Pilar Marqués-Sánchez

Pilar Marqués-Sánchez
Universidad de León | UNILEON · Department of Nursing and Physiotheraphy

Dr.

About

83
Publications
24,283
Reads
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251
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 1999 - present
Universidad de León
Position
  • Research Director
Description
  • Social Network Analysis Culture and Performance in Health Organisation Policy Health Health Habits

Publications

Publications (83)
Article
Full-text available
The aims: (i) analyze connectivity between subgroups of university students, (ii) assess which bridges of relational contacts are essential for connecting or disconnecting subgroups and (iii) to explore the similarities between the attributes of the subgroup nodes in relation to the pandemic context. During the COVID-19 pandemic, young university...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has meant that young university students have had to adapt their learning and have a reduced relational context. Adversity contexts build models of human behaviour based on relationships. However, there is a lack of studies that analyse the behaviour of university students based on their social structure in the context of a pa...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the activities of daily living (ADLs) using the Barthel Index before and after infection with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and also to determine whether or not the results varied according to gender. The ADLs of 68 cohabiting geriatric patients, 34 men and 34 wom...
Article
Introducción: El conocimiento es una herramienta necesaria para la investigación científica y el progreso de cualquier disciplina. Pero el conocimiento científico y las dinámicas de información no sólo están sostenidas por los individuos, sino que son producidas y mantenidas por grupos de personas que trabajan en un mismo entorno donde los vínculos...
Article
The integration of care between primary, secondary, tertiary health care and social care needs to be interprofessional and patient-centered. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a questionnaire for measuring patients’ perception of integration across health care teams and social services. Data for psychometric assessment of our questio...
Preprint
Objective: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the activities of daily living using the Barthel Index, before and after the infection by SARS-COV-2 and to see if the results vary according to sex. Methods: The activities of daily living of 68 cohabiting geriatric patients, 34 men and 34 women, in 2 nursing homes were measured before...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: To describe and synthesize scientific literature on nurse managers' competencies. Background: The key strategy for the success of health organizations currently resides in the capacity of the nurse manager to develop advanced competencies in management. However, there is a lack of systematic reviews that synthesize knowledge about nurse man...
Article
Full-text available
Healthcare systems are immersed in transformative processes, influenced by economic changes, together with social and health instability. The middle nurse manager plays a fundamental role, since he or she is responsible for translating the strategic vision, values and objectives of the organization. The objective of this study was to propose the mo...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To analyse the physical activity carried out by the adolescents in the study, its relationship to being overweight (overweight+obese) and to analyse the structure of the social network of friendship established in adolescents doing group sports, using different parameters indicative of centrality. Setting It was carried out in an educat...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Technology has provided a new way of life for the adolescent population. Indeed, strategies aimed at improving health-related behaviors through digital platforms can offer promising results. However, since it has been shown that peers are capable of modifying behaviors related to food and physical exercise, it is important to study whet...
Article
This work describes an interdisciplinary experience carried out with computer engineering and health sciences (nursing) students. The objective of the experience was to improve the ability of engineering students to interact with professionals from other fields and to increase the ability of nursing students to make decisions related to new technol...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: For more than four decades, studies have reported the existence of a large gap between research and clinical practice. This means that research results are not contributing to the improvement of care, and there is a high level of variability which complicates deciding on and implementing the “best care” available. In this context, it is...
Article
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The special situation brought about by the coronavirus pandemic and the confinement imposed by the Government, has given rise to numerous changes in working habits. The workers at the universities have had to start a period of teleworking that could give rise to consequences for the musculoskeletal system. The objective of this article is to analyz...
Article
Full-text available
The disease brought about by the SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19 coronavirus has had an unprecedented global impact. Confinement to control the outbreak may have mental health consequences for the most vulnerable in the population, including adolescents. This study aims to describe and analyze the relationships between the stress variables, Emotional Intellig...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Excessive alcohol consumption in adolescents is one of the most significant public health problems currently facing society. Social and geographical contexts contribute to the development of alcohol-related behavior in adolescents. The aim of this research is to analyze the social pattern related to alcohol consumption in adolescents base...
Chapter
Full-text available
La interdisciplinariedad o el trabajo cooperativo es cada vez más importante en nuestra sociedad. Las empresas y organizaciones demandan profesionales que, además de tener una cualificación dentro de un campo determinado, sean capaces de llevar a cabo tareas en colaboración con profesionales de otros campos. En este manuscrito se detalla la experie...
Article
Full-text available
University students establish networks that impact on their behavior. Social Network Analysis (SNA) allows us to analyze the reticular structures formed and find patterns of interaction between university students. The main objective of this study was to observe the impact of interdisciplinary collaborative work between nursing and computer enginee...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To analyze the leadership network structure among nursing leaders in Spain identified through the Grupo40Enfermeras y Universidad event. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study using social network analysis was used. Study sample consisted of 210 individuals, of whom 119 received nominations as referents. Structural analysis of the ne...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Technology has provided a new way of life for the adolescent population. Indeed, strategies aimed at improving health-related behaviours through digital platforms can offer promising results. On the other hand, since it has been shown that peers are capable of modifying behaviours related to food and physical exercise, it is interesting...
Article
Full-text available
Nurses who are capable of developing their competencies appropriately in the field of management are considered fundamental to the sustainability and improvement of health outcomes. These core competencies are the critical competencies to be developed in specific areas. There are different core competencies for nurse managers, but none in the Spani...
Article
Full-text available
During university studies of nursing, it is important to develop emotional skills for their impact on academic performance and the quality of patient care. Thermography is a technology that could be applied during nursing training to evaluate emotional skills. The objective is to evaluate the effect of thermography as the tool for monitoring and im...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The World Health Organization declared childhood obesity as a global epidemic, stressing the need for urgent action in order to face this serious public-health problem. This paper presents a pilot program based on a technological solution to improve the nutrition and physical activity habits in children. The solution is a multiplatform application...
Article
Full-text available
It is important to consider university settings as sustainable environments that promote student well-being. Our aim in this study was to determine how the variables of engagement, emotional intelligence, sense of coherence, and coping influence the health of students at a Spanish university. This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study. The instr...
Article
Full-text available
Competency model for the Nurse Manager Objective: to identify the skills needed to play the role of Nurse Manager in Spain at each function level. Methodology: based on a bibliographic review conducted in specialized literature, a Delphi study was designed, structured into four rounds, in order to reach a consensus about the skills needed by the Nu...
Article
Full-text available
This study proposed a collaborative methodology among university students in different grades in order to find sustainable strategies that are an added value for students, teachers, and society. In daily professional practice, different professionals must develop skills to collaborate and understand each other. For that reality to be sustainable, w...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Currently there is a trend towards facilitating multidisciplinary research and collaborations between different faculties and/or multi-university collaboration. In order to achieve standardization, we believe that this culture should begin with the teaching-learning processes. This research has investigated collaborative work between nursing studen...
Article
Full-text available
The field of health is one of the most relational environments that science knows, but the contacts between actors are rarely analyzed. The Theory of Networks conceptualizes the individual as part of a structure to which he nourishes, and from which he nourishes himself. Social Network Analysis (SNA) is the method that supports Network Theory. In t...
Article
Background: Stakeholder participation optimizes health planning, fostering the acceptability and integration of new health services. Collaborative approaches may help overcome existing challenges in the development, implementation and evaluation of community pharmacy services (CPSs). Stakeholder analyses lay the foundation for building collaborati...
Article
It is important to consider university settings as sustainable environments that promote student well-being. Our aim in this study was to determine how the variables of engagement, emotional intelligence, sense of coherence, and coping influence the health of students at a Spanish university. This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study. The instr...
Article
Background Multiple studies have shown the social consequences of suffering overweight, with social exclusion or isolation as some of the most important. In order to study the social patterns among adolescents, we have set as objectives to analyse the position of the individual within their network from a sociocentric perspective, comparing the rel...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Surgical safety is a public health concern worldwide. The attitudes and perceptions of the surgical team regarding to the safety of the patient are associated to the safety climate and the prevalence of adverse events. Objective: To evaluate the safety climate perceived by operating room nurses from several Hospitals. Method: This wor...
Article
Full-text available
There is evidence that relations between physicians and nurses within healthcare institutions might be shaped by informal aspects of such relations and by links to people external to the organization, with an impact on work performance. Social network analysis is underutilized in exploring such associations. The paper aims to describe physicians’ a...
Article
Full-text available
Safety during birth has improved since hospital delivery became standard practice, but the process has also become increasingly medicalised. Hence, recent years have witnessed a growing interest in home births due to the advantages it offers to mothers and their newborn infants. The aims of the present study were to confirm the transition from a ho...
Article
Full-text available
Adolescence is a transitional period during which a number of changes occur. Social relationships established during this period influence adolescent behaviour and affect academic performance or alcohol consumption habits, among other issues. Teachers are very important actors in observing and guiding the evolution of their students, and should the...
Conference Paper
Introducción: El consumo de alcohol entre adolescentes es un problema social y de salud pública. Las investigaciones han constado que los contactos entre los adolescentes pueden influir en el consumo. Concretamente, la red social del adolescente incluye diversos patrones de contactos en el aula, que suponen un riesgo en el consumo de drogas, como p...
Article
Full-text available
At present, the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) emphasizes the importance of collaborative learning in University education. Previous studies have found evidence to support collaborative activities; however, none have analyzed the influence of contact networks among students on their engagement and performance. This paper reports an intervent...
Article
Full-text available
There is a great concern nowadays regarding alcohol consumption and drug abuse, especially in young people. Analyzing the social environment where these adolescents are immersed, as well as a series of measures determining the alcohol abuse risk or personal situation and perception using a number of questionnaires like AUDIT, FAS, KIDSCREEN, and ot...
Poster
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In the context of Spanish urban areas with a strategy of ”healthy city” focused on sustainable mobility, this poster presents the analysis of the experience of the city of Vitoria-Gasteiz (Basque Country, northern Spain) with the following objectives: first, justify the use of bicycles in the workplace as a strategy for a healthy city and, secondly...
Article
Full-text available
Introducción Las enfermedades mentales se han convertido en los últi-mos años en una problemática social, dado que supone un amplio porcentaje del total de enfermedades crónicas (1). Sus posibles consecuencias, tanto en el ámbito del indivi-duo como de la propia sociedad, hacen que la salud mental sea uno de los principales focos de interés en las...
Article
Full-text available
The city of Vitoria-Gasteiz in Spain is considered a “healthy city” and has implemented sustainable actions to increase the mobility of its healthcare professionals. The objectives of this study are firstly to account for the use of bicycles at work as a strategy for a healthy city and secondly to propose a conceptual framework for analyzing this n...
Article
Una gran parte de la jornada de trabajo de los profesionales sanitarios consiste en la interacción con los demás. Numerosos Uest udios han demostrado que, el Análisis de Redes Sociales (ARS), es una herramienta capaz de estudiar estos vínculos desde una perspectiva de red. El ARS es ya un método ampliamente utilizado en tópicos relacionados con la...
Article
Full-text available
Los autores declaran no tener ningún conflicto de intereses en la realización de este trabajo. RESUMEN Fundamentos: Los nuevos tratamientos biológicos, si bien mejoran la cali-dad de vida del paciente, incrementan los costes exponencialmente en relación al resto de tratamientos. El objetivo fue calcular el tratamiento más coste efectivo de los exis...
Presentation
Full-text available
Argumento sobre la habilidad de las enfermeras para generar confianza
Article
Fundamentos: Los nuevos tratamientos biológicos, si bien mejoran la calidad de vida del paciente, incrementan los costes exponencialmente en relación al resto de tratamientos. El objetivo fue calcular el tratamiento más coste efectivo de los existentes para la psoriasis. Métodos: Se desarrolló un modelo de evaluación económica en psoriasis recogie...
Conference Paper
This paper is part of a research project into innovation in education, undertaken at the [name deleted for review process], with university students from Health Sciences. The aim of the study was to demonstrate how the cooperative networking of students, increasing the engagement and academic outcomes. For this, a teaching methodology was designed...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Una gran parte de la jornada de trabajo de los profesionales sanitarios consiste en la interacción con los demás. Numerosos estudios han demostrado que, el Análisis de Redes Sociales (ARS), es una herramienta capaz de estudiar estos vínculos desde una perspectiva de red. El término de red social se entiende como un conjunto de puntos, algunos de lo...
Article
To analyse changes in prevalence, knowledge, beliefs and attitudes relating to smoking among undergraduate nursing and physiotherapy students over a 10-year period. Few studies have been performed to describe changes in the use of tobacco and associated characteristics. This study was a sequential cross-sectional study. A self-administered survey w...
Research
Full-text available
This aim of this article is to demonstrate the importance of social networks in the obese adolescent's environment. This study emerged in response to the paucity of information encountered in the literature as regards whether adolescents eat better or worse and/or performs more or less physical exercise depending on their friendship networks. We p...
Chapter
Este capítulo tiene como objeto facilitar al lector un conocimiento básico del Análisis de Redes Sociales, mediante la aplicación a un caso práctico con el estudio de la creatividad en las organizaciones sanitarias. El programa especializado para medir e interpretar las redes es UCINET. El capítulo explica paso a paso la aplicación del programa al...
Article
Full-text available
El presente artículo pretende justificar la relevancia de las relaciones sociales en el entorno del adolescente obeso. La motivación por este enfoque surgió debido al vacío que se ha encontrado en estudios que expliquen si los adolescentes comen mejor o peor y/o realizan más o menos ejercicio físico dependiendo de su red de amigos. Se realizó una b...
Article
Full-text available
This aim of this article is to demonstrate the importance of social networks in the obese adolescent's environment. This study emerged in response to the paucity of information encountered in the literature as regards whether adolescents eat better or worse and/or performs more or less physical exercise depending on their friendship networks. We pe...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper aims to obtain empirical evidence on how an individual´s position in the social networks within a team affects the way they perceive the team´s performance. The context was on hospitals with doctors and nurses. Social Network Analysis method was applied with UCINET program.
Article
Full-text available
Las personas son seres sociales que buscan construir puentes de identidad y de amistad entre ellos. Estos nodos y lazos construyen redes dentro de los equipos de trabajo, lo que podría ser útil para que los directivos de salud los optimizaran. Por esta razón se aplicó el ARS al contexto de hospitales y centros de salud, y así determinar cómo las re...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This work sought to analyze the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and social networks among the university nursing faculty staff in Spain. Methodology: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study using a questionnaire on ICT skills designed to comply with the research objective, which was evaluated by experts...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Having knowledge about social interactions as a basis for informed decision support in situations of conflict can be determinant. However, lower attention is given to the social network interpretation process in conflict management approaches. T