Piotr Rutkowski

Piotr Rutkowski
Narodowy Instytut Onkologii im. Marii Skłodowskiej-Curie - Państwowy instytut Badawczy

MD, PhD

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833
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Publications

Publications (833)
Article
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The Great Debate session at the 2021 Melanoma Bridge virtual congress (December 2–4) featured counterpoint views from experts on seven important issues in melanoma. The debates considered the use of adoptive cell therapy versus use of bispecific antibodies, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitors versus immunotherapy in the adjuvant sett...
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Immunotherapy is a widely used treatment modality in oncology. Immune checkpoint inhibitors, as a part of immunotherapy, caused a revolution in oncology, especially in melanoma therapy, due to the significant prolongation of patients’ overall survival. These drugs act by activation of inhibited immune responses of T lymphocytes against cancer cells...
Article
PURPOSE Limited prospective data are available on sequential immunotherapy and BRAF/MEK inhibition for BRAFV600-mutant metastatic melanoma. METHODS SECOMBIT is a randomized, three-arm, noncomparative phase II trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02631447 ). Patients with untreated, metastatic BRAFV600-mutant melanoma from 37 sites in nine coun...
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PURPOSE The combination of talimogene laherparepvec (T-VEC) and pembrolizumab previously demonstrated an acceptable safety profile and an encouraging complete response rate (CRR) in patients with advanced melanoma in a phase Ib study. We report the efficacy and safety from a phase III, randomized, double-blind, multicenter, international study of T...
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Immunotherapy (ITH) holds the possibility of tumor burden decrease after initial RECIST 1.1 defined progression. The clinical concept of treating selected patients (pts) beyond disease progression (PD) is supported by so-called pseudoprogression phenomenon. The aim of this study was to evaluate real-life practice and outcomes related to treatment b...
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Background In ultrarare sarcomas (URS) the conduction of prospective, randomized trials is challenging. Data from retrospective observational studies (ROS) may represent the best evidence available. ROS implicit limitations led to poor acceptance by the scientific community and regulatory authorities. In this context, an expert panel from the Conne...
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Objective: The Transatlantic Australasian Retroperitoneal Sarcoma Working Group (TARPSWG) conducted a retrospective study on the disease course and clinical management of ganglioneuromas. Background: Ganglioneuromas are rare tumors derived from neural crest cells. Data on these tumors remain limited to case reports and single-institution case se...
Article
Objective: The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of radiotherapy (RT) on abdominal recurrence-free survival (ARFS) in patients with primary retroperitoneal sarcoma treated in the EORTC-STBSG-62092 (STRASS) phase 3 randomized controlled trial (STRASS cohort) and off-trial (STREXIT cohort) and to pool STRASS and STREXIT data to test...
Article
Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) and myxofibrosarcoma (MFS) are genomically complex tumors commonly diagnosed in the extremities or trunk of elderly patients. They likely represent a spectrum of disease differentiated by myxoid stroma and curvilinear vessels observed in MFS but not in UPS. Limb-sparing surgery is the standard of care alth...
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Purpose Soft tissue sarcomas (STS) are diagnosed in 4–6 cases per 100 000 people a year and are associated with an unfavorable prognosis. Around one-third of patients will develop metastatic disease that requires palliative systemic therapy. Current therapeutic options have limited activity, and new treatments are tested, mainly in phase II trials....
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PURPOSE XXXX(Anonymized) demonstrated that the first-in-class radioenhancer NBTXR3, activated by preoperative radiotherapy, doubled the rate of pathological complete response after resection compared with preoperative radiotherapy alone in adult patients with locally advanced soft tissue sarcoma of the extremity or trunk wall (16.1% versus 7.9%, P=...
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Introduction: Tebentafusp, an investigational TCR bispecific (gp100xCD3) fusion protein (ImmTAC) that targets gp100 and activates T cells, had superior overall survival (OS) versus investigator’s choice (HR 0.51) in a randomized Phase 3 trial in previously untreated metastatic uveal melanoma [1]. We previously reported that CD163+ M2 macrophages ca...
Article
Background: MAPK pathway dysregulation is a characteristic molecular abnormality of melanoma. NRAS mutations in melanoma lead to constitutive MAPK activation and subsequent MEK and ERK activation. Inhibiting the pathway with a combination of BRAF/CRAF and MEK inhibitors (LXH254 and TMT, respectively) has demonstrated synergistic activity in preclin...
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Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) originate from Cajal's cells and are the most common mesenchymal neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract. GISTs in young adults, i.e., patients before the age of 40, are rare and differ from those in older patients and GISTs in children in terms of the molecular and clinical features, including the location a...
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Radiotherapy is an integral part of modern oncology, applied to more than half of all patients diagnosed with cancer. It can be used alone or in combination with surgery or chemotherapy. However, despite the high precision of radiation delivery, irradiation may affect surrounding healthy tissues leading to the development of toxicity. The most comm...
Conference Paper
9540 Background: In BRAF mutated metastatic melanoma, potential outcome differences for different choices of 1 st line treatments including immunotherapy or BRAF-/MEK inhibition are not completely understood. We therefore analyzed the treatment patterns and outcome of systemic therapies for patients BRAF mutated metastatic melanoma. Methods: From t...
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Background In the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) classification, acral lentiginous melanoma (ALM) histotype ALM is not included as an independent prognostic factor; in small series its negative prognostic impact on disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) has been linked to the greater Breslow thickness (BT). Patients and m...
Article
9547 Background: Primary analysis of the phase 3 IMspire150 study (NCT02908672) demonstrated improved investigator-assessed progression-free survival (PFS) with first-line A + V + C vs P + V + C in patients (pts) with BRAF V600 mutation–positive advanced melanoma (hazard ratio [HR] 0.78; 95% CI, 0.63-0.97; P= 0.025). With median follow-up of 18.9 m...
Article
9527 Background: Combination of immune checkpoint inhibitors and targeted therapy may produce durable and deep response in a higher proportion of pts with BRAF V600–mutant unresectable or metastatic melanoma. A recent report from the randomized, double-blind, placebo (PBO)-controlled Part 3 of the Phase 3 COMBI-i trial (NCT02967692) failed to show...
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e21539 Background: The use of targeted therapies (TT) and checkpoint inhibitors (IT) significantly prolonged survival in patients with metastatic melanoma, especially in patients with BRAF mutation-positive melanoma. Optimal sequence of therapies use is still a matter of debate. The aim of this study was to evaluate real-life practice and outcomes...
Article
101 Background: The genotype of primary mutations predicts imatinib response in untreated metastatic GIST. However, the sequence of salvage treatments in metastatic GIST is based solely on the chronological order of registration trials. ctDNA sequencing offers a powerful diagnostic tool to detect resistance mutations in GIST but has not been shown...
Article
e23529 Background: The oncological staging system should provide meaningful information regarding the patients’ prognosis. For soft tissue sarcomas, available staging systems include AJCC version 8, AJCC version 7, and nomogram-based approaches such as SARCULATOR (which additionally includes age and subtype). This work compares these systems using...
Article
9522 Background: Durable clinical benefit has been achieved with nivolumab (NIVO) + ipilimumab (IPI), including an overall survival (OS) of 49% and a melanoma-specific survival (MSS) of 56%, with median MSS not reached (NR) at 6.5-y minimum follow-up. Here we report sustained efficacy outcomes at 7.5 y. Methods: Patients (pts) with previously untre...
Article
9518 Background: Despite advances in anti–PD-1–based Tx for MEL, an unmet need remains for immunotherapy failure in advanced metastatic or unresectable MEL. Also, there is a growing population of pts who received adjuvant anti–PD-1 and recurred; yet trials to address this population are lacking. Combination Tx with T-VEC, an oncolytic viral intratu...
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e21544 Background: BRAF-mutated (MUT) melanoma is characterized by specific clinical features including more aggressive biological behavior than BRAF wild-type (WT) melanoma. BRAF mutations are historically known as negative prognostic factor for to shorter overall survival (OS) in patients with stage IV disease with melanoma. Methods: Consecutive...
Article
9581 Background: Adjuvant pembro improved RFS vs placebo (HR, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.45-0.82) and had manageable safety in patients (pts) with resected high-risk stage II melanoma at second interim analysis of KEYNOTE-716 (NCT03553836). HRQoL results are presented. Methods: Pts aged ≥12 y with resected stage IIB/C melanoma were randomized 1:1 to adjuvant...
Article
e23517 Background: Radical surgery is the primary treatment for GIST, but up to 50% of patients relapse, mainly in form of hepatic and peritoneal metastases. GISTs are a group of tumors with various pathological and molecular features as well as different clinical courses. The aim of the study was the long-term analysis of prognostic role of mutati...
Article
9535 Background: To investigate the best sequential strategy, we started the SECOMBIT study, a randomized three parallel arms phase 2 study (NCT02631447). We used the combination of encorafenib/binimetinib (E+B) as targeted therapy (T-T) and the combination of ipilimumab/nivolumab (I+N) as immunotherapy (I-O). We explored the two different sequence...
Article
Background Mucosal melanoma (MM) is a rare melanoma subtype with distinct biology and poor prognosis. Data on the efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) is limited. We determined the efficacy of ICIs in MM, analysed by primary site and ethnicity/race. Patients and Methods Retrospective cohort study from 25 cancer centres in Australia, Eur...
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Background: Clear cell sarcoma (CCS) is a translocated aggressive malignancy with a high incidence of metastases and poor prognosis. There are few studies describing the activity of systemic therapy in CCS. We report a multi-institutional retrospective study of the outcomes of patients with advanced CCS treated with systemic therapy within the Wor...
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Background: Surgery is the mainstay of treatment for retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS), but local recurrence is common. Biologic behavior and recurrence patterns differ significantly among histologic types of RPS, with implications for management. The Transatlantic Australasian RPS Working Group (TARPSWG) published a consensus approach to primary RPS,...
Article
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Uterine sarcomas are rare, aggressive tumors with poor prognosis that can be further negatively affected by inadequate surgical approaches such as morcellation. There are no clinical and radiologic criteria for differentiating leiomyoma from malignant uterine tumors. However, some ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging findings may be infor...
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Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is a rare subtype of soft tissue sarcoma characterized by an unbalanced translocation, resulting in ASPSCR1-TFE3 fusion that transcriptionally upregulates MET expression. The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) 90101 “CREATE” phase II trial evaluated the MET inhibitor crizotinib in AS...
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(1) Despite the benign nature of the giant cell tumor of bone (GCTB), it shows a local recurrence rate of up to 50% and a chance of malignant transformation. The widely accepted local therapy in extremity GCTB is surgery, in the form of extended intralesional curettage with adequate disease clearance and retention of the limb, wherever possible. De...
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(1) Background: BRAFi/MEKi are usually offered as a first line treatment for patients requiring rapid response; with elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity, large tumor burden, and with brain metastases. The efficacy of second line therapies after BRAFi/MEKI failure is now well defined. (2) Methods: Patients treated with first line target BR...
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Background: Currently, limited data on targeted therapy and immunotherapy sequencing in patients with BRAF-mutant melanoma is available. Targeted therapy and immunotherapy are expected to be comparable in terms of overall survival (OS) when used as second-line therapies; therefore, understanding the characteristics of patients who completed sequen...
Article
Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignant bone tumour in adults and is usually located in long bones. Standard treatment consists of perioperative chemo-therapy and radical surgical resection. In the case of the extremity location, the gold standard is limb-sparing surgery using various reconstructive techniques. Our study analyzed 175 adul...
Article
Background β-adrenergic receptors are upregulated in melanoma cells and contribute to an immunosuppressive, pro-tumorigenic microenvironment. This study investigated the prognostic and predictive value of β-adrenoreceptor blockade by β-blockers in the EORTC1325/KEYNOTE-054 randomised controlled trial. Methods Patients with resected stage IIIA, III...
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Purpose To assess the safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and preliminary efficacy of cetrelimab (JNJ-63723283), a monoclonal antibody programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) inhibitor, in patients with advanced/refractory solid tumors in the phase 1/2 LUC1001 study. Methods In phase 1, patients with advanced solid tumors received intraveno...
Article
Background Pembrolizumab prolongs progression-free and overall survival among patients with advanced melanoma and recurrence-free survival in resected stage III disease. KEYNOTE-716 assessed pembrolizumab as adjuvant therapy in patients with completely resected, high-risk, stage II melanoma. We report results from the planned first and second inter...
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This Special Issue of the International Journal of Molecular Sciences focuses on skin cancers, specifically on the rare forms of these tumors [...]
Article
360385 Background: RELATIVITY-047, a global, randomized, double-blind, phase II/III study, met its primary endpoint of progression-free survival (PFS). Relatlimab and nivolumab (RELA + NIVO) as a fixed-dose combination (FDC) demonstrated a significant PFS benefit (median PFS was 10.1 months [mo]; 95% CI, 6.4–15.7) with RELA + NIVO vs. 4.6 mo (95% C...
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Background: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most frequent non-melanoma skin cancer. The basis of treatment is surgical resection. The treatment of locally advanced and metastatic disease is currently based on sonidegb or vismodegib, small molecule inhibitors of the hedgehog signaling pathway. Objectives: The study aimed to retrospectively anal...
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Antibodies against programmed cell death protein-1 or its ligand (PD-(L)1) are a standard of care in melanoma; however, this treatment may cause immune-related adverse events. The aim of this study was to evaluate the immune-related thyroid adverse events (irTAEs) during anti-PD-1 therapy and analyze their influence on the overall survival rates in...
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Malignant adnexal cancers of the skin—extremely rare neoplasms—are mostly reported as non-symptomatic, slow-growing nodules. These carcinomas occur mainly in the middle-aged (50–60 years of age); they are mostly localized on the upper part of the body and are locally aggressive, infiltrate surrounding tissue, and metastasize to regional lymph nodes...
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Introduction: Selected patients with locally advanced or metastatic soft tissue and bone sarcomas (STBS) may benefit from intensive local treatment, such as stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT). This study aimed to summarize the utilization and outcomes of SRT in STBS and to identify predictive factors for progression and survival. Materials and method...
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Assessment of BRAF mutation status is mandatory in advanced, treatment-naïve melanoma patients. Liquid biopsy can be an alternative in cases with inadequate or unavailable tumor tissue. The aim of our study was to evaluate the clinical utility of plasma circulating tumor DNA analysis for BRAF mutation testing and to assess outcomes of therapy with...
Article
Background The phase 3 IMspire150 study (NCT02908672) demonstrated significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS) with atezolizumab, vemurafenib, and cobimetinib (atezolizumab group) versus placebo, vemurafenib, and cobimetinib (control group) in patients with BRAFV600-mutated advanced melanoma. We report exploratory biomarker analyses to o...