Ping He

Ping He
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | CAAS · Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning

PhD

About

192
Publications
53,132
Reads
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4,676
Citations
Introduction
Ping He currently works at the Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences. Ping does research in Agronomy, Plant Fertilization, Animal and Human Nutrition and Soil Science. Their current project is 'National Natural Science Foundation of China entitled “Difference of nitrogen metabolism of two contrasting maize hybrids with different senescent appearance and its mechanism” (2001-2003, the Research Agreement Grant No. 30000098) '.
Additional affiliations
January 2013 - present
International Plant Nutrition Institute
Position
  • Senior Scientist, Director
Description
  • I am responsible for nutrient management for IPNI China Program and look after Northeast and North Central region.
October 2004 - December 2012
International Plant Nutrition Institute China Program
Position
  • Deputy Diector
Description
  • Responsible for nutrient management for North Central region
March 2001 - March 2003
Hokkaidu University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • studies on mechanism of leaf senescence related to carbon and nitrogen translocation
Education
September 1995 - July 1998
Soil ad Fertilizer Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Field of study
  • Plant Nutrition
September 1992 - June 1995
Jilin Agricultural University
Field of study
  • Crop Nutrition and Fertilization
September 1988 - July 1992
Jilin Agricultural University
Field of study
  • Soil and Plantn Nutrition

Publications

Publications (192)
Article
Full-text available
Levels of cytokinins and abscisic acid (ABA) and the expression of senescence-related genes were investigated in two maize (Zea mays L.) cultivars of different senescence type, cv. P3845 (stay-green) and cv. Hokkou 55 (earlier senescent), in a field study. The delay in leaf senescence in P3845 was correlated with increased levels of chlorophyll and...
Data
a b s t r a c t The inappropriate application of fertilizer has become a common phenomenon in wheat production systems in China and has led to nutrient imbalances, inefficient use and large losses to the environment. However, defining an appropriate fertilization rate remains the foundation to science-based nutrient management. This paper described...
Data
Full-text available
Accurate knowledge of the nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) requirements for rice (Oryza sativa L.) in China is essential to quantitatively estimate optimal fertilizer application regimes to maximize crop yield and increase nutrient use efficiency. On-farm experiments were collected in China's major rice-producing regions from 2000 to...
Article
Long-term heavy application of inorganic fertilizers is associated with a decrease in soil quality and biodiversity. Organic amendments have been reported to positively affect soil quality; however, relatively little is known regarding soil carbon (C) cycle enzyme kinetic parameters (Vmax and Km), community-level physiological profiles (CLPP), and...
Article
Full-text available
In the absence of a robust nutrient recommendation methodology for smallholder farmers in China, fertilizers are being over-applied to potato fields, which not only threatens potato production, but also causes environmental pollution. To address these challenges, the Nutrient Expert (NE) for Potato was developed based on a large database collected...
Article
Full-text available
The Nutrient Expert system (NE) has been proposed to improve yield and nitrogen (N) use efficiency (NUE) in the double rice cropping systems in China. However, the advantage of the NE system has yet to be quantified experimentally. A four-year field experiment was conducted in a double rice cropping system in China, to evaluate the ability of NE in...
Article
The Xinjiang cotton-producing region is the main cotton-growing region in China; however, the combination of excessive application but low utilization of fertilizers has restricted its agricultural development. Estimating the balanced nutrient requirements for cotton is essential to increase its yield and nutrient use efficiency. The results from 3...
Article
Full-text available
Microbiomes are important for crop performance. However, a deeper knowledge of crop-associated microbial communities is needed to harness beneficial host-microbe interactions. Here, by assessing the assembly and functions of maize microbiomes across soil types, climate zones, and genotypes, we found that the stem xylem selectively recruits highly c...
Article
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Inhibitors are widely considered an efficient tool for reducing nitrogen (N) loss and improving N use efficiency, but their effectiveness is highly variable across agroecosystems. In this study, we synthesized 182 studies (222 sites) worldwide to evaluate the impacts of inhibitors (urease inhibitors [UI], nitrification inhibitors [NI] and combined...
Article
Full-text available
Fertilizer application is important to achieve sustainable agriculture. However, it remains unclear about the effects of long term fertilization on C and N immobilization as well as C/N ratios in soil aggregates at different depths. Samples taken at depths of 0 to 40 cm from dryland red soil subjected to long-term fertilization were analyzed. Four...
Article
The soil organic carbon stock that accumulates in soil aggregates as a result of fertilization practice is important for sustainable agriculture and for mitigating the effects of climate change. In this study, we investigated how fertilization practice affects the mass of soil aggregates and carbon stocks in surface and subsoil layers in rice paddy...
Article
Continuous cropping of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) can result in soil degradation and yield decline. These negative effects could be alleviated by crop rotation. Green manure-potato rotation is being proposed as an alternative that can sustain high yield and soil quality in potato production system. However, the mechanisms by which biotic and abi...
Article
Denitrification is a key process for soil available nitrogen (N) loss and is greatly influenced by fertilization strategies; however, the effect of straw return rates on soil denitrification potential (DP) and the community composition of denitrifying bacteria remain unclear. A 30-year straw return experiment was used to study changes in soil DP, t...
Article
The application of organic fertilizers, such as straw and manure, is an efficient approach to maintain soil productivity. However, the effect of these organic fertilizers on soil microbial nutrient balance has not yet been established. In this study, the effects of the long-term combined organic-inorganic fertilization on microbial community were i...
Article
Full-text available
Accurate estimation of the nutrient requirements of Chinese onion is essential to increase its nutrient utilization efficiency and yield. In this study, the yield and nutrient uptake data were collected from major Chinese onion growing regions during 2001 to 2018, and the relationship between Chinese onion yield and nutrient uptake was evaluated us...
Article
Microbes are decomposers of crop residues, and climatic factors and residue composition are known to influence microbial growth and community composition, which in turn regulate residue decomposition. However, the succession of the bacterial community during residue decomposition in Northeast China is not well understood. To clarify the property of...
Article
Crop residue decomposition is a process largely mediated by soil microbes. This study aimed to investigate the dynamic of crop residue decomposition, change in fungal community composition and extracellular enzymatic activity in maize (Zea mays L.) residue via utilization of a two-year residue-bags study in north-central China. After the residue wa...
Article
Quantification of currently attainable yield and fertilizer requirements can provide detailed information for assessing the food supply capacity and offer data support for agricultural decision-making. Datasets from a total of 5 408 field experiments were collected from 2000 to 2015 across the major wheat production regions in China to analyze the...
Article
Full-text available
Fertilizer has revolutionized crop production, but a lack of evidence-based fertilizer usage has resulted in negative economic and environmental ramifications, particularly for smallholder farmers. This study aimed at developing an innovative nutrient recommendation approach, Nutrient Expert (NE), for improving yields of maize, wheat, and rice whil...
Article
Full-text available
Excessive fertilization has caused nutrient use inefficiency and serious environmental consequences for radish cultivation in North China. Nutrient Expert (NE) system is a science-based, site-specific fertilization decision support system, but the updated NE system for radish has rarely been evaluated. This study aims to validate the feasibility of...
Article
Excessive nitrogen (N) application rate led to low N use efficiency and environmental risks in a potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) production system in northwest China. Process-based models are effective tools in agroecosystems that can be used to optimize integrated management practices for improving potato yield and N use efficiency. The objectives o...
Article
Excessive fertilization, poor management, low nitrogen (N) use efficiency and heavy pollution are the current issues that exist in intensively cultivated summer maize-winter wheat rotation system in China. To address these problems, we adopted the Nutrient Expert (NE) decision support system and compared it with the Farmer's Practice (FP). We explo...
Article
Long-term cultivation has generated an enormous carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) deficit in black soil. Fertilizer management has been proven to be important to improve aggregate stability and enhance soil C and N stocks, which primarily occur within aggregates. Using a continuous wheat-soybean-maize rotation system in black soil with a 39-year differen...
Article
Decision-making related to nitrogen (N) fertilization is a crucial step in agronomic practices because of its direct interactions with agronomic productivity and environmental risk. Here, we hypothesized that soil apparent N balance could be used as an indicator to determine the thresholds of N input through analyzing the responses of the yield and...
Article
Full-text available
Accurate estimates of soil organic carbon (SOC) are critical for evaluating the impacts of crop and nutrient management practices on soil sustainability and global climate change. Temporal and spatial variations in topsoil (0–0.20 m) SOC were analyzed using 43,743 soil samples in China’s croplands. The soil database in our study was collected from...
Article
Full-text available
Supplying adequate nitrogen (N) to meet crop demand is critical for enhancing agricultural sustainability. Not only fertilizer N, but also N from other available sources should be considered in N supply capacity. We conducted a 10-year farming experiment using a split-plot design with two different main fertilizer management approaches and three N...
Article
It is currently uncertain whether process-based models are capable of assessing crop yield and nitrogen (N) losses while helping to investigate best management practices from vegetable cropping systems. The objectives of this study were to (1) calibrate and evaluate the Denitrification-Decomposition (DNDC) model in simulating crop growth and nitrat...
Article
Full-text available
A maize pot experiment was conducted to compare the difference of N distribution between bulk and rhizospheric soil after chemical fertilizer with or without soil straw amendment at an equivalent N rate using a 15N cross-labeling technique. Soil N pools, maize N and their 15N abundances were determined during maize growth. The urea plus straw treat...
Article
With increasing discrepancies between population growth and food production in China, the monitoring of crop yield is essential to support food security policies. However, current studies about spatio-temporal variation of yield mainly focus on the influence of climatic factors on grain crops, and do not explore the contributions of agricultural, e...
Article
Full-text available
Balanced fertilization is one of the most critical management factors for attaining high yields. Assessing pod yield and plant nutrient demand can provide theoretical guidance for fertilization management of high‐yielding peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Following this rationale, a large dataset was collected from field experiments (n = 313) across th...
Article
Full-text available
Excessive nitrogen (N) fertilizer input has become a common phenomenon among most farmers in the winter wheat–summer maize rotation system of north-central China, and has resulted in low nutrient use efficiency and environmental pollution. Controlled-release urea (CRU) is proposed as a solution to excessive fertilization because CRU achieves high y...
Article
Process-based models are effective tools for assessing the sustainability of agricultural productivity and environmental health under various management practices and rotation systems. The objectives of this study were to (1) calibrate and evaluate the DeNitrification-DeComposition (DNDC) model using measurements of yields, nitrogen (N) uptake, soi...
Article
Full-text available
Retaining carbon in cultivated soils is an important mechanism to mitigate climate change and to maintain the sustainability of agricultural ecosystems. Characterization of the soil microbial community was an early means to quantify the increase in soil organic carbon (SOC) content and stability under different cropping systems. However, the effect...
Article
Free-living nitrogen fixation (FLNF) by diazotrophs is a ubiquitous renewable resource and may constitute an attractive viable solution to the problem of environmental degradation caused by nitrogen over- fertilization. However, the biotic and abiotic control mechanisms of free-living nitrogen fixation are poorly understood. Moreover, there is rare...
Article
Ammonia oxidation in the soil is related to nitrogen (N) availability for plants, nitrate loss, and N fertilizer use efficiency, which is important for studies on the N cycle of paddy field ecosystems. Substitution of partial mineral N fertilizer with organic amendments is commonly considered to optimize fertilization practices and reduce the appli...
Article
Nitrogen (N) fertilization is a pivotal contributor to increasing crop yields. The substantial long-term effects of fertilization on soil microbial communities have been clearly verified. However, the short-term impacts of inorganic and organic fertilization are more stochastic and less deterministic in different agroecosystems, especially at a lar...
Article
Excessive fertilizer consumption, poor management, and intense pollution currently restrict sustainable agriculture in China. To address these problems, two 9-year experiments involving typical maize production systems in Northcentral China (summer maize) and Northeast China (spring maize) were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of Nutrient Ex...
Article
Full-text available
Maize ( Zea mays L.) production in Northeast China is vulnerable to climate change. Thus, exploring future adaptation measures for maize is crucial to developing sustainable agriculture to ensure food security. The current study was undertaken to evaluate the impacts of climate change on maize yield and partial factor productivity of nitrogen (PFPN...
Chapter
Full-text available
Estimating nutrient mass balances using information on nutrient additions and removals generates useful, practical information on the nutrient status of a soil or area. A negative input–output balance of nutrients in the soil results when the crop nutrient removal and nutrient losses to other sinks become higher than the nutrient inputs into the sy...
Preprint
Full-text available
A ¹⁵ N maize pot experiment was conducted to compare the N value of fertilizer alone and fertilizer combined with straw at an equivalent N rate. The four treatments were control (CK), ¹⁵ N-urea, ¹⁵ N-urea plus straw, and ¹⁵ N-straw plus urea. Soil N pools, maize N and their ¹⁵ N abundance were determined during maize growth. At maturity 26.0% of st...
Article
Full-text available
Shifts in soil bacterial diversity and community composition are suggested to be induced by elevated input of nitrogen (N) fertilization with implications for soil quality, and consequently production. In this study, we evaluated the impacts of recommended fertilization (RF) and conventional fertilization (CF) on soil chemical properties, crop yiel...
Article
Nitrate leaching caused by overusing or misusing nitrogen (N) fertilizers in field vegetable cropping systems in China is a leading contributor to nitrate contamination of groundwater. Identification of the critical fertilizer N input rate could support management decisions that maintain yields while reducing the impact of nitrate leaching on groun...
Article
Excessive synthetic nitrogen (N) applications, high mineral N accumulation and low N use efficiency (NUE) are current issues in intensively cultivated winter wheat production system impeding the sustainable development of agriculture in China. To solve these problems, soil accumulated N in the top 1 m of the soil profile before sowing (Nsoil), retu...
Article
Full-text available
Climate and soil fertility influence seed yield, nutrient uptake, and nutrient stoichiometry in the plant. We collected soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] data were collected from field experiments in northeast China (warm and cold regions) to study the effect of temperature variations during the crop growing season on seed yield, nutrient uptake and...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the vast carbon (C) stock of crop root residues in arable ecosystems, the microbial assimilation mechanism of crop root derived‐C is poorly understood. In this study, a DNA‐based stable isotope probing (DNA‐SIP) approach was used to explore and characterize the diversity of the soil bacterial community assimilating C derived from ¹³C‐labele...
Article
Decreasing nutrient losses from excessive synthetic fertilizer inputs is the direct and valid way to address low nutrient use efficiency and the related environmental consequences. Here, we established a comprehensive database of nitrogen, phosphorus, and carbon losses from rice paddy fields in China, which we used to evaluate fertilization-induced...
Article
Considering the close connection between soil microorganisms with carbon (C) cycling, the aim of this study was to identify the specific bacterial and fungal microbes that assimilating 13C from incorporated rice straw and explore their dynamic and characteristics during straw decomposition in paddy soil. Soil microcosms based on 12/13C‐labeled rice...
Article
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There is global concern about the adverse impacts of conventional agricultural practices on the environment. Recent evidence has shown that ecological intensification (EI) of agriculture can safeguard the environment from negative impacts of agricultural practices and simultaneously produce substantially higher crop productivity. Here, we employed...
Article
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Tremendous amounts of nitrogen (N) fertilizer have been added to arable lands, often resulting in substantial effects on terrestrial ecosystems, including soil acidification, altered enzyme activities and changes in microbial community composition. Soil microbes are the major drivers of soil carbon (C) and N cycling; therefore, understanding the re...
Article
Full-text available
Process-based models are valuable tools for simulating crop production, estimating agronomic efficiency and developing optimum management practices to achieve sustainable agriculture. However, a comparison of the DeNitrification-DeComposition (DNDC) and Decision Support System for Agrotechnology Transfer (DSSAT) models has not been previously used...
Article
Full-text available
Imbalanced fertilization has caused lower yield and nutrient use efficiency for radish (Raphanus sativus L.) production in China. Estimating nutrient requirements for radish is crucial in optimizing fertilization to resolve the problem. On-farm experiments in the radish-growing regions of China from 2000 to 2017 were collected to investigate the re...
Preprint
Full-text available
Fertilization rate and planting density are important factors affecting crop yield. A large number of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr] field experimental data (1998-2017) were collected through different database sources to evaluate the optimum fertilizer rate and planting density for high yield of spring and summer soybean in China. The yield of sp...
Article
Full-text available
Excessive or imbalanced fertilization has not only decreased nutrient use efficiency but also degraded arable land and posed a great threat to the environment. In this study, the datasets were collected from field experiments for the period 1992–2017 in the main potato (Solanum tuberosumL.) production regions of China. We used the Quantitative Eval...