# Pradyumn Kumar SahooBITS Pilani, Hyderabad · Department of Mathematics

Pradyumn Kumar Sahoo

Professor

Working on modified gravity.

## About

311

Publications

50,861

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4,057

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Citations since 2017

Introduction

Our best theory of gravity, general relativity, is currently under sharp scrutiny. In the ultraviolet, we expect modifications in order to accommodate a quantum description of gravity, while in the infrared, we have the cosmological constant problem. Motivated by these issues, my research focuses on understanding the predictions of modified gravity theories, and constraining the theory space through observations. My primary interest lies in understanding the cosmological evolution of dark energy

Additional affiliations

February 2015 - present

July 2009 - January 2015

April 2007 - June 2009

Education

August 1997 - December 2003

## Publications

Publications (311)

We have presented systematically the effect of the Generalized Uncertainty Principle (GUP) in Casimir wormholes space-time in the recently proposed modified gravity, the so-called symmetric teleparallel gravity or f (Q) gravity. Here Q is the non-metricity scalar that drives the gravitation interaction. We consider two famous GUP relations, such as...

In this study, we explore several new characteristics of a static anisotropic hybrid star with strange quark matter (SQM) and ordinary baryonic matter (OBM) distribution. Here, we use the MIT bag model equation of state to connect the density and pressure of SQM inside stars, whereas the linear equation of state $$p_r =\alpha \rho -\beta $$ p r = α...

The Journal of the Tensor Society (JTS) is the official organ of The Tensor Society and publishes original research articles in differential geometry, relativity, cosmology, and all interdisciplinary areas in mathematics that utilize differential geometric methods and structures.
Let us submit articles to our own journal and take it forward.
https...

Symmetric teleparallel gravity offers to reformulate the gravitational formalism without the presence of curvature and torsion with the help of non-metricity tensors. Interestingly, Symmetric teleparallel gravity can be formulated equivalently to teleparallel gravity or general relativity for an appropriate setup. In this study, our aim lies in exp...

Gravitational baryogenesis is one of the mechanisms which help us to explore more about our early universe, especially baryon-anti-baryon asymmetry. As we know, modified theories of gravity are very successful in describing the present accelerated scenario of the universe. Therefore, in this letter, we aim to constrain the generalized torsion-based...

In the present manuscript, we study traversable wormhole solutions in the background of extended symmetric teleparallel gravity with matter coupling. With the anisotropic matter distribution we probe the wormhole geometry for two different gravity models. Primarily, we consider the linear model
. Firstly, we presume a logarithmic form of shape fun...

In the last few decades, gravastars have been proposed as an alternative to black holes. The stability of the gravastar has been studied in many modified theories of gravity along with Einstein's GR. The $f(Q,T)$ gravity, a successfully modified theory of gravity for describing the current accelerated expansion of the Universe, has been used in thi...

This article explores new physically viable wormhole solutions within the framework of f(R,Lm) gravity theory, incorporating noncommutative backgrounds and conformal symmetries. The study investigates the impact of model parameters on the existence and properties of wormholes. The derived shape function is found to obey all the required criteria. S...

In this work, we intend to explore wormhole geometries in the framework of f (R, L m) gravity. We derive the field equations for the generic f (R, L m) function by assuming the static and spherically symmetric Morris-Thorne wormhole metric. Then we consider two non-linear f (R, L m) model, specifically, f (R, L m) = R 2 + L α m and f (R, L m) = R 2...

The rising concern in the Hubble constant tension (H0 tension) of the cosmological models motivates the scientific community to search for alternative cosmological scenarios that could resolve the H0 tension. In this regard, we aim to work on a torsion-based modified theory of gravity which is an alternative description to the coherence model. We s...

The aim of this manuscript is to study the traversable wormhole (WH) geometries in the curvature matter coupling gravity. We investigate static spherically symmetric Morris-Thorne WHs within the context of f (R, L m) gravity. To accomplish this, we examine the WH model in four different cases (i) linear f (R, L m) model, f (R, L m) = αR + βL m with...

We study the $f(Q, T)$ gravity in the framework of Weyl geometry (known as Weyl-type $f(Q, T)$ gravity), where $Q$ denotes the non-metricity scalar, and $T$ denotes the energy-momentum tensor trace. In this work, we consider the $f(Q,T)$ model, which is defined as $f(Q,T)=\alpha Q^{m+1}+\frac{\beta}{6\kappa^2}T$ and investigating two scenarios: $(I...

Gravitational baryogenesis is one of the mechanisms which help us to explore more about our early universe, especially baryon-anti-baryon asymmetry. As we know, modified theories of gravity are very successful in describing the present accelerated scenario of the universe. Therefore, in this letter, we aim to constrain the generalized torsion-based...

In this article, we investigate the observed cosmic acceleration in the framework of a cosmological $f(R,L_m)$ model dominated by bulk viscous matter in an anisotropic background. \textbf{We consider the LRS Bianchi type I metric and derive the Friedmann equations that drive the gravitational interactions in $f(R,L_m)$ gravity.} Further, we assume...

In this article, we investigate the observed cosmic acceleration in the framework of a cosmological $f(R,L_m)$ model dominated by bulk viscous matter in an anisotropic background. We consider the LRS Bianchi type I metric and derive the Friedmann equations that drive the gravitational interactions in $f(R,L_m)$ gravity. Further, we assume the funct...

In this article, the viscous fluid cosmological model is analyzed in the framework of recently proposed gravity by assuming three different forms of bulk viscosity coefficients, specifically, , , and and a linear model, particularly, where is free model parameter. The bulk viscosity coefficients and the model parameter values using the combined H(z...

The aim of this manuscript is to study the traversable wormhole (WH) geometries in the curvature matter coupling gravity. We investigate static spherically symmetric Morris-Thorne WHs within the context of $f(R,L_m)$ gravity. To accomplish this, we examine the WH model in four different cases (i) linear $f(R,L_m)$ model, $f(R,L_m)=\alpha R+\beta L_...

In this study, we have conducted an analysis of traversable wormhole solutions within the framework of linear $f(Q, T) = \alpha Q + \beta T$ gravity, ensuring that all the energy cnditions hold for the entire spacetime. The solutions presented in this study were derived through a comprehensive analytical examination of the parameter space associate...

In this study, we have conducted an analysis of traversable wormhole solutions within the framework of linear $f(Q, T) = \alpha Q + \beta T$ gravity, ensuring that all the energy conditions hold for the entire spacetime. The solutions presented in this study were derived through a comprehensive analytical examination of the parameter space associat...

In this study, we explore the new wormhole solutions in the framework of new modified f (R, L m) gravity. To obtain a characteristic wormhole solution, we use anisotropic matter distribution and a specific form of energy density. As second adopt the isotropic case with a linear EoS relation as a general technique for the system and discuss several...

In this study, we explore the new wormhole solutions in the framework of new modified $f(R,L_m)$ gravity. To obtain a characteristic wormhole solution, we use anisotropic matter distribution and a specific form of energy density. As second adopt the isotropic case with a linear EoS relation as a general technique for the system and discuss several...

Symmetric teleparallel gravity offers to reformulate the gravitational formalism without the presence of curvature and torsion with the help of non-metricity tensors. Interestingly, Symmetric teleparallel gravity can be formulated equivalently to teleparallel gravity or general relativity for an appropriate setup. In this study, our aim lies in exp...

This paper aims to recreate the gravitational baryogenesis epoch in the framework of the $f(R,L_m)$ theory of gravity, where $R$ and $L_m$ are the curvature scalar and the matter Langragian, respectively. In particular, we examine the model, $f(R,L_m) = \frac{R}{2} + L_m ^{\alpha} + \zeta$, under the supposition that the universe is saturated with...

We investigate the exponential $f(Q)$ symmetric teleparallel gravitation, namely $f(Q)=Q+\alpha Q_0(1-e^{-\beta\sqrt{Q/Q_0}})$ using \texttt{ME-GADGET} code to probe the structure formation with box sizes $L_{\mathrm{box}}=10/100$ Mpc$/h$ and middle resolution $N_p^{1/3}=512$. To reproduce viable cosmology within the aforementioned modified gravity...

In this article, we attempt to describe the cosmic late-time acceleration of the universe in the framework of f(R,Lm) gravity, by using an effective equation of state, when bulk viscosity is taken into account. We presume a non-linear f(R,Lm) functional form, specifically, f(R,Lm)=R2+Lmα, where α is a free model parameter. We obtain the exact solut...

On the basis of homogeneous and isotropic Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) geometry, solutions to the issues of cosmic acceleration and dark energy are being put forth within the context of f (Q) gravity. We take into account a power law f (Q) model using f (Q) = αQ n , where α and n are free model parameters. In the current scenario, we...

On the basis of homogeneous and isotropic Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) geometry, solutions to the issues of cosmic acceleration and dark energy are being put forth within the context of $f\left( Q\right)$ gravity. We take into account a power law $f(Q)$ model using $f\left( Q\right) =\alpha Q^{n}$, where $\alpha $ and $n$ are free mod...

The Newman-Janis technique and the semi-classical Hamilton-Jacobi approach are two distinct phenomena that we apply in this paper to examine the Hawking temperature $(T_{H})$ for $4$-dimensional gauge super gravity like black hole with rotation parameters. First, using the Newman-Janis algorithmic approach, we compute the gauge super gravity like b...

In the current research, we present a novel gravastar model based on the Mazur-Mottola (2004) method with an isotropic matter distribution in f (Q) gravity. The gravastar, a hypothesized substitute for a black hole, is built using the Mazur-Mottola mechanism. This approach allows us to define gravastar as having three stages. The first one is an in...

In the present article we analyze the matter-geometry coupled f (Q, T) theory of gravity. We offer the fully covariant formulation of the theory, with which we construct the correct energy balance equation and employ it to conduct a dynamical system analysis in a spatially flat Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker spacetime. We consider three differ...

In the current research, we present a novel gravastar model based on the Mazur-Mottola (2004) method with an isotropic matter distribution in $f(Q)$ gravity. The gravastar, a hypothesized substitute for a black hole, is built using the Mazur-Mottola mechanism. This approach allows us to define gravastar as having three stages. The first one is an i...

In the present article we analyze the matter-geometry coupled $f(Q,T)$ theory of gravity. We offer the fully covariant formulation of the theory, with which we construct the correct energy balance equation and employ it to conduct a dynamical system analysis in a spatially flat Friedmann-Lema\^{i}tre-Robertson-Walker spacetime. We consider three di...

The variety of theories that can account for the dark energy phenomenon encourages current research to concentrate on a more in-depth examination of the potential impacts of modified gravity on both local and cosmic scales. We discuss some cosmological reconstruction in f (Q, T) cosmology(where Q is the non-metricity scalar, and T is the trace of t...

In this letter, we analyze low energy implications of discrete spacetime, which is motivated from quantum gravity. We first investigate the effects of leading order Planckian lattice corrections on the deformation of the low energy effective Heisenberg algebra. Then we study the corrections to such an algebra from higher order Planckian lattice cor...

In this paper, we examine the accelerated expansion of the Universe at late-time in the framework of f (Q) gravity theory in which the non-metricity scalar Q describes the gravitational interaction. To this, we propose a new parametrization of the Hubble parameter using a model-independent way and apply it to the Friedmann equations in the FLRW Uni...

The equation of state parameter is a significant method for characterizing dark energy models. We investigate the evolution of the equation of state parameter with redshift using a Bayesian analysis of recent observational datasets (the Cosmic Chronometer data (CC) and Pantheon samples). The Chevallier-Polarski-Linder parametrization of the effecti...

The equation of state parameter is a significant method for characterizing dark energy models. We investigate the evolution of the equation of state parameter with redshift using a Bayesian analysis of recent observational datasets (the Cosmic Chronometer data (CC) and Pantheon samples). The Chevallier-Polarski-Linder parametrization of the effecti...

This work is concerned to study the bouncing nature of the universe for an isotropic configuration of fluid $\mathcal{T}_{\alpha\beta}$ and Friedmann-Lema\^{i}tre-Robertson-Walker metric scheme. This work is carried out under the novel $f(\mathcal{G},\mathcal{T}_{\alpha \beta} \mathcal{T}^{\alpha \beta})$ gravitation by assuming a specific model i....

This work is concerned to study the bouncing nature of the universe for an isotropic configuration of fluid $\mathcal{T}_{\alpha\beta}$ and Friedmann-Lema\^{i}tre-Robertson-Walker metric scheme. This work is carried out under the novel $f(\mathcal{G},\mathcal{T}_{\alpha \beta} \mathcal{T}^{\alpha \beta})$ gravitation by assuming a specific model i....

The variety of theories that can account for the dark energy phenomenon encourages current research to concentrate on a more in-depth examination of the potential impacts of modified gravity on both local and cosmic scales. We discuss some cosmological reconstruction in $f(Q,T)$ cosmology (where $Q$ is the non-metricity scalar, and $T$ is the trace...

The rising concern in the Hubble constant tension ($H_0$ tension) of the cosmological models motivates the scientific community to search for alternative cosmological scenarios that could resolve the $H_0$ tension. In this regard, we aim to work on a torsion-based modified theory of gravity which is an alternative description to the coherence model...

In this paper, we investigate a non-interacting scalar field cosmology with an arbitrary potential using the $f$-deviser method that relies on the differentiability properties of the potential. Using this alternative mathematical approach, we present a unified dynamical system analysis at a scalar field's background and perturbation levels with arb...

In this paper, we investigate a non-interacting scalar field cosmology with an arbitrary potential using the f-deviser method that relies on the differentiability properties of the potential. Using this alternative mathematical approach, we present a unified dynamical system analysis at a scalar field's background and perturbation levels with arbit...

A possible astrophysical object to be found in General Relativity is the wormhole. This special solution describes a topological bridge connecting points in two distinguished universes or two different points in the same universe. Despite it was never observed so far, is desired to find traversable worm-holes, i.e. wormholes which have a throat at...

A possible astrophysical object to be found in General Relativity is the wormhole. This special solution describes a topological bridge connecting points in two distinguished universes or two different points in the same universe. Despite it was never observed so far, is desired to find traversable wormholes, i.e. wormholes which have a throat at w...

In this paper, we investigate the modified symmetric teleparallel gravity or f(Q) gravity, where Q is the nonmetricity, to study the evolutionary history of the universe by considering the functional form of f(Q)=αQn, where α and n are constants. Here, we consider the parametrization form of the deceleration parameter as q=q0+q1z/(1+z)2 (with the p...

In this article, we investigate the modified symmetric teleparallel gravity or $f(Q)$ gravity, where $Q$ is the non-metricity, to study the evolutionary history of the universe by considering the functional form of $f(Q)=\alpha Q^n$, where $\alpha$ and $n$ are constants. Here, we consider the parametrization form of the deceleration parameter as $q...

We present the coupling of the torsion scalar T and the trace of energy‐momentum tensor T$\mathcal {T}$, which produces new modified f(T,T)$f(T,\mathcal {T})$ gravity. Moreover, we consider the functional form f(T,T)=αT+βT2$f(T,\mathcal {T}) =\alpha \mathcal {T}+\beta T^2$ where α and β are free parameters. As an alternative to a cosmological const...

In this manuscript, we analyze the viscous fluid cosmological model in the framework of recently proposed $f(Q)$ gravity by assuming three different forms of bulk viscosity coefficients, specifically, $(i)\zeta =\zeta_{0}+\zeta_{1}\left( \frac{\dot{a}}{a}\right) +\zeta_{2}\left( \frac{{\ddot{a}}}{\dot{a}}\right) $, $(ii)\zeta =\zeta_{0}+\zeta_{1}\l...

The observational evidence regarding the present cosmological aspects tells us about the presence of very little anisotropy in the universe on a large scale. Here, in this paper, we attempt to study locally rotationally symmetric (LRS) homogeneous Bianchi-I spacetime with the isotropic matter distribution. This is done within the framework of f (R,...

In this manuscript, we present a number of fascinating explicit reconstructions for the f (Q) gravity from the background of Friedmann-Laîmatre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) evolution history. We find the more general functions of non-metricity scalar Q that admit exact ΛCDM expansion history. Adding extra degrees of freedom to the matter sector is the o...

The observational evidence regarding the present cosmological aspects tells us about the presence of very little anisotropy in the universe on a large scale. Here, in this paper, we attempt to study locally rotationally symmetric (LRS) homogeneous Bianchi-I spacetime with the isotropic matter distribution. This is done within the framework of $f(\m...

In this manuscript, we present a number of fascinating explicit reconstructions for the $f(Q)$ gravity from the background of Friedmann-La\^imatre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) evolution history. We find the more general functions of non-metricity scalar $Q$ that admit exact $\Lambda$CDM expansion history. Adding extra degrees of freedom to the matter se...

We present the coupling of the torsion scalar $T$ and the trace of energy-momentum tensor $\mathcal{T}$, which produces new modified $f(T,\mathcal{T})$ gravity. Moreover, we consider the functional form $f(T,\mathcal{T}) =\alpha \mathcal{T}+\beta T^2$ where $\alpha$ and $\beta$ are free parameters. As an alternative to a cosmological constant, the...

In the present article authors investigate the anisotropic stellar solutions admitting Finch-Skea symmetry (viable and non-singular metric potentials) in the presence of some exotic matter fields, such as: Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC) dark matter, Kalb-Ramond fully anisotropic rank-2 tensor field from the low-energy string theory effective action...

In the present article authors investigate the anisotropic stellar solutions admitting Finch-Skea symmetry (viable and non-singular metric potentials) in the presence of some exotic matter fields, such as: Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC) dark matter, Kalb-Ramond fully anisotropic rank-2 tensor field from the low-energy string theory effective action...

In the present paper, authors study the strange stars with the MIT Bag EoS admitting Buchdahl symmetry (non-singular and physically viable metric potential) in the both linear f(Q)=aQ+b and nonlinear f(Q)=Q+aQb forms of modified symmetric teleparallel gravitation. In order to obtain the correct form of Buchdahl metric coefficients, they matched int...