Pilar F Valerón

Pilar F Valerón
Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria | ULPGC · Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Physiology, Genetics and Immunology

Doctor of Medicine

About

47
Publications
10,297
Reads
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1,778
Citations
Introduction
Additional affiliations
March 2008 - September 2008
Institute for Biomedical Research  “Alberto Sols“
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (47)
Article
Purpose: To present functional and esthetic success of a well-defined protocol for rehabilitation with implant-supported complete-arch prostheses in the treatment of patients with maxillary edentulism. Materials and methods: Medical records of patients treated from 1990 to September 2014 were reviewed. This clinic history should include clinical...
Article
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are well-known ubiquitous environmental chemicals which have been related to adverse health outcomes, including cardiovascular disease (CVD). The purpose of this study was to evaluate POPs burden, and its determinants, in a population at high risk of suffering CVD enrolled in the PREDIMED Study (Spanish acronym...
Article
Environmental exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) has been reported to be relevant in the population of the Canary Islands (Spain), especially that of organochlorine pesticides. On the other hand, the population of this archipelago presents a high prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D), and it has been recently reported that environmental...
Article
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are well-known ubiquitous environmental chemicals which have been related to adverse health outcomes, including cardiovascular disease (CVD). The purpose of this study was to evaluate POPs burden, and its determinants, in a population at high risk of suffering CVD enrolled in the PREDIMED Study (Spanish acronym...
Article
Women all over the world are exposed to an unavoidable contamination by organochlorine pesticides and other chemical pollutants. Many of them are considered as xenoestrogens and have been associated with the development and progression of breast cancer. We have demonstrated that the most prevalent pesticide mixtures found in healthy women and in wo...
Article
The marine environment acts as a sink for diverse anthropogenic pollutants, although the environmental contamination may be non-uniformly distributed. In recent decades, the aquaculture sector has experienced a steady growth postulating as a good alternative for seafood production. However, a social debate exits about the differential level of poll...
Article
In this work we have evaluated the potential carcinogenic and acutely toxic risks associated to the exposure to highly prevalent organic and inorganic contaminants through the consumption of fishery products by the Spanish population. The concentrations of 8 organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), 18 polychlorinated biphenils (PCBs), 7 polycyclic aromati...
Article
Organochlorine pesticides (OCs) have been associated with breast cancer development and progression, but the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are not well known. In this work, we evaluated the effects exerted on normal human mammary epithelial cells (HMEC) by the OC mixtures most frequently detected in healthy women (H-mixture) and in women di...
Article
Full-text available
Several studies have shown that pet dogs and cats, since they share the habitat with people, could be good sentinels for human exposure to environmental pollutants. However, some publications have suggested that dogs could efficiently metabolize and eliminate some persistent organic pollutants (POPs), which are accumulated by humans throughout life...
Article
Numerous studies have shown an epidemiological link between meat consumption and the incidence of cancer, and it has been suggested that this relationship may be motivated by the presence of carcinogenic contaminants on it. Among the most frequently detected contaminants in meat are several types of persistent organic pollutants (POPs), and it is w...
Article
Full-text available
Poisoning with agricultural chemicals is a major threat for wildlife all over the world. We have developed and validated an analytical scheme aimed to the identification and quantification of a wide range of pesticides in fresh liver from wildlife specimens that are routinely delivered to the forensic laboratories for toxicological investigation. T...
Article
Full-text available
Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and dioxin-like polychlorobiphenyls (DL-PCBs) have been associated with the pathogenesis of several diseases like cancer, diabetes and growth disorders. Because it has been suggested that organohalogenated contaminants could influence IGF-I levels in adults, the potential relationship between DL-PCBs and IGF-I s...
Chapter
Full-text available
[EN] Global pollution has become one of the most important problems of the modern societies and pesticides play a major role among the chemical contaminants that are released to the environment every year. Organochlorine compounds have been widely used in the past all over the world as pesticides and some of them are still used for the control of v...
Article
Organochlorine pesticides (OCs) have been associated with breast cancer development and progression. However, the deleterious mechanisms exerted by these contaminants are yet unclear and need to be further elucidated. In the present study, we investigated the effects of a number of OCs (previously detected in human serum from a Spanish population),...
Article
To present the long-term results for screw-type implants consecutively placed in the pterygomaxillary-pyramidal region in the treatment of patients with posterior maxillary edentulism. One hundred fifty-two implants were inserted in 92 partially edentulous patients using cylindric osteotomes as bone-site formers, thus minimizing the use of drills i...
Article
Rho proteins belong to the small GTPases superfamily. They function as molecular switches that, in response to diverse stimuli, control key signaling and structural aspects of the cell. Although early studies proposed a role for Rho GTPases in cellular transformation, this effect was underestimated due to the fact that no genetic mutations affectin...
Article
The high incidence of overexpression of some members of the Rho family of GTPases in human tumors suggests that (1) these proteins are involved in cancer onset, and (2) they are potential candidates for a therapeutic intervention. In recent years, the characterization of downstream effectors to Rho GTPases has provided crucial clues on the general...
Article
Low molecular weight Rho GTPases are proteins that, in response to diverse stimuli, control key cellular processes such as cell proliferation, apoptosis, lipid metabolism, cytoarchitecture, adhesion, migration, cell polarity, and transcriptional regulation. The high incidence of overexpression of some members of the Rho family of GTPases in human t...
Article
The knowledge of the cellular events that take place during the development of a disease is crucial for establishing effective therapies. During the last three decades, the design of antitumoral agents has been primarily based on the fact that tumor cells exhibit a higher proliferation rate than “normal” cells. As a consequence, drugs that are cyto...
Article
Full-text available
Rho GTPases are overexpressed in a variety of human tumors contributing to both tumor proliferation and metastasis. Recently, several studies demonstrate an essential role of transcriptional regulation in Rho GTPases-induced oncogenesis. Herein, we demonstrate that RhoA, Rac1, and Cdc42 promote the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) at the tran...
Article
Full-text available
The involvement of Rho GTPases in signal transduction pathways leading to transcription activation is one of the major roles of this family of GTPases. Thus, the identification of transcription factors regulated by Rho GTPases and the understanding of the mechanisms of their activation and its biological outcome are of great interest. Here, we prov...
Article
Rho GTPases are proteins that in response to diverse stimuli control key signaling and structural aspects of the cell. Although early studies had proposed a role for Rho GTPases in cellular transformation, this effect was underestimated by the fact that no genetic mutations affecting Rho-encoding genes was found in human tumors. However, in recent...
Article
Full-text available
Stats (signal transducers and activators of transcription) are latent cytoplasmic transcription factors that on a specific stimulus migrate to the nucleus and exert their transcriptional activity. Here we report a novel signaling pathway whereby RhoA can efficiently modulate Stat3 transcriptional activity by inducing its simultaneous tyrosine and s...
Article
Full-text available
Rho proteins, members of the Ras superfamily of GTPases, are critical elements in signal transduction pathways governing cell proliferation and cell death. Different members of the family of human Rho GTPases, including RhoA, RhoC, and Rac1, participate in the regulation of apoptosis in response to cytokines and serum deprivation in different cell...
Article
Full-text available
Total cytosolic cathepsin D (Cat D) levels were estimated by an immunoradiometric assay in a series of 156 consecutive patients with surgical stages I-III primary endometrial adenocarcinoma. Simultaneously, the tissue content of both oestrogen (ER) and progesterone (PR) receptors, and p185HER-2/neu, DNA content (ploidy), and the fraction of S-phase...
Article
The total cellular p185(HER-2/neu) protein (p185) content was measured by ELISA in 346 invasive primary breast cancers, and the results were compared with those of estrogen (ER) and progesterone (PR) receptors, pS2 and Cathepsin D (Cat D) content. At a cut-off level of 260 fmol/mg protein, 53 of the 346 tumors (15%) were p185-positive. A significan...
Article
The total cellular p185HER-2/neu protein (p185) content was measured by ELISA in 346 invasive primary breast cancers, and the results were compared with those of estrogen (ER) and progesterone (PR) receptors, pS2 and Cathepsin D (Cat D) content. At a cut-off level of 260 fmol/mg protein, 53 of the 346 tumors (15%) were p185-positive. A significant...
Article
Full-text available
The total cellular p185HER‐2/neu protein (p185) content was measured by ELISA in 346 invasive primary breast cancers, and the results were compared with those of estrogen (ER) and progesterone (PR) receptors, pS2 and Cathepsin D (Cat D) content. At a cut‐off level of 260 fmol/mg protein, 53 of the 346 tumors (15%) were p185‐positive. A significant...
Article
Serum lipids and apolipoprotein levels were measured in twenty postmenopausal women with primary breast cancer, before and three months after tamoxifen therapy (10 mg twice a day). Tamoxifen caused a significant reduction in total serum cholesterol (10%; P < 0.02), and in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (17%; P < 0.01), and a significant 47% in...
Article
HER-2/neu oncogene status and total cellular p185HER-2 content were simultaneously analyzed in 415 invasive breast-cancer specimens by differential PCR and ELISA respectively. Mathematical analysis of the data led us to establish a cut-off value of 1.7 for the ratio between the intensity of the HER-2/neu gene band and the reference gene band, to co...
Article
Our purpose was to assess the effect of a fat-rich meal on intestinal apolipoprotein B (apoB) mRNA levels and editing. We obtained jejunal biopsies from eight healthy adults in the fasting state and 3 h after a meal containing 1 g/kg of fat. In the fasting state, 93% of the apoB mRNA contained the editing sequence resulting in apoB-48 production. F...
Article
Rat liver membranes contain Low-affinity glucocorticoid binding sites (LAGS), capable of binding with low affinity (Kd approximately 100 nM) endogenous glucocorticoids. Unlike the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), the LAGS level undergoes abrupt changes throughout life. The investigation of these changes may be useful in determining whether the LAGS ar...
Article
GH participates in the regulation of the expression of several hepatic proteins, some of which are subject to multihormonal control. We have previously shown the participation of glucocorticoids and thyroid hormones in the regulation of the hepatic low affinity glucocorticoid-binding sites (LAGS). Here, we provide evidence that also implicates GH i...
Article
The endometrial stroma plays a decisive role in sustaining the gland epithelium along the menstrual cycle, and in preparing the microenvironment that allows embryo implantation. The stroma undergoes important changes during the menstrual cycle that affects both the cell number and differentiation. These changes are regulated by both estrogen and pr...

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