Pieter Pauwels

Pieter Pauwels
Eindhoven University of Technology | TUE · Department of Built Environment

PhD

About

142
Publications
72,650
Reads
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2,076
Citations
Introduction
Pieter Pauwels works as an associate professor at the Eindhoven University of Technology, the Department of the Built Environment. He lectures several BIM courses and courses on Building Informatics, including expertise in all sorts of databases (relational, graph, and object-oriented DBs) and programming languages (Java, .NET, Javascript, Node, Python). In his research, he investigates how and to what extent information system support may be provided for architecture and construction. This research explores the usage of information management techniques, particularly including semantic web technologies and linked data, for design decision support. His work and interests are in information system support for the building life-cycle (architectural design, construction, building operation).
Additional affiliations
September 2019 - present
Eindhoven University of Technology
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2019 - present
Eindhoven University of Technology
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2016 - September 2019
Ghent University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
October 2003 - June 2008
Ghent University
Field of study
  • Architecture and Urban Planning

Publications

Publications (142)
Article
Full-text available
An increasing number of information management and information exchange applications in construction industry is relying on semantic web technologies or tools from the Linked Open Data (LOD) domain to support data interoperability, flexible data exchange, distributed data management and the development of reusable tools. These goals tend to be over...
Article
Today's construction industry relies heavily on high-performing building information modelling (BIM) systems. By deploying the Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) as a description language, these systems offer building information in a widely interoperable format, so that several applications are able to infer extra information. For a certain functio...
Article
The Special Issue of Automation in Construction is about why and how to use the Web of Data technologies (RDF, OWL) for building information management (BIM). The article by Radulovic and colleagues, Guidelines for Linked Data Generation and Publication: an Example in Building Energy Consumption, focuses on making a set of guidelines available rega...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As more and more architectural design and construction data is represented in the Resource Description Framework (RDF) data model, it makes sense to take advantage of the logical basis of RDF and realise a semantic rule-checking process as it is currently not available in architectural design and construction industry. Such a semantic rule-checking...
Article
Full-text available
The interoperability challenge is a long-standing challenge in the domain of architecture, engineering and construction (AEC). Diverse approaches have already been presented for addressing this challenge. This article will look into the possibility of addressing the interoperability challenge in the building life-cycle with a linked data approach....
Article
Construction supply chains (CSC) are characterized by their converging structure and the hierarchical payment system which is inherently related. Due to the pursuit of diverging goals and mutual interdependencies, risks and trust problems between stakeholders occur. Contracts are used to govern these complex collaborations. To track compliance to c...
Preprint
Full-text available
Buildings are complex cyber-physical systems that rely on a combination of heterogeneous systems to provide smooth operation, energy efficiency, occupant comfort, well-being and safety. Building Management Systems (BMS) are central to these operations and generate a huge amount of data. Traditionally operated in a local server in a building, state-...
Chapter
The built environment in the Industry 4.0 is digitizing rapidly and producing great amounts of data. These data are of different kinds and follow specific structures and logics, depending on what they are used for and where they come from. This includes vendor-neutral and exchangeable files, such as the Industry Foundation Classes (IFC), that captu...
Article
Full-text available
The Web has become one of the most influential threads of our life. And even though the vision for the Semantic Web was to describe things, people, concepts, and the relationships between them in a clear and unambiguous manner so that both computers and humans can interpret and use them, the term itself is still quite ambiguous. What is it, how doe...
Chapter
In diesem Kapitel wird ein Überblick über den aktuellen Stand der Technik, zukünftige Trends und konzeptionelle Grundlagen von Linked Data im Bereich Architektur und Bauwesen gegeben. Nach einer kurzen Einführung in die grundlegenden Konzepte von Linked Data und dem Semantic Web folgen praktische Anwendungen im Bausektor, die die Verwendung von Ope...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Digital Twins is an emerging field of research, mainly because they span the entire building lifecycle promising to uncover hidden inefficiencies and deliver data-driven applications. Broadly defined as real-time digital representations of physical assets, Digital Twins require a connection between static and real-time data. However, building infor...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Few industries are as fragmented as the building sector: during the life cycle of an asset, countless stakeholders are involved, ranging from direct stakeholders such as the architect, the owner and the facility manager towards indirect data providers like governments or geospatial institutions. This 'federated' reality contrasts with the concept o...
Article
Full-text available
Although achievements have been made in research on robotic construction for specific construction tasks, robots are still not capable of working together to accomplish multiple construction tasks. To achieve this goal it is necessary to study how to realize robot coordination in prefabricated construction. In this paper, we propose a component-ori...
Conference Paper
Smart construction has raised higher automation requirements of construction processes. The traditional construction planning does not match the demands of integrating smart construction with other technologies such as robotics, building information modelling (BIM), and internet of things (IoT). Therefore, more precise and meticulous construction p...
Article
Cross-domain information is essential for building energy performance assessment. The heterogeneous nature of this information is a major source for inefficient assessments. The semantic web provides a flexible pathway for addressing recognised interoperability issues. However, further implicit knowledge in cross-domain information could provide me...
Article
Environmental assessment is a critical activity for ensuring buildings are performing according to specified requirements, and efficient, seamless exchange of building information is crucial for environmental assessment. Therefore, all those involved in built environment issues should be able to access and share not only building information but al...
Chapter
Over the last years, Building Information Modelling (BIM) has been increasingly adopted in building projects for its benefits to collaboration and associated risk mitigation. Recent work is trying to make this data available over the web (web-based BIM applications). Most notable in making building data web-ready is the linked building data (LBD) i...
Article
Full-text available
Actors in the Architecture, Engineering, Construction, Owner and Operation (AECOO) industry traditionally exchange building models as files. The Building Information Modelling (BIM) methodology advocates the seamless exchange of all information between related stakeholders using digital technologies. The ultimate evolution of the methodology, BIM M...
Article
Building Information Modelling (BIM) has changed the way in which buildings are conceived, planned and executed. Apart from their frequent use for as-planned buildings, BIM authoring tools have now been adopted for a number of years for digitising existing buildings as well, mostly by performing a ‘scan-to-BIM’ process: the creation of a BIM model,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The advancements in Building Information Modelling, Building Monitoring Systems and machine learning have made the discovery of hidden insights and performance patterns in operational building data possible and highly accurate. Semantic web technologies play a fundamental role in terms of knowledge representation and provide the necessary infrastru...
Article
The exchange of construction-related data over the Web via Semantic Web Technologies is gaining interest in current research. However, most research focuses on non-geometric data, neglecting the description of geometry. While several methods to include geometry descriptions into a Semantic Web context exist, no uniform approach or general recommend...
Conference Paper
Currently, various types of construction robots are introduced in prefabrication construction, leading to a new research domain of Robot-Oriented Design. Although construction robotics display huge potential, its application in real construction projects is still limited. One of the reasons is the lack of a framework for collaborative robots (‘cobo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As the building industry is rapidly catching up with digital advancements, and Web technologies grow in both maturity and security , a data-and Web-based construction practice comes within reach. In such an environment, private project information and open online data can be combined to allow cross-domain interoperability at data level, using Seman...
Article
Full-text available
The Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) was created as an open standard format to ensure interoperability between BIM software. Yet, its monolithic, non-modular structure makes it difficult to implement, extend and use. The need for an architecture that is easy to maintain, to extend, and to adapt to different types of projects and different types of...
Preprint
The journal article is **reviewed and published** in the Journal of Smart Infrastructure and Construction. (Researchgate does not allow to change the "type of publication" from preprint to article). It can be accessed for free on the publisher's website: https://www.icevirtuallibrary.com/doi/10.1680/jsmic.19.00014
Article
To be able to design indoor wayfinding systems that adhere better to the needs of the users, user perception on complexity needs to be examined and linked to user characteristics and decision point characteristics. To identify how these characteristics influence perception, an online survey is executed in which participants had to indicate how comp...
Article
In the architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) industry stakeholders from different companies and backgrounds collaborate in realising a common goal being some physical structure. The exact goal is typically not known from the beginning, and throughout all design stages, new decisions are made - similarly to other design industries [1]. As...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
With the emergence of Building Information Modelling (BIM), the construction industry is rapidly catching up with the digital revolution that has boosted productivity in virtually all economic sectors. In current practice, the focus of BIM lies on exchange of documents, often through proprietary formats exchanged using the Industry Foundation Class...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Since the early 2000s, the building industry has been steadily embracing the concept of Building Information Modelling (BIM). Currently, the BIM focus lies on file-based collaboration, although with the rise of semantic web technologies, the benefits of web- and data-based collaboration for the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) indus...
Article
Full-text available
Sustainable building design requires an interplay between multidisciplinary input and fulfillment of diverse criteria to align into one high-performing whole. BIM has already brought a profound change in that direction, by allowing execution of efficient collaborative workflows. However, design decision-making still relies heavily on rules of thumb...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Even though it can provide design teams with valuable performance insights and enhance their decision-making processes, monitored building data is rarely reused in an effective feedback loop from operation to design. Data mining allows users to obtain such novel insights from the large datasets generated throughout the building life cycle. Furtherm...
Article
Geometric data plays a central role in the geospatial domain, architectural design and construction industry. For upcoming, new approaches to store building data, such as the Semantic Web, no universal common agreement exists on the combination of geometric and non-geometric data. It can therefore be unclear to users on how to represent their geome...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Linked Data in the construction industry is a topic gaining serious interest over the last years. However, this interest remains largely academic and has not sparked much adoption of web technologies in the field. To nourish adoption of Linked Data in practice, access to the data has to be made more easy. SPARQL, the recommended RDF query language,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Linked Data in the construction industry is a topic gaining serious interest over the last years. However, this interest remains largely academic and has not sparked much adoption of web technologies in the field. To nourish adoption of Linked Data in practice, access to the data has to be made more easy. SPARQL, the recommended RDF query language,...
Chapter
Full-text available
Cross-domain analytical techniques have made the prediction of outcomes in building design more accurate. Yet, many decisions are based on rules of thumb and previous experiences, and not on documented evidence. That results in inaccurate predictions and a difference between predicted and actual building performance. This article aims to reduce the...
Chapter
In this chapter, an overview of the current state of the art, future trends and conceptual underpinnings of Linked Data in the field of Architecture and Construction is provided. A short brief introduction to the fundamental concepts of Linked Data and the Semantic Web is followed by practical applications in the building sector that include the us...
Conference Paper
Combining conventional Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools and Linked Data technologies improves the options to connect building models to external datasets. Existing workflows in this regard expect a conventional BIM model - including object’s geometry - as a starting point. This paper presents a novel, alternative workflow oriented towards...
Chapter
Linked data and semantic web technologies offer promising characteristics in terms of meaningful integration of disparate information sources in the built environment and their exchange on a web scale. The current state of the art, however, focusses on large and monolithic schemas, which poses serious barriers for the effortless development of inte...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Decision-making in design and engineering relies little on knowledge discovered in previous projects and embedded in digital data. Applying analytical computational techniques to available data and pro- cesses can be of significant influence for infusing decision-making with the evidence-based character that it is currently lacking. The design envi...
Article
Full-text available
The built environment consists of plenty of physical assets with which we interact on a daily basis. In order to improve not only our built environment, but also our interaction with that environment, we would benefit a lot from semantic representations of this environment. This not only includes buildings, but also large infrastructure (bridges, t...
Technical Report
Full-text available
During the design process of a shared ontology, domain experts, software developers and ontology engineers collaborate. As they typically have a different view on the ontology and understanding of the technology, it can be difficult to communicate proposals within the group. The proposed SPARQL-visualizer application discussed in this paper tackles...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Several methods for creating building-related Linked Data graphs exist. This paper focuses on the conversion of IFC Building Information Models (BIM) to RDF Abox graphs using the emerging W3C Linked Building Data (LBD) modular ontologies: BOT (building topology), PRODUCT (classification of building elements) and PROPS (building-related properties)....
Article
Full-text available
This paper introduces the special issue “Advances in Implemented Shape Grammars: Solutions and Applications” and frames the topic of computer implementations of shape grammars, both with a theoretical and an applied focus. This special issue focuses on the current state of the art regarding computer implementations of shape grammars and brings a di...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Building Topology Ontology (BOT) was in early 2017 suggested to the W3C community group for Linked Building Data as a simple ontology covering the core concepts of a building. Since it was first announced it has been extended to cover a building site, elements hosted by other elements, zones as a super-class of spaces, storeys, buildings and si...
Article
Full-text available
The use of Building Information Modeling (BIM) for existing buildings based on point clouds is increasing. Standardized geometric quality assessment of the BIMs is needed to make them more reliable and thus reusable for future users. First, available literature on the subject is studied. Next, an initial proposal for a standardized geometric qualit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Linked data and semantic web technologies are gaining impact and importance in the Architecture, Engineering, Construction and Facility Management (AEC/FM) industry. Whereas we have seen a strong technological shift with the emergence of Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools, this second technological shift to the exchange and management of bui...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Building Information Modeling (BIM) and Semantic Web technologies are becoming more and more popular in the Architecture Engineering Construction (AEC) and Facilities Management (FM) industry to support information management , information exchange and data interoperability. One of the key integration gateways between BIM and Semantic Web is repres...
Article
Full-text available
The control logic implemented in building automation systems (BAS) has a significant impact on the overall energy demand of the building. However, information on the control logic, if documented, is often concealed from further data integration and reuse in heterogeneous information silos using disparate data formats. In particular, existing data f...
Article
As more and more architectural design and construction data is represented using the Resource Description Framework (RDF) data model, it makes sense to take advantage of the logical basis of RDF and implement a semantic rule checking process as it is currently not available in the architectural design and construction industry. The argument for suc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the last years, several ontologies focused on structuring domain specific information within the scope of Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) have emerged. Several of these individual ontologies redefine core concepts of a building already specified in the publicly available ontology version of the ISO standardised Industry Foundati...
Article
With the rapidly growing of online product models in construction industry, there is an urgent need for developing effective domain-specific information retrieval methods. Explicit Semantic Analysis (ESA) is a method that automatically extracts concept-based features from human knowledge repositories for semantic retrieval. This avoids the requirem...
Article
Over the past few years, several suggestions have been made of how to convert an EXPRESS schema into an OWL ontology. The conversion from EXPRESS to OWL is of particular use to the architectural design and construction industry, because one of the key data models in this domain, namely the Industry Foundation Classes (IFC), is represented using the...
Chapter
At one time, architects and construction specialists used to rely mainly on sketches and physical models as representations of their own cognitive design models. Today, they rely increasingly on computer models including parametric models, generative models, as-built models, building information models (BIM ), and so forth. Of course, processes of...
Article
Over the recent years, the usage of semantic web technologies has notably increased in the domains of architecture, engineering and construction (AEC). These technologies are typically considered as complementary to existing and often used Building Information Modelling (BIM) software. The usage of these technologies in the AEC domains is thereby m...