full-text available
Lesson #1. Monitoring variables should have a social mandate. Lesson #2. Monitoring variables should be selected from an endpoint hierarchy to ensure they satisfy operational and scientific objectives. Lesson #3. Monitoring data should be linked directly and explicitly to a decision context. Lesson #4. Null hypothesis tests are the wrong way to use...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Long-term monitoring of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) is a requirement for successful adaptive management and global biodiversity conservation. There is now substantial scientific evidence which demonstrates the positive effects of MPAs, however some scientists have voiced their concerns about the scientific credibility of MPA monitoring. In partic...
Article
1.Conservation managers require biodiversity assessment tools to estimate the impact of human activities on biodiversity and to prioritize resources for habitat protection or restoration. Large-scale programs have been developed for freshwater ecosystems which grade sites by comparing measured versus expected species richness. These models have bee...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The importance of quality assurance in marine biological monitoring is a priority of the UK Marine Monitoring and Assessment Strategy and is implicit in several European directives, such as the Water Framework Directive, the Marine Strategy Framework Directive and the OSPAR Joint Assessment Monitoring Programme. Quality Assurance in marine biology...
Article
Full-text available
Rocky intertidal reefs are an increasingly popular setting for recreational activities in Australia. As a result, managers need to better understand and quantify the visitation levels and recreational use of these areas to ensure the protection of intertidal marine communities. We surveyed the recreational use of a rocky intertidal reef at Sorrento...
Article
Heavy metals often occur at elevated concentrations in bays and estuaries surrounded by urbanised areas and can cause substantial ecological changes to marine communities. The toxic effect of heavy metals can be modified by a several physico-chemical processes in the marine environment. These processes can vary greatly over small scales, so it is l...

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
The conceptual and empirical application of the mitigation and conservation hierarchy framework.
Project
I work closely with multinational businesses, government agencies and NGOs bringing lessons from conservation science to help mainstream biodiversity in the private sector. My work focuses on corporate biodiversity accountability in particular, helping businesses develop systems to measure, evaluate and report on their biodiversity performance. You can follow my work in Oxford here: https://www.iccs.org.uk/content/knowledge-exchange