Poonooru Ravi Kanth Reddy

Poonooru Ravi Kanth Reddy
University of Missouri | Mizzou · Division of Animal Sciences

MVSc; Ph.D (Animal Nutrition)
Post Doctoral Fellow

About

61
Publications
120,289
Reads
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580
Citations
Citations since 2016
59 Research Items
575 Citations
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Introduction
Ravi Kanth Reddy currently works at the Department of Animal Nutrition (College of Veterinary Science, Proddatur), Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University. Ravi Kanth does research in Food Science, Environmental Science and Animal Science. Their current project is 'Evaluation of rations containing slow release urea source (SRU) on production performance of ruminants'.
Additional affiliations
January 2019 - September 2022
Government of Andhra Pradesh
Position
  • Medical Professional
Description
  • Working as Veterinary Assistant Surgeon (Veterinary Officer) at Veterinary Dispensary, Taticherla, Prakasam district, Andhra Pradesh, India
September 2017 - January 2019
Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Description
  • Assistant Professor in Livestock Farm Complex
Education
May 2020 - May 2021
National Academy of Agricultural Research Management
Field of study
  • Extension and Management
December 2014 - March 2018
Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University
Field of study
  • Animal Nutrition
September 2012 - December 2014
Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University
Field of study
  • Animal Nutrition

Publications

Publications (61)
Article
Full-text available
Background: Palm kernel cake is a high-fibre and medium-grade protein feed available at a cheaper price. Determining the optimum quantity of palm kernel cake inclusion levels could help in designing sustainable livestock-feeding systems. The studies related to its use in buffaloes are scarce. Considering the indispensable role of buffaloes in enhan...
Article
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Background: The profitability in swine production is mostly associated to the superior growth performance. The information pertaining to the genetic and non-genetic factors influencing growth traits is significant to enable animal breeders to adopt better selection and managemental methods. Methods: Data from 50% LW Y-Desi genetic group and 75% LWY...
Chapter
Full-text available
Smallholder farmers are the worst hit by the impact of the changing climate, especially those in developing countries. Climate change shows direct impact on the significant contribution of the production systems and related practices of smallholder farmers. Ruminant production systems emit various proportions of the primary greenhouse gases of carb...
Article
Full-text available
Palm kernel cake, the main by-product of the palm kernel oil extraction process, is a highly available and low-priced agro-industrial by-product. However, several concerns exist to arriving at a safe inclusion level, especially for buffaloes. Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of feeding de-oiled palm kernel cake (DPKC) to tropi...
Article
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The present study aims to identify potential risk factors and most possible clinical indicators of abomasal impaction in buffaloes. Among the screened buffaloes (n = 636), the logistic model was fitted for 491 buffaloes because of the non-availability of parity-related data for 145 buffaloes. Third-trimester pregnancy, feeding paddy straw alone, an...
Article
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The current study evaluated the clinical, ruminal, haemato-biochemical, and ultrasonographic findings of abomasal disorders’ affected buffaloes grouped as abomasal impaction (n = 18) and abomasal ulcers (n = 15). The abomasal disorders’ screening was based on clinical examination and confirmed by ultrasonography. The most common clinical findings o...
Article
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Background: The knowledge and estimation of genetic and non-genetic factors on the production and reproduction traits of Ongole cattle are important to enable the breeders to design efficient conservation strategies and adopt better selection methods, management practices and culling operations. Methods: Data available on 220 Ongole cows mated to 2...
Chapter
The occurrence of infectious diseases has a significant adverse effect on livestock health and production efficiency. Current diagnostic approaches in veterinary practice are primarily focused on the observation of changes in physical, clinical, behavioral, or performance of individual or groups of animals. In recent years, these diagnostic approac...
Article
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Background and aim: Poor palatability, low bulk density, and low nutritive value restrict the utilization of the crop residues as animal feeds. Altering the physical characteristics of feed by blending the roughage and concentrates in the form of complete feed improves the nutrient use efficiency and reduces the feed wastage, feed cost, and labor...
Chapter
Modern-day intensive system of livestock farming is being faced with the increasing pressure to combat various health-related issues. This will require antimicrobial feed additives or drugs for either curative or preventive purposes. Nevertheless, antimicrobial resistance, re-emerging diseases, and disease outbreak call for the need to develop new...
Article
Full-text available
Several concerns exist on the performance and health attributes of sheep fed on complete replacements of the traditional feed ingredients with dried distillers’ grain solubles (DDGS). The study intended to know the effect of DDGS on replacing the peanut cake (PNC) at 0%, 50%, 75%, and 100% in sheep fed Jowar stover-based diet. Replacing PNC with DD...
Article
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This paper outlines the effect of farming systems with reference to season on the body condition score (BCS) and adaptive profile (physiological, hemato-biochemical, hormonal, enzymatic and reproductive parameters) of Nellore sheep. In trial 1, sixty ewe-lambs were allotted to extensive, semi-intensive, and intensive rearing systems (n ¼ 20) and ev...
Article
The complete diets containing different dual-purpose sorghum stovers were evaluated for their comparative effect on nutrient utilization and growth performance of ram lambs. Twenty four Nellore x Deccani cross ram lambs of 4-6 months old (body weight, 14.39 ± 0.24 kg) were divided into four groups of six animals each in a completely randomized desi...
Article
Full-text available
The experiment was conducted with an intent to know the effect of different farming systems on the growth performance, nutrient digestibility coefficients, reproductive traits, disease incidence, heat stress indices, and cost economics of Nellore sheep. The study includes two parallel trials to prevent the influence of age on heat stress indices (p...
Article
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This study aims to assess the impact of time of feeding on the body temperature of West African dwarf (WAD) goats. Twenty-seven goats (15 buck and 12 pregnant does) were used in this experiment. The bucks and gravid does were fed same experimental diet once daily at either, 06:00h, 12:00h or 18:00h in the morning, afternoon or evening, respectively...
Chapter
Full-text available
The increasing competition for available resources and inefficient use of those limited resources necessitates the need to improve the use of available resources. If these inefficacies are not corrected, the resource-poor farmers, mainly living in developing countries will be most affected. Yet these resource farmers contribute immensely for food p...
Article
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The rapid expansion of nanotechnology has been transforming the food industry by increasing market share and expenditure. Although nanotechnology offers promising benefits as feed additives, their usage in equines is primarily geared toward immunotherapy, hyper-immunization techniques, drug delivery systems, grooming activities, and therapeutic pur...
Article
The objective of this study was to examine the effect of clay derived-humic substances (CD-HS) on nutrient intakes, digestibility coefficients, rumen fermentation, milk yield, and milk components in Holstein-Friesian dairy cows. The experiment was designed as a 3 × 3 Latin square design using 12 dairy cows, which are allotted to basal diet without...
Article
The effect of Corymbia citriodora leaf extract on growth performance, nutrient digestibilities, rumen fermentation, and health status of male crossbred Holstein calves was evaluated in the present study. Three treatments were evaluated by mixing C. citriodora leaf extract (CC) at 0 (CC0), 10 (CC10) or 20 (CC20) ml in the milk of the Holstein calves...
Article
Irrational usage of antibiotic feed additives in livestock industry, especially as growth promoters, has become a global challenge due to the unintended zoonotic impact through resistance transfer. Herbal plant extracts or their secondary metabolites with antimicrobial properties may possess similar effects of various antibiotic feed additives in i...
Article
Mycotoxin residues are transferred from feed to animal products, yet, less attention has been paid to it in developing countries. There is a need to find alternative alleviation material for reducing the impact of mycotoxin. This review is meant to elucidate different additives that can reduce mycotoxin residue in animal products in the world, espe...
Article
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Anti-nutritional factors (ANF) in plants reduce the intake or nutrient utilization and determines the extent of using those plants as fodder for livestock. Compared to non-legume forages, leguminous fodder constitutes wide range of anti-nutritional factors. The nutrient composition of the tree legume fodders has been attracting the attention of man...
Article
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Most important economic trait milk constituents include fat, protein, SNF, lactose and ash. Being rich in these components, milk is considered as one of the essential foods all over the world. Amongst the milk constituents, β-casein has gained importance and popularity in the health conscious people due to its recent health related issues. The stat...
Article
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Feeding management in dairy animals is crucial for ensuring optimal production apart from making the farming as a whole, a more sustainable activity. In our study we evaluated the production and environmental effects of two different feeding regimens i.e., one dominated by traditional cottonseed meal (CSM) and other with coated urea (slow release u...
Article
Eighty-four male New Zealand White rabbits with average body weight 778 ± 65 g were blocked into four groups to evaluate the ability of sodium bentonite and coumarin in alleviating the toxicity of aflatoxin B1. The first group was fed with a diet without any treatment (CON), while the remaining three diets were added with aflatoxin B1 at 0.25 ppm d...
Article
Full-text available
The contemporary environmental-stewardship programmes primarily aimed at curbing the global warming potential by adopting a multidisciplinary approach. Manipulating the feeding strategies has great potential in reducing the environmental footprints of livestock production. This study intends to assess the effect of soybean meal (SBM) replacement wi...
Article
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True thermal resilience is the ability of an animal not only to withstand the challenges of temperature fluctuations but also to recover faster after the end of maximal stress. Six each of healthy, non-lactating, and non-pregnant sheep (Nellore breed) and goats (non-descript) of age between 1.5 and 2 years were selected from herds maintained in sem...
Article
A total of 270 one-d-old Ross 308 broiler chicks were randomly allotted to 9 experimental diets (3 replicates of 10 birds each), including three types of supplemental lipotropic factors (control, 0.1% or 0.2% choline and 0.5% or 1% lecithin) in a 3 × 3 factorial arrangement. Supplementation of lecithin improved FCR values during 1-21 days of age. A...
Article
Several concerns exist regarding horse rearing such as environmental pollution, antibiotics resistance, digestive disorders, mycotoxins contamination of animal feed, gut health management, and improvement of feed efficiency. Nanoparticles have the potential to address these issues and thus could be used as feed additive. Citrate reduces and stabili...
Article
Full-text available
This study was conducted to evaluate the performance of laying Japanese quails fed on different levels of azolla meal (AZM). Ten weeks old 150 quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) were randomly divided into 3 groups with 5 replicates of 10 birds each. Control group was fed with a diet containing 0% AZM while the other two groups received diets with...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of the present study was to determine the effect of the duration of the dry period (DP) on milk yield, milk composition, and reproductive performance of Murrah buffaloes in the subsequent lactation. High yielding Murrah buffaloes (n=48) were assigned to either shortened (30 to 45 d (n=16); and 45 to 60 d (n=16)) or traditional (>60 da...
Article
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The aim of the study was to investigate the physical indicators of energy reserves mobilization (ERM) viz., Body weight (BW), Body Condition Score (BCS), altered BW percentage (ABWP) and altered BCS percentage (ABCSP) levels in forty eight dairy buffaloes allotted to three dry period lengths (60 or > 60d; 46 to 60 d; and 30 to 45 d). Hybrid Napier...
Article
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Higher serum Non Esterified Fatty acid (SNEFA) concentration associated with negative energy balance (NEB) around calving has been used to predict dairy animals at risk for metabolic disorders. The aim of the study was to investigate the SNEFA, Altered Non Esterified Fatty Acid percentage (ANEFAP) levels and Service period (SP) in forty eight dairy...
Article
Full-text available
An assessment of livestock and poultry feed resources availability was done based on the extrapolation of secondary data from livestock census, 2012 and land utilization and crop production pattern in Telangana state. Overall dry matter (DM) availability in the state is about 19.47 million tonnes (Mt) from various feed resources. Availability of gr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Cite as: Ravi, A., Chakravarthi, K., and Reddy, P. R. K. (2018). “Chitosan as an alternative to antibiotic feed additive in poultry and pig production,” In 18th Indian Veterinary Congress Compendium (Tirupati), 92-101. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.22215.42404 _____________________________________________________________________________________ The usage...
Article
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This study was conducted to assess feed resource availability in two of the 6 agro-climatic zones of Andhra Pradesh i.e., southern zone (Chittoor, Kadapa and Nellore) and scarce rainfall zone (Anantapur and Kurnool) which are relatively deficient in rainfall as compared to the remaining zones. The dry agro climatic zones of Andhra Pradesh were defi...
Article
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Dry period (DP) length affects energy metabolism in transition period as well as milk production in the subsequent lactation. The aim of the study was to investigate the serum glucose (SG) and altered glucose percentage (AGP) levels in forty eight dairy buffaloes allotted to three dry period lengths (> 60 d; 46 to 60 d; and 30 to 45 d). The serum g...
Article
Full-text available
A study has been carried out to find out the nutritive value and variations in chemical composition and mineral profile among the different corn dried distillers grain soluble(DDGS) samples collected from negative ethanol processing industries of Andhra Pradesh. The mean CP, CF, EE, and TA of various DDGs samples were, 28.92, 7.68, 11.86 and 5.75,...
Article
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Sustained hike in prices of traditional feed ingredients like cereal grains, protein meals and other feed commodities is forcing the animal nutritionist to find less expensive and safe alternatives to feed the animals. Corn is the most common and major feed ingredient used for both livestock and poultry, but its demand for human food, biofuel and b...
Article
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The objective of the present study was to determine the phenotypic correlations among the physical indicators, blood metabolites and 6% FCM yield in high yielding Murrah Buffaloes. During the dry period, Body weight (BW) showed a significant positive correlation with Body Condition Score (BCS) (P<0.01) and Serum Glucose (SG) concentration (P<0.05),...
Chapter
Full-text available
The rumen is an anaerobic vat that provides a conducive environment to the microflora for fermenting the nutrients. The three main functions of rumen include fermentation of structural carbohydrates, recycling of urea and detoxification of toxic components in forages. Fermentation process produces three main volatile fatty acids (VFAs) such as acet...
Article
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This study has developed algorithms for predicting the amount of peak milk yield by using negative energy balance indicators (NEBI) as predictors. Equations using four selected independent variables (Body weight (BW), Body Condition Score (BCS), Serum Glucose (SG) and Serum Non esterified fatty acid (SNEFA)) gave 'R ' values ranging from 0.459 to 0...
Article
Full-text available
An assessment of Livestock and poultry feed resource availability was done based on secondary data in surplus rainfall zones of Andhra Pradesh state. The region possesses overall DM availability of 16.93 million tonnes (Mt) from various feed resources. Crop residues contributed to 84.4% of total DM supply for livestock in the region. The contributi...
Article
Full-text available
A study was carried out to find out the chemical composition, mineral profile, Cornell net carbohydrate and protein system (CNCPS) fractionations and in vitro digestibility of nutrients among different samples of corn dried distiller grain solubles (DDGS), collected from five ethanol processing industries of Andhra Pradesh. The mean CP, CF, EE, and...
Book
https://www.amazon.com/step-Ahead-Ruminant-Nutrition-Fibrolytic/dp/3330020377
Chapter
Full-text available
Thermal stress is one of the most important factors limiting ruminant production and thermotolerance studies in domestic ruminants has lot of bearing on the identification of prospective biomarkers for thermal stress, especially the heat stress. Heat stress in ruminants is characterized by heat shock response, which is mediated by different types o...
Article
Unconditioned food addiction is a rare phenomenon in goats. The marsilin like content existing in the Ipomea carnea plant is responsible for addiction of goats towards the respective plant. In addition, the plant contains two toxic principles, swainsonine and calystegines which induce lysosomal storage disease; a condition characterized by neurolog...
Article
Full-text available
Degnala disease, which is assumed to be a mycotoxicosis, has clinical syndrome similar to chronic ergotism and is predominantly characterised by development of oedema, necrosis and gangrene of the legs, tail, and ears. A concise study conducted to know the prevalence of Degnala disease in rural parts of Andhra Pradesh concluded the disease’s occurr...
Article
Full-text available
Cows that fail to transition successfully into lactation are vulnerable to a host number of problems which occur just after the calving. Further consequences in the early lactation period include, lowered milk production, Immunodepression and compromised reproductive performance. Dry matter intake (DMI) starts to decrease a few weeks before parturi...
Article
Full-text available
In the recent past, increasing consumer concern about the use of feed additives such as growth promoters and antibiotics in livestock production,has forced the animal nutritionists to increase the safe enzyme usage for improving the productivity of the animals. The concept of supplementation of exogenous enzymes can be traced back to 1990s. The enz...