Pietro Gori

Pietro Gori
Universidade NOVA de Lisboa | NOVA · Institute of Philosophy (IFILNOVA)

PhD

About

58
Publications
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Introduction
Pietro Gori works as a researcher and invited lecturer at the Institute of Philosophy of the NOVA University of Lisbon (IFILNOVA). He worked extensively in Philosophy and in the History and Philosophy of Science, with a special focus on Friedrich Nietzsche’s conception of knowledge and values; Ernst Mach’s epistemology; William James’ pragmatism and radical empiricism; and Mary B. Hesse's post-empiricist epistemology and philosophy of science.
Additional affiliations
September 2019 - March 2020
Universidade NOVA de Lisboa
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Filosofia das Ciências (Philosophy of Science); Filosofia do Conhecimento (Philosophy of Knowledge)
August 2019 - September 2019
Universidade NOVA de Lisboa
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Temas da filosofia das ciências: O que é a Verdade? Escola de Verão da FCSH/Universidade NOVA de Lisboa
February 2019 - present
Universidade NOVA de Lisboa
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (58)
Article
Full-text available
The paper defends the idea that Jamesian pragmatism, Nietzschean perspectivism, and philosophical anthropology represent a consistent triad, for the similarities and connections between the first two positions rest in their engagement with the anthropological question. As will be argued, a) pragmatism is concerned with anthropology and that it dea...
Article
Full-text available
The paper addresses the issue of scientific realism in Mach, and his pragmatist approach to epistemology. Firstly, Eric Banks’s interpretation of Mach as a direct realist about particulars (elements) will be explored and discussed. Secondly, Sami Pihlström’s pragmatic realism will be considered, and it will be suggested that this view can be more v...
Book
Full-text available
During his late period, Nietzsche is particularly concerned with the value that mankind attributes to truth. In dealing with that topic, Nietzsche is not primarly interested in the metaphysical disputes on truth, but rather in the effects that the "will to truth" has on the human being. In fact, he argues that the "faith in a value as such of truth...
Article
Full-text available
At the beginning of the twentieth century, theorists developed approaches to Nietzsche’s philosophy that provided an alternative to the received view, some of them suggesting that his view of truth may be his most important and original contribution. It has further been argued that Vaihinger’s fictionalism is the paradigm within which Nietzsche’s v...
Article
Full-text available
Para tratar das relações entre Nietzsche e o empreendimento científico, convidamos para essa entrevista um dos mais conceituados estudiosos do pensamento nietzschiano na atualidade. Pietro Gori, Ph.D. em Filosofia Moderna e Contemporânea, trabalha como pesquisador no Instituto de Filosofia da Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, onde também atua como profe...
Article
Full-text available
Resumo: O artigo tem como objetivo refletir sobre o ideal antropológico delineado por Nietzsche em seu último período. O modo como Nietzsche trata de conceitos tais como os de “alemão”, “bom europeu”, e “espírito livre” nas seções de Crepúsculo dos ídolos dedicadas a Goethe, será abordado de maneira especial. Finalmente, argumentar-se-á que o Renas...
Article
Ernst Mach’s definition of the relationship between thoughts and facts is well known, but the question of how Mach conceived of their actual relationship has received much less attention. This paper aims to address this gap in light of Mary B. Hesse’s view of a postempiricist approach to natural science. As this paper will show, this view is charac...
Book
Full-text available
Pubblicato postumo, Alcuni problemi di filosofia rappresenta il tentativo di William James di far convergere i temi della propria riflessione in un sistema filosofico integrato. Adottando un approccio pragmatista, le grandi questioni metafisiche dell’essere, della realtà e dell’esperienza percettiva e quella più generale del pluralismo, si combinan...
Chapter
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This is my introduction to the Italian scholarly edition of William James's "Some Problems of Philosophy" I edited.
Chapter
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The aim of this paper is to provide a thorough account of the fact that Ernst Mach and Friedrich Nietzsche are often associated with each other in the specialized literature on the history of philosophy and the philosophy of science. As I will argue, the consistency which can be discovered between them is much more substantial than one may imagine....
Article
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This paper focuses on sections of Nietzsche's Twilight of the Idols that deal with Goethe, with the aim of reflecting on the anthropological ideal that Nietzsche outlines in his late period. I give particular attention to the way in which Nietzsche deals with concepts such as "German", "(good) European", and "free spirit", connecting them in a cohe...
Chapter
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The paper aims to investigate some aspects of Ernst Mach’s epistemology in the light of the problem of human orientation in relation to the world (Weltorientierung), which is a main topic of Western philosophy since Kant. As will be argued, Mach has been concerned with that problem, insofar as he developed an original pragmatist epistemology. In or...
Article
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Article on the Nietzschean concept of "Will to Power" published in the Portuguese Dictionary of Moral and Political Philosophy (Dicionário de Filosofia Moral e Política), Institute of Philosophy/Nova University of Lisbon. Online resource: http://www.dicionariofmp-ifilnova.pt/
Article
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These are two entries I wrote for a research project on Nietzsche's private library. The entries deal with Nietzsche's personal copy of Ernst Mach's "Beiträge zur Analyse der Empfindungen" (1886) and Ernst Mach/Peter Salcher's "Photographische Fixirung der durch Projectile in der Luft eingeleiteten Vorgänge". Forthcoming on www.nietzschesource.org...
Cover Page
Full-text available
In this new addition to Nietzsche scholarship, Gori explores the origin and aim of Friedrich Nietzsche's late perspectival thought by merging the theoretical with the historical approach, with a special focus on the epistemological debate that influenced him. The book povides a contextual reading of the issue that supports the idea that Nietzsche'...
Chapter
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The paper explores the consistency between William James's and Friedrich Nietzsche's approaches towards the general philosophical issue of relativism. As will be shown, Nietzsche as much as James attempted to develop a non-nihilist strategy for dealing with the problem of truth based on the idea that a revaluaton of that notion is in fact possible...
Chapter
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L'articolo si propone di accostarsi alla figura di Ernst Mach seguendo la stessa metodologia storico-critica da lui utilizzata. Essa permette di contestualizzarne la figura e l'opera in un momento significativo della storia della filosofia occidentale, ma anche di ridefinire alcuni concetti fondamentali del suo pensiero. Scopo ulteriore della ricer...
Book
Full-text available
Ernst Mach (1838-1916) è stato una figura di riferimento per la cultura scientifica e filosofica tardo-ottocentesca e dei primi decenni del Novecento. Le sue ricerche in fisica e psicologia, così come il lavoro epistemologico che emerge dalle pagine di opere quali La meccanica nel suo sviluppo storico-critico e Conoscenza ed errore, hanno influito...
Article
Full-text available
The paper addresses the issue of scientific realism in Mach, and his pragmatist approach to epistemology. Firstly, Eric Banks’s interpretation of Mach as a direct realist about particulars (elements) will be explored and discussed. Secondly, Sami Pihlström’s pragmatic realism will be considered, and it will be suggested that this view can be more v...
Chapter
Full-text available
The paper explores the issue of moral relativism in Nietzsche, and tries to argue that Nietzsche's attitude towards moral values does not support a radical relativism according to which since (i) every moral interpretation is relative to a judging perspective, and (ii) an absolute viewpoint is lacking, then (iii) every moral interpretation seems to...
Article
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The paper explores Nietzsche's observations on language in Human, All Too Human I, 11; reflects on the anti-realist position that Nietzsche defends in that aphorism; and focuses on the role she plays in his later investigation on Western culture and its anthropology. As will be argued, Nietzsche's criticism towards common sense realism is consisten...
Book
Full-text available
La noción de perspectivismo, presente en la producción tardía de Nietzsche, delimita un ámbito particularmente interesante y fértil. En efecto, esta metáfora visual, que el filósofo utiliza antes que nada en referencia a la dimensión epistémica, encierra profundas consecuencias hermenéuticas y prácticas. Los ensayos de este volumen dan cuenta de e...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT: Friedrich Nietzsche's criticism towards the substance-concept " I " plays an important role in his thought, and can be properly understood by making reference to the 19th century debate on the scientific psychology. Friedrich Lange and Ernst Mach gave an important contribution to that debate. Both of them thought about a " psychology with...
Article
Full-text available
During his late period, Nietzsche focused on the problem of the "value of truth" , for according to him it plays an important role on Western culture and its anthropology. That reflection had been influenced by some outcomes of the late-nineteenth century scientific research, and can be therefore compared with other strategies that, during those ye...
Article
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Starting from Mario Di Gregorio's intellectual biography of Ernst Haeckel, the paper explores Haeckel's contribution to the scientific debate of his time and focuses on some of his main original ideas.
Article
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The paper explores the few occurrences of the expression " will to nothingness " (Wille zum Nichts) in Nietzsche's writings, and its relationship with the notions of " will to truth " and " ascetic ideal. " Aim of this research is to show that these notions are mutually related, and that they outline the objectives of Nietzsche's late thought. The...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores Nietzsche's observations on language in Human, All Too Human I, 11; reflects on the anti-realist position that Nietzsche defends in that aphorism; and focuses on the role she plays in his later investigation on Western culture and its anthropology. As will be argued, Nietzsche's criticism towards common sense realism is consiste...
Article
Full-text available
In a note to G.R.S. Mead’s "Quests Old and New", where he found a section devoted to Hans Vaihinger’s main ideas, Fernando Pessoa reflects on the consequences of the fictionalist approach to both our perception of the I and the value of consciousness. These questions correspond to some statements that we find in Nietzsche’s writings, which in parti...
Book
Full-text available
Il pensiero prospettivistico del Nietzsche maturo sorge come reazione alla «fede in un valore metafisico e in sé della verità» che, a partire da Platone, ha animato la cultura occidentale. Agli occhi di Nietzsche, tale fede si trova all’origine del processo di degenerazione antropologica che ha caratterizzato la morale europea, ed è pertanto su di...
Article
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The “good European” is a rich and important topic in Nietzsche. It is first related to Nietzsche’s early reflections on European culture, and during the 1880’s it gains philosophical value, being strictly connected with the purposes of Nietzsche’s mature thought. The aim of this paper is to track the genesis and development of the notion of “good E...
Article
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The aim of this paper is to shed light on Nietzsche’s late investigation of the Western human being, with particular reference to Twilight of the Idols. I shall argue that this investigation can be seen as a “pragmatic anthropology,” according to the meaning that Kant gave to this notion in 1798. Although the paper focuses on Nietzsche’s thought, a...
Chapter
Full-text available
Friedrich Nietzsche’s criticism towards the substance-concept „I“ plays an important role in his late thought, and can be properly understood by making reference to the 19th century debate on the scientific psychology. Friedrich Lange and Ernst Mach gave an important contribution to that debate. Both of them developed the ideas of Gustav Fechner, a...
Article
Full-text available
In The Analysis of Mind (1921), Bertrand Russell stresses the importance of William James’ late neutral monist view of consciousness for the studies in psychology. In so doing, he focuses on a topic whose roots can be traced back to the nineteenth-century European debate on physiology and scientific psychology. In this introductory paper I shall br...
Book
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L a Genealogia della morale si presenta al lettore come un compatto ma articolato crocevia di temi e di proble-matiche del pensiero di Friedrich Nietzsche. L'opera è certo caratterizzata da una particolare unità tematica, ma è al tempo stesso ricca di spunti che offrono accessi a questio-ni di non secondaria importanza e che, nel loro complesso, de...
Article
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Nietzsche’s timeliness is patent in the renewed enthusiasm with which scholars in both the continental and analytic traditions have approached his works in recent years. Along with other topics, attention has been particularly directed towards two important issues: Nietzsche’s analysis, critique, and genealogy of culture, and his stance on subjecti...
Article
Full-text available
Friedrich Nietzsche's criticism towards the substance-concept I plays an impor-tant role in his late thought, and can be properly understood by making reference to the 19th century debate on the scientific psychology. Friedrich Lange and Ernst Mach gave an important contribution to that debate. Both of them developed the ideas of Gustav Fechner, an...
Chapter
Full-text available
Il contenuto dei paragrafi conclusivi della "Genealogia della morale" può essere considerato il nucleo di una rete di concetti che costituisce l’intelaiatura della tarda filosofia di Nietzsche. In questo saggio si mostrerà in particolare come la problematizzazione della verità annunciata in GM III, 24 e 27 rappresenti per Nietzsche un passaggio fon...
Book
Philosophical Readings, ISSN 2036-4989, features articles, discussions, translations, reviews, and bibliographical information on all philosophical disciplines. Philosophical Readings is an Open Access journal devoted to the promotion of competent and definitive contributions to philosophical knowledge. Not associated with any school or group, not...
Article
Full-text available
El «buen europeo» es un tema rico y significativo en Nietzsche, que se presenta originariamente ligado a las reflexiones de Nietzsche sobre la cultura europea, enriqueciéndose con el tiempo de un alcance filosófico que se vincula a los objetivos de su pen- samiento maduro. El objetivo del presente artículo es mostrar cómo solo a partir de estas ins...
Article
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Contrary to what a superficial reading of Nietzsche might suggest, Nietzsche’s perspectivism is only apparently limited to the theoretical sphere. In fact, Nietzsche also relates perspectivism with his analysis of values and, more in general, with his critique of morality. The aim of the present paper is to present an overview of what might be call...
Chapter
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This paper is devoted to a comparison between Ernst Mach's and Friedrich Nietzsche's anti-metaphysical approach to scientific and philosophical concepts. By making reference to Mach’s early essay on the conservation of energy (Die Geschichte und die Wurzel des Satzes von der Erhaltung der Arbeit, 1872), I argue that Nietzsche shares with him the id...
Article
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The paper aims to show that, even though Nietzsche strongly criticizes the value of ordinary truths (both on the theoretical and on the moral plane), he nevertheless considers that a practical assessment of them is still possible. This view can be compared with William James's pragmatist approach to truth. As will be shown, that approach is grounde...
Article
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The content of Boscovich's Theoria philosophiae naturalis was well-known to his contemporaries, but both scientists and philosophers chiefly discussed it during the 19th century. The observations that Boscovich presented in this text, and that he himself defined as ``philosophicas metitationes", soon showed their being a good programme for the fort...
Chapter
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"During the second decade of the 20th century Hans Kleinpeter, an Austrian scholar devoted to the development of the modern science, published some brief papers on Nietzsche’s thought. Kleinpeter has been one of the main upholders of Mach’s epistemology and probably the first who connected his ideas with the philosophy of Nietzsche. In his book on...
Article
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En un importante aforismo de Más allá del bien y del mal, Nietzsche declara que cualquiera que quiera admitir el principio cartesiano del «yo pienso», se encuentra expuesto a una serie de «problemas de la metafísica», el primero de ellos el relativo a la existencia de un yo y a su valor de causa de los actos del pensamiento. Con el presente artícul...
Article
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Hans Kleinpeter provided a popularization of both Ernst Mach's thought and the scientific philosophy that forerun the foundation of the Vienna Circle. Between 1912 and 1913 Kleinpeter published the articles that one finds here in their first Italian translation; they concern a comparison between Mach's epistemology and Nietzsche's thought, and are...
Article
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Hans Kleinpeter’s letters to Ernst Mach held in the Deutsches Museum Archive in Munich are of the greatest importance in order to learn some details of the relationship between these scholars. In the three letters here entirely published for the first time, Kleinpeter shows his interest for Nietzsche’s thought, and states that some of the latter’s...
Chapter
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Article
Le colombe dello scettico focuses on Nietzsche's dealings with consciousness during his middle and late years, from 1880 to 1888. The investigation that Luca Lupo carries on in this book is exhaustive and quite useful in the field of Nietzsche studies, since it concerns a tricky topic that until now has not been taken as the subject of a complete s...
Article
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In this paper I will discuss the role played by Ernst Mach on Nietzsche’s thought. Starting from the contents of his Beiträge zur Analyse der Empfindungen, I’ll show the close similarities between their view on both human knowledge and the scientific world description. In his writing on science Nietzsche shares Mach’s critique to the 19th century m...
Book
Full-text available
Tra i numerosi autori attivi nel campo delle scienze naturali che Friedrich Nietzsche ebbe modo di conoscere nel corso della propria vita, Ernst Mach rappresenta di certo un caso significativo. La sua presenza all’interno degli scritti del filosofo è pressoché nulla, ma la comunanza dei temi trattati e la particolare affinità delle prospettive adot...
Article
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"Twilight of the Idols" plays an important role in Nietzsche’s work, since it represents the opening writing of the philosophical project called "Transvaluation of all values". In that text, Nietzsche aims to sound out the "eternal idols", which means to disclose the inconsistency of the principles of traditional metaphysics. The way Nietzsche addr...
Data
Giornale Critico della Filosofia Italiana, LXXXVII (LXXXIX) fasc. III – Settembre-Dicembre 2008, pp. 534-543
Book
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L’analisi dei principali temi della filosofia di Nietzsche conduce all’individuazione della nozione di forza come elemento centrale delle sue riflessioni. Egli la incorpora ed utilizza filosoficamente, in periodi diversi, per la definizione di teorie centrali quali l’eterno ritorno, la volontà di potenza e il prospettivismo conoscitivo. L’assimilaz...
Article
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Una sonrisa manchada de sangre. El logo de una generación ―aquel smiley tan conocido para quien ha crecido en los años ochenta y ha escuchado la exhortación de no dejarse abatir por las preocupaciones tomando la vida con serenidad― marcado por una huella roja que obliga a una reflexión sobre la realidad edulcorada de los resplandecientes brillos de...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
The project aims to explore the contribution of Mary B. Hesse to the philosophy of science, with particular emphasis on her view of a post-empiricist tradition; the hermeneutic interpretation of science it implies; and the way it allow us to engage with the current debate on scientific realism.
Project
Investigation on the pragmatist features of Ernst Mach's epistemology. Particular attention will be payed to his evolutionary theroy of knowledge and his agnosticism about scientific realism.
Archived project
Investigation on some perspectives on subjectivity from the late ninteenth-century, in order to show where philosophy and scientific psychology merged.