Pietro Milanesi

Pietro Milanesi

PhD in Biodiversity and Evolution; Doctor Europaeus
Spatio-temporal statistical modelling of EuroBirdPortal (EBP) data for the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)

About

110
Publications
65,013
Reads
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1,059
Citations
Introduction
My research interests and experiences rely on biodiversity conservation, evolution, landscape ecology / genetics / connectivity, remote-sensing, species distribution modelling and human-wildlife conflicts. I analyzed data of wild species (mainly mammals, birds and insects) from molecules to communities, from local to global scales. I have a strong knowledge of R, ArcGIS and QGIS. I estimated distribution, adundance and gene flow of endangered species, translating the results of my researches in scientific papers and conservation actions.
Additional affiliations
February 2022 - February 2031
Ministry of University and Research (Ministero dell'Università e della Ricerca)
Position
  • National Scientific Abilitation for Associate Professor in Zoology and Anthropology (Abilitazione Scientifica Nazionale a Professore Associato S.C. 05/B1 - ZOOLOGIA E ANTROPOLOGIA)
September 2018 - September 2018
University of Pavia
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • Main topics: 1. Introduction to species distribution models (SDMs), data types and management; 2. SDMs approaches and methods; 3. Practical session: application of SDMs on forest data and forest related species.
March 2016 - present
University of Pavia
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • Main topics: 1. Large carnivores and wild ungulates sampling methods; 2. Large carnivores and wild ungulates ecology and conservation; 3. Application statistic & G.I.S. software for wildlife monitoring.
Education
September 2016 - September 2016
Swiss Ornithological Institute - Vogelwarte
Field of study
  • Statistics
November 2014 - December 2014
March 2014 - March 2014
Centro Universitario di Bertinoro in collaboration with ISPRA - National Institute for Environmental Protection and Research
Field of study
  • Landscape genetics / landscape genomics

Publications

Publications (110)
Article
Full-text available
The spread of invasive species is a threat to global biodiversity. The Japanese beetle is native to Japan, but alien populations of this insect occur in North America, and recently, also in southern Europe. This beetle was recently included on the list of priority species of European concern, as it is a highly invasive agricultural pest. Thus, in t...
Presentation
The 2018 International Species Action Plan for European Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur aims to halt and revert the species’ widespread decline. One of its core priorities is to improve habitat management, and urges competent authorities to identify and designate Priority Intervention Areas (PIAs) for dedi-cated management. However, high-resolution...
Presentation
Modelling the distribution of breeding birds for the Second European Breeding Bird Atlas (EBBA2), promoted by the European Bird Census Council (EBCC), was challenging and required the test and development of robust statistical procedures to provide accurate maps of species distribution. To de-velop the maps of EBBA2, we explored several modelling o...
Presentation
Migration of wild birds, particularly waterfowl, constitutes one mechanism by which Avian influenza (AI) is spread geographically. Good quantitative measures of the seasonal distribution of waterfowl can be useful in predicting the potential spread of AI outbreaks. Here we present European-scale modelling results for five species of duck, five spec...
Article
Full-text available
The natural and seminatural components of agricultural landscapes play a key role in maintaining a high level of biodiversity. Being the Po Valley one of the most humandominated and intensively cultivated landscapes in Europe, we investigated the effect of no-crop habitats on carabid richness and composition and evaluated the role of tree row as co...
Presentation
Full-text available
A few months ago, the book 'European Breeding Bird Atlas 2: Distribution, Abundance and Change' (EBBA2) has been published. EBBA2 is the result of the work of more than 120,000 ornithologists that, between 2013 and 2017, in 50 countries throughout Europe, from the Atlantic to the Urals and Turkey, collected and analyzed breeding bird data. EBBA2 p...
Presentation
The second European breeding bird atlas, EBBA2, represents a milestone in ornithology also for the high standard of the methodology applied. For illustration of the distribution of 556 species across 11 Mio km2, we used four map types on two spatial resolutions. The first three indicate the distribution in cells of 50 x 50 km: 1) Maps with breeding...
Article
Full-text available
Monitoring programs should be based on the measurement of two main pillars for evaluating the conservation status of a species: population size and geographical distribution. To date, the only way reported in the literature to obtain detailed information on L. cervus population size is to use the capture-mark-recapture method. This is an expensive...
Article
Full-text available
Citizen science platforms are increasingly growing, and, storing a huge amount of data on species locations, they provide researchers with essential information to develop sound strategies for species conservation. However, the lack of information on surveyed sites (i.e., where the observers did not record the target species) and sampling effort (e...
Article
Full-text available
During the periodic moult of the plumage of birds, a fast regrowth of feathers would shorten the time of reduced plumage functionality. However, it has long been known that feather growth-rate is limited and that long feathers take disproportionally longer to grow than small feathers, which has severe consequences on moult duration and the complete...
Article
Many rare species are dispersal‐limited; their colonization capacity can be impacted by land use and climate changes. Most ecological niche models predict the distribution of species under future climate and land use change scenarios without incorporating species‐specific dispersal abilities. Here we investigate the effect of climate and land use c...
Article
Full-text available
Globally, large carnivore livestock predations are major causes of conflicts with humans, thus identifying hotspots of carnivore attacks is fundamental to reduce the impact of these, and hence promote coexistence with humans. Species distribution models combining predictor variables with locations of predation events instead of species occurrences...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract While biological distributions are not static and change/evolve through space and time, nonstationarity of climatic and land‐use conditions is frequently neglected in species distribution models. Even recent techniques accounting for spatiotemporal variation of species occurrence basically consider the environmental predictors as static; s...
Article
Capsule The first European Bird Census Council (EBCC) Atlas of European Breeding Birds has been widely used in scientific publications. Aims To quantify how scientific publications have used data from the first European Bird Census Council (EBCC) Atlas of European Breeding Birds, what the topics of these studies have been, and to identify key aspe...
Article
Full-text available
Anthropogenic hybridization is widely perceived as a threat to the conservation of biodiversity. Nevertheless, to date, relevant policy and management interventions are unresolved and highly convoluted. While this is due to the inherent complexity of the issue, we hereby hypothesize that a lack of agreement concerning management goals and approache...
Conference Paper
Thanks to the immense effort of national coordinators and data providers the fieldwork period of the European Breeding Bird Atlas EBBA2 has been successfully brought to an end and all data have been delivered to the European coordination team in 2018. While the data checks are running and specialists are preparing texts for the species accounts, th...
Conference Paper
One of the main aims of the Second European Breeding Bird Atlas (EBBA2), promoted by the European Bird Census Council (EBCC), is to model the distribution for as many European breeding bird species as possible. As a basis, , we use a dataset of more than 900,000 records of more than 500 breeding bird species detected during more than 35,000 standar...
Conference Paper
Population trends of European birds have been used successfully as indicators of the state of biodiversity in the EU and at national level. However, information on the spatial dimension should complement the information on species population trends. This is important particularly for farmland birds which declined dramatically in Europe in the last...
Article
Full-text available
Our aim is to model rare species (with few occurrences) but modelling the distribution of species with few occurrence data and many predictor variables leads to model overfitting. Thus, we use the recently developed ensemble of small models, which showed high predictive accuracy in modelling the distribution of rare species to estimate the current...
Article
To assess niche overlap between the most similar European sympatric carnivores, the pine marten Martes martes and stone marten Martes foina, and outline their potential distributions and connectivity corridors in Central Italy, we applied a multivariate kernel density procedure which allowed to assess both species' ecological hypervolumes based on...
Article
Habitat models are fundamental tools for designing evidence-based conservation measures, particularly for locating sites with high potential for promoting a species' recolonisation and occupancy. However, it remains challenging to respond to both the need for large-scale general rules, and for fine-scale information concurrently. Multi-level habita...
Article
Full-text available
e Siberian chipmunk Eutamias sibiricus is native to north-eastern Asia, but alien populations, mostly composed by a low number of individuals, have been established in many western countries through the pet trade. Large native ranges, such as that of Siberian chipmunks, and number of introduction events may explain the establishment success of alie...
Article
Full-text available
opulation divergence could be strongly affected by species’ ecology and might not be a direct response to climate‐driven environmental change. We tested this in the middle spotted woodpecker (Dendrocoptes medius), a non‐migratory, low‐dispersal habitat specialist associated with old deciduous forests of the Western Palearctic. We present the first...
Article
Full-text available
Since the 1970s, the crested porcupine Hystrix cristata has shown a marked range expansion in Italy. A web page has been created to collect occurrences of this species to monitor its distribution redefinition. Thus, aims of this work were (i) to identify the main predictors promoting the distribution of this large rodent in Italy and (ii) to predic...
Article
Full-text available
The distribution of intraspecific genetic variation and how it relates to environmental factors is of increasing interest to researchers in macroecology and biogeography. Recent studies investigated the relationships between the environment and patterns of intraspecific genetic variation across species ranges but only few rigorously tested the rela...
Article
The Siberian chipmunk is native to northeastern Asia, but alien populations of this squirrel, introduced through the pet trade, occur in many European countries. This rodent has been listed as an invasive species of European concern, being a potential vector of ticks spreading Lyme disease. We aimed to assess its current distribution range and to i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The first European Breeding Bird Atlas (Hagemeijer & Blair 1997) was a milestone for ornithology and is the most cited bird atlas in the world. However, in the last 30 years, environmental and climatic conditions changed in the European continent. Thus, the European Bird Census Council (EBCC) is preparing a new European Breeding Bird Atlas (EBBA2)...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the last decade, new technologies changed the way to collect, store and share scientific data. In this context, citizens now directly contribute to the conservation of wild populations. Actually, co-ordinated citizen science surveys ensure that the distributions and population trends of European breeding birds are relatively well documented, as...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Thirty years after the first European Breeding Bird Atlas (Hagemeijer & Blair 1997), the European Bird Census Council (EBCC) is working on a second edition (EBBA2). EBBA2 is one of the most ambitious biodiversity mapping projects ever attempted and aims to update information on the distribution of breeding birds and to determine the changes occurre...
Article
Full-text available
Urbanisation and the spread of agriculture have resulted in high levels of forest loss, habitat fragmentation and degradation in many regions of the world. In Italy, the Po Plain is the most human-dominated landscape of the country and, after decades of exploitation, old-growth forests have been reduced to small and isolated patches, often threaten...
Article
Full-text available
The last fieldwork year of EBBA2 is ongoing in 2017. A third pilot data for the European Breeding Bird Atlas 2 (EBBA2) was requested in 2016. Preliminary 50×50 km data for 15 species from all European countries were provided in a new effort of international collaboration and pilot maps were made available to the whole European atlas community. In p...
Presentation
Full-text available
Urbanization and the spread of agriculture have resulted in high levels of forest loss, natural habitat fragmentation and degradation in many regions of the world. In Italy, the Po Plain is the most human-dominated landscape of the country. In this area, old-growth forests are reduced to small and isolated patches after decades of exploitations and...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change is threatening species and habitats. Altitudinal shifts uphill and negative population trends are commonly observed in altitude-related taxa. The bumblebee Bombus alpinus (Linnaeus, 1758) has a disjoint distribution restricted to Fennoscandia and the Alps, and is considered threatened. We studied the ecology and distribution of B. al...
Article
Full-text available
The first EBCC atlas of European Breeding Birds was a milestone in European ornithology and after 30 years, fieldwork for the second European Breeding Bird Atlas (EBBA2) is underway. It not only aims at providing up-to-date distribution maps at a broad scale but also modelled maps showing relative occurrence at a finer resolution. Bird data collect...
Article
Full-text available
One of the main objectives of the Second European Breeding Bird Atlas (EBBA2) is to provide maps showing bird occurrence at a 10 x 10 km resolution for as many of the European breeding bird species as possible. With almost 120,000 10 x 10 km squares across Europe, it would be practically impossible to carry out comprehensive surveys in each spatial...
Article
Full-text available
After centuries of massive decline, the recovery of the wolf (Canis lupus italicus) in Italy is a typical conservation success story. To learn more about the possible role of parasites in the wolves' individual and population health and conservation we used non-invasive molecular approaches on fecal samples to identify individual wolves, pack membe...
Article
Full-text available
Landscape genetics aims to investigate functional connectivity among wild populations by evaluating the impact of landscape features on gene flow. Genetic distances among populations or individuals are generally better explained by least-cost path (LCP) distances derived from resistance surfaces than by simple Euclidean distances. Resistance surfac...
Article
We propose the integration of different non- invasive sampling methods to the study of predator-prey interactions. We analyzed the diet of the wolf (Canis lupus) to point out its elective prey and we investigated its spatial and temporal interactions with prey species from Decem- ber 2012 to November 2014 in the Ligurian Alps (Southern Alps, Italy)...
Chapter
Full-text available
From the 1960s onwards, the European wild boar population has grown and expanded dramatically, invading agricultural areas and causing increasing damage to croplands and economic losses. The problem is particularly weighty in protected areas, where hunting is forbidden. In these areas the main ways the problem is tackled is through shooting, compen...
Article
Full-text available
Der zweite europäische Brutvogelatlas (European Breeding Bird Atlas EBBA2) hat zum Ziel, die aktuelle Verbreitung und relative Häufigkeit der Brutvögel in Europa zu dokumentieren und die Veränderungen seit dem ersten Atlas aufzuzeigen, der auf Daten der 1980er Jahre fußte. Die Feldarbeit zu EBBA2 konzentriert sich auf die Jahre 2013 bis 2017 und is...
Article
Full-text available
Estimating connectivity among fragmented habitat patches is crucial for evaluating the functionality of ecological networks. However, current estimates of landscape resistance to animal movement and dispersal lack landscape-level data on local habitat structure. Here, we used a landscape genetics approach to show that high-fidelity habitat structur...
Article
Europe is currently being re-colonized by large carnivore species such as brown bear (Ursus arctos), Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) and grey wolf (Canis lupus). Approximately one-third of Europe currently hosts at least one of these large carnivore species: they show permanent occurrence in some regions and sporadic occurrence without reproduction in ot...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, the "forest-specialist" pine marten Martes martes has been reported to also occur also in largely fragmented, lowland landscapes of north-western Italy. The colonization of such an apparently unsuitable area provided the opportunity for investigating pine marten ecological requirements and predicting its potential south- and eastwa...
Data
Permission from the European Environment Agency (EEA) to publish Fig 1 under the specific Creative Commons Attribution License (CCAL), CC BY 4.0. (PDF)
Data
Permission from ESRI to publish Fig 1 under the specific Creative Commons Attribution License (CCAL), CC BY 4.0. (PDF)
Data
Coordinates of pine marten records in the western valley of the River Po (Italy). (DOCX)
Conference Paper
Climate change is a key threatening process driving the global loss in biodiversity. A key response variable in climate change studies is species richness, often estimated by stacking individual species distribution models (SDMs). However, modeling the distribution of rare species is challenging because few occurrences and many predictor variables...
Poster
Full-text available
Climate change is a key threatening process driving the global loss in biodiversity and thus prediction of its effects on distribution of species has become a research field of prime scientific and political relevance. We used survey data for 56 rare saproxylic beetles inhabiting the Italian territory (CKMAP 5.3.8 software) selected from the Italia...
Article
Habitat suitability models (HSMs) are used to describe and predict species distributions based on multiple ecological variablesand species occurrence data. HSMs may also provide a probabilistic identification of least-cost path (LCP) distances in landscapegenetics. However, while several studies used HSMs for these purposes, the performance of diff...
Article
Full-text available
We analysed bearded vulture (Gypaetus barbatus) occurrences collected through long-term monitoring (from 1993 to 2010) in the Western Alps (1) to test whether ecological niches shift due to individual development and (2) to verify whether these patterns could reflect their spatial distribution. Thus, we compared the distribution patterns of three a...
Article
Full-text available
A variety of nonrandom mate choice strategies, including disassortative mating, are used by vertebrate species to avoid inbreeding, maintain heterozygosity and increase fitness. Disassortative mating may be mediated by the major histocompatibility complex (MHC), an important gene cluster controlling immune responses to pathogens. We investigated th...
Article
Full-text available
Large carnivores in Italy and other European countries are protected by law to ensure their long-term conservation. Estimates of abundance and demographic trends of their populations are crucial for implementing effective conservation and management strategies. However, it is challenging to obtain basic demographic parameters for elusive species su...
Article
Full-text available
Non-invasive genetic sampling has been used to reconstruct spatial patterns of carnivore distributions, identify regions where conflicts with human activities could threaten the survival of a species, and assess the effectiveness of conservation strategies. In this study, we used detailed information on wolf (Canis lupus) and livestock distribution...
Poster
Full-text available
La presenza del lupo (Canis lupus) lungo la catena montuosa ligure, stabile ormai da oltre 30 anni, ha un ruolo chiave nel mantenere il flusso genico tra la popolazione appenninica e quella alpina, attualmente in fase di espansione. Tra i principali rischi cui è soggetta la specie in questa area vi è l’abbattimento illegale, come rappresaglia contr...
Article
Full-text available
Canids are definitive hosts of Taenia and Echinococcus species, which infect a variety of mammals as intermediate or accidental hosts including humans. Parasite transmission is based on domestic, semi-domestic and wildlife cycles; however, little is known of the epidemiological significance of wild large definitive hosts such as the wolf. In this s...