Pilar Larroulet

Pilar Larroulet
University of Maryland, College Park | UMD, UMCP, University of Maryland College Park · Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice

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13
Publications
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Citations

Publications

Publications (13)
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: This study examines whether parental marijuana use that occurs during the life of a child impacts patterns of continuity and discontinuity in adolescent substance use among father-child dyads. Methods: The study uses data from 263 father-child-mother triads involved in the Rochester Youth Development Study (RYDS) and the Rochester Inter...
Article
Research has yet to examine stability in employment as a function of cannabis use once an individual transitions into full-time work. Using data from the Rochester Youth Development Study, trajectories of cannabis use spanning ages 14 to 30 were identified among a sample of predominantly minorities (>80%; 68% African American). After hard-classifyi...
Article
Full-text available
Police agencies expend considerable effort to anticipate future incidences of criminal behaviour. Since a large proportion of crimes are committed by a small group of individuals, preventive measures are often targeted on prolific offenders. There is a long-standing expectation that new technologies can improve the accurate identification of crime...
Article
Full-text available
The last decades’ increase in female incarceration has translated into an increasing number of women being released from prison. Understanding their characteristics and criminal trajectories can enlighten us regarding the different needs of women upon re-entering society after incarceration. Drawing on data from the Reinserción, Desistimiento y Rei...
Preprint
Life course criminology has long argued that having a job may act as a turning point in trajectories of offending, moving individuals toward conventional activities. However, while finding and keeping a job are considered one of the key challenges inmates face as they move back into society, there is limited research on the dynamics and trajectorie...
Article
We inquire how early in childhood children most at risk for problematic patterns of internalizing and externalizing behaviors can be accurately classified. Yearly measures of anxiety/depressive symptoms and aggressive behaviors (ages 6–13; n = 334), respectively, are used to identify behavioral trajectories. We then assess the degree to which limit...
Article
Prior research documents intergenerational (IG) continuity in marijuana use, with most work adopting a life course perspective. Incorporating a methodology that allows for the measurement of "patterns of behavior" instead of singular aspects of parent marijuana use (e.g., age of onset or frequency at any one age or ages), we investigated the simult...
Chapter
Full-text available
El big data ha revolucionado las ciencias y la industria con su impresionante poder de analizar grandes conjuntos de datos y algoritmos que pueden predecir eventos futuros con una alta precisión. El estudio se centra en el uso de herramientas automatizadas para identificar el comportamiento delictual, con el objetivo final de ayudar a la policía en...
Article
Relatively little work examines the impact that charging decisions exert on sentencing. We investigate this issue by estimating the “distance traveled” in charge bargaining, or the expected change in the likelihood of incarceration associated with reductions in charges across different stages of prosecution. Using data from New York County, we exam...
Article
This study examines the role that effective parenting plays in the relationship between childhood conduct problems and the early onset of drug use. Effective parenting is posited to have a direct protective effect on drug use, a moderating effect on the relationship between conduct problems and early onset, and mediate the relationship between cond...
Article
Increasingly, three generation studies have investigated intergenerational (IG) continuity and discontinuity in substance use and related problem behaviors. However, surprisingly little attention has been paid to the conceptual definition of continuity or to different types of discontinuity (resilience and escalation) or to measurement sensitivity,...
Thesis
Previous research conducted in the United States has shown that truancy increases the risk of marijuana use among adolescents. The current study examines this relationship in Chile. By using a longitudinal study conducted from 2008 to 2011 among school students in 7th grade in Santiago, Chile, I test the effect that truancy has on the onset of mari...
Article
El objetivo de este estudio es presentar estimaciones sobre la conexión entre droga y delito tomando como referencia el modelo tripartito de Goldstein. Este modelo reconoce tres modalidades a través de las cuales puede atribuirse la comisión de delitos al uso y abuso de drogas: la atribución sistémica (delitos que ocurren al interior del mercado il...

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