Pietro Brandmayr

Pietro Brandmayr
Università della Calabria | Università della Calabria · Department of Biology, Ecology and Earth Science - DiBEST

Bachelor of Science
Still active as emeritus professor in my University and as entomologist for nature conservation.

About

301
Publications
88,835
Reads
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3,283
Citations
Citations since 2016
72 Research Items
1728 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
Introduction
Main projects already run out: PRIN Project 200947YRB9 - Impact of global change on ecosystems, animal communities and species of alpine and mediterranean areas of Italy. National Coordinator. Aims: comparison of the impact of global warming and precipitation decline in mountain areas of true mediterranean mountains versus Alpine chain (Dolomites). Faunistic survey of the National Park of the Sila (Calabria) and proposal for a MAB Reserve (obtained 2014).
Additional affiliations
January 1996 - December 2012
January 1987 - present
University of Calabria, Italy
Position
  • Professor of Zoology
Description
  • 1987-2014: Department of Ecology 2014-present Dept. Biology, Ecology and Earth Science (DIBEST) 2007 - present: President of the Natural History Museum and Botanical Garden of the University of Calabria
January 1987 - present
Università della Calabria
Position
  • Full Professor of Zoology
Description
  • Now I teach Zoology I, from low invertebrates to Arthropods, with additional themes on: taxonomy schools, nomenclature, speciation and species concept.

Publications

Publications (301)
Article
Synchrotron X‐ray phase‐contrast microtomography (SR‐PhC micro‐CT) is well established, fast and non‐destructive imaging technique for data acquisition that is currently being used to obtain new insights into insect anatomy and function in physiological, morphological and phylogenetic studies. In this study, we described in situ the internal organs...
Cover Page
Full-text available
Book review about: Turin H., Kotze D.J., Müller-Kroehling S., Saŝka P., Spence J., Heijerman T. 2022. Ecology and conservation of the Dutch ground beetle fauna. Wageningen Academic Publishers, 452 pp.
Article
Recent progress in the taxonomy of flat bark beetles (Cucujidae), specifically, in the genus Cucujus, has revealed great diversity in subtropical Asia, but the seemingly well-known temperate and boreal taxa need further attention because of their conservation status. Here, we used an integrative approach using morphology, DNA, and species distribut...
Article
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We re-examined the knowledge on the relationships between fauna and forest management in Italy. We focused our attention on Vertebrates, including small mammals (Rodents and Soricomorphs), bats, birds, reptiles and amphibians, and on carabid and saproxylic beetles. We found that nearly all groups respond in accordance with Angelstam’s scheme of the...
Article
Full-text available
The ecology of Ditomus calydonius is investigated mainly in the field, to define the poorly known habitat choice, the seasonal and reproduction rhythm, the circadian activity rhythm, the relationships with the food plant, Daucus spp. and the nesting behaviour. After pitfall-trapping of 120 sites in Calabria, the preferred habitat is found in open l...
Article
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The habit of feeding on slime moulds (Myxomycetes) commonly present in litter or dead wood requires specific morphological adaptations of the mouthparts and sensory structures involved in the search for habitat and food. In this study, the external morphology of antenna and its sensilla were studied using scanning electron microscopy in the saproxy...
Article
Full-text available
We were fortunate to have known Terry not only as an excellent professional coleopterist and an enthusiastic colleague, but also as a good friend. Entomological meetings for us came with an evening supper or two with Terry and the kind of laid-back personal catch-up that happens only among friends with long-term interest in each other’s lives. Thro...
Article
Full-text available
Predator community structure is an important selective element shaping the evolution of prey defence traits and strategies. Carabid beetles are one of the most diverse families of Coleoptera, and their success in terrestrial ecosystems is related to considerable morphological, physiological, and behavioural adaptations that provide protection again...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Pollino National Park is an extensive protected area (about 1926 km2) located in the Southern Apennines along the border between Calabria and Basilicata regions of Italy. In this area there are well-preserved Mediterranean ecosystems including a wide range of woodland types. Between 1000 to 1800 m of altitude beech (Fagus sylvatica) is the most...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Habitat Directive 92/43/EEC requires member states to draw up a National Report every six years about the conservation status of the species listed therein and the habitats of community interest present both inside and outside the Natura 2000 Network. (Reporting, art.17 of the HD). Through this report, the European Commission verifies the imple...
Article
Full-text available
Scarce data are currently available about the distribution of the Mediterranean medicinal leech Hirudo verbana in Italy, and most of the known occurrence localities are based on records collected in the nineteenth and the first half of the twentieth century, which were not confirmed in the last decades, mostly due to a lack of surveys. Accordingly,...
Book
Full-text available
Monograph in two volumes that contains factsheets and information on all the sites of the Natura 2000 network in Calabria, accompanied by the floristic and faunal information used for the Fourth European Report on the state of the Natura 2000 network. This work is proposed as a popularizing tool, as a basis for environmental education projects, but...
Article
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The paper is an attempt to take stock of recent research on the evolutionary history of the megadiverse beetle family Carabidae. First, the evolution of the carabid body is presented in its fundamental characteristics, in relation to the thoracic structure and locomotory and morphofunctional constraints, taking into account also what we know about...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Vengono proposti criteri di valutazione quantitativa del carattere «primario» (cioè della affinità verso un ipotetico popolamento potenziale, non alterato) e della capacità di ricostituzione spontanea della fauna a Coleotteri Geoadefagi (Coleoptera Carabidae, CicindeIidae) in alcuni ambienti più tipici del Carso Triestino. II carattere «primario» d...
Article
The present work is aimed at presenting the data, methods and criteria that are being used for the assessment of ecosystem collapse risk in Italy. ARTICLE HISTORY
Article
The larvae of the black soldier fly (BSF) Hermetia illucens are increasingly being used for waste management purposes given their ability to grow on a wide range of organic decaying materials. Although significant efforts have been spent to improve the mass rearing of BSF larvae on specific substrates and their bioconversion capability, little is k...
Article
Full-text available
Conservation of threatened animals is frequently limited by lack of knowledge about their ecological preferences, and often artificial feeding is one of the few chances to save endangered species. We investigated the possibility to artificially feed two endangered flat bark beetles dependent on dead wood for their diet—namely, Cucujus cinnaberinus...
Article
Full-text available
In carabid beetles, several morphometric parameters may vary from one habitat to another. Body size is one of the most important traits in animals because it directly relates to fitness and changes across latitudinal and altitudinal gradients. In this paper, we compare two populations of Nebria kratteri (Coleoptera, Carabidae) sampled in two old fo...
Article
Full-text available
To assess how species traits modulate the responses of carabids to elevational gradients, and how consistent these relationships are across different Alpine regions. Italian Alps. Coleoptera, Carabidae (ground beetles). Carabid communities were sampled using pitfall traps along elevational gradients (697–2,840 m) in 416 study sites comprising a ran...
Article
Herbicide application for pest control can negatively affect soil biodiversity, mainly acting on species that are involved in ecosystem service. In this study, field and laboratory trials were designed to assay herbicide exposure effects on the constitutive immunity of Harpalus (Pseudoophonus) rufipes (De Geer, 1774), a beneficial carabid species t...
Technical Report
The final Report of the project: "Foreste vetuste" (Old growth Forests), as from agreement between "Museo di Storia Naturale dell'Università della Calabria" and the Administration of the Sila National Park.
Article
Full-text available
Like other coleopterans, Carabids are recognized for the use of passive and active strategies against their enemies. They are known to produce dangerous and distasteful chemicals and to use anti-predator behaviors such crypsis/mimicry, gregariousness, intra- and interspecific helpful interactions, sound production and aposematism. While defensive c...
Article
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A molecular analysis of the genus Abax (Pterostichidae) has been carried out based on the sequencing of a mitochondrial cox gene fragment and the nuclear its-2 or 28S genes. The three subgenera which are included within Abax on morphological grounds, namely Abacopercus , Abax s. str. and Pterostichoabax were partially supported. Abacopercus is a mo...
Article
Full-text available
Carabids are of special interest as environmental quality assessment indicators of exposure to xenobiotic and for pest control. In agroecosystems, they can be exposed to a wide range of pathogens and environmental pollution exerting a stronger selection on their innate immune systems. Therefore, information on species-specific immunocompetence is n...
Article
Full-text available
Siagona europaea and Poecilus pantanellii are two carabid beetles strictly bound to clay soils typical of the Italian Apennines. The first exhibits a very flat body whereas the other has more "normal" proportions, suggesting a very different use of space. We tested the use of space of both species using three sets of live pitfall traps put in place...
Article
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The distribution of the three Italian species of Rhysodidae was reviewed by re-examining published data, museum conserved and newly collected specimens. Rhysodes sulcatus chronogeonemy encloses a large majority of old findings and only two recently confirmed active populations are recorded after the year 2000. Omoglymmius germari shows a similar pi...
Article
Full-text available
Colony integrity and survival in honeybees is regulated by chemical signals that are actively produced by glands and syner-gically transmitted between the members. A number of these signals regulate the typical age-related division of labor among the worker bees performing different tasks at different ages. In this study, the analysis of the cuticu...
Article
Full-text available
Communication held at the Round Table: "Global and local extinctions". Public conference of The Italian Academy of Entomology, November 16, 2018, Florence. Title: Extinctions of Carabid beetle species and communities at habitat level and at mesoscale: experiences in Italy. The extinction of carabid species and communities at local and mesoscale h...
Article
The carabid beetle Harpalus (Pseudophonus) rufipes is one the most common polyphagous species in the agroecosystem and plays an important role in the natural control of pests. The primary focus of the study was to examine whether exposure to herbicides, used for agricultural productivity, can have genotoxic sublethal effects on this epigean non-tar...
Poster
Full-text available
Inside the saproxilic arthropods community the diet of different taxa is unknown. Many studies have focused to identify the organisms (invertebrates and fungi) associated with Cucujus cinnaberinus and H. haematodes in order to demonstrate their role in the food chain. The food preferences of both adults and larvae of the genus Cucujus are still sca...
Article
Full-text available
The impact of agricultural practices and soil management on the communities of arthropods living in the agricultural landscape is acknowledged as a critical issue by the literature, and it needs to be better investigated to improve the ecological sustainability of agriculture. In the present study, we aimed to study how soil management affect carab...
Data
Species by sites table. Sites and species have been clustered following the classification of Fig 2 (groups A, B and C) and 3 (groups 4, 2, 1and 3). (PDF)
Data
PCA coordinates. Sample sites ordination on the basis of PCA axis 1 (Table 2.1), axis 2 (Table 2.2) and axis 3 (Table 2.3). (PDF)
Data
Computation of the annual Activity Density (aAD). (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
Is it correct to look for a supposedly missing species by focusing research at the type locality? A species can be declared extinct because for an unusual amount of time it has not been seen again; however, in the frame of the climate change it is likely that a supposedly missing species is a lucky survivor not seen because it was not searched for...
Article
Full-text available
Two native species of the genus Cucujus show a wide geographic distribution in Europe, Cucujus cinnaberinus (Scopoli, 1763) and C. haematodes Erichson, 1845. Although data on the distribution and ecology of these rare and endangered species are increasing, there are few reports on their biology and behaviour, and some aspects of their feeding ecolo...
Article
The maintenance of biodiversity in forestlands has become one of the major concerns of global forestry. Regarding the situation of Italy, the Mediterranean forests belong to the less studied in Europe. There is an urgent need to individuate reliable indicators that help to assess forest features important for their future management and biodiversit...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The report encloses monitoring protocols, methods, schedules, maps and all details of faunal species involved in the Natura 2000 Network of Calabria.
Article
Full-text available
Ground beetles as indicators of past management of old-growth forests in the Sila National Park. Old-growth forests are terrestrial ecosystems with the highest level of biodiversity and the main environments for the study of conservation and dynamics of the forest system. In Mediterranean Europe, two millennia of human exploitation deeply altered t...
Article
Carabid beetles are important in the biological control of arable crop pests. Agricultural practices can produce over time a delayed toxic effect at the organismal and population levels and can compromise the survival on these species. In this research, we quantified the cumulative sublethal effect on body size, Malpighian tubules and immune respon...
Article
Full-text available
We characterized the enzymatic activity of basal and total phenoloxidase and HLPC and SDS-PAGE profiles in hemolymph of Carabus lefebvrei males and females at different reproductive status. The phenoloxidase activity was activated by trypsin and inhibited by phenoloxidase activity specific inhibitor phenylthiourea. Our results demonstrated that bot...
Article
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Agonum tulliae sp. n. is described from the Sila Massif upland in Calabria, Italy. This species is similar to Agonum (Olisares) sexpunctatum (Linné, 1758) as far as the external morphology is concerned, but it is easy to distinguish by the colour pattern, the shape of pronotum, and at best by the morphology of male genitalia. The study includes som...
Article
Exosomes in Malpighian tubules of Calathus fuscipes (Coleoptera: Carabidae) were investigated under transmission electron microscopy. Ultrastructural analyses showed a wide number of multivesicular bodies localized in the apical portion of epithelial cells. Each multivesicular body encloses from 15 to 80 intraluminal vesicles (about 50 nm in diamet...
Article
Although a number of biomarkers of pollutant exposure have been identified in invertebrate species, little is known about the effect on Malpighian tubules playing an essential role in excretion and osmoregulation. Analyses of structural and functional alterations on this organ can be useful to predict the effects at the organism and population leve...
Technical Report
Full-text available
It concerns the monitoring Plan for the LIFE PAN Project Natura 2000 - Calabria
Article
Full-text available
Background and purpose: The approaches to the impact of climate change on carabid beetles are highly differentiated. We review here most studies that tried to compare past situations with present time conditions that may concern ground beetle species, populations and phenology, area and upslope shifts. Both epigean and hypogean domains have taken i...
Article
Full-text available
Background and purpose: The approaches to the impact of climate change on carabid beetles are highly differentiated. We review here most studies that tried to compare past situations with present time conditions that may concern ground beetle species, populations and phenology, area and upslope shifts. Both epigean and hypogean domains have taken i...
Article
Many environmental and intrinsic factors (e.g. limited access to the body) can disrupt insect activity, causing a delay in the colonization of a corpse. These elements could hinder an accurate estimation of the minimum Post-mortem Interval (minPMI), raising questions about the limits of forensic entomology. Blow fly are considered mainly diurnal an...
Article
Full-text available
Background and purpose. Species traits have been extensively used by botanists to describe, group and rank species according to their functions. Recently, the multi-trait approach has been extended also to the animal assemblages. There is now growing evidence that interspecific traits-variability can have significant effects on community dynamics a...
Book
Full-text available
Gli insetti delle foreste, in Sila, sono rappresentati da migliaia di specie, ma i coleotteri decompositori del legno morto rappresentano il vero "motore" del manto forestale silano, uno dei segreti della sua vitalità. In nessuna parte d'Europa le foreste, sia di conifere che di latifoglie, sono così vetuste ed imponenti come quelle che possiamo ve...
Presentation
Full-text available
Natura 2000 è il principale strumento della politica dell’Unione Europea per la conservazione della biodiversità. Si tratta di una rete ecologica diffusa su tutto il territorio dell’Unione, istituita ai sensi della Direttiva 92/43/CEE Habitat per garantire il mantenimento a lungo termine degli habitat naturali e delle specie di flora e fauna minacc...
Poster
Full-text available
Molti studi hanno evidenziato che i pesticidi, usati comunemente in agricoltura, hanno effetti negativi anche su specie benefiche di insetti che vivono nei coltivi e che ricoprono un ruolo nella rete trofica come predatori, impollinatori e parassitoidi. I Coleotteri Carabidi svolgono un ruolo importante nelle reti trofiche degli agroecosistemi come...
Poster
Full-text available
I carabidi sono coleotteri epigei geofili che rappresentano un importante componente predatoria della biocenosi dell’agroecosistema. L’analisi di alcune caratteristiche funzionali delle specie, in una data cenosi, consente una diagnosi qualitativa dell’ambiente sottoposto a stress di tipo antropico (uso di agrofarmaci, metodi di coltivazione, ordin...