Professor Dilanthi Amaratunga

Professor Dilanthi Amaratunga
University of Huddersfield · Global Disaster Resilience Centre

BSc Hons First Class ; PhD; FRICS; FHEA; FRGS; CMgr FCMI
Leading Research and outreach in DRR

About

576
Publications
454,234
Reads
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5,598
Citations
Introduction
Professor Dilanthi Amaratunga, is a world leading Professor in disaster resilience with an international reputation. She has over 30 years of research experiences and currently leads the University’s Global Disaster Resilience Centre, responsible for supporting research on disaster management portfolios. Her research interests include; resilient cities; disaster risk reduction; capacity building; socio-economic measures for disaster risks.
Additional affiliations
April 2019 - present
IOC UNESCO
Position
  • International expert of IOC UNESCO ICG/IOTWMS inter-sessional Task Team on “Tsunami Preparedness for a Near-Field Tsunami Hazard
Description
  • will work towards enhancing Tsunami preparedness for near-field tsunami hazard including improving end-to-end national warning chains learning from the recent tsunami events.
February 2018 - November 2020
European Commission’s Joint Research Center (JRC) and UNISDR ESTAG
Position
  • Consultant
Description
  • To provide scientific and technical support to the European and Central Asian countries for the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, and other DRR related relevant frameworks or policies
September 2017 - present
Royal Academy of Engineering
Position
  • Steering Committee member of the Frontiers for Development Programme
Description
  • This initiative aims to promote international development, encourage collaborative work and facilitate cross-disciplinary thinking among the next generation of leaders
Education
January 1998 - December 2000
University of Salford
Field of study
January 1990 - December 1993
University of Moratuwa
Field of study
  • Quantity Surveying

Publications

Publications (576)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A co current hazard on top of COVID-19 pandemic could create a devastating impact on the health and disaster response systems. The likelihood of such a multi hazard scenario in Jaffna district is high. Training of community members and grass root level public health workers on a multi hazard scenario would be a future investment. Objectives of thi...
Conference Paper
The COVID-19 pandemic gave rise to several unprecedented challenges, including an emergency shift to online learning and distance education. Although many consider it normal to own devices like mobile phones, laptops and computers, studies suggest that about 46% of the global learning population remains offline. Consequently, inclusive education an...
Article
Critical Infrastructures (CIs) have become the backbone of the economy and functionality of the built environment among all nations. The absence of a universally accepted definition for CIs hinders one's attempts at building the resilience of CIs against disasters. Identification of damage reduction measures is vital in decision-making to achieve t...
Article
Full-text available
COVID-19 has showcased the systematic nature of risks. Its effects have spanned beyond the health sector causing severe economic disruptions. Sri Lanka's GDP contracted by 3.6% in 2020 from a 2.3% growth in 2019, reflecting the largest economic downturn recorded in the country's history. Although the COVID-19 pandemic has been largely perceived as...
Article
Full-text available
The recent global acknowledgement of the importance of disaster risk reduction (DRR) in steering the world towards sustainable development can be discerned in the Sendai Framework for DRR 2015-2030 and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Ironically, certain DRR strategies like planned relocation have often undermined agricultural productio...
Article
Full-text available
Synergized impacts of simultaneous hazards amidst COVID-19 have called for the need for highly collaborative multi-sectoral approaches for disaster preparedness planning. In such a context, this study aims at evaluating the network of stakeholders in the National Early Warning System of Sri Lanka during preparedness planning. Social Network Analysi...
Article
Purpose Addressing the housing needs of the displaced communities is an essential part of a recovery programme that has distinct links to livelihoods, health, education, security and social and family stability. The housing factor acts as a social centre for family and friends, a source of pride and cultural identity and a resource that commands bo...
Article
Full-text available
A cohesive society is not only characterised by the availability of basic services and facilities, but also promotes economic equality and inclusion, democracy, and social solidarity. Forced displacement due to disasters and conflict constantly disrupt the path to a sustainable and cohesive society. Displaced communities often struggle with a lack...
Article
The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction has identified the climate change education as a key motivation for improving energy efficiency, climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction by encouraging changes in the attitudes and behaviour and helping adapt to climate change-related trends. Delivering climate change education via Mass...
Chapter
Disaster risk in Sri Lanka has been increasing mainly due to rapid unplanned commercialization and development of cities, infrastructure with poor quality, and the impacts of climate change which has exposed the built environment severely to natural hazards. Out of all the hazards, floods, landslides, heavy winds and tsunamis have caused the highes...
Chapter
Critical Infrastructures can be considered as backbones in the societal and economic well-being of the countries. In many of the countries, natural hazards turning to disasters have become a massive threat in reducing the continuous functionality and delivery of the service. Due to the systematic behaviour of these Critical Infrastructures, the fai...
Chapter
Without any doubt, the outbreak of novel coronavirus; mostly known as COVID-19 has divided the recent timeline of world into three periods namely, before COVID-19, during COVID-19 and after COVID-19. The devastating impacts that occurred during COVID-19 have already been a wake-up call towards how the existing systems should be strengthened for the...
Chapter
Sri Lanka has been experiencing various types of hazards which have turn into disasters over the past years. A considerable amount of human lives and properties have been impacted due to these disasters. Establishing proper communication channels for effective dissemination of disaster-related information is one of the key strategies of reducing an...
Chapter
In developing a disaster resilience pathway, exploring the basic underlying characteristics of a given context for it to be disaster resilient is vital. Resilient properties is a terminology used to name underlying characteristics that needs to be embedded in a given context for it to be disaster resilient. Built environment plays a key role in bui...
Chapter
As a result of the massive death and destruction caused by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, developing effective disaster preparedness strategies became a priority among countries in the region. The Indian Ocean end-to-end tsunami warning and mitigation system was established in the years following the tsunami and became fully operational in 2013. A...
Chapter
Resettlement failure is a continuing concern within the field of postdisaster housing. There is a growing body of literature that recognizes dissatisfaction in many resettlement schemes around the world. However, a systematic understanding of why resettlements do not satisfy their beneficiaries is still lacking. This chapter seeks to fill this gap...
Preprint
Full-text available
COVID-19 has caused great devastation in Europe and internationally. Governments worldwide are now spending vast sums of money on the economic recovery which will significantly influence our ability to deliver a green and resilient recovery. In this report, experts who are part of the European Science and Technology Advisory Group (E-STAG), analyse...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper elaborates on the key elements of pandemic preparedness and response. As an output of the paper authors present a comprehensive framework that is based on the epidemic and pandemic preparedness and response, special focus on early warning and multi-hazard preparedness.
Poster
Full-text available
5th Global Summit of GADRI: Engaging Sciences with Action 31st August to 2nd September 2021 Intercontinental Virtual Conference http://gadri.net/summit/
Chapter
Full-text available
Since the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the coronavirus infectious disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak a pandemic on 11 March 2020, the everyday lives of the whole global population have been drastically changed. Lockdown shortened many of the physical worlds to homes and immediate neighbourhoods. Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemi...
Chapter
Full-text available
The recent COVID-19 pandemic has been perceived and experienced by most governments and societies across the globe as an unprecedented shock. However, facts reveal that pandemics have been far from alien. Before the advent of the Coronavirus, a number of outbreaks have repeatedly triggered the world ranging from those as early as the Spanish flu of...
Chapter
Full-text available
Covid-19 pandemic, one of the most significant humanitarian and development setbacks faced by humankind in the known history, imposes immeasurable risks to the progress of sustainable development and human wellbeing. It is a health crisis that went beyond anyone’s control, leading to a global pandemic, but on the other end, it is an economic catast...
Chapter
Full-text available
Covid-19 has affected both developed and developing countries. Sri Lanka is no exception to other countries in the region, and was able to manage the pandemic at the initial stage with a certain element of success. The local government authorities have also contributed towards the pandemic response measures, though they do not have any legitimate d...
Chapter
Full-text available
A year after the first human cases of Covid-19 were identified in late 2019, the global Covid-19 pandemic had already killed more than 2.25 million people and infected more than 103 million people. By late 2020, the disease caused by this novel coronavirus had resulted in devastating health, economic, social and environmental impacts on countries a...
Chapter
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic in Sri Lanka has not only posed a severe threat to human health and longevity but also cascaded into a large scale economic downturn and bleak social effects signifying the systemic nature of risks. This study examines the major economic and social effects caused by the first wave of COVID-19 in the country and the manner in w...
Article
Purpose - The current National Early Warning System for Sri Lanka (NEWS: SL) was established after the devastations of the Indian Ocean Tsunami in 2004. Although early warning (EW) systems and evacuation procedures are in place, several areas which need improvements have been emphasized in recent studies carried out in the country. Therefore, this...
Chapter
With the rapid increase of coastal hazards, many scientists have commended on the significance of effective coastal hazard early warning systems worldwide. An early warning system comprises four elements: detection and monitoring, risk analysis, warning dissemination, and preparedness and response mechanisms with three phases: upstream, interface a...
Chapter
Social media is a prevalent and evolving communication channel that allows users to create contents, consume and share with a wider community. It is seen that there is a high potential to adapt social media in disaster risk reduction and management (DRR&M) as an advanced communication channel by facilitating communication and dissemination of disas...
Chapter
Focusing on human behavioral aspects are significant in the effective delivery of Early Warnings to the community on time. In that context, the extent of trust towards the Multi-Hazard Early Warning mechanism plays a major role. This deals with delivering the warning messages related to several hazard categories and the cascading disaster risks tri...
Chapter
Full-text available
Covid-19 has affected both developed and developing countries. Sri Lanka is no exception to other countries in the region, and was able to manage the pandemic at the initial stage with a certain element of success. The local government authorities have also contributed towards the pandemic response measures, though they do not have any legitimate d...
Chapter
Full-text available
A year after the first human cases of Covid-19 were identified in late 2019, the global Covid-19 pandemic had already killed more than 2.25 million people and infected more than 103 million people. By late 2020, the disease caused by this novel coronavirus had resulted in devastating health, economic, social and environmental impacts on countries a...
Article
This paper seeks to improve the conceptual understanding of the process of participation in early warning systems (EWS) through a review of participatory EWS examples in the academic literature. Specifically, the paper asks: who is involved, what responsibilities do participants hold, what activities are they involved in, and what are the associate...
Chapter
Full-text available
The COVID-19 outbreak has caused severe disruptions in health, social, economic, and political sectors highlighting the need for focusing on the dynamic nature of systemic risks. The cascading impacts of the COVID-19 have already evidenced the systemic nature of risks related to biological outbreaks. Therefore, the emulation of a multi-sectoral app...
Chapter
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic in Sri Lanka has not only posed a severe threat to human health and longevity but also cascaded into a large scale economic downturn and bleak social effects signifying the systemic nature of risks. This study examines the major economic and social effects caused by the first wave of COVID-19 in the country and the manner in w...
Chapter
Full-text available
The entire world is in an unprecedented dysfunction since 11 th March 2020 when the WHO declared a global pandemic as unprecedented health and socioeconomic issues emerged with the outbreak of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and its associated 53 coronavirus diseases (COVID-19). This challenging pandemic has created...
Article
Purpose It is significant to assess the societal trust toward the new advancements in multi-hazard early warnings (MHEW) with the focus on disaster risk reduction (DRR). Based on this, the purpose of this paper is to examine the extent of societal trust behavior along with the parameters such as mode of communication and institutions of issuing ear...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper explores explore the main elements and key stages of epidemic and pandemic early warning through literature and identify the critical elements in order to analyse the interconnectedness between different elements in an effective epidemic and pandemic early warning mechanism
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report presents the findings of a study that was conducted with the aim of assessing the long term outcomes of the Kegalle Resettlement Program, which was designed and implemented by the Government of Sri Lanka with the technical assistance of the National Building Research Organisation [NBRO] and the participation of other relevant stakeholde...
Chapter
Full-text available
Disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA) are two practices designed to tackle vulnerabilities to disasters. It is commonly recognized that there are several key similarities between the two and the linkages between them have been highlighted throughout recent global agendas. Although there is wide recognition that a cohesiv...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper discusses how the pandemic response in Sri Lanka could be more decentralized and embedded into the existing DRR framework with special focus to increase the involvement of multi-stakeholders.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper analyzes what are the policy challenges of disaster risk governance in the context of systemic risk with special focus to Covid19 health pandemic
Chapter
Coastal hazards make significant impacts on lives and economies across the world. Asia reported the highest number of coastal hazards during recent decades. Among many initiatives introduced to minimize devastating impacts of coastal hazards, multi-hazard early warning (MHEW) has been identified as an effective way of dealing with coastal and other...
Article
Purpose The extreme climatic events are a result of modern human lifestyles and activities. Climate literacy is one of the significant factors to redefine aggravated human behaviours related to climate change and energy efficiency. Therefore, education relevant to energy efficiency and climate change is identified as a vital requirement in the pres...
Chapter
The alerts given accurately on time via Early Warning mechanisms can save thousands of lives as well as can minimize the level of damage to the Critical Infrastructure to a greater extent. With the rapid occurrence of natural hazards day by day, more emphasis on Disaster Risk Reduction strategies are concerned in order to minimize the disaster-rela...
Chapter
Global human population continues to boom which consequently necessitates the provision for more buildings. Predominantly in developing countries, these buildings, built to accommodate the influx of more people comply with local and national building laws and regulations which have been outdated and do not resist to natural hazards and rapidly chan...
Book
This book presents a collection of papers under the theme of multi-hazard early warning and disaster risks. These were selected from the presentations made at the International Symposium on Tsunami and Multi-Hazard Risks, Early Warning and Community Awareness in supporting implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030...
Article
Full-text available
COVID-19 started in China and then spread to other countries. The Indonesian government officially announced the first case of COVID-19 on 2nd March 2020. Previously, on 4th February, the Ministry of Health issued a Decree of the Minister of Health number HK.01.07 of 2020 regarding “Determination of Novel Coronavirus Infection (2019-Ncov Infection)...
Article
Full-text available
Simulation of flood inundation in urban areas longer important, given the magnitude of potential loss and disruption associated with non-river based, urban flooding. The complexity of the urban environment and lack of high-resolution topographic and hydrologic data compromise the development and implementation of models. Low impact development (LID...
Book
Full-text available
This international symposium on multihazard early warning and disaster risk reduction provides an important opportunity to reflect upon our progress our progress to date in tackling disaster risk, but also to consider some of the challenges and opportunities that lay ahead.
Technical Report
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic that has been engulfing the world for the past year has forced lives to come to a halt and created a new definition of the ‘normal’. The pandemic has portrayed the systemic nature of risk compelling most states to take sudden and spontaneous decisions in response. These decisions have curtailed the spread of the virus in the s...
Article
Purpose Public open spaces (POS) in cities are often measured as a strength to enhance cities’ sustainability with a contribution to the three pillars: economic, social and environmental. Nevertheless, the importance of POS for disaster resilience is less recognised and remains under-rehearsed in the urban planning context. Within this context, thi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper is based on findings of an ERASMUS+ funded Advancing Skill Creation to ENhance Transformation (ASCENT) project that aimed (2016-2019) to build research and innovation (R&I) capacity in the Asia Region 6 (as per ERASMUS+ guidelines) to enable the development of societal resilience to disasters. In collaboration with some Asian partner ins...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Natural and man-made hazards threaten millions of people every year and cause billions of property damage. Disasters continue to undermine sustainable development, so reducing its impacts and identifying pathways towards resilient societies is a global goal. How much do we know about them? Scientists and researchers have brought a deeper understand...