Po-Fang Tsai

Po-Fang Tsai
Taipei Medical University | TMU · Graduate Institute of Humanities in Medicine

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46
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Introduction
My academic interest lies in revisiting the concept of citizenship, which is an interdisciplinary area overlapping with normative and empirical studies, in terms of social theory. Over the past years, I started with Max Weber’s theoretical viewpoint to analyze the evolution of citizenship in Chinese context during the late Qing dynasty and the early Republican period. More recently, I have tried to include the rethinking of professionalism within this, especially referring to the medical and legal professions, taking this into consideration in order to probe the ‘elective affinity’ between the ethics of professionalism and the spirit of citizenship during the formative period of modern society.

Publications

Publications (46)
Article
Background/purpose Currently, Taiwan has a very complete education system of oral hygiene, but there is still no licensing system for oral hygienists. This study explored mainly the profile of education system for oral hygienists in Taiwan from 2017 to 2021. Materials and methods This study used the documentary analysis and secondary data analysis...
Article
Background/purpose In Taiwan, there is no independent licensing system for dental radiation technologists. A licensed medical radiation technologist who engages in dental radiology is the so-called dental radiation technologist. This study explored mainly the profile of dental radiation technologists in Taiwan. Materials and methods This study use...
Preprint
Background Physicians and nurses often exhibit strong negative emotional and behavioral reactions when patients they care for pass away, and death education helps them cope with these difficulties. When implementing death education, the literature shows that experiential activities are more effective than lecturing, and progressive exposure is the...
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Background The COVID-19 pandemic brought a new challenge to medical education—health-care students had fewer opportunities to interact with and treat real patients in clinical settings. Interpersonal communication skills are often developed through human interaction and communication in person, and few studies have proposed feasible digital solutio...
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Background Gross anatomy laboratory course at medical school is usually an important learning subject for medical students; however, seeing a cadaver often makes them feel uncomfortable. According to the broaden-and-build theory, positive emotions broaden our inventory of thoughts and actions, and build physical, mental, and social resources. Resea...
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Background/purpose Taiwan's two-year postgraduate year training program for dentists (PGYD) has been implemented since 2010. However, there was no relevant study for confirming the training effectiveness of PGYD trainees. This study evaluated whether different training institution attributes and different training modes for PGYD trainees could resu...
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Background/purpose The dentists are the high-risk group of infectious respiratory diseases during dental treatment. This study investigated the changes of the numbers of overall practicing dentists, dental clinics, and hospital dentists in Taiwan during the COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and methods We collected the data of the numbers of overall pr...
Preprint
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Background A gross anatomy is an important course for medical students; however, seeing a cadaver often makes them feel uncomfortable. According to the broaden-and-build theory, the present study tried to reduce students’ negative emotions by sequential activities, such as interviews and ceremony, which induced gratitude and other positive emotions...
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Background/purpose Taiwan is facing a huge urban-rural gap in the human resources of dentists between cities and counties. Although the postgraduate year training program for dentists (PGYD) was implemented in Taiwan in 2010, the uneven distribution of dentists is still a serious problem. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the distributions...
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Background/purpose In Taiwan, the average income of a dentist increases after the implementation of national health insurance in 1995. Thus, the domestic departments of dentistry become a popular choice of university departments for high school graduates. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the distribution of students admitted to dental sc...
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Background/purpose In Taiwan, there are three major dentist occupation problems: a surplus of dentists, an uneven regional distribution of dentists, and a concentration of dentists in the metropolitan areas. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the distributions of the population and dentists in each city or county in 2001, 2010 and 2019 to fu...
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Background/purpose Taiwan implemented the non-compulsory postgraduate year training program for dentists (PGYD) in 2010. Previous studies found that training institutions for dentists are mostly distributed in metropolitan areas. This study explored whether the PGYD system might worsen the imbalance of geographical distribution of dentists in Taiwa...
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Background/purpose Dental care has been officially incorporated into the hospital accreditation system in Taiwan since 2015. The geographical distribution of dentist manpower still remains in an unbalanced status as shown by the dentist-to-population ratio. This study tried to assess the dental manpower issue in terms of the status of hospital dent...
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韦伯的《关于理解社会学的一些范畴》(下文简称《范畴》)对于发展社会行动具有关键作用,却由于诸多因素让位于《社会学的基本概念》。本文从《范畴》内部的论述结构与外部的参照比较出发,进行相关脉络的梳理,以证明该文具有独特的理论内涵,然后指出“合意”在社会行动与社会关系上的双元角色以及通过“合意”所建构的“共同体行动!合意行动!社会体行动”三元行动类型。综观之,《范畴》的理论意涵值得我们反思“从行动到秩序”之间的另一种可能性。
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Max Weber-reception in the Chinese context relied on not only the translations of Weber’s works, but also the selection of secondary literature translated into Chinese. The latter reflected the collective mentality and intellectual framework of the recipient community. The author examines the secondary materials in terms of genre and period. During...
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Purpose: Many instructional strategies for cooperative learning have been used in medical education, such as team-based education, inter-professional education, and problem-based learning. However, useful assessment tools for investigating students' readiness for cooperative learning are lacking. Therefore, the present study developed the Positive...
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大體解剖為醫學系重要之必修課程。國內許多醫學系配合此課程舉辦相關儀式及活動,以增進學生的醫學人文素養。臺北醫學大學在此課程中置入學生對捐贈者家屬之訪談,訪談對象包含家屬或者捐贈者本人。本研究利用量化、質性研究法,以量表、文本分析與焦點團體訪談,探究醫學系160 位學生參與大體老師家屬訪談的效益。量表包含生命態度量表中愛與關懷、死亡態度,以及大體解剖課程學習成效量表、傑佛遜醫師同理心量表。文本來源為學生家訪後的反思心得,並採用內容分析整理學生看法。焦點團體訪談則用以確認量表分析與文本分析。量化研究發現:學生在「愛與關懷」、「死亡態度」與「課程成效」方面,於家訪進行之後顯著提升;同理心期初與期末相比,則顯著下降。質化分析顯示學生在愛與關懷、死亡態度、課程成效、同理心都明顯受大體老師家屬訪問而得到...
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Background: Early clinical exposure (ECE) is viewed as a way to provide contexts of basic science and highlight its relevance to medical practice. However, very few studies have specifically looked into how the ECE experience contributes to students' academic performance. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether ECE experiences (extern...
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本研究以屏東縣長期照護管理中心於2014年所執行之長期照顧服務需求調查資料為基礎,以居家照顧服務使用之受訪者為對象,使用邏輯迴歸模型分析影響服務使用者的四大類居家照顧服務需求程度之因素。其結果顯示,子女為主要經濟來源、日間獨處、社區參與、日常生活功能與認知功能等,對於協助飲食及用藥、協助身體活動及移位、協助日常生活及起居與維持與發展社會功能等四大類居家照顧服務具有顯著的影響。其中,僅日間獨處與各類居家照顧服務間存在負相關。就主要發現之內涵觀之,結合現有以服務使用者個人為主的居家照顧服務,以及以社區為中心的日間照顧、日托服務等長期照顧服務,應為後續發展長期照顧服務之主要方向。再者,本研究亦顯示,服務之規劃與核定,應以個別化需求為考量。對此,衡諸當前各國的長期照顧服務模式,以在地老化為核心且結合...
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Objectives Many medical schools in Taiwan have adopted a dignified “silent mentor” initiation ceremony to strengthen student’s medical humanity and increase their learning attitudes. This ceremony consists of introductions of the body donor’s conduct and deeds, wreath-laying, and a tea party. However, few empirical studies have examined the influen...
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本文從社會理論來探討弗里德里希.基德勒( Friedrich Kittler)的媒介理論,並以尼可拉斯.魯曼( Niklas Luhmann)為參考。第二部分以「一般化象徵交換媒介」問題切入,在三種不同理論立場對文化和大眾傳播的定位中,初步確立魯曼的社會系統理論為出發點,以引介基德勒的媒介理論。第三部分介紹基德勒「傳統媒介╱技術媒介」的區分、魯曼「傳散媒介╱成功媒介」的區分,在討論兩者的媒介理論的同時,提出一種對於基德勒的新詮釋。除了被視為傅科( Michel Foucault)或麥克魯漢( Marshall McLuhan)的延續者,基德勒對於資訊流通的「功能性」的重視,使他關聯於魯曼的社會理論。結論部分比較基德勒的「技術媒介」與魯曼的「成功媒介」,並在媒介理論與社會理論的交錯之上,提出三...
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本研究以 2014 年屏東縣長期照顧服務需求調查為基礎,主要研究對象為長期照顧服務使用者以及潛在的長期照顧服務使用者,探討個人背景變項、家庭與社會支持變項、客觀長期照顧服務需求變項等面向與憂鬱狀態之相關性,並藉此提出相關的政策思考與建議。 其結果顯示,婚姻狀態、日間獨處、ADL、SPMSQ 以及客觀長期照顧服務需求等變項與憂鬱程度具有顯著相關。在迴歸分析所建構之模型中,發現婚姻狀態、失智狀態以及客觀長期照顧服務需求為最主要的因素。換言之,若高齡者當前的婚姻狀態不屬於已婚且有偶,則其家庭支持功能相對較弱。如此一來,或需給予合適的長期照顧服務項目與時數,以期降低或延緩其憂鬱程度。再者,失智狀態以及綜合判定之客觀長期照顧服務需求與憂鬱程度具有顯著相關性,代表當前日間照顧服務中心以失智症高齡者為主要...
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To find the productive implications beyond ‘Weber fever’, a contested theme of ‘the Confucian ethic and economic development’, this article attempts to first examine the dual context in which Weber’s works were introduced before 1949, then to scrutinize the interpretations and evaluations of Weber’s work in the 1980s. Besides, an overview of the Ch...
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在 1980 年代, 英美社會學出現「 公民身分」 的復興趨勢, 學者們嘗試修正 T. H. Marshall 所留下的研究典範。 然而, 在 1990 年代後期, 研究者開始反思此一趨勢, 以更具有理論企圖的視角看待公民身分社會學的知識旨趣。 對此, 本文討論三種新「 公民身分社會學」 的建構, 它們分別以 Thomas Janoski、 Margaret Somers 和 Bryan Turner援引社會行動論、 歷史知識論、 身體社會學之理論基礎為代表。 本文發現, 三位學者的研究已經脫離「 比較歷史研究取徑」 框架, 開始嘗試兼顧公民身分研究的規範性與經驗性兩種意涵。 同時, 本文也在概念重新定義、 社會整體圖像的兩個面向上, 說明三者研究中展現的社會理論意涵, 進而討論社會學者如何...
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Although Max Weber pointed out the importance of the Literati or Mandarin and their cultural ethos, mainly Confucianism and Taoism, in the maintenance of order of imperial China, his analysis of the carrier strata left some problems to be elaborated. One is the structural differentiation and social mobilization caused by civil service examinations...
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German sociologist and jurist Max Weber (1864-1920) articulated his comparative sociology with three characteristics: It is a dual (intra- and inter-cultural) comparison, a multidimensional (religious-ethical and economic, political, juridical, etc.) comparison, and additionally he used intra- and intercultural comparison interchangeably. This crea...
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Ancestral worship property in contemporary Taiwan What we call Jisigongye (ancestral worship property) is mainly a Han Chinese tradition originating during the Song Dynasty (960–1279). It has a fairly simple nature. Some clan or lineage groups keep pieces of land for ancestral worship. This type of land is treated as inalienable familial property t...
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People in Taiwan rarely look to land law to resolve land disputes, because for centuries such disputes were settled without recourse to formal law. There were no clearly defined land laws in Taiwan before 1949. The Qing Dynasty had no land laws that resembled land titling in Western legal systems, and the Japanese colonial government confined land...

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Max Weber studies were revived globally around the year 2000, with a crucial indicator being the launch of the journal Max Weber Studies. The reasons for this are not only the near-finished Max Weber Gesamtausgabe and the scholar achievements in different countries, but also the establishment of the ‘Global Young Weber Scholar’, an international academic network. During the last two decades, the focus of Weber studies has moved from text-interpretation and theory-construction to contextualization of Weber-reception and the application of Weber’s thinking. Along with this paradigm shift, my contribution would be the fact that I not only conducted a sociology of knowledge to Weber-reception based on the materials in Chinese, but also developed a Weberian framework to examine the legal, religious, and cultural dimensions of the social transformation during the late Qing dynasty and the early Republican period. In the contextualization of Weber-reception, my paper in 2016 scrutinized Weber’s theories in the Chinese context (both tradition and simple version), referring to the German original texts and English translated texts, to construct a development of Weber-reception in Chinese context during the 20th century. In the application of Weber’s thinking, I introduced the scholarship on traditional Chinese law into Weberian studies, and hence elaborated Weber’s concept of ‘world religion’ in order to properly fit the Chinese context. At present, I have conducted both the contextualization and application of Weber. In the future, I will try to develop a Weberian cross-cultural comparative sociology and construct an ‘elective affinity’ between the ethics of professionalism and the spirit of citizenship during the formative period of modern society. Publications: Tsai, Po-Fang. (underview) ‘Revisiting the condition of possibility of “as a beruf”? Max Weber’s vocation lectures under the context of occupation/profession’ Centennial Symposium of Weber’s Vocation Lecture. (in Chinese) Tsai, Po-Fang. (2016) The Introduction and Reception of Max Weber's Sociology in China and Taiwan. Journal of Sociology 52(1): 118–133. (SSCI) Tsai, Po-Fang. (2014) The Legal Ethos of Late Imperial China: Two Neglected and Rival Legal Specialists. Max Weber Studies, 14, 1, 55-77.