Prasad Hendre

Prasad Hendre
World Agroforestry (CIFOR-ICRAF) · TREEs Theme

Doctor of Philosophy

About

88
Publications
19,652
Reads
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1,656
Citations
Citations since 2016
47 Research Items
1111 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
Introduction
I am coordinating whole genome sequencing, transcriptome sequencing and re-sequencing 101 mandate crops of African orphan crops consortium (AOCC, http://africanorphancrops.org), using various NGS technologies; Illumina SRS, PacBio, HiC, 10x, and NanoPore. I am also involved in developing modern breeding programs for ICRAF mandate trees and other annual crops, and analyzing germplasm collection in ICRAF's tree genebank using molecular markers for prioritization and resource optimization.
Additional affiliations
December 2007 - December 2014
ITC Limited
Position
  • Scientist
January 2000 - November 2007
Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology
Position
  • Junior/Senior Research Fellow- Studentship
Education
January 2000 - August 2007
Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology
Field of study
  • Molecular breeding (Life Sciences)
June 1996 - April 1998
Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth
Field of study
  • Genetics & Plant Breeding (agriculture)
June 1992 - April 1996
Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth
Field of study
  • Agriculture

Publications

Publications (88)
Preprint
Full-text available
Gynandropsis gynandra (Cleomaceae) is a cosmopolitan leafy vegetable and medicinal plant, which has also been used as a model to study C 4 photosynthesis due to its evolutionary proximity to Arabidopsis. Here, we present a high-quality genome sequence of G. gynandra , anchored onto 17 main super-scaffolds with a total length of 740 Mb, an N50 of 42...
Article
Full-text available
The nutrient-rich tubers of the greater yam, Dioscorea alata L., provide food and income security for millions of people around the world. Despite its global importance, however, greater yam remains an orphan crop. Here, we address this resource gap by presenting a highly contiguous chromosome-scale genome assembly of D. alata combined with a dense...
Article
Full-text available
This paper follows the transition from ethnobotany to a deeper scientific understanding of the food and medicinal properties of African agroforestry tree products as inputs into the start of domestication activities. It progresses on to the integration of these indigenous trees as new crops within diversified farming systems for multiple social, ec...
Book
Full-text available
The ‘Key descriptors for Docynia indica (Wall.) Decne’ consists of an initial minimum set of characterization and evaluation descriptors for this species. This strategic set aims at facilitating access to and utilization of these African indigenous fruit trees. This work has been done jointly with the World Agroforestry (ICRAF) and the FAO Internat...
Book
Full-text available
The work of the CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (FTA) on tree seed systems — the authors’ shorthand for the means through which growers obtain access to tree-planting materials, either seeds or seedlings — has sought to address significant constraints in the diversity and genetic quality of the tree seeds and seedlings tha...
Research
Citation: Kyereh, D.; Maňourová, A.; Hendre, P.S.; Muchugi, A.; Kalousová, M.; Choungo Nguekeng, P.B.; Jawo, T.O.; Ofori, D.A.; Lojka, B. Diversity, Chemical Composition, and Domestication Potential of Allanblackia parviflora A. Chev. in West Africa. Forests 2021, 12, 1758. https://
Article
Full-text available
Allanblackia parviflora A. Chev. is an indigenous tree species which is found in West African rainforest zones. It is an underutilized fruit tree species that has been targeted for improvement as part of efforts to domesticate high-value indigenous multi-purpose trees for fruit and seed production in Africa. Allanblackia has several benefits, such...
Book
Full-text available
The ‘Key descriptors for Irvingia spp. (bush mango)’ consists of an initial minimum set of characterization and evaluation descriptors for this species. This strategic set aims at facilitating access to and utilization of these African indigenous fruit trees. This work has been done jointly with the World Agroforestry (ICRAF) and the FAO Internatio...
Article
Full-text available
Vitellaria paradoxa (C.F.Gaertn.) is a multipurpose tree species distributed in a narrow band across sub-Saharan Africa. The species is integrated into cropping and agroforestry systems as a nutritional and economic resource, which provides a range of environmental services. Integration of the species into land-use systems provides an essential sou...
Article
Full-text available
Vitellaria paradoxa (C.F.Gaertn.) is a multi-purpose tree species distributed in a narrow band across sub-Saharan Africa. The species is integrated into cropping and agroforestry systems as a nutritional and economic resource, which provides a range of environmental services. Integration of the species into land-use systems provides an essential so...
Book
Full-text available
The ‘Key descriptors for Ziziphus mauritiana (jujube)’ consists of an initial minimum set of characterization and evaluation descriptors for this species. This strategic set aims at facilitating access to and utilization of this African indigenous fruit tree. It does not exclude the addition of other descriptors later
Article
Full-text available
The linkage in new and creative ways of existing plant breeding methods responsive to different global trends and values provides a ‘systems approach’ to address a broad set of global production challenges more effectively. Here, we illustrate such an approach through its application to trees, chosen because of their extensive diversity in features...
Article
Full-text available
A defining component of agroforestry parklands across Sahelo-Sudanian Africa (SSA), the shea tree ( Vitellaria paradoxa ) is central to sustaining local livelihoods and the farming environments of rural communities. Despite its economic and cultural value, however, not to mention the ecological roles it plays as a dominant parkland species, shea re...
Research
Full-text available
Tree species are characterized by their perennial growth habit, woody morphology, long juvenile period phase, mostly outcrossing behaviour, highly heterozygosity genetic makeup, and relatively high genetic diversity. The economically important trees have been an integral part of the human life system due to their provision of timber, fruit, fodder,...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: The growing African population needs a substantial increase in food production along with nutritious food options to address hunger, malnutrition and stunting. The indigenous or naturalized African fruit tree species are inherently nutritious, fortified with minerals, vitamins and antioxidants with high potential to improve the resilience...
Article
The African Orphan Crops Consortium promotes the strategic, genome-enabled improvement of under-researched crops for biodiversity-based, nutritious food solutions in Africa. The African Plant Breeding Academy empowers the continent’s plant breeders to apply advanced genetic approaches and shared genetic solutions to the task of tailoring the immens...
Article
Full-text available
Two of the most economically important plants in the Artocarpus genus are jackfruit (A. heterophyllus Lam.) and breadfruit (A. altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg). Both species are long-lived trees that have been cultivated for thousands of years in their native regions. Today they are grown throughout tropical to subtropical areas as an important source...
Preprint
Full-text available
Two of the most economically important plants in the Artocarpus genus are jackfruit (A. heterophyllus Lam.) and breadfruit (A. altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg). Both species are long-lived trees that have been cultivated for thousands of years in their native regions. Today they are grown throughout tropical to subtropical areas as an important source...
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction Dioscorea alata (water yam) is the most widely distributed species globally because of its agronomic flexibility and productive potential. D. alata faces a number of constraints that significantly reduce its potential to support rural development and meet consumers' needs as an affordable nutritional product. These constraints are ushe...
Article
Full-text available
Background The African eggplant (Solanum aethiopicum) is a nutritious traditional vegetable used in many African countries, including Uganda and Nigeria. It is thought to have been domesticated in Africa from its wild relative, Solanum anguivi. S. aethiopicum has been routinely used as a source of disease resistance genes for several Solanaceae cro...
Article
Full-text available
Main conclusion The African Orphan Crops Consortium (AOCC) successfully initiated the ambitious genome sequencing project of 101 African orphan crops/trees with 6 genomes sequenced, 6 near completion, and 20 currently in progress. Addressing stunting, malnutrition, and hidden hunger through nutritious, economic, and resilient agri-food system is on...
Technical Report
Full-text available
New and orphan crops, which in the past have received only limited research attention, have great potential to support healthy diets in Africa. However, limited systematic data are available on the constraints to production faced by these annual and perennial crops, and the possible opportunities for intervention to remove critical barriers. We rep...
Article
Addressing stunting, malnutrition, and hidden hunger through nutritious, economic, and resilient agri-food system is one of the major agricultural challenges of this century. As sub-Saharan Africa harbors a large portion of the severely malnourished population, the African Orphan Crops Consortium (AOCC) was established in 2011 with an aim to reduce...
Article
Full-text available
Especially in low income nations, new and orphan crops provide important opportunities to improve diet quality and the sustainability of food production, being rich in nutrients, capable of fitting into multiple niches in production systems, and relatively adapted to low input conditions. The evolving space for these crops in production systems pre...
Chapter
Supporting the diversification of African agricultural systems by the further integration of nutritious, perennial ‘new and orphan crops’ (NOC) is seen as an important means to address malnutrition in Africa. The approach may be of particular relevance in the context of climate change, with the diversification of food systems possibly supporting mo...
Article
Full-text available
Background Continuous growth of the world population is expected to double the worldwide demand for food by 2050. Eighty-eight percent of countries current face a serious burden of malnutrition, especially in Africa and South and South-East Asia. About 95% of the food energy needs of humans are fulfilled by just 30 species, of which wheat, maize an...
Article
Full-text available
Background Continuous growth of the world population is expected to double the worldwide demand for food by 2050. Eighty-eight percent of countries current face a serious burden of malnutrition, especially in Africa and South and South-East Asia. About 95% of the food energy needs of humans are fulfilled by just 30 species, of which wheat, maize an...
Article
The rate of annual yield increases for major staple crops must more than double relative to current levels in order to feed a predicted global population of 9 billion by 2050. Controlled hybridization and selective breeding have been used for centuries to adapt plant and animal species for human use. However, achieving higher, sustainable rates of...
Article
This study describes the development and application of a novel strategy that targets repeat domains in the orthologous genic region of two Eucalyptus species to derive Expressed Sequence Tags (EST)-based functional orthologous microsatellite markers and their characterization in four Eucalyptus and two Corymbia species. About 13,468 ESTs of Eucaly...
Article
Full-text available
Scelerocarya birrea is an important fruit tree that is widely used by the rural populations in most regions in which it is found, for its fruits, bark, timber and even its roots. The local communities harvest the tree products from the wild with minimal attempts to grow it on-farm. The sustainability of such wild harvests is threatened by agricultu...
Article
Maximizing the research output from a limited investment is often the major challenge for minor and underutilized crops. However, such crops may be tolerant to biotic and abiotic stresses and are adapted to local, marginal, and low-input environments. Their development through breeding will provide an important resource for future agricultural syst...
Article
Background Continuous growth of the world population is expected to double the worldwide demand for food by 2050. Eighty-eight percent of countries current face a serious burden of malnutrition, especially in Africa and South and South-East Asia. About 95% of the food energy needs of humans are fulfilled by just 30 species, of which wheat, maize an...
Article
Full-text available
Coffee breeding and improvement efforts can be greatly facilitated by availability of a large repository of simple sequence repeats (SSRs) based microsatellite markers, which provides efficiency and high-resolution in genetic analyses. This study was aimed to improve SSR availability in coffee by developing new genic-/genomic-SSR markers using in-s...
Article
Next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies have revolutionized the pace and scale of genomics- and transcriptomics-based SNP discovery across different plant and animal species. Herein, 72-base paired-end Illumina sequencing was employed for high-throughput, parallel and large-scale SNP discovery in 41 growth-related candidate genes in Eucalyptu...
Article
Full-text available
Biotic or abiotic stress can cause considerable damage to crop plants that can be managed by building disease resistance in the cultivated gene pool through breeding for disease resistance genes (R-genes). R-genes, conferring resistance to diverse pathogens or pests share a high level of similarity at the DNA and protein levels in different plant s...
Article
Full-text available
Species-specific microsatellite markers are desirable for genetic studies and to harness the potential of MAS-based breeding for genetic improvement. Limited availability of such markers for coffee, one of the most important beverage tree crops, warrants newer efforts to develop additional microsatellite markers that can be effectively deployed in...
Chapter
Full-text available
Coffee tree belongs to the genus Coffea, comprising of two main cultivated species C. arabica L. (the only tetraploid species with 2n = 4x = 44) and C. canephora Pierre ex A. Forehner (diploid, 2n = 2x = 22), yielding arabica and robusta types of coffee, respectively. In addition, there are ~100 diploid, wild, coffee species many of which hybridize...
Article
A set of 16 expressed sequence tag (EST)-derived simple sequence repeat (SSR) and 15 EST-derived single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers together with 4 amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) primer combinations were analyzed on 43 wild (Hordeum vulgare ssp. spontaneum – HS), 35 cultivated (H. vulgare ssp. vulgare – HV) and 12 elite (H....
Article
Full-text available
Genic microsatellites or EST–SSRs derived from expressed sequence tags (ESTs) are desired because these are inexpensive to develop, represent transcribed genes, and often a putative function can be assigned to them. In this study we investigated 2,553 coffee ESTs (461 from the public domain and 2,092 in-house generated ESTs) for identification and...
Article
SSR (simple sequence repeats) markers derived from ESTs (expressed sequence tags), commonly called EST-SSRs or genic SSRs provide useful genetic markers for crop improvement. These are easy and economical to develop as by-products of large-scale EST resources that have become available as part of the functional genomic studies in many plant species...
Article
Genetic characterization of germplasm resources is necessary for their effective management and efficient utilization, especially for species like mulberry in which the available germplasm exhibits rich phenotypic diversity with almost no information about its genetic base. Here we present the first report on the isolation of six novel microsatelli...