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Prashith Kekuda T.R

Prashith Kekuda T.R
S.R.N.M.N College of Applied Sciences, Shimoga, Karnataka, India · Microbiology

Ph.D

About

236
Publications
172,507
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2,394
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2004 - March 2021
S.R.N.M.N College of Applied Sciences
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
July 2000 - June 2002
Kuvempu University
Field of study
  • Microbiology

Publications

Publications (236)
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, we investigated for the first time mineral composition, total phenol content and antioxidant activity of a foliose macrolichen Everniastrum cirrhatum (Fr.) Hale (Parmeliaceae) from Bhadra wildlife sanctuary, Karnataka, India. Mineral content of the lichen was estimated by Atomic absorption spectrophotometer after acid digestio...
Article
Full-text available
The present study was carried out to estimate the content of total phenolics, flavonoids, negundoside and agnuside and to determine antibacterial, cytotoxic and antioxidant efficacy of methanol extract of two varieties of Vitex negundo namely V. negundo var. negundo (Vnvn) and V. negundo var. purpurascens (Vnvp). Total phenolic and flavonoid conten...
Article
The present study aimed at determining biocontrol potential of six Streptomyces species (SSC-MB-01 to SSC-MB-06) against Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. zingiberi, causal agent of rhizome rot of ginger. Primary screening for antifungal activity was tested by dual culture method. Agar well diffusion method was employed to screen inhibitory efficacy of ethy...
Article
Full-text available
Everniastrum cirrhatum (Fr.) Hale (Parmeliaceae) is a foliose macrolichen which usually grows on the barks of trees in temperate regions. In the present study, we report for the first time antifungal and cytotoxic activity of E. cirrhatum. The dried lichen material was powdered and extracted with methanol using by soxhlet apparatus. Antifungal acti...
Article
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Introduction and Aim: Reactive oxygen species are implicated in the pathophysiology of several human ailments. Antioxidants from plants are shown to be promising in terms of their health benefits. Glochidion ellipticum Wight is belonging to the family Phyllanthaceae. This study investigated the antioxidant potential of solvent extracts of G. ellipt...
Article
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Rubus steudneri Schweinf. (Rosaceae) is one of the three unstudied Rubus species that grow in Ethiopia. The present work was aimed to determine the physicochemical characteristics, micronutrients, anthocyanins, and antinutrients of ripe and unripe R. steudneri fruits using a range of analytical protocols. The present work also investigated the α-gl...
Article
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Diabetes mellitus is one of the metabolic disorders that affect the well-being of people all over the world. Inhibition of α-amylase activity seems to be an attractive strategy for managing type II diabetes mellitus. Interest in botanicals with α-amylase inhibitory activity is triggered due to some drawbacks that are associated with the use of comm...
Article
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Aim: Rubus steudneri Schweinf. (Rosaceae) is one of three Rubus species that grow in Ethiopia. Studies of this species have been restricted to in vitro antioxidant, antidiabetic, and nutritional evaluation. Until today, no identification has been made of its phytochemical fingerprints, resulting in an unclear picture of its phytochemical constituen...
Article
Objectives: Alangium salviifolium L. is one of the medicinally important plant belonging to the family Cornaceae. The present study evaluates antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidant activity of leaf and fruit extracts of A. salviifolium. Methods: Extraction of shade dried and powdered leaf and fruit was carried out by maceration technique. Antiba...
Article
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Recent epidemiological studies suggest that postprandial hyperglycemia is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. A human's high carbohydrate diet majorly consists of a high carbohydrate diet and α-glucosidase is a glucosidase located in the brush border of the small intestine is involved in glycosidic cleavage of starch at α-glycosi...
Chapter
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The present study evaluates antifungal and insecticidal activity of leaf extract of four Citrus species namely C. maxima (Burm.) Merr., C. jambhiri Lush, C. medica L. and C. aurantium L. The collected plant materials were dried under shade, powdered and extracted using methanol by maceration process. Antifungal activity was evaluated against two se...
Chapter
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Phyllodium pulchellum (L.) Desv. [Syn: Desmodium pulchellum (L.) Benth] is a shrub belonging to the family Leguminosae. In this review, a comprehensive information on the ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological activities of P. pulchellum is discussed. P. pulchellum is reported to be used as fodder and as an edible plant. The plant...
Chapter
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Ardisia solanacea (Poir.) Roxb. is a medicinal plant of the family Primulaceae. We report the phytochemical content and in vitro antioxidant efficacy of methanolic extract of A. solanacea leaves. The phytochemical analysis of the leaf extract revealed the presence of steroids, alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, tannins, saponins, and triterpenes. T...
Chapter
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The present study was carried out to evaluate insecticidal and antimicrobial activity of fruit extract of Elaeagnus conferta Roxb. (Elaeagnaceae) and Mimusops elengi L. (Sapotaceae). Insecticidal activity was evaluated against II and III larvae of Anopheles species. Antibacterial and antifungal activity of fruit extracts was determined by agar well...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction and Aim: Rubus steudneri Schweinf. and Rubus apetalus Poir. are two of the three Rubus species that grow in Ethiopia belongs to the Rosaceae family consumed as food and used in traditional medicine. Studies of this species have been restricted to in vitro antioxidant studies. Keeping this into consideration, we determined physicochemic...
Chapter
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Poaceae is one of the economically important plant families and include monocotyledonous flowering plants designated as grasses. The grasses are useful as food, fodder, sources of essential oils, construction tools and medicine. In the present study, we evaluated antifungal, antiradical and insecticidal activity of extracts of grass species namely...
Chapter
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Caesalpinia sappan L. is one of the medicinal plants belonging to the family Caesalpiniaceae. In the present study, we have determined antimicrobial, insecticidal and antioxidant activity of leaf extract of C. sappan. Extraction of shade dried and powdered leaves was carried out by maceration process using methanol. Preliminary phytochemical analys...
Chapter
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Anogeissus latifolia (Roxb. ex DC.) Wall. ex Bedd. belonging to the family Combretaceae is an important tree species having several ethnobotanical applications. The tree is commonly known as Axle wood tree or Ghatti tree. The plant is used traditionally as medicine to treat various human ailments and conditions such as vomiting, whooping cough, col...
Chapter
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Alangium salviifolium (L.f.) Wangerin (Cornaceae) is one of the important plants having widespread medicinal uses and is commonly known as sage-leaved alangium. The plant is a bushy, small tree and is reported to contain a wide range of phytochemicals such as phenolic compounds, alkaloids, flavonoids, triterpenes and glycosides. An extensive litera...
Chapter
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Domesticated animals play a significant role in human civilization and the rearing animals for various needs such as meat, milk, hide, manure, agricultural practices and other needs has been recorded since time immemorial. Livestock diseases contribute to serious threat and significant economic losses. Plants have been considered as an important co...
Chapter
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Alangium salviifolium L. is a medicinally important plant of the family Cornaceae. In this study, we report the mineral content and insecticidal activity of leaf and fruit A. salviifolium. The content of nitrogen, potassium, calcium, iron and manganese were found to be present in appreciable quantity in leaf and fruit. Methanolic extract of both le...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The present study was designed to investigate in vivo antioxidant activity of methanolic extract of Anogeissus latifolia leaves in hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) induced oxidative stress mediated cell death in the wild type (WT) and antioxidant deficient (sod1∆, cta1∆ and tsa1∆) strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The survival of yeast antioxidant-defic...
Article
The present study was conducted to determine antimicrobial and radical scavenging activity of Atylosia lineata Wt. & Arn. (Fabaceae). The shade dried and powdered leaves were extracted using methanol. Antibacterial and antifungal activity of extract was de diffusion and poisoned food technique respectively. Antiradical efficacy was determined by DP...
Article
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Aim: This study aims to investigate antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of leaf, stem, and inflorescence of Pleocaulus sessilis (Nees) Bremek belonging to Acanthaceae. Materials and Methods: The leaves, inflorescences, and stems were separated, dried under shade, powdered, and extracted using methanol by maceration process. Preliminary phytochem...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, phytochemical screening, content of total phenolics, antifungal and antioxidant activity of leaf and fruit extract of was investigated in vitro. The leaf and fruit extracts were obtained using methanol as solvent. The extracts were screened for phytochemicals by standard tests. Flavonoids, saponins, terpenoids, tannins and phe...
Article
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Ethnobotany is the scientific study concerned with the study of relationship between plants and man, in particular, how people use their traditional knowledge with respect to utilization of plant resources for their wellbeing. Plants have been extensively used since time immemorial as an indispensible source such as food, fodder, medicine, dyes, fl...
Article
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Orchidaceae is one of the two largest families in angiosperms. Orchids are popular owing to the most beautiful flowers they produce and due to their wide spread ethnobotanical importance. In this review, ethnobotanical uses and pharmacological activities of A. praemorsa is discussed by referring flora, journals, and search engines such as Google sc...
Article
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Plants are an indispensable source of various needs of human beings such as food, construction tools, flavoring agents, and medicine. Rauvolfia tetraphylla L. is endangered and is one of the important plants of Apocynaceae family being cultivated for its immense medicinal properties. The present review highlights ethnobotanical uses and pharmacolog...
Article
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Plants represent an indispensable need of human life every day. Cochlospermum religiosum (L.) Alston is one among the most important medicinal plants belonging to the family Bixaceae. In this review, we present a comprehensive data available on the ethnomedicinal uses and pharmacological activities of C. religiosum. Fruits of C. religiosum are edib...
Article
Full-text available
Plants are an indispensable source of various needs of human beings such as food, construction tools, flavoring agents, and medicine. Rauvolfia tetraphylla L. is endangered and is one of the important plants of Apocynaceae family being cultivated for its immense medicinal properties. The present review highlights ethnobotanical uses and pharmacolog...
Article
Full-text available
Inhibition of some enzymes seems to be one of the therapeutic strategies for the management of certain diseases or conditions such as diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, cancer and obesity. In this review, an updated information on the enzyme inhibitory activity of lichen extracts and lichen compounds by an intensive literature survey is presented. Crud...
Article
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Objectives: Cochlospermum religiosum (L.) Alston is one of the extensively used medicinal plant belonging to the family Bixaceae. In the present study, we determined antimicrobial, antioxidant, and insecticidal activity and elemental analysis of C. religiosum flowers. Methods: Shade dried and powdered flower material was extracted by maceration pro...
Article
Full-text available
Argyreia cuneata (Willd.) Ker Gawl. is a sub-erect silky shrub and belongs to the family Convolvulaceae. An updated information on ethnobotanical uses and pharmacological activities of A. cuneata is presented in this review. The plant finds traditional uses as a remedy for human and veterinary ailments. The plant is used to treat diabetes, helminth...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Argyreia cuneata (Willd.) Ker Gawl. belongs to the family Convolvulaceae. The present study was performed to screen the potential of crude extract of various parts of A. cuneata to exhibit antimicrobial activity. Methods: Extraction of shade dried and powdered leaf, stem and flower of A. cuneata was carried out by maceration technique....
Article
Full-text available
Clerodendrum L. is an important genus in the family Lamiaceae in terms of its medicinal values and pharmacological properties. The genus comprises of more than 500 species distributed worldwide. In this review, we present an updated information on ethnobotanical uses, phytochemistry and biological activities of Clerodendrum paniculatum L. (Lamiacea...
Article
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Interest in natural products possessing insecticidal activity is increased because of the drawbacks such as high cost, environmental pollution, effects on non-target organisms, and the emergence of resistant pests that are associated with the use of synthetic insecticides. Lichens are composite organisms comprised of a photobiont and a mycobiont. L...
Article
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Objectives: Lophopetalum wightianum Arn. (Celastraceae) is a lofty evergreen tree reaching around 40m in height. The present study was carried out to investigate antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of leaf and bark extract of L. wightianum. Methods: The shade dried and powdered leaf and bark were extracted by maceration process using methanol. E...
Article
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Objectives: Smilax zeylanica L. is a large, dioecious, scandent climbing shrub and an important medicinal plant belonging to the family Smilacaceae. The present study evaluates antimicrobial and antioxidant potential of leaf and fruit extracts of Smilax zeylanica L. (Smilacaceae). Methods: Extraction of powdered leaf and fruit materials was carried...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: A free radical is a molecular species characterized by the presence of an unpaired electron in its outer orbital. Free radicals are highly reactive and are known to damage biomolecules including lipids resulting in a myriad of pathophysiological conditions. The present investigation was carried out to screen antiradical and lipid peroxi...
Article
Full-text available
Lichens are composite organisms comprised of a photobiont (an alga or a cyanobacterium) and a mycobiont (an ascomycete or basidiomycete fungus) and represent a stable, ecologically obligate symbiotic association. The lichen genus Heterodermia Trevis (Physciaceae; Lecanorales; Ascomycota) is one of the lichen genera distributed worldwide. The thallu...
Article
Full-text available
Rubus apetalus Poir. is a scrambling shrub and belongs to the family Rosaceae. The present study investigates antioxidant activity of leaf extract of R. apetalus. Extraction of powdered leaf material was carried out by maceration process using water. Preliminary phytochemical analysis was carried out by standard tests. In vitro antioxidant activity...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Free radical is a molecular species that contain an unpaired electron in an atomic orbital. Free radicals are highly reactive, capable of damaging biomolecules such as proteins, nucleic acid, and lipids, and cause oxidative damage. The present study was carried out to determine antiradical and lipid peroxidation inhibitory activity of l...
Article
Full-text available
Peperomia pellucida (L.) Kunth is a herb belonging to the family Piperaceae. In this review, an extensive literature survey was carried out to compile information available on medicinal uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological properties of P. pellucida. The plant is used as food, flavoring agent and as medicine. The plant is used as medicine for t...
Article
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Antigonon leptopus Hook. & Arn., belonging to the family Polygonaceae, is an invasive evergreen, woody liana. It is native to Mexico and is distributed in various parts of the world including India. In the present review, an extensive literature survey was carried out to update information available on the medicinal uses, phytochemistry and pharmac...
Article
Full-text available
Plants have been used for various purposes of humans including medicinal purposes since time immemorial. Plants are an integral part of traditional medicine. Leea indica (Burm.f.) is a large shrub and belongs to the family Vitaceae. The plant L. indica is used traditionally in various countries of the world such as India, Malaysia, Thailand, Nepal,...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: The present study was conducted to evaluate antibacterial and antifungal activity of leaf and bark extract of Citharexylum spinosum L. (Verbenaceae). Methods: Extraction of powdered leaf and bark material was carried out by maceration process. The extracts were screened for detection of phytochemicals by standard phytochemical analyses...
Chapter
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Insect pests are known to cause crop damage and reduction in crop yield, reduction in milk yield and mortality of cattle and are known to transmit several infectious agents that cause diseases in plants and animals. Pesticides of synthetic origin have revolutionized agriculture in a profound way as their use resulted in deleterious effects on plant...
Article
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Objectives: Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Viv. belongs to the family Solanaceae. The present study was carried out to determine insecticidal, antibacterial, and antiradical activity of aerial parts of N. plumbaginifolia.Methods: Extraction was carried out by maceration process using methanol. Insecticidal activity was assessed, in terms of larvicidal e...
Article
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Objectives: The present study was conducted to determine antimicrobial, antiradical, and insecticidal activity of methanolic extract of the whole plant of Solanum virginianum L. (Solanaceae).Methods: Extraction of shade dried and powdered plant material was carried out by maceration process. Antibacterial and antifungal activities of extract were d...
Article
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Objective: The present study was carried out to investigate antimicrobial, antiradical and insecticidal potential of leaf and fruit of Gardenia gummifera L. f. (Rubiaceae).Methods: The leaf and fruits were shade dried, powdered and extracted by maceration process using methanol. Antibacterial activity was evaluated against Gram positive and Gram ne...
Article
Full-text available
Plants form an integral part of daily life of human beings. The term ethnobotany refers to relationships and interactions between people and plants. Worldwide, plants are being used as sources of food, medicine, dyes, and timber. Traditional medicinal practitioners and indigenous systems of medicine (such as Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani) make use of...
Article
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Objective: The present study was conducted to investigate antiradical and antimicrobial potential of extract of Harpullia arborea (Blanco) Radlk. (Sapindaceae) leaves obtained by maceration process.Methods: Antiradical activity of leaf extract was performed by DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging assays. Antibacterial activity of leaf extract was carri...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Lichens represent one of the most successful symbiotic interactions and are formed from a photobiont and a mycobiont. The foliose lichen genus Heterodermia is one of the cosmopolitan lichen genera. The present study was conducted to investigate antibacterial and antifungal activity of Heterodermia incana (Stirt.) D.D. Awasthi, a foliose...