Pradeep Verma

Pradeep Verma
Central University of Rajasthan | CURAJ · Department of Microbiology

PhD, Post Doc

About

182
Publications
21,520
Reads
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4,426
Citations
Citations since 2017
125 Research Items
3689 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,500
201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,500
Introduction
Pradeep Verma currently works at the Department of Microbiology, The Central University of Rajasthan. Pradeep does research in Biotechnology, Microbiology and Mycology. Their most recent publication is 'Fungal laccase discovered but yet undiscovered'.
Additional affiliations
June 2013 - January 2016
Central University of Rajasthan
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
July 2011 - May 2013
Guru Ghasidas University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
November 2009 - July 2011
Assam University
Position
  • Reader , Head
Education
July 1997 - February 2002
Sardar Patel University
Field of study
  • Microbiology

Publications

Publications (182)
Chapter
A remarkable interest in different industrial processes has been developed by many researchers toward the development of unique and efficient approaches for enzymes immobilization to improve their catalytic efficiency and reusability. This strategy will help reduce high‐cost problems of free enzymes and also help in fulfilling the high demand for e...
Article
Microalgal-based bioprocess offers several advantages including wastewater reclamations, therefore present study assessed the usability of the combination of untreated municipal sewage wastewater (UTMSWW) and secondary treated municipal sewage wastewater (STSWW) for nutrient removal and recovery by Tetraselmis indica (T. indica) BDUG001. The presen...
Chapter
India is the leading provider of agricultural and forestry-based sustainable resources, that are typically considered waste, that is why developing a low-cost method for xylanase production holds great promise for converting discarded and underutilized lignocellulosic biomass (LCB) into usable products. In-house fungal cultures of Rhizomucor variab...
Article
Microalgae (MA) biorefinery is a vital platform for the conversion of biomass into biofuels, biomaterials, and bioactive substances and it can remediate the pollutant from the environment. Moreover, its commercialization can enable a jump start towards resolving energy and economic crisis. However, the major bottleneck in biorefinery includes (i) l...
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As the name microbial desalination cell indicates, it involves the use of two approaches, namely, microbial fuel cell and electrodialysis, for the treatment and desalination of wastewater (WW), along with the production of renewable energy. Since it involves two approaches and enables multiple and simultaneous benefits, the system has garnered trem...
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Energy plays a crucial role in development and industrialization and is fulfilled by using non-renewable fossil fuels. The drawbacks of fossil fuels are non-renewable as well as the generation of toxic pollutants to the atmosphere. Thus, it will be very difficult to fulfil the energy demands in the future. Looking to the current energy needs, resea...
Chapter
Laccase was identified very early but the potential of the enzyme has cached the eyes of the researchers globally for two decades. The multifarious applications of laccase have enabled its application in various industrial and environmental sectors. The enzyme has been used for the delignification of lignocellulosic biomass, paper, and pulp industr...
Article
Lignocellulosic biomass (LCB) is an energy source that has a huge impact in today's world. The depletion of fossil fuels, increased pollution, climatic changes, etc. have led the public and private sectors to move towards sustainability i.e. using LCB for the production of biofuels and value-added compounds. A major bottleneck of the process is the...
Article
Biofuels are perfect replacements for conventional fossil fuels, as they are environmentally friendly, non-polluting, locally available, sustainable, renewable, and accessible. The biomass, available abundantly on the earth's crust can be used for the production of biofuels via the circular economy concept. The presence of high organic content, che...
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Textile industries are the world’s fastest emerging industries that utilize a large amount of water in different processing stages. It is an industry that generates a huge amount of wastewater and pollutants in the ecosystem of the earth. It contains a mixture of dyes, heavy metals, and heavy nutrient load which increases the biochemical oxygen dem...
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Realising the hazardous effect of nickel on human health, microbes and plants are effectively used for bioremediation. The endophytic microorganisms have an important role in the phytoremediation of nickel using Vigna radiata. Therefore, in order to harness the potential of microbial strains, the present study was designed to examine the metal bios...
Article
Wastewater contains a munificent range of hazardous pollutants such as pharmaceuticals, and xenobiotics. Among them, ~79 types of different pharmaceuticals, and xenobiotics have been reported to exist in wastewater and were not effectively removed through the conventional wastewater treatment system. Recently, with increasing socioeconomic aspects...
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The microwave-assisted alkali salt (NaCl, MgCl2, and KCl) in combination with H3PO4 pretreatment of rice straw followed by enzymatic hydrolysis with in-house and commercial enzyme cocktail (cellulase and xylanase) was investigated. The effect of pretreatment on the structure and composition of RS was investigated using XRD and FTIR analysis, and th...
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The major downfalls of the microalgal biorefinery are low volume of high value product accumulation, low biomass productivity and high cultivation costs. Here, we aimed to improve the biomass productivity of the industrially relevant Picochlorum sp. BDUG 100241 strain. The growth of Picochlorum sp. BDUG 100241 was investigated under different culti...
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The widespread problem of water pollution is jeopardizing the ecosystem and our health. The contamination of freshwater through anthropogenic activities and its discharge into the ecosystems leads to the generation of wastewater. Wastewater mainly contains nutrient loads and the recent emerging contaminants such as pharmaceutical wastes, drugs, mic...
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Microalgae are ubiquitous, diverse, and photosynthetic organisms in nature and have prominent applications in carbon dioxide (CO2) mitigation and wastewater remediation. This review has compiled the recent trends in the potential application of microalgae for wastewater treatment and combating CO2 emissions and multifaceted use of its biomass for t...
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Overuse of water has led to the degradation and scarcity of limited water resources, which prompted the modern world to adopt sustainable measures to save water by increasing its reuse and recycling. The use of microbial-based green technology to treat wastewater has appeared to outweigh conventional wastewater treatment (WWT) technologies because...
Chapter
Microalgae have been widely used for the production of biomass and biofuel. Thus, large scale experimental setups have been designed for extensive production of both biomass and biofuel. Microalgae has vast utility in food, cosmetics, pharmaceutical, and nutraceutical industries. In addition to the above-mentioned application, they also produce num...
Chapter
The pollution of soil and water is contributed to from various sources, among which explosives, that is, 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) and octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine (HMX) are also included. These three explosives, TNT, RDX, and HMX, are used worldwide as they possess high thermal s...
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The study of enzyme kinetics has been the fundamental basis of science to understand the reaction mechanism. The most commonly studied model is the Michaelis–Menten equation; however, with the advancement in science and better understanding of the system due to technological advancement, many other kinetic models, such as biphasic, multienzyme, hom...
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The anammox process, i.e., anaerobic ammonium oxidation has been regarded as an efficient wastewater treatment technology (WW-TT) since its discovery in the mid-1990s. The anammox process is recognized for treating nitrogen-rich WW as it eliminates the nitrogen in the water enabling its further utilization. The various microorganisms used in the an...
Article
Municipal wastewater (MWW) or urban wastewater (UWW) is generated by the domestic consumption of freshwater, which contains a huge amount of nutrients. The release of unprocessed wastewater causes eutrophication and harms aquatic life Moreover, ingestion of polluted MWW causes a severe negative impact on human health. Microalgae are unicellular, eu...
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The life cycle assessment (LCA) is a well-established tool that has been used to provide data-driven analysis of environmental performances. LCA offers insights via selecting appropriate feedstocks, suitable technology, energy and environmental trade-off to be considered during the policy designing phase. In the present review, LCA analysis of each...
Chapter
Many industrial processes use water as a solvent and therefore produce wastewater containing chemicals from that process. The amounts of these chemicals and the types will vary hugely depending on the industry and the processes running and may include things that are hazardous to health or the environment. This makes the treatment of industrial was...
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Many industrial processes use water as a solvent and therefore produce wastewater containing chemicals from that process. The amounts of these chemicals and the types will vary hugely depending on the industry and the processes running and may include things that are hazardous to health or the environment. This makes the treatment of industrial was...
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Full-text available
The potential of cellulolytic enzymes has been widely studied and explored for bioconversion processes and plays a key role in various industrial applications. Cellulase, a key enzyme for cellulose-rich waste feedstock-based biorefinery, has increasing demand in various industries, e.g., paper and pulp, juice clarification, etc. Also, there has bee...
Article
Fossil fuels fluctuating market price, and their harmful impacts have shifted the attention towards eco-friendly and renewable fuels. Advanced generations of biofuels revolve around non-agricultural crops. Among them, microalgae are photosynthetic microorganisms that have unique characteristics such as remediation of wastewater and mitigation of ca...
Article
Microalgae are regarded as a rich trove of diverse secondary metabolites that exert remarkable biological activities. In particular, microalgae-derived bioactive phenolic compounds (MBPCs) are a boon to biopharmaceutical and nutraceutical industries due to their diverse bioactivities, including antimicrobial, anticancer, antiviral, and immunomodula...
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Urbanization is a revolutionary and necessary step for the development of nations. However, with development emanates its drawback i.e., generation of a huge amount of wastewater. The existence of diverse types of nutrient loads and toxic compounds in wastewater can reduce the pristine nature of the ecosystem and adversely affects human and animal...
Article
Bio-based nanotechnology has its existence in biological dimensions e.g. microbial cell factories (bacteria, fungi. algae, yeast, cyanobacteria) plants, and biopolymers. They provide multipurpose biological platforms to supply well-designed materials for diverse nano-biotechnological applications. The “green or bio-based synthesis of nanoparticles...
Chapter
Fungi were an unsung microorganism before it was recognized for its bio-products and their utilization in daily human life. As a result of which the impact of fungi and its by-products in food and food industries is increasing day by day. They are rich sources of protein and are also utilized as animal protein replacement, e.g., mushroom, Quorn, nu...
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Heavy metals containing drinking water and wastewater are posing a severe threat to the environment, and living beings on land air, and water. Different conventional, advanced nanomaterials based and biological method has been employed for the treatment of heavy metals. Among the biological methods, microalgae are an important group of microorganis...
Chapter
Fossil fuel a non-renewable and indispensable part of energy source, but its negative effects are enhancing pollution in the environment, and thus its replacement is necessary. Biofuel is a good option that is capable of meeting energy demand. Biofuels are made up by using various kinds of food crops and lignocellulosic biomass. But it competes wit...
Chapter
Hemicellulases are enzymatic complex that has its application in biorefinery and can effectively catalyse the hydrolysis process of xylan (a principal hemicellulose), comprising of a linear polymeric chain made up of β-D-xylopyranosyl units linked with β-1,4-glycosidic linkages. Hemicellulases are produced by various microorganisms such as bacteria...
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Producing bio-based chemicals is imperative to establish an eco-friendly circular bioeconomy. However, the compromised titer of these biochemicals hampers their commercial implementation. Advances in genetic engineering tools have enabled researchers to develop robust strains producing desired titers of the next-generation biofuels and biochemicals...
Article
The wastewater originates from different industrial, municipal, and agriculture processes and contains different nitrogen sources, for example, nitrate, ammonium, nitrite, and phosphate such as inorganic and organic sources. The discharge of high nitrate and phosphate to the ecosystem or nearby water bodies can cause eutrophication which disbalance...
Chapter
Microalgae are potential source for the production of various biomolecules (e.g. carotenoids). Carotenoids are a group of isoprenoids and are of three types, i.e., red, yellow, and orange. These carotenoids have its application in various industries, e.g., cosmetics, nutraceuticals, health food, energy supplement, and feed. The demand for natural p...
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The continuous increase in the energy demand has resulted in a gradual depletion of fossil fuel resources and an increase in greenhouse gas (GHG) emission. As an alternate the emphasis has shifted toward green methods, i.e., biofuel generation using lignocellulosic plant biomass via microorganisms and its biomolecules (e.g. endo‐xylanase). The lign...
Article
Lichens, algae and fungi-based symbiotic associations, are sources of many important secondary metabolites, such as antibiotics, anti-inflammatory, antioxidants, and anticancer agents. Wide range of experiments based on in vivo and in vitro studies revealed that lichens are a rich treasure of anti-cancer compounds. Lichen extracts and isolated lich...
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The increasing world population generates huge amounts of wastewater as well as large energy demand. Additionally, fossil fuel’s combustion for energy production causes the emission of greenhouse gases (GHG) and other pollutants. Therefore, there is a strong need to find alternative green approaches for wastewater treatment and energy production. M...
Article
Microalgae is a renewable resource with the potential to replace the fossil-based industrial production of organic chemicals and pharmaceuticals. Moreover, the microalgal biomass contains carotenoids, vitamins, and other biomolecules that are widely used as food supplements. However, the microalgal biomass production, their composition variations,...
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Fungi are universally present; however, till date only few species have been explored for human welfare, e.g., penicillin, a secondary metabolite that has had a great impact on human civilization. It was a groundbreaking discovery that enabled the researches to further explore the great biodiversity of fungi and eventually use them for human welfar...
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The continuous increase in the energy demand has resulted in the gradual depletion of fossil fuel resources and an increase in greenhouse gas (GHG) emission. As an alternate, the emphasis has shifted towards green methods, i.e. biofuel generation using lignocellulosic plant biomass via microorganisms and its biomolecules (e.g. endo-xylanase). The l...
Article
The poultry industry is one of the major revenue generating industries around the world. This industry generates a lot of wastes including huge amounts of chicken feathers, that are recalcitrant, thus, difficult to dispose of and have a negative environmental impact. The main methods of disposal of feathers are either incineration or dumping them w...
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The worldwide growing population needs water security for communities will rise higher in the near future. Natural freshwater sources globally decreasing rapidly; therefore, it is expected that clean water will be secured sincerely for basic human needs (Rezania et al. in J Hazard Mater 318:587–599, 2016c). Due to rapid urbanization and industriali...
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The enzymes and its utility have increased tremendously over the past decade, as the focus presently is diverting toward the development of technologies that are cyclic in nature. This idea depends on the fact that both the substrate and the end product should be biodegradable and should fit well with the idea of it being recycled and reused. The e...
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Biological feedstocks and waste biomass represent a suitable alternative for the generation of biofuels and value-added materials replacing fossil fuels. However, the application of biobased feedstocks resulting in full-scale generation of biofuel and chemicals is limited and some of the technologies are in their early developmental stages. The lit...
Article
The reliance of fossil fuel for industrial and energy sectors has resulted in its depletion. Therefore, enormous efforts have been considered to move-out from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources based industrial process developments. Recently, bio-hydrogen (bio-H2) has been recognized as a clean source of fuel with high-energy efficiency, whic...
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At present, all sectors are diverting their interest toward biologically synthesized products via fungi as they are nonexhaustive and have immense applicability. Fungi are ubiquitous in nature and have tremendous capability to produce various secondary metabolites that have both deleterious and beneficial effects. The production of beneficial secon...
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Industrialization has led to the release of effluents and toxic products in fresh water, thereby rendering it useless for further use. Thus, it has become a necessity to effectively treat wastewater for its reutilization in various purposes such as irrigation as well as household and commercial use. Thus, over time advanced oxidative processes (AOP...
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Reutilization of water has become an integral part of the current decade globally. Various methodologies and techniques have been developed for the treatment of wastewater followed by its reutilization in various segments. Polluted water has tremendous hazards associated with it such as the loss of flora and fauna and health-related issues in the a...
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Microbiological bioremediation has been effectively used for the removal of various pollutants. It has been stated that the native microflora at the polluted sites have greater bioremediating potential in comparison to other microorganisms as they have adapted themselves to the surrounding environment (contaminated sites). However, the full potenti...
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The concept of sustainable ecosystem has resulted in the development of numerous physical, chemical, and biological techniques for the treatment of wastewater. Due to the disadvantages associated with the physical and chemical techniques, biological treatment system gained impetuous in the scientific community. Though biological system has been eff...
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The fungal endophytes have an association with living plant tissues and do not cause any adverse side effects. Huge biodiversity exists with respect to fungal endophytes due to variations in geographical locations, latitude, and longitudinal. The tremendous biodiversity of the endophytes their interactions with plants and other microorganisms, alon...
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Microalgae biomass have been used as a source of nutrient-rich food, feed, and health-promoting compounds. Among the several commercially available microalgae, Haematococcus pluvialis is the most abundant source of natural astaxanthin (3,3′-dihydroxy-β,β-carotene-4,4′-dione), which is considered as “super antioxidant.” Therefore natural astaxanthin...
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The understanding of microflora has enabled a deep insight into the environmental communities which adapt under extreme environmental conditions. Various methods have been employed for the understanding of these existing microflora which include both theoretical and experimental. The theoretical analysis is performed with the help of mathematical m...
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The expanding population with simultaneous rise in industrialisation and urbanisation has deleterious and hazardous impact on both the ecosystem and mankind. It results in severe environmental pollution including generation of excessive wastes, heavy metal pollution and increased discharge of industrial effluents. Various factors like high cost, en...
Article
Anthropogenic activities have lead to the accumulation of toxic and hazardous waste materials, such as dyes and heavy metals, into the environment. The entry of these waste materials into the food chain have emerged as a threat to food and health security. As a result, several conventional physical and chemical-based systems were developed to remov...
Article
Fossil based resources are a major contributor to energy and chemicals to modern-day development. The negative environmental impacts of fossil-based resources accompanied by its fast depletion has alerted the scientific community and governments to find an alternative source. Biobased biorefineries are dependent on the natural organic biomass for t...
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Extensive and improper utilization of water from industrial, municipal, and agricultural activities generate 380 trillion L/y of wastewater worldwide. Wastewaters from different sources contain enormous amounts of nutrients such as carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus. Thus, the recovery of these nutrients via appropriate sustainable process becomes a...
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The bio-based refinery has evolved as a strong alternative to the fossil-based refinery. Fossil fuels have been critical to meet the global energy and chemical needs. The rapid utilization of fossil fuel reserves and environmental deterioration has led to the search for alternative sources. The naturally occurring biomass (forest residues, microalg...
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Green technology, an approach for the removal/bioremediation of the pollutant, has been gaining interest over physical and chemical methods. The concept of nanotechnology for green and clean environment has expanded interest in various sectors due to its multidisciplinary approach. The nanotechnology allows to play with various aspects of processin...
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The oxidation activity of multicopper-oxidases overlaps with different substrates of laccases and bilirubin oxidases, thus in the present study an integrated approach of bioinformatics using hom-ology modeling, docking, and experimental validation was used to confirm the type of multicop-per-oxidase in Myrothecium verrucaria ITCC-8447. The result o...
Article
Myco-valorization (Myco-Valtn) concept was explored using Myrothecium verrucaria ITCC-8447 via column bioreactor to remove two anthraquinone (ARq) dyes. Among the three myco-valtn approaches free cell dependent enabled more than 80% removal of Anthraquinone violet R (AVR) and Alizarin cyanine green (ACG) after 48 h at 30 ± 2 °C. Enzymatic treatment...
Article
In the present study, specificity of laccase from Stropharia sp. ITCC-8422 against various substrates, i.e. 2,2-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS), 2,6-dimethoxyphenol (DMP), guaiacol (GCL) and syringaldazine (SYZ) was determined. It exhibited maximum affinity against ABTS, followed by DMP and negligible activity for GCL and...
Chapter
Microalgae, cyanobacteria are vital organisms for sustainable production of various value-added products, e.g. food, chemicals and biofuels are also well known to meet out high energy requirements. These organisms can be a sustainable tool for reducing our current dependency on fossil fuels with growing world populations and environmental concerns....
Chapter
Biomass is an alternative to the depleting fossil fuels which are primary source of the biofuel and biochemicals. It majorly consists of lignin, cellulose, hemicelluloses along with small fractions of proteins and extractives. Some of the biomass is also rich in pectin and lipids. The two major steps involved in biomass to biofuel conversion is pre...
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Full-text available
Biological pretreatment plays a crucial role in utilization of copiously present lignocellulosic biomass in biorefinery. Thus, yellow laccase–producing strain Stropharia sp. ITCC 8422 was studied for its production, purification and integrated depolymerization and hydrolysis. Yellow laccase production optimization using CCD-RSM increased the activi...
Article
In the present work attempts have been made to mimic the natural system of biomass delignification using laccase from Myrothecium verrucaria ITCC-8447 and synergistic effect of cellulase and xylanase from Schizophyllum commune NAIMCC-F-03379 and Aspergillus oryzae ITCC-8571 respectively for enhanced saccharification and subsequent bioethanol produc...
Chapter
Laccase has the ability to act on a broad range of substrates, as a result of which multiple compounds have been used for laccase assay and numerous applications have been discovered over time. Thus, considering the above points, in the present study, white and blue laccase from Myrothecium verrucaria ITCC-8447 and Pleurotus ostreatus were used for...
Chapter
Xylanase is a well-known enzyme for the conversion of agricultural biomass into xylose using enzymatic hydrolysis process. Agricultural residues are the rich source of lignocellulosic biomass. Recently there has been increasing interest in the use of agricultural residues for the production of industrially important enzymes along with other value-a...
Article
In the present work, the transition metal compounds i.e. CoCl2, NiCl2, and CrO3 were used as microwave sensitizer's chemicals in combination with H3PO4. The efficiency of the pretreatment process was assessed based on sugar and ethanol generation potential from pretreated rice straw (RS). The in-house produced crude cellulase (Cr-Cell) and xylanase...
Article
Full-text available
Multicopper oxidases (MCOs) has a unique feature of having the presence of four Cu atoms arranged into three (Type I, II and III) spectral classification. MCOs laccase due to its broad range of substrate specificity has numerous biotechnological applications. The two types of laccases include the typical blue and the atypical white, yellow laccases...
Chapter
In the past decade, industrialisation has led to tremendous development, improving the living standards both socially and medically. However, with the increase in population and its demands, the past decade has observed an explosion of industrialisation in all the sectors. This has led to huge waste being generated and disposed of in the environmen...
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Bioethanol is a major renewable biofuel obtained from different waste biomass. It can potentially substitute the depleting and pollution-causing fossil fuels. It can endow with energy security along with environmental protection over fossil fuels. Biofuels can be classified into four different generations (G), i.e., first generation (1G), second ge...
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The present age has seen technological development at a large scale and has imposed tremendous pressure on the natural resources. The usage of fossil fuel has resulted in the release of greenhouse gases, thereby promoting global warming and increased environmental concern among the researchers. Therefore, the quest to find “clean energy” has become...