Prosun Bhattacharya

Prosun Bhattacharya
KTH Royal Institute of Technology | KTH · Department of Sustainable Development, Environmental Sciences and Engineering (SEED)

PhD

About

468
Publications
129,574
Reads
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14,589
Citations
Introduction
PhD in Sedimentary Geochemistry from University of Delhi, India and an expert of groundwater chemistry. Currently Professor of Groundwater Chemistry and coordinator of KTH-International Groundwater Arsenic Research Group, at the Department of Sustainable Development, Environmental Science and Engineering at KTH, Stockholm. Research interests include geogenic contamination in groundwater, mitigation and management of drinking water quality. Fellow of the GSA (2012) and the IWA (2018).
Additional affiliations
February 2016 - January 2019
University of Southern Queensland 
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
June 2010 - July 2010
University of Kalyani
Description
  • Erasmus Mundus Exrernal Cooperation Window (EURINDIA) Faculty Exchange
May 2010 - May 2010
National Chung Cheng University
Description
  • Top 100 Professor grant
Education
August 1985 - November 1990
Department of Geology, University of Delhi
Field of study
  • Sedimentary Geochemistry

Publications

Publications (468)
Article
Full-text available
Geogenic contamination of surface and groundwater is frequently associated in regions of gold mining worldwide and related to drinking water quality problems. In Tanzania, elevated levels of trace elements (TEs) have been reported in drinking water sources within the Lake Victoria Basin, posing a serious health risk to communities. The present stud...
Article
Microplastics (MPs) and nanoplastics (NPs) are key indicators of the plasticine era, widely spread across different ecosystems. MPs and NPs become global stressors due to their inherent physicochemical characteristics and potential impact on ecosystems and humans. MPs and NPs have been exposed to humans via various pathways, such as tap water, bott...
Article
Full-text available
Geogenic contamination of surface and groundwater is frequently associated in regions of gold mining worldwide and related to drinking water quality problems. In Tanzania, elevated levels of trace elements (TEs) have been reported in drinking water sources within the Lake Victoria Basin, posing a serious health risk to communities. The present stud...
Conference Paper
In the present study, a total of 33 groundwater samples were collected from piezometers developed in the depth range of 28-32 m in Faridkot, Muktsar and Fazilka districts of southwest Punjab. These groundwater samples were analysed for Arsenic (As (total)), Iron (Fe), Manganese (Mn), Zinc (Zn), Nickel (Ni), and Lead (Pb). About ~45% of the wells ha...
Article
Full-text available
Wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) has emerged as a valuable approach to forecast disease outbreaks in developed countries with a centralized sewage infrastructure. On the other hand, due to the absence of well-defined and systematic sewage networks, WBE is challenging to implement in developing countries like Bangladesh where most people live in...
Article
Groundwater salinity problem was evaluated in the Rohtak district of the state of Haryana in northwestern India. The groundwater samples were collected from 82 villages of the district. Both post-monsoon and pre-monsoon samplings were carried out for two consecutive years (2017–2019). A total of 620 samples in the four seasons (155 in each season)...
Article
The primary goal of this research is to demarcate aquifers favorable for groundwater development in the border district of Rajouri, in the Union Territory of Jammu, and Kashmir, in order to secure a long-term water supply. The Schlumberger configuration resistivity survey technique Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) is used to investigate the chara...
Article
Full-text available
SARS-CoV-2, a novel Corona virus strain, was first detected in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. As of December 16, 2021, almost 4,822,472 people had died and over 236,132,082 were infected with this lethal viral infection. It is believed that the human immune system is thought to play a critical role in the initial phase of infection when the viruse...
Article
In the past two decades, a number of studies on arsenic (As) occurrence in the environment, particularly in surface and groundwater systems have reported high levels of As in several countries of the African continent. Arsenic concentrations up to 10000 μg/L have been reported in surface water systems, caused by human activities such as mining, ind...
Article
The global data on the temporal tracking of the COVID-19 through wastewater surveillance needs to be comparatively evaluated to generate a proper and precise understanding of the robustness, advantages, and sensitivity of the wastewater-based epidemiological (WBE) approach. We reviewed the current state of knowledge based on forty scientific articl...
Article
Purpose The Altiplano-Puna is a distinctive plateau and pristine environment to study geochemical, ecological, and climatic phenomena. It is the second highest plateau on Earth after Tibet and contains the largest endorheic system of South America. Nevertheless, water is a vital resource in the region, and surface water and groundwater are essentia...
Article
Full-text available
The ongoing pandemic of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a public health crisis of global concern. The progression of the COVID-19 pandemic has been monitored in the first place by testing symptomatic individuals for SARS-CoV-2 virus in the respiratory samples. Concurrently, wastewater carry feces, urine, and sputum that potentially conta...
Article
Arsenic (As) and antimony (Sb) are potentially hazardous metalloids and their presence in the environment is often related to mineral deposits, mines, and thermal springs. Despite their similar chemical properties, the distribution and behavior of As and Sb in nature has been shown to differ. In order to contribute to a better understanding of As a...
Article
Full-text available
The study aims to determine the impact of global meteorological parameters on SARS-COV-2, including population density and initiation of lockdown in twelve different countries. The daily trend of these parameters and COVID-19 variables from February 15th to April 25th, 2020, were considered. Asian countries show an increasing trend between infectio...
Article
In the present study, the activity concentration of radioactive nuclides (226Ra, 232Th and 40K) in different types of rocks in the lesser Himalayan mountainous region in Jammu and Kashmir, India have been measured using Sodium Iodide and High purity germanium detectors. The advanced smart RnDuo monitor was utilized for assessing radon and thoron ex...
Article
Full-text available
The conflict between the vitality of natural ecosystem versus artificially developed systems has existed since decades. The ecological sensitivity and socio-economic aspects associated with riverfront development along rivers have attracted the attention of environmentalists and ecologists across the globe. The present study evaluates the impacts o...
Article
In the initial pandemic phase, effluents from wastewater treatment facilities were reported mostly free from Severe Acute Respiratory Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) RNA, and thus conventional wastewater treatments were generally considered effective. However, there is a lack of first-hand data on i) comparative efficacy of various treatment processes f...
Article
Full-text available
Groundwater contamination from geogenic sources poses challenges to many countries, especially in the developing world. In Tanzania, the elevated fluoride (F⁻) concentration and related chronic fluorosis associated with drinking F⁻ rich water are common in the East African Rift Valley regions. In these regions, F⁻ concentration is space dependence...
Article
Full-text available
Although the World Health Organization (WHO) announcement released in early March 2020 stated there is no proven evidence that the COVID-19 virus can survive in drinking water or sewage, there has been some recent evidence that coronaviruses can survive in low-temperature environments and in groundwater for more than a week. Some studies have also...
Article
This study reviewed groundwater fluoride and the associated human health risks in Ghana. The physical and chemical properties of fluorine that make it soluble in the soil and aquifer materials were carefully reviewed. The pathways through which fluoride gets into groundwater were also reviewed. Fluoride concentrations in groundwater can be as high...
Article
Full-text available
PAHs are organic pollutants that have carcinogenic and mutagenic impacts on human health and are a subject of great concern. The soil-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the urban areas can be very lethal to human health. The concentrations, sources, and possible cancer risks of 15 PAHs were analysed by collecting roadside soil samples...
Chapter
It has been observed globally that primary groundwater arsenic (As) is derived from modern and ancient magmatic arcs at continental convergent margins of some of the most prominent orogenic systems worldwide (e.g., Andes, Himalaya). It ends up in arc-derived sediments in the adjacent foreland basin through rapid and continuous erosion of exhuming a...
Conference Paper
Ensuring safely managed drinking water for all in Bangladesh is a major concern to achieve SDG 6 in the context of water quality. Tubewells are one of the easy and sustainable options for rural drinking water supply, but detection of arsenic (As) in wide areas of Bangladesh, the Government has been facing the challenges to provide safe drinking wat...
Conference Paper
Worldwide, millions of people are at risk of adverse health effects due to the intake of arsenic (As) through drinking water and food. Much of this exposure arises from the exploitation of groundwater. High concentrations of As are found in groundwaters in many parts of the densely populated flood plains of the South Asian region including in the s...
Article
Full-text available
The population of the semi-arid areas of the countries in the East African Rift Valley (EARV) is faced with serious problems associated with the availability and the quality of the drinking water. In these areas, the drinking water supply largely relies on groundwater characterised by elevated fluoride concentration (> 1.5 mg/L), resulting from int...
Article
Full-text available
Over the past two decades, several deadly viral epidemics have emerged, which have placed humanity in danger. Previous investigations have suggested that viral diseases can spread through contaminants or contaminated surfaces. The transmission of viruses via polluted surfaces relies upon their capacity to maintain their infectivity while they are i...
Article
In the course of a COVID-19 pandemic, 0.33 million people got infected in Bangladesh, we made the first and successful attempt to detect SARS-CoV-2 viruses' genetic material in the vicinity wastewaters of an isolation centre i.e. Shaheed Bhulu Stadium, situated at Noakhali. The idea was to understand the genetic loading variation, both temporal and...
Preprint
Full-text available
The presence of SARS-CoV-2 genetic materials in wastewater has become a matter of grave for many countries of the world. Wastewater based epidemiology, in this context, emerged as an important tool in developed countries where proper sewage system is available. Due to the recent shift in the spread of the infection from urban to rural areas, it is...
Article
In present study, a total of 275 representative water samples (263 groundwater, 8 canal water, 2 samples from Sutlej River and 2 samples from Buddhanala) were collected and analysed. The sampling was carried out in the month of August, September, and October of 2019. These samples were analysed for the Arsenic (As-total), Aluminium (Al), Iron (Fe),...
Article
Full-text available
The human exposure to groundwater contamination with toxic elements is a worldwide concern. In this study, multivariate statistics coupled with probabilistic and deterministic risk estimation approaches were applied to 173 groundwater samples of Urmia aquifer (UA) to evaluate human health risks in relation to the consumption of groundwater contamin...
Article
Full-text available
Over the years, groundwater has been used as a means of adaptation to the seasonal and perennial scarcity of surface water. Groundwater provides water for households, livestock, and irrigation in semi-arid areas of Tanzania. It is acknowledged that groundwater is susceptible to chemical and other mineral contamination which not only poses a threat...
Conference Paper
Many regions of the Bihar is facing high concentration levels of arsenic (As) in drinking water which causes several health problems besides socioeconomic and other issues. The major source of drinking water is through the tubewell extracted from the groundwater. We investigate the sediment colours at various depths and associated As and Fe in drin...
Conference Paper
Understanding the interactions among dissolved organic carbon (DOC), arsenic and fecal contamination in the groundwater of southeast Bangladesh is crucial as groundwater is the most important drinking water sources in Bangladesh. Groundwater samples (13 – 236 m depths) from four piezometer nests and nearby surface water samples from Matlab (SE Bang...
Poster
Full-text available
The primary aim of the current study was to determine the Arsenic (As) concentration across an approximate stretch of 61 km of River Gomti at Lucknow district. Results suggested~28.5% reduction in As concentration after the lockdown, with only two downstream sites having As>10 µg/L. It was observed that~40% sites for children were safe for drinking...
Article
Full-text available
The episodic outbreak of COVID-19 due to SARS-CoV-2 is severely affecting the economy, and the global count of infected patients is increasing. The actual number of patients had been underestimated due to limited facilities for testing as well as asymptomatic nature of the expression of COVID-19 on individual basis. Tragically, for emerging economi...
Article
Full-text available
Fluoride (F–) pollution in groundwater of the Older Alluvial Plain (OAP) of Delhi has been reported as a major problem. About 34% of the groundwater samples collected for this study had F–level beyond the permissible limit; with F–concentration in the range of 0.14–3.15 mg/L (average 1.20 mg/L). In this context, this article for the first time atte...
Article
Fluoride as a geogenic contaminant is commonly encountered in groundwater-based drinking water sources. In the present study Watermelon Rind (Citrullus lanatus) Biochar (WMRBC) was investigated for its defluoridation potential. The factors affecting the removal of fluoride, including pH, adsorbent dosage, initial concentration, and contact time wer...
Article
Full-text available
Spatial uncertainty caused by large-scale variation in fluoride (F⁻) occurrence remains a setback for water supply authorities in the F⁻ belts of the world. It is estimated that approximately 80 million people in the East African Rift Valley (EARV) regions and volcanic areas exhibit a wide variety of fluorosis symptoms due to drinking water with F¯...
Preprint
In the initial pandemic phase, effluents from wastewater treatment facilities were reported mostly free from Severe Acute Respiratory Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) RNA, and thus conventional wastewater treatments were generally considered effective. However, there is a lack of first-hand data on i) comparative efficacy of various treatment processes f...
Article
Arsenic (As) contamination is a well-recognized environmental and health issue, threatening over 200 million people worldwide with the prime cases in South and Southeast Asian and Latin American countries. Rice is mostly cultivated under flooded paddy soil conditions, where As speciation and accumulation by rice plants is controlled by various geo-...
Article
The state of Punjab has a dominant agrarian economy and is considered India’s bread basket. However, it is now under the problem of falling agro-economy primarily because of pervasive depletion of groundwater levels and deteriorating groundwater quality in south-west Punjab, but increasing salinity is a major concern. The irrigation requirements of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Hospitals in low-and middle-income countries are frequently the center of epidemics and emerging infectious diseases. Significant health hazards result due to lack of systematic monitoring of wastewater (WW) discharges from hospitals containing a significant load of pathogens. We conducted a cross-sectional study to explore the WW management in Dha...
Article
In this investigation, the positive impact of COVID-19 lockdown on heavy metals concentration and biological parameters in the shallow groundwater samples of Coimbatore city of South India was ascertained. The groundwater samples (n = 15) were obtained from shallow open wells during before lockdown (24-25 February 2020) and after lockdown (2-3 June...
Article
Full-text available
The concentration of total dissolved mercury (Hg T) in surface and groundwater resources in the coastal parts of Urmia aquifer (NW of Iran) was investigated to identify the possible sources and sinks of mercury and the geochemical mechanisms controlling its mobilization. The distribution of water samples on the Piper diagram demonstrates that most...
Article
The hydrogeochemical and quality status of groundwater resources in Yazd province, the central plateau of Iran, has been investigated. The most common water type, followed by chemical facies in this study area, is Cl type (with 50.46%) and Na-Cl facies (47.71%), respectively. Besides, the most samples with industrial and agricultural uses show the...
Article
Full-text available
We made the first and successful attempt to detect SARS-CoV-2 genetic material in the vicinity wastewaters of an isolation centre i.e. Shaheed Bhulu Stadium, situated at Noakhali. Owing to the fact that isolation centre, in general, always contained a constant number of 200 COVID-19 patients, the prime objective of the study was to check if several...
Article
Handwashing is one of the vital public health measures. It helps to prevent the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, water overuse during hand scrubbing with soap keeping the tap on may put enormous pressure on the already overstretched groundwater resources and households’ economic well-being. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the over...
Article
Arsenic (As) and Fluoride (F) are two commonly occurring geogenic contaminants in groundwater environment, causing a range of carcinogenic and noncarcinogenic adverse health effects worldwide. Several studies have been conducted in past and many are ongoing to address As and F contamination issue of natural water. This special issue is conferring i...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to evaluate the quality of groundwater in the most arid province of Iran, Yazd. It is highly dependent on groundwater resources to meet the domestic, industrial, and agricultural water demand. Position of water samples on the modified Gibbs diagram demonstrates that the interaction with silicates and the increase in direct cation ex...
Chapter
Global pandemic of SARS-CoV-2 has infected more than 53 million people in more than 190 countries. The major transmission routes of most of the infectious viruses’ including SARS-CoV-2 remain aerosols and droplets. The source of which remains coughing, sneezing, urinary, and intestinal excretions. This book chapter focuses on the latter two sources...
Conference Paper
Contamination of surface water resources with pathogens promoted the use of shallow groundwater as a primary drinking water source in Bangladesh several decades ago. However, the shallow groundwater containing elevated levels of arsenic (As) caused a severe health threat to millions. Recently it was observed that As-contaminated groundwater also co...
Article
For the first time, we present, i) an account of decay in the genetic material loading of SARS-CoV-2 during Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB) treatment of wastewater, and ii) comparative evaluation of polyethylene glycol (PEG), and filtration as virus concentration methods from wastewater for the quantification of SARS-CoV-2 genes. The objecti...
Conference Paper
The population resident in areas of the East African Rift system (EARS) is faced with serious problems associated with the availability and the quality of the drinking water. Drinking water supply largely relies on the groundwater wells and springs and is characterised by elevated fluoride concentration (> 1.5 mg/L), resulting from the interactions...
Article
Full-text available
Arsenic (As) contamination of drinking water is a worldwide problem. The natural origin of As, its mobility, and transport are of boundless interest in Bolivian Altiplano due to its presence in mineral deposits, brines, hot springs, and volcanic rocks. In this study, a geochemical spatial-temporal approach was used to understand the sources and fac...