Ponnusamy Subramaniam

Ponnusamy Subramaniam
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia | ukm · School of Healthcare Sciences

PhD

About

75
Publications
41,308
Reads
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727
Citations
Additional affiliations
December 2016 - present
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
Position
  • PostDoc Position
October 2008 - February 2013
Bangor University
Position
  • PhD Student
May 2003 - present
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Position
  • Lecturer

Publications

Publications (75)
Article
Context Life Review Intervention (LRI) has starting to shift in emphasis of focus onto persons with cancer and its effectiveness in improving their psychological well-being. The process has now begin integrating into healthcare settings as a complementary treatment for this population. Objectives The current systematic review aims to synthesize ex...
Article
Full-text available
The cognitive intervention for the ageing population is growing rapidly. This review aimed to explore the impact of cognitive intervention on the cognitive abilities among adults over 50 with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in Asia. Articles on randomised controlled trials (RCT) studies published between 2010 and December 2020 in PubMed, Science Di...
Article
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Older adults are vulnerable towards cognitive frailty that can lead to adverse health outcomes and telerehabilitation appears to be a potential platform to reverse cognitive frailty among older adults. The aim of this coping review is to identify the usage of telerehabilitation and its common platform of delivery among older adults with mild cognit...
Article
Objective In this study, we aim to assess general psychological health, associated factors, and the potential of coping strategies as a mediator for middle-aged and older Malaysian adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods A total of 535 individuals aged 52 years and above from the previous cohort and interventional studies in Peninsular Malays...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Primary care clinicians in Asia employed the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) to aid dementia diagnosis post-stroke. Recent studies questioned their clinical utility in stroke settings for relying on verbal abilities and education level, as well as lack of consideration for aphasia and neglec...
Article
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Aim: The goal is to explore available evidence and provide greater clarity to what is described as psychosocial intervention to improve cognitive function among older population with MCI as well as identifying areas for future research. Methods: An electronic literature search of PubMed, Cochrane, Ebscohost, Medline, Scopus, and gray resource was c...
Article
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Background: Cognitive frailty (CF) is identified as one of the main precursors of dementia. Multidomain intervention has been found to delay or prevent the onset of CF. Objective: The aim of our present study is to determine the effectiveness of a comprehensive, multidomain intervention on CF; to evaluate its cost effectiveness and the factors i...
Article
Background The effects of aging and its associated cognitive decline is particularly acute in Asia given the exponential growth of older adults as a proportion of the population as a whole. Many structured cognitive interventions have been proposed to prevent the cognitive decline typically seen in older age, but their utility as a viable means of...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Older persons have been identified as a vulnerable population with respect to the novel coronavirus outbreak, COVID-19. Aiming to "flatten the curve" a strict Movement Control Order (MCO) was implemented in Malaysia. Older adults with cognitive frailty are prone to physical, cognitive and psychosocial decline. This study aims to compare p...
Article
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This study aimed to investigate the impact of food insecurity and poor nutrient intake on the psychological health of middle-aged and older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. A sub-sample of 535 individuals aged 52 years and above, from the earlier cohort and interventional studies (n = 4) from four selected states in Peninsular Malaysia, were re...
Preprint
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Older adults are vulnerable towards cognitive frailty that can lead to adverse health outcomes such as cognitive frailty, falls, disabilities, hospitalizations and increased morbidity. With advancement of healthcare technology, there is a potential to manage and reverse cognitive frailty among older adults using a multi-domain interventi...
Article
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People with dementia in the world is expected to increase to 139 million by the year 2050. Psychosocial approach has become a powerful tool to prevent cognitive decline due to aging effect in older adults. However, there is still lack of evidence on the psychosocial benefits of cognitive intervention on older adults with dementia in Asian countries...
Method
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Following the rapid increase of the aging population, health promotion and prevention of physical disability and dementia in older persons are essential for healthy aging. For example, there may be a potential to prevent or reverse cognitive frailty, the co-existence of both physical frailty and cognitive impairment in older persons. However, evide...
Article
Anticholinergic burden (ACB) from medications impairs cognition in schizophrenia. Cognition is a predictor of functional capacity; however, little is known about ACB effect on functional capacity in this population. This study assesses the relationship between ACB and functional capacity across the life span in individuals with schizophrenia after...
Chapter
The rising population of older adult has contributed to the increasing number of elderly suffering from Alzheimer’s disease. Abundant new exciting applications have been developed to assist people with Alzheimer’s to support a better quality of life. The design of software product for older people should be carefully carried out as it could reduce...
Article
Full-text available
With technological advancements and an aging population, there is growing interest in delivering interventions at home. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) and Cognitive Remediation (CR) as well as Cognitive Training (CT) have been widely studied, but mainly in laboratories or hospitals. Thus, the objectives of this review are to examine...
Article
Full-text available
Anxiety Disorders share features of excessive fear and anxiety related behavioral disturbances. Diagnosis of Anxiety Disorders often leads to a high financial burden to the sufferers and economical lost to the society with high rates of health care costs and days on sick leave. Online intervention is seen as a good option to deal with anxiety issue...
Article
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The aim of this paper is to summarize and discuss the existing online intervention for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). This paper is using the narrative approach and the search engine used include PubMed, SAGE Journals, EBSCO host and Cochrane Library. A total of 10 articles were included for this review and it categorised by authors into five...
Article
Introduction The presence of either frailty or cognitive impairment have been determined as precursors of falls among older adults. However, the association between falls and cognitive frailty has yet to be established. Objective To investigate the association between falls and cognitive frailty among community dwelling older adults. Methods A to...
Article
Introduction Older adults with frailty and cognitive impairment are more susceptible to falls. The risk factor of falls and faller profiles among older adults in general has been established. However, information regarding potential risk factors and faller patterns among older adults with cognitive frailty is limited. Objective To examine the soci...
Article
Full-text available
This is a preliminary study to examine the factor structure, reliability, and validity of an obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) screening tool for use in the Malaysian setting. A total of 199 Malaysian adults were recruited for this study. After cleaning and normalizing the data, 190 samples were left to be analyzed. Principle component analysis u...
Article
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Aim: There is limited information about the association between frailty, cognitive status and functional fitness in older adults living in institutions. We aimed to determine the prevalence of frailty and its association with cognitive status and functional fitness among pre-frail and frail Malaysian older adults residing in institutions on the we...
Article
This study aims to identify the relationship between anxiety and depression with quality of life among the elderly with dementia living in institution. This study also propose reminscence group therapy in reducing depression and anxiety among residents in institutions. This cross sectional study was conducted at Rumah Seri Kenangan Cheras. A total...
Article
Full-text available
Abstrak: Kajian ini bertujuan mengenal pasti hubungan antara kebimbangan dan kemurungan dengan kualiti hidup warga emas demensia di institusi jagaan warga emas. Kajian ini turut mencadangkan terapi kelompok reminiscence dalam menurunkan kebimbangan dan kemurungan dalam kalangan penghuni di institusi. Reka bentuk kajian yang digunakan ialah kajian k...
Preprint
Full-text available
With technological advancements and an aging population, there is growing interest in delivering interventions at home. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) and Cognitive Remediation (CR) have been widely studied, but mainly in laboratories or hospitals. Thus, the objectives of this review are to examine feasibility and the interventions...
Article
Full-text available
Background The main aim of this study was to determine the association between Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD) and caregiver burden, and the mediating role of coping strategy and personality style of caregivers to patients with dementia (PWD). Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted among 202 caregivers to PWD in...
Article
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The Quality of Life-Alzheimer's Disease (QOL-AD) questionnaire is a reliable, valid and popular outcome measure in dementia related studies. However, to date there is no published report on adopted version of QOL-AD in Malay language. Thus this preliminary study aimed to evaluate the reliability and validity of the QOL-AD in Malay language for pati...
Article
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This study aimed to explore the psychosocial benefits of familiar technology; Digital Memory Album (DMA) based reminiscence work with a 74-year-old male with mild dementia and his caregiver. Data was collected at three time points: baseline assessment; first follow-up assessment after the completion of 8 weeks life review process and completion of...
Article
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Background/Aims This study aimed to investigate the validity and reliability of the Malay version of Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination III (ACE-III) for detecting mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia. Methods A total of 152 participants (dementia = 53, MCI = 38, controls = 61) were recruited from two teaching hospitals. The Malay version...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic non-specific low back pain (CNSLBP) is associated with fear-avoidance belief. The aim of this study was to explore the perspectives of pain and fear-avoidance belief and its related issues such as coping strategies among adults with CNSLBP. One to one interview sessions using semi-structured questions were conducted among eight CNSLBP adult...
Article
Dementia is a neurocognitive disorder that affects a person's abilities in daily functioning. Anxiety and depression symptoms are common among persons with dementia. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) has been tested to manage their depression and anxiety symptoms. However, the purpose of CBT in managing these symptoms is unclear. Therefore, this...
Poster
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Purpose: There is an increasing interest in administering both transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) and cognitive remediation (CR) program remotely or at-home setting. This systematic review was aimed to examine the feasibility and details of intervention components to support the delivery of tDCS and CR remotely or at-home. Methods: A sy...
Article
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Negative attitudes towards ageing are reported to be associated with greater functional impairment in older adults. There is limited information regarding attitudes towards ageing and physical performance in regard to adults aged 55 to 64 years. The objective of our study was to examine the association of attitude towards ageing on physical perform...
Article
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The quality of relationship between a person with dementia and a family caregiver has been identified as one of important factor in informal dementia care. Currently there is no validated questionnaire to measure the dyadic relationship in Malaysia. The aim of present study is to examine the reliability and validity of Quality of the Patient-Caregi...
Article
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BACKGROUND: Health Science graduates are increasingly in demand for improving and providing life services among the ageing population. Having substantial knowledge and positive attitude towards ageing will be a key step towards better care giving. However, to date there is limited published literature regarding knowledge and attitude towards ageing...
Chapter
Full-text available
Advances in mobile technology have lead to a more interesting and inspiring applications that could be used to help people with health problem. Together with rapid progress in mobile devices, new applications to support treatments have been developed tremendously. This technology has also been identified to assist patients with Alzheimer’s disease....
Article
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Honey produced by stingless bee of Trigona spp. is popularly known as Kelulut honey (KH) in Malaysia. Even though KH has been increasingly accepted by Malaysians, information relating to its physical and antioxidant properties is still limited. This study aimed to determine the physical properties, antioxidant content and anti-oxidative properties...
Article
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Introduction: Dementia is pressing problem for family and society. Next generation health care providers which are current healthcare program students are important part of professional caregiving system in future. Particularly, having good knowledge and attitudes towards dementia will be key elements in providing best care for people with dementia...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Populasi Malaysia di ramalkan akan terus meningkat. Ini menyebabkan peratus warga tua yang melebihi umur 60 ke atas semakin meningkat dengan drastik dan seiring dengan pertambahan penghuni di institusi penjagaan warga emas. Artikel ini bertujuan mengenalpasti kualiti hidup warga emas di institusi penjagan dan cadangan terapi kelompok reminiscence d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Kualiti hidup warga emas demensia di institusi penjagaan adalah penting dalam mencapai penuaan berjaya. Kualiti hidup saling berkait antara kebimbangan dan kemurungan yang dialami oleh warga emas demensia di institusi penjagaan. Objektif utama kajian ini ialah mengkaji hubungan antara kebimbangan dan kemurungan dengan kualiti hidup warga emas demen...
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of Individual Cognitive Behavior Therapy (ICBT) in treating patients with mood disorders with suicidal ideation. A total of 69 patients (48 females, 21 males) with the diagnoses above were randomly allocated to either the group of Treatment As Usual (TAU) + ICBT (n=33) or the TAU group (n=3...
Technical Report
Full-text available
PERAKUAN Laporan teknikal ini adalah hasil daripada projek yang ditaja oleh UNIVERSITI KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA PENEMUAN PENYELIDIKAN PERNYATAAN MASALAH: Pada tahun 2015, golongan Warga tua merangkumi 9% daripada jumlah populasi kesuruhan Malaysia yang berjumlah 31 juta orang. Mengikut unjuran, penduduk warga tua akan meningkat menjadi 15% pada tahun 20...
Article
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Background and aim There is increasing interest in using information and communication technology to help older adults with dementia to engage in reminiscence work. Now, the feasibility of such approaches is beginning to be established. The purpose of this study was to establish an evidence-base for the acceptability and efficacy of using multimedi...
Article
Full-text available
Cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) is an evidence-based therapy for individuals with mild-to-moderate dementia. Past reviews have only synthesized outcomes obtained through quantitative study which does not fully represent the understanding on the acceptability and usefulness of CST. Therefore, the present review aims to integrate outcomes obtaine...
Article
Full-text available
Background: a world that is facing major global demographic trend of population ageing as well as increasing number of pet ownership, the benefits of companion animals on older adults is a noteworthy area of study. Objectives: To conduct a literature review on the existing studies focusing on the benefits of companion dogs on older adults. Method:...
Article
Full-text available
Background: This study aims to estimate the prevalence and explore the predictors for post-stroke cognitive impairment at the community level in Malaysia. Methods: A total of 50 stroke patients aged 29 to 81-year-old were included in this study. A face to face interview was conducted to gather the demographic and clinical data. Subsequently, ass...
Article
Full-text available
In this review, we aimed to identify the risk factors that may influence cognitive impairment among stroke survivors, namely, demographic, clinical, psychological, and physical determinants. A search from Medline, Scopus, and ISI Web of Science databases was conducted for papers published from year 2004 to 2015 related to risk factors of cognitive...
Article
Full-text available
The PANSI is a measure designed to assess the risk and protective factors related to suicidal behaviors. The present study evaluated the psychometric properties and factor structure of the Positive and Negative Suicide Ideation (PANSI) Inventory in a sample of clinical outpatients at a major hospital in Malaysia. In this study, 283 psychiatric pati...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: The Malaysian Pharmaceutical Society (MPS) is the professional association for pharmacists in Malaysia. It plays a significant role in the continuous education of pharmacists by serving as a platform to inform members of the latest developments in pharmacy, to further stimulate interest and collaboration in research and also to uphold a...
Article
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The aim of this paper is to review the literature on suicide attempts in Malaysia. PsycINFO, PubMed, and Medline databases from 1845 to 2012 and detailed manual search of local official reports from the Ministry of Health and the Malaysian Psychiatric Association and unpublished dissertations from 3 local universities providing postgraduate psychia...
Article
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Intelligence quotient (IQ) is widely used to assess different aspects of mental ability. Development in mental ability initiates from conception and continues through adulthood. Various environmental factors affect IQ. The aim of this study was to assess the correlation between IQ and environmental characteristics on cranial capacity in children an...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To evaluate the effect of different pathways for developing a life story book (LSB) for people with dementia. Method Preliminary randomised control trial; 23 people with dementia in care homes (mean age 86) randomly assigned to receive either 12 individual life review sessions and co-creating a LSB or a personal LSB created by their rel...
Article
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This systematic review aims to review the potential psychosocial benefits of individual reminiscence therapy for people with dementia. Five randomized controlled trials were identified. All were carried out in nursing or care homes, and several different approaches were represented. The studies reported some immediate and longer-term psychosocial b...
Article
Full-text available
This article reviews key issues in relation to reminiscence work with people with dementia, and presents the findings of a systematic review of original studies on information and communication technology reminiscence systems and dementia published since 2000. Eleven studies were included in the review; most studies report preliminary or pilot work...
Article
The genetics of suicide is increasingly recognized and relevant for mental health literacy, but actual beliefs may lag behind current knowledge. We examined such beliefs in student samples (total N = 686) from Estonia, Malaysia, Romania, the United Kingdom, and the United States with the Beliefs in the Inheritance of Risk Factors for Suicide Scale....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study was aimed at assessing psychological distress experienced by adult Myanmar Chin refugees living in the Klang Valley, Malaysia. A wide range of previous research has provided evidence that refugees living outside their homeland suffer from various degrees of psychological distress. The study comprised 95 participants who completed four se...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to determine factors influencing cognitive impairment among stroke patient. It is important to identify factors influencing cognitive impairments in order to optimize rehabilitation, care planning, primary and secondary prevention of stroke. This cross-sectional study recruited 67 stroke patients, aged 29-78 from stroke re...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study examines the effectiveness of psycho education program in reducing parental stress and increases their psychological well being. A half day program has been conducted. The study used a quasi-experimental pre-post design. Twenty parents with various kinds of disabled children have participated in the study. The age-range of the participan...
Article
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This study examined lay beliefs and attitudes toward mobile telephony using the Mobile Phone Questionnaire. A total of 214 participants in West (Peninsular) Malaysia and 211 participants in East Malaysia responded to a series of statements relating to the use and role of mobile phones. Results suggested that mobile phone ownership and use in both s...