Pinki Mondal

Pinki Mondal
University of Delaware | UDel UD · Department of Geography and Spatial Sciences

Ph.D.

About

39
Publications
12,209
Reads
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909
Citations
Introduction
I am an Assistant Professor at the University of Delaware, and an environmental geographer trained in applied geospatial analysis. I am interested in studying environmental changes, climate variability, climate change impacts on agriculture, climate change vulnerability, adaptive capacity to name a few. To study these topics I use spatial tools and techniques, specifically remote sensing and GIS.
Additional affiliations
August 2018 - present
University of Delaware
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
September 2015 - August 2018
Columbia University
Position
  • Research Associate
January 2012 - August 2015
Columbia University
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (39)
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Rapid impact assessment of cyclones on coastal ecosystems is critical for timely rescue and rehabilitation operations in highly human‐dominated landscapes. Such assessments should also include damage assessments of vegetation for restoration planning in impacted natural landscapes. Our objective is to develop a remote sensing‐based approac...
Article
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Despite multiple approaches over the last several decades to harmonize conservation and development goals in the tropics, forest‐dependent households remain the poorest in the world. Durable housing and alternatives to fuelwood for cooking are critical needs to reduce multi‐dimensional poverty. These improvements also potentially reduce pressure on...
Article
Full-text available
Achieving and maintaining food and nutrition security is an important Sustainable Development Goal, especially in countries with largely vulnerable population with high occurrence of hunger and malnutrition. By studying a small-scale agricultural system in India, we aim to understand the current state of dietary diversity and food insecurity among...
Article
Full-text available
Extreme climatic events and variability are on the rise around the world, with varying implications for populations across socio-economic conditions. Effective strategies for climate adaptation and development depend on understanding these differential sensitivities to climatic variability. This study focuses on a vulnerable population living in fo...
Article
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Groundwater depletion is becoming a global threat to food security, yet the ultimate impacts of depletion on agricultural production and the efficacy of available adaptation strategies remain poorly quantified. We use high-resolution satellite and census data from India, the world’s largest consumer of groundwater, to quantify the impacts of ground...
Article
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Global ecosystem changes have multiple drivers, including both natural variability and anthropogenic climate and environmental change [...]
Article
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Coastal mangrove forests provide important ecosystem goods and services, including carbon sequestration, biodiversity conservation, and hazard mitigation. However, they are being destroyed at an alarming rate by human activities. To characterize mangrove forest changes, evaluate their impacts, and support relevant protection and restoration decisio...
Article
Indian internal migration is among the highest in the world, with 30% of the population migrating, often for work. Such population movement can alleviate poverty and reduce forest degradation. However, estimates of this double dividend are scarce. We estimate the potential of internal migration to alleviate poverty by exploring migrant characterist...
Article
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Seasonal migration to cities is a common livelihood strategy for forest-fringe households in central India. Based on a previously collected household survey of 5000 villages across 500 forest-fringe villages in 32 districts of central India, we identify migration patterns over the last 5 years. Villages with seasonal workers are widely dispersed (7...
Article
Full-text available
Food production is an energy-intensive process, especially for crops and meat. However, the link between food and the energy consumed to produce it is less transparent to customers and there is a lack of energy footprint information for food production in the market. This study develops a geospatial approach for estimating the direct energy use for...
Article
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Monsoon crops play a critical role in Indian agriculture, hence, monitoring these crops is vital for supporting economic growth and food security for the country. However, monitoring these crops is challenging due to limited availability of optical satellite data due to cloud cover during crop growth stages, landscape heterogeneity, and small field...
Article
Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) indicator 15.1.1 proposes to quantify "Forest area as a proportion of total land area" in order to achieve SDG target 15.1. While area under forest cover can provide useful information regarding discrete changes in forest cover, it does not provide any insight on subtle changes within the broad vegetation class, e...
Article
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Creating a national baseline for natural resources, such as mangrove forests, and monitoring them regularly often requires a consistent and robust methodology. With freely available satellite data archives and cloud computing resources, it is now more accessible to conduct such large-scale monitoring and assessment. Yet, few studies examine the rep...
Article
Full-text available
Wetland ecosystems are important resources, providing great economic benefits for surrounding communities. In this study, we developed a new stress indicator called “Rapidly Assessed Wetlands Stress Index” (RAWSI) by combining several natural and anthropogenic stressors of wetlands in Delaware, in the United States. We compared two machine-learning...
Data
The India Village-Level Geospatial data set provides over 200 socio-economic variables at the finest level of spatial disaggregation in India; over 600,000 administrative units at village/town level (or sub-district/taluka level when village/town data are not available). In general, official spatial data on the administrative boundaries of India ar...
Technical Report
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The purpose of this coastal climate change vulnerability assessment (VA) was to understand factors that contribute to the vulnerability and resilience of communities and mangrove ecosystems in coastal Sierra Leone. The research included household surveys and focus group interviews among fishing communities, field research on mangrove ecosystem heal...
Article
Full-text available
This study provides the first assessment of decadal changes in mangrove extents in Sierra Leone. While significant advances have been made in mangrove mapping using remote sensing, no study has documented long-term changes in mangrove extents in Sierra Leone—one of the most vulnerable countries in West Africa. Such understanding is critical for dev...
Data
India Annual Winter Cropped Area, 2001 - 2016 consists of annual winter cropped areas for most of India (except the Northeastern states) from 2000-2001 to 2015-2016. This data set utilizes the NASA Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI; spatial resolution: 250m) for the winter growing season (October-M...
Article
Full-text available
Fine-scale agricultural statistics are an important tool for understanding trends in food production and their associated drivers, yet these data are rarely collected in smallholder systems. These statistics are particularly important for smallholder systems given the large amount of fine-scale heterogeneity in production that occurs in these regio...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report describes a coastal climate change vulnerability assessment (VA) that sought to understand factors that contribute to the vulnerability and resilience of communities and mangrove ecosystems in coastal Sierra Leone. It presents results of household surveys, focus group interviews, and mangrove inventory field work conducted during July 2...
Article
Full-text available
Over the last several decades, voluntary certification programs have become a key approach to promote sustainable supply chains for agricultural commodities. These programs provide premiums and other benefits to producers for adhering to environmental and labor practices established by the certifying entities. Following the principles of Cochrane R...
Article
Full-text available
The Central Indian Highland landscape (CIHL) represents a complex, diverse, and highly human-modified system. Nearly half the landscape is cropland, yet it hosts 21 protected areas surrounded and connected by forests. Changing farming practices with increasing access to irrigation might alter this intensifying landscape in the near future particula...
Poster
Full-text available
The present study presents a recent collaborative venture with the NGO Foundation for Ecological Security (FES), which is helping farmers in this region to cope with climate and yield variability by utilizing conservation techniques, and in particular, organic soil amendments. There is widespread interest amongst NGO’s, policymakers, and farmers to...
Article
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India is predicted to be one of the most vulnerable agricultural regions to future climate changes. Here, we examined the sensitivity of winter cropping systems to inter-annual climate variability in a local market and subsistence-based agricultural system in central India, a data-rich validation site, in order to identify the climate parameters to...
Article
Full-text available
A better understanding of the impact of global climate change requires information on the locations and characteristics of populations affected. For instance, with global sea level predicted to rise and coastal flooding set to become more frequent and intense, high-resolution spatial population datasets are increasingly being used to estimate the s...
Data
Country-wise low elevation coastal zone (LECZ) population estimates derived from LandScan 2008 and GRUMP (projected to 2008) datasets. Relative differences in LECZ population estimates are also reported as percentage of the total population of the LECZ countries from each of these countries as estimated by the United Nations Population Division (UN...
Article
A better understanding of the impact of global climate change requires information on the locations and characteristics of populations affected. For instance, with global sea level predicted to rise and coastal flooding set to become more frequent and intense, high-resolution spatial population datasets are increasingly being used to estimate the s...
Chapter
Full-text available
Understanding forest change in the densely populated, forested landscapes of India poses a challenge. Although India has an established approach toward conservation that is focused on protected areas, the long history of human settlement, high population density, and human use of forests and the diversity of biophysical, ecological, social, and ins...
Article
Full-text available
Protected areas (PAs) are cornerstones of biodiversity conservation, but small parks alone cannot support wide-ranging species, such as the tiger. Hence, forest dynamics in the surrounding landscapes of PAs are also important to tiger conservation. Tiger landscapes often support considerable human population in proximity of the PA, sometimes within...
Article
Quantification of spatial and temporal heterogeneity has been given much attention in order to link ecological patterns to processes. The patch mosaic model, as an operational paradigm, has led to major advances in the field of quantitative landscape ecology. However, it is more realistic to conceptualize landscapes based on continuous rather than...
Data
Full-text available
The field of biodiversity conservation increasingly recognizes the need for empirical evaluations of conser-vation interventions. While the amount of money invested into conservation and the number of protected areas across the globe have been increasing in the past few decades, few well-designed empirical stud-ies try to show what could have happe...
Article
The field of biodiversity conservation increasingly recognizes the need for empirical evaluations of conser-vation interventions. While the amount of money invested into conservation and the number of protected areas across the globe have been increasing in the past few decades, few well-designed empirical stud-ies try to show what could have happe...
Article
Tropical forests worldwide are undergoing rapid changes due to increasing human populations and varied land use practices. In an effort to protect these forests and their species, the number of protected areas has increased exponentially in recent decades. Clearly protected areas play a crucial role in conservation efforts and this strategy has bee...

Network

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
WA BiCC is a USAID regional project that started in 2015 and continues until 2020. The overall goal of WA BiCC is to improve conservation and climate-resilient, low emission growth across West Africa. Although regional in scope and design, WA BiCC focuses on targeted geographical areas within the region to improve governance and policy over critical natural and human systems. By working through the core regional partners Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Mano River Union (MRU) and the Abidjan Convention, and with targeted national and sub-national institutions, WA BiCC goal is to increase the capacity of institutions at all levels to address the three core WA BiCC components: 1. Combating Wildlife Trafficking, 2. Increasing Coastal Resilience to Climate Change and; 3. Reducing Deforestation, Forest Degradation and Biodiversity Loss. At its core WA BiCC is a learning program that identified, generates, synthesizes and disseminates lessons learned, best practices, research questions and other information relevant to its mandate to work with regional, national and local partners to address the three core technical components.
Project
To create a discussion forum and a database of scientific papers on biodiversity conservation, improvement of livelihoods and sustainable development, focusing on the landscapes of Central India.