Piotr Gronek

Piotr Gronek
Poznan University of Physical Education · Department of Dance and Gymnastics

dr hab., prof. Poznań University of Physical Education

About

73
Publications
20,829
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444
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2012 - present
Poznań University of Physical Education
Position
  • Head of Department

Publications

Publications (73)
Article
Full-text available
This study explored the development of neuromuscular fatigue responses during progressive cycling exercise. The sample comprised 32 participants aged 22.0 ± 0.54 years who were assigned into three groups: endurance-trained group (END, triathletes, n = 10), strength-trained group (STR, bodybuilders, n = 10) and control group (CG, recreationally acti...
Article
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The aim of this study was to determine sexual differentiation in the anthropometric and physiological characteristics of Hungarian rowers in different age categories. These characteristics were measured for 15-16-year-old juniors (55 men and 36 women), 17-18-year-old older juniors (52 men and 26 women), and 19-22-year-old seniors (23 men and 8 wome...
Preprint
This study explored the development of neuromuscular fatigue responses during progressive cycling exercise. The sample comprised 32 participants aged 22.0 ± 0.54 years who were assigned into three groups: endurance-trained group (END, triathletes, n = 10), strength-trained group (STR, body-builders, n = 10), and control group (CON, recreationally a...
Article
Full-text available
Citation: Jurasz, M.; Boraczyński, M.; Laskin, J.J.; Kamelska-Sadowska, A.M.; Podstawski, R.; Jaszczur-Nowicki, J.; Nowakowski, J.J.; Gronek, P. Acute Cardiorespiratory and Metabolic Responses to Incremental Cycling Exercise in Endurance-and Strength-Trained Athletes. Biology 2022, 11, 643. https://doi.
Article
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Citation: Jurasz, M.; Boraczyński, M.; Laskin, J.J.; Kamelska-Sadowska, A.M.; Podstawski, R.; Jaszczur-Nowicki, J.; Nowakowski, J.J.; Gronek, P. Acute Cardiorespiratory and Metabolic Responses to Incremental Cycling Exercise in Endurance-and Strength-Trained Athletes. Biology 2022, 11, 643. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology11050643
Article
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There is very little research on the anthropometric and physiological profiles of lowerranked young female athletes, even though, in most rowing clubs, such rowers constitute the vast majority. Therefore, this study investigated the anthropometric and physiological profiles of young Hungarian female rowers of different age categories and sports ran...
Article
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Aging is a complex, multietiological process and a major risk factor for most non-genetic, chronic diseases including geriatric syndromes that negatively affect healthspan and longevity. In the scenario of "healthy or good aging", especially during the COVID-19 era, the proper implementation of exercise as "adjuvant" or "polypill" to improve diseas...
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The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a 6-month high- or moderate-intensity total-body circuit training (CT) program on physical fitness in prepubertal soccer players. Sixty-seven prepubertal boys with a mean age of 11.2 ± 0.7 years completed the study. Participants from a soccer academy were randomly assigned either to a high-int...
Article
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Dancing is inevitably associated with kinesthetics of the body, including movements, gestures, poses, jumps, turnings, transferring body weight, etcetera. Thus, dance is a manifestation of an amateur or the skilled behavior of a fully trained athletic performance. At the same time, dance is accompanied by emotions as an effect of expression, narrat...
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The beneficial effects of exercise are recognized for preventing physical and cognitive decline during the aging process. However, there is still a gap concerning recommended intensity, volume, frequency and mode of exercise especially for older people. The aim of this study was to investigate an appropriate type of physical activity (PA) model for...
Article
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Qualitative dietary assessments are not common in aging athletes. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate diet quality and its determinants among aging masters athletes. Eighty-six participants of the 8th World Masters Indoor Athletics Championships were enrolled in the study (age range 36–65 years). Three subgroups were distinguished to represent...
Article
A number of studies have investigated the effectiveness of dance in older adults in the context of healthy aging. Analysing results across studies is important to understand whether dance in older adults is an effective adjunctive intervention for the healthy aging. To summarize the current research results about the effectiveness of dance in older...
Article
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Physical activity, together with its ameliorative effects on Parkinson's disease (PD) symptoms, remains a relatively unappreciated factor which may be beneficial for the treatment outcome. Contemporary evidence supports the positive effects of non-pharmacological approaches to PD symptom management, in particular the effects of the exercise on both...
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The purpose of this study was to assess a wide range of physiological and performance variables and investigate whether and to what extent these variables are associated with each other in soccer. Twenty-five male soccer players (25.1 ± 4.56 years; body mass, 75.2 ± 5.92 kg; body height, 180.6 ± 5.45 cm) performed: 5-and 30-m sprints (T5m and T30m,...
Article
Full-text available
Physical activity, together with its ameliorative effects on Parkinson's disease (PD) symptoms, remains a relatively unappreciated factor which may be beneficial for the treatment outcome. Contemporary evidence supports the positive effects of non-pharmacological approaches to PD symptom management, in particular the effects of the exercise on both...
Article
Full-text available
Among the methods that can improve football players’ motor skills, resistance training plays an important role, being one of the components of functional training in which players use their own body weight in all planes of movement. Currently in football, refining motor skills takes place on many levels, for instance, through resistance training. O...
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This study aimed to determine the effect of 16 minutes of thermal stress followed by 2 minutes of cold water immersion on the physiological parameters of fifty-five sedentary men (mean age 20.15±1.30 years), who were exposed to 16 minutes of sauna (temperature: 90-91℃; relative humidity: 14-16%) followed by 2 minutes of cold water immersion (12℃)....
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Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the relationships between socioeconomic factors, anthropometric characteristics and motor abilities of male university students. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted from 2000 to 2018 on 2691 male university students aged 19.98 ± 1.05 years, who were randomly selected from students attending obl...
Article
Objective The purpose of this study is to examine differences in visual and audial reaction times after the consumption of various doses of caffeine. Methods By means of a double-blind experimental design, changes in reaction times were observed with regard to various caffeine doses (100 mg or ∼ 3 mg·kg⁻ ¹) and different times from consumption (30...
Article
Physical training can be classified into three main types: endurance, resistance, and patterned movements. The first two of them have a significant impact on muscle phenotype and metabolism while patterned movement exercises concern changes in a motor program in the central nervous system and result in only slight changes in muscle tissue. Adaptati...
Article
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The aim of this study was to develop international standards for evaluating strength endurance with the use of the 3-Minute Burpee Test. The results of 3862 women (Poland-2502, Great Britain-500, Hungary-412, Serbia-448) and 5971 men (Poland-4517, Great Britain-500, Hungary-451, Serbia-503) aged 18-25 (mean age of 20.36 ± 0.94 and 20.05 ± 1.25 y, r...
Article
Background: Physical inactivity and resultant lower energy expenditure contribute unequivocally to cardiovascular diseases, such as coronary artery disease and stroke, which are considered major causes of disability and mortality worldwide. Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of physical activity (PA) and exercise on diffe...
Article
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Nicotine addiction is a serious medical and societal problem; making smoking cigarettes one of the most prevalent contributors to premature death, globally, and any avenue to facilitate smoking cessation is of vital importance. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 6-week health-oriented and/or concentration training programme on c...
Article
Although age is a dominant risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD), epidemiological studies have shown that physical activity may significantly decrease age-related risks for AD, and indeed mitigate the impact in existing diagnosis. The aim of this study was to perform a narrative review on the preventative, and mitigating, effects of physical act...
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Glycogen storage diseases (GSDs) are genetically determined metabolic diseases that cause disorders of glycogen metabolism in the body. Due to the enzymatic defect at some stage of glycogenolysis/glycogenesis, excess glycogen or its pathologic forms are stored in the body tissues. The first symptoms of the disease usually appear during the first mo...
Article
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Background: The effect of thermal stress on the physiological parameters of young overweight and sedentary men who sporadically use the sauna remains insufficiently investigated. Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the effect of sauna bathing on the physiological parameters of young overweight, physically inactive men and to test the corr...
Article
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Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS3) generates nitric oxide in blood vessels and is involved in the regulation of vascular function, metabolism and muscle fibre type transformations. Evidence suggests that the NOS3 G894T (rs1799983) and -786T/C (rs2070744) polymorphisms are associated with athletic performance. The purpose of this study was to...
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Background Governing bodies are largely responsible for the monitoring and management of risks associated with a safe playing environment, yet adherence to regulations is currently unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate and evaluate the current status of medical personnel, facilities, and equipment in Rugby Union clubs at regional level...
Article
BACKGROUND It is evident that a growing number of studies advocate a wrist-worn accelerometer for the assessment of patterns of physical activity a priori; yet, the veracity of this site over any other body-mounted location for its accuracy in activity classification is hither to unexplored. OBJECTIVE The objective of this review was to identify th...
Article
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The map of candidate genes that can potentially affect physical fitness becomes larger every year, and they are associated with such aspects as respiratory and cardiovascular stability; body build and composition - especially muscle mass and strength; carbohydrate and lipid metabolism; response to training; and exercise intolerance.The aim of this...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to investigate individually and in combination the association between the ACE (I/D), NOS3 (Glu298Asp), BDKRB2 (-9/+9), UCP2 (Ala55Val) and AMPD1 (Gln45Ter) variants with endurance performance in a large, performance-homogenous cohort of elite Polish half marathoners. The study group consisted of 180 elite half maratho...
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Background and Study Aim: In sport, pain plays a pivotal but dual role which is still not fully understood and requires closer cooperation between specialists in the fields of sports medicine, sports science and psychology. The aim of this study was the knowledge about the possible association between rs6746030 (G/A substitution) genotype variants...
Article
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Introduction: One reason for the limited effectiveness of the available smoking cessation methods is the fact that the causes of tobacco addiction have not been adequately explained yet. Numerous anti-smoking programs aimed at women involve intense physical activity. The goal of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of health training for smo...
Article
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Proteoglycans are considered integral structural components of tendon and ligament and have been implicated in the resistance of compressive forces, collagen fibrillogenesis, matrix remodelling and cell signalling. Several sequence variants within genes encoding proteoglycans were recently implicated in modulating anterior cruciate ligament rupture...
Book
Książka moje Laboratorium Sztuki bezbronnej została zainspirowana myślami i twórczością Jerzego Grotowskiego. Nie jest ona o samej sztuce, ale o potrzebie sztuki, nie o stylach, ale o potrzebie kształtowania stylu i zmian w sobie jako w artyście, o tym co to znaczy być artystą. Tylko o tym. Także o tańcu, choć czym tak naprawdę jest taniec? To dobr...
Article
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Human aggression/impulsivity-related traits are influenced by complex genetic and non-genetic factors. The aggression/anxiety relationship is controlled by highly conserved brain regions including the amygdala, hypothalamus and periaqueductal gray of the midbrain, which is responsible for neural circuits triggering defensive, aggressive, or avoidan...
Article
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Physical fitness is a trait determined by multiple genes, and its genetic basis is modified by numerous environmental factors. The present study examines the effects of the (CA)n tandem repeats polymorphism in IGFI gene and SNP Alw21I restriction site -202 A>C polymorphism in IGF1BP3 on VO2max - a physiological index of aerobic capacity of high her...
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Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the impact of the long-term use of the composite probiotics in patients after restorative proctocolectomy. Method: Forty-three patients (20 females and 23 males, aged 21 to 68 years) after restorative proctocolectomy were included in the study. After randomization patients were divided into placebo group a...
Article
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The search for genes with a positive influence on physical fitness is a difficult process. Physical fitness is a trait determined by multiple genes, and its genetic basis is then modified by numerous environmental factors. The present study examines the effects of the polymorphism of creatine kinase (CKM) gene on VO2max - a physiological index of a...
Article
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Uncoupling proteins 2 and 3 (UCP2 and UCP3) as mitochondrial electron transporters are involved in regulation of ATP production and energy dissipation as heat. Energy efficiency plays an important role in physical performance, especially in aerobic fitness. The aim of this study was to examine the association between maximal oxygen uptake and genet...
Article
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Introduction. Numerous studies have focused on the association between I/D ACE and physical fi tness; however, this association in professional hockey players has never been recognized. Aim of the Study. The study examined the distribution of Alu insertion (I)/deletion (D) angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) genotypes in elite male professional fi...
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We present an extremely rare case of late metastases of breast cancer to both suprarenal glands 28 years after mastectomy. The patient originally underwent Patey’s radical mastectomy of the left breast. In the follow-up, metastases were detected in the skin of the thorax and labia majora and were subsequently resected. During the most recent hospit...
Article
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Purpose. Genetic factors play an important role in physical performance. In this study, the polymorphism of the angiotensin-converting enzyme gene (ACE) was analyzed in relation to the level of physical fitness, measured by maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max). Methods. Molecular genetic research on the ACE gene was carried out on a group of 154 men and...
Article
In this study the R577X polymorphism of the alpha-actinin-3 (ACTN3) gene was analysed in relation to physical fitness measured with maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2)max). The studies were carried out in a group of 154 men and 85 women, students of the University of Physical Education in Poznan and professional athletes representing various sports and fi...
Article
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The main operative method in familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) patients is restorative proctocolectomy with "J"-shaped pouch and temporary loop ileostomy. The aim of the study was the analysis of the frequency of the dysplasia and inflammation in the intestinal pouch and prognosis of the clinical course in FAP patients after restorative proctoco...
Article
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is characterised by the presence of inflammatory lesions throughout the entire large bowel. Many years' long course of the disease is an important factor contributing to the risk of malignant transformation. Severity of inflammation and activity of pro-inflammatory cytokines differ in particular segments of large bowel. The...
Article
Disturbances of normal differentiation and division of cells are one of the causes of inflammatory and dysplastic lesions developing in the course of ulcerative colitis (UC). Research continues for factors enabling early diagnosis and selection of high-risk groups of patients, particularly those at risk of developing dysplasia, ultimately leading t...
Article
Studies were carried out on one of the largest European red foxVulpes vulpes (Linnaeus, 1758) farms in Śniaty and Batorówka (Poland). A test created by Nowicki and Przysiecki (NP) was used to describe behaviour of the animals. The results of the NP behaviour test showed 4 types of behaviour in foxes: aggressive, curious, indifferent and apprehensiv...
Article
The principal assumption of gene therapy is to achieve the therapeutic effect by a gene transfer into definite cells. It can be carried out on the entire organism (in vivo therapy) but also on collected cells, after their genetic modification, are returned back to the patient (ex vivo therapy). The therapeutic gene can be introduced using physical,...
Article
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The paper presents issues connected with mapping new genes responsible for personality and instinctive traits in humans. The research focused on selecting appropriate investigation methods. An attempt was made to clarify some problems arising in the process of mapping genes responsible for behaviour.
Article
The enormous progress in biotechnology and genetic engineering which has taken place in recent years may be useful in researching xenotransplantation and provide solutions to the shortage of human allografts. Xenotransplantology in focused on rearing genetically modified pigs lacking gene(s) for recipients who are suffering from graft rejection. Xe...
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The gene construct WAP(6xHisThr):hGH containing the entire human growth hormone gene (hGH) under the rat whey acidic protein (WAP) promoter regulating the expression in mammary glands of mammals was prepared. The 5' end of the gene was modified by the addition of a sequence encoding six histidine residues and a sequence recognized by thrombin. The...
Article
The PCR products of ryr1 gene amplified from genomic DNA of Sus scrofa and synthetic prolific lines of Ovis aries were analysed. The polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP), and sequencing analysis for research on ovine, ryanodine receptor (ryr1) gene. The ovine fragment of ryr1 gene did not differ from exon 17...
Article
Polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP), and sequencing analysis were used to study the ryanodine receptor gene (ryr1) of the blue fox (Alopex lagopus), wolf (Canis lupus), and domestic dog (Canis familiaris). PCR-amplified ryr1-gene-specific fragments were cloned in a pGem5 Zf(-) plasmid. Double-stranded templa...
Article
The polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP), and sequencing analysis were used for the study of the ryanodine receptor gene (RYRI) of Wielkopolska horses, Thoroughbred, and Pure Arabian. PCR-amplified RYRI gene specific fragments were cloned in pGem5 Zf(-) plasmid. Double stranded templates were sequenced by the...
Article
Janicki, B., Rosinski, A., Elminowska-Wenda, G., Bielinska, H. and Gronek, P.2000. Effect of feeding system (intensive versus semi-intensive) on yield and fatty acid composition of abdominal fat in White Italian geese. J. Appl. Anim. Res., 17: 279–284.The aim of the experiment was to evaluate the effect of two feeding systems, intensive and semi-in...
Article
The PCR products of the ryr1 gene amplified from anserine genomic DNA were analysed. We used the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method to investigate the anserine ryanodine receptor (ryr1) gene. The anserine fragment of the ryr1 gene was the same size as exon 17 of the porcine ryr1 gene.
Article
The aim of this study was to evaluate the activity of the p42 MAPK subunit (mitogen activated protein kinase), one of the most important factors of proliferation and differentiation, in metastatic liver tumors. The material comprised liver biopsies collected from 16 patients during large bowel cancer surgery. We evaluated the activity of MAPK from...
Article
The RYR1 gene encoding the Ca2+ channel of sarcoplasmic reticulum of human skeletal muscle has been cloned and its nucleotide sequence has been determined earlier. We have used the polymerase chain reaction single strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP), and sequencing analysis for human, porcine (Sus scrofa), and zebrine (Equus grevyi) ryanodi...
Article
Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a clinical syndrome in which genetically susceptible individuals respond to the administration of potent inhalation anaesthetics and depolarization skeletal muscle relaxants with skeletal rigidity, unstable blood pressure, tachycardia, arrhythmias, hyperventilation, hypoxia, lactic and respiratory acidosis and high fe...
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Improvement of attentional processes in sport requires an integration of science and arts, i.e. the growing body of knowledge about attention and various ideas used in practice to perfect attentional skills of athletes. The present paper aims to provide guidelines for improving attentional processes based on the analysis of the concepts of attentio...

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