Pieter-Paul Verhaeghe

Pieter-Paul Verhaeghe
Vrije Universiteit Brussel | VUB · Department of Sociology (SOCI)

Professor

About

85
Publications
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Introduction
Pieter-Paul Verhaeghe is assistant professor in Sociology at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel in Belgium. In 2012 he successfully defended his PhD about the (re)producing role of social capital for ethnic and socio-economic inequalities in health and in the labour market entrance. His current research interests include migration, discrimination, poverty, evidence-based policy making, health inequality, residential segregation and urban planning. Personal page: https://pieterpaulver.wordpress.com

Publications

Publications (85)
Technical Report
Full-text available
Het doel van dit onderzoek was om discriminatie op basis van etnische afkomst en seksuele oriëntatie objectief in kaart te brengen op de huurwoningmarkt van Kortrijk. We voerden hiervoor 398 gepaarde correspondentietesten uit op Immoweb. Deze methode stelt ons in staat om na te gaan in welke mate kandidaten minder worden uitgenodigd voor een plaats...
Article
Full-text available
Equal Opportunity programs (EO) continue to be at the center of the debate about promoting equality in higher education. While support for EO has been well‐studied in American higher education, this research is the first to investigate the attitudes towards and support for a range of EO policies among professors in Europe. We specifically examine f...
Book
Full-text available
This book consists of more than 100 pages of exercises on univariate and bivariate statistics. Following a learning path from descriptive to inferential statistics, it provides students with exercises, solutions and additional explanation. The book contains exercises from sociology, political sciences and communication studies. Most exercises are b...
Article
Full-text available
Different methodologies rely on names, by assuming that people clearly and solely perceive signals of ethnic-national origin from names. This study examines the perception of names from an intersectional perspective in a West-European context. Firstly, we analyze whether people perceive signals of ethnic-national origin in names. Secondly, we test...
Article
Full-text available
Het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest kende de afgelopen jaren een snelle toename van woningen voor kortverhuur via digitale deelplatformen zoals Airbnb. In deze studie onderzoeken we de evolutie van deze Airbnb woningen in de hoofdstad tussen 2015 en 2021, waarbij we een onderscheid maken tussen verschillende types van verhuurders. We onderzoeken hie...
Presentation
Full-text available
Op 15 juni 2022 organiseerde de commissie economische zaken en tewerkstelling van het Brusselse parlement een hoorzitting over de Ordonnantie van 16 november 2016 inzake het bestrijden van discriminatie op het vlak van tewerkstelling in het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest. Meer info: http://weblex.brussels/display_pdf.php?info=convoc_nl&key=23806 De...
Article
Full-text available
There is still little research about the association of anti-immigrant attitudes with ethnic discrimination. In this study we investigate whether there is more rental discrimination against ethnic minorities in Belgian municipalities with more negative attitudes and higher perceived threats toward immigration and refugees. For this purpose, we merg...
Article
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare the spatial distribution of different types of Airbnb hosts – based on a novel typology – and to investigate their association with neighbourhood characteristics in Brussels. Design/methodology/approach: This study describes the location of Airbnb dwellings across the types of hosts and use spatial...
Chapter
Full-text available
In dit hoofdstuk maken we een analyse van de toepassing van discriminatietesten als beleidsinstrument tussen 2015 en 2021 door de verschillende overheden in België. We gaan hierbij na met welke finaliteit ze worden ingezet op de arbeids- of huurwoningmarkt: academisch, sensibiliserend en/of in een gerechtelijke context. Vervolgens maken we een tuss...
Technical Report
In dit rapport wordt dieper ingegaan op de verschillende aspecten van correspondentietesten, specifiek bij het opzetten van nulmetingen naar discriminatie bij lokale besturen als werkgever. Na een korte toelichting bij het doel van de opdracht wordt er stilgestaan bij de bredere kadering waar het concept discriminatie en correspondentietesten centr...
Article
This study aims to investigate to which extent the ethnic and socio-economic composition of the neighbourhood is related to levels of discrimination in the rental housing market and how this is linked to theories of ethnic discrimination. Hereby, we divide the context into the neighbourhood of the dwelling and the real estate agency, using data fro...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Het doel van deze sensibiliserende meting was om na te gaan in hoeverre het niveau van etnische discriminatie op de professionele huurwoningmarkt van Antwerpen is veranderd sinds de nulmeting van 2019-2020. We voerden hiervoor in het najaar van 2021 2950 correspondentietesten – de geschreven variant van praktijktesten – uit bij vastgoedmakelaars ac...
Article
Full-text available
To mitigate ethnic labour market discrimination, it is essential to understand its underlying mechanisms because different mechanisms call for different counteracting measures. To this end, we reviewed the recent literature that confronts the theories of taste-based and statistical discrimination against the empirical reality. Whereas the empirical...
Preprint
In recent research, Google Trends data has been identified as a potentially useful data source to complement or even replace otherwise traditional data for predicting migration flows. However, the research on this is in its infancy, and as of yet suffers from a distinctive Western bias both in the topics covered as in the applicability of the metho...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Het doel van dit onderzoek was om discriminatie op de private huurwoningmarkt van Brugge in kaart te brengen. Hierbij hebben we twee discriminatiegronden onderzocht: etnische afkomst en inkomensbron. Bij het onderzoeken naar etnische discriminatie hebben we een verder onderscheid gemaakt tussen Syrische en Poolse namen in vergelijking met Belgische...
Article
Full-text available
Introducing a new method, we measure real estate agents’ intentions to act upon a discriminatory request on the housing market. Our results show that realtors are willing to discriminate on request and that the method of mystery mails allows scholars to measure and contextualize these discriminatory intentions in a detailed and elaborate way.
Chapter
Full-text available
Correspondence tests are the golden standard to examine discriminatory behavior in the real world. This chapter starts with distinguishing correspondence tests from related methods, such as situation tests, mystery calls, and mystery visits on the basis of three criteria. Afterwards, it briefly discusses the history of correspondence tests and its...
Article
Ethnic discrimination proves to be a persistent problem on the private rental market. However, little attention has been paid to contexts that might impact discrimination on the housing market, partly due to the fact that these factors have not been integrated into a comprehensive study. We aim to investigate whether the types of discriminatory beh...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Deze studie heeft als doel om discriminatie op basis van etnische herkomst en inkomensbron te onderzoeken op de private huurwoningmarkt in de Limburgse mijngemeentes Genk, Maasmechelen, Beringen en Houthalen-Helchteren. We voerden hiervoor 391 academische correspondentietesten – de geschreven versie van praktijktesten – uit tussen 11 februari 2021...
Preprint
Full-text available
Notwithstanding high levels of ethnic discrimination on the rental housing market, we have witnessed in many West-European countries a shift from targeted multicultural to colour-blind policies. At the same time, anti-immigration attitudes remained relatively stable. Whether and how these attitudes are translated in support or aversion toward anti-...
Article
Full-text available
Since the 1980s, everyday racism has gained ground within the social sciences. However, the theory of everyday racism has not been properly adopted and, consequently, varies across different research fields. The main goal of this study is to improve the scientific rigor within research on everyday racism in the human and social sciences. Following...
Article
Full-text available
Diversity policies have become an indispensable part of higher education institutions (HEIs) of the Global North. The increased monitoring by the European Commission has led to changes in Belgian HEI policy especially regarding gender. While research shows that the implementation of diversity policies has a positive effect on redistributing power,...
Technical Report
Full-text available
[the order of the list of contributors is random; the contributions have been equal] In our round table discussion on vulnerabilities and responsibilities of migrant teens, we focused on adolescents with a migration background living in Belgium. Although many of the participants have experience in migration settings outside of Belgium, the strategi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Recent werden er een aantal initiatieven aangekondigd om discriminatie in kaart te brengen, de monitoring hiervan verder te zetten en/of aangepaste maatregelen te nemen. De minister van Wonen kondigde aan om opnieuw een Woonsurvey door het steunpunt Wonen te organiseren en neemt beleidsinitiatieven met de immosector. De minister van Werk kondigde a...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Het doel van dit onderzoek was om discriminatie door vastgoedmakelaars op de huurwoningmarkt objectief te meten voor vier discriminatiegronden: etnische afkomst, gender, handicap en seksuele oriëntatie. Bij etnische afkomst maakten we verder een onderscheid tussen vier bevolkingsgroepen: Marokkaanse, Turkse, Congolese en Roemeense Antwerpenaren. Bi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The aim of this explorative study was to investigate to which extent landlords and real estate agents in Wallonia discriminate against ethnic minorities. For this purpose, we performed 1109 correspondence tests on the rental housing market of four cities in the Region of Wallonia: Liège, Namur, Charleroi and Mons. From the results it was very clear...
Article
This explorative study examines the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on ethnic discrimination. By means of 482 pairwise matched correspondence tests in pre-Covid times and 440 tests in Covid times, we examine discrimination against candidates of Maghrebian and Congolese origin on the housing market of a metropolitan city in Belgium. While the absolu...
Article
Full-text available
Correspondence tests have been used by scholars and civil rights organizations to measure ethnic discrimination. In contrast to research testing covering a whole market through many discrimination tests, litigation testing typically targets a single agent, which can only be tested through a very low number of tests per agent. This low number of tes...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Het doel van deze studie was om na te gaan in welke mate particuliere verhuurders en vastgoedmakelaars in Kortrijk discrimineren op basis van etnische afkomst. We voerden hiervoor 299 academische praktijktesten uit op de huurwoningmarkt. Uit de resultaten blijkt dat kandidaat-huurders met een Marokkaanse naam significant minder worden uitgenodigd v...
Book
Full-text available
This book consists of more than 100 pages of exercises on univariate and bivariate statistics. Following a learning path from descriptive to inferential statistics, it provides students with exercises, solutions and additional explanation. The book contains exercises from sociology, political sciences and communication studies. Most exercises are b...
Article
Full-text available
Ethnic discrimination is very persistent on the rental market. Real estate agents hold a unique position, as the intermediate link between owners with specific (discriminatory) desires on the one hand and rental candidates on the other. By means of the relatively new technique of mystery calls among 400 real estate agents in the Brussels Capital Re...
Article
Most research on intake focusses on the restrictions parents’ capital cause on their abilities to choose. However, the steering effect of schools in the choice-process has been neglected. We chose the Flemish context to investigate ethnic- and class-discrimination in the enrolment to kindergarten (N = 2243). The Flemish education system is known fo...
Article
Background Research on the influence of everyday racism and discrimination on the mental and physical health of ethnic and racial groups is on the rise. Scholars use self-reported experiences of racism and discrimination scales to study the relationship between everyday racism/discrimination and health. Throughout the years, these scales have been...
Preprint
Full-text available
Scholars have gone to great lengths to chart the incidence of ethnic labour market discrimination. To effectively mitigate this discrimination, however, we need to understand its underlying mechanisms because different mechanisms lead to different counteracting measures. To this end, we reviewed the recent literature that confronts the seminal theo...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Sinds 2015 voert Stad Gent een doorgedreven beleid tegen discriminatie op de woningmarkt. Deze ‘Gentse aanpak’ bestond uit een combinatie van training, dialoog en academische, sensibiliserende en juridische praktijktesten onder wetenschappelijke begeleiding. De stad focuste hierbij voornamelijk op de groep van vastgoedmakelaars. De hamvraag is hier...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Dit onderzoek had als doel om het bestaan van discriminatie op en de toegankelijkheid en de betaalbaarheid van de private huurwoningmarkt in Mechelen te onderzoeken. We maakten hiervoor gebruik van een combinatie van technieken. In het eerste deel van het rapport werden de toegang tot de huurmarkt en de keuze van een huurder vanuit een juridische b...
Article
Full-text available
The ethnic residential segregation literature seldom considers household characteristics, despite their importance for residential mobility. This study offers a first step to amend this lacuna by focussing on the relationship between marital status and the presence of children on the one hand and the extent to which ethnic majority households live...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Deze opvolgmeting onderzocht het voorkomen van discriminatie door vastgoedmakelaars op de private huurwoningmarkt in het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest tijdens de eerste zeven maanden van 2019. We voerden hiervoor 5509 correspondentietesten via Immoweb en Zimmo uit. Er werden vier discriminatiegronden getest: etnische origine, handicap, inkomensbro...
Article
Despite the importance of household characteristics for residential mobility, these characteristics are seldom considered in research on ethnic residential segregation. This study seeks to fill this gap when focusing on the residential behaviour of ethnic minorities and the constraints they face on the housing market. We use conditional logit model...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Dit project onderzocht in welke mate homoseksuele en lesbische koppels in de eerste fase van het verhuurproces gediscrimineerd werden op de private huurwoningmarkt in Gent in vergelijking met heteroseksuele koppels. We organiseerden hiervoor 943 gepaarde correspondentietesten bij huuradvertenties op Immoweb. Uit de resultaten blijkt dat homoseksuel...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Deze studie ging na in welke mate de drie categorieën van maatregelen uit het actieplan tegen discriminatie op de Brusselse huisvestingsmarkt van 2018 een effect hebben gehad op de bereidheid van vastgoedmakelaars om in te gaan op een discriminerende vraag. We organiseerden hiervoor 283 mystery calls omtrent etnische discriminatie en 237 mystery ca...
Article
Although we live in a society that pictures itself as antiracial and gender equal, research has shown that subtle forms of discrimination persist and affect the everyday life of ethnic minorities and women. This study investigates everyday discrimination while shopping in clothing stores of different price ranges from an intersectional perspective...
Article
Verschillende gemeentes in België streven ernaar jonge, middenklasse gezinnen aan te trekken. Dit kan echter leiden tot gentrificatie en de verdringing van de oorspronkelijke inwoners. Om verdringing tegen te gaan, is het nodig te weten waar gentrificatie plaatsvindt. Van Criekingen (2008, 2009) ontwikkelde methodes om gentrificatie in kaart te bre...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research on gentrification almost exclusively focussed on either the gentrifiers or those who are displaced. Those who manage to avoid displacement remain understudied. To shed new light on these original inhabitants, we link upward change in low-income neighbourhoods, measured by the changing socio-economic composition of the neighbourhoo...
Article
Full-text available
De voorbije jaren kwamen praktijktesten uitgebreid in de media. Academici brachten grootschalige discriminatie op de woning- en arbeidsmarkt aan het licht door middel van praktijktesten. Verschillende middenveldorganisaties en politici pleiten dan weer om praktijktesten te gebruiken om discriminerende bedrijven of verhuurders aan te pakken. Dit ove...
Article
While the construction of high-rise buildings is a popular policy strategy for accommodating population growth in cities, there is still much debate about the health consequences of living in high flats. This study examines the relationship between living in high-rise buildings and self-rated health in Belgium. We use data from the Belgian Census o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Although there is an extensive field dedicated to the study of ethnic residential segregation, few scholars investigate the importance of household characteristics for understanding this segregation. Considering the White Flight hypothesis as a special case of the Residential Stress theory, we investigate whether there is a link between the presenc...
Article
Background: According to the social model of disability, physical 'impairments' become disabilities through exclusion in social relations. An obvious form of social exclusion might be discrimination, for instance on the rental housing market. Although discrimination has detrimental health effects, very few studies have examined discrimination of p...
Article
This study investigates socio-economic and ethnic inequalities in social capital and their effects on the process of the labour market entry. We use longitudinal data about the transition from school to work of lower- and middle educated young people in Belgium. Social capital is measured with three robust position generator measures. In line with...
Article
Full-text available
Voor veel huurders is het betalen van de huurwaarborg een zware last om te dragen. Banken hebben daarom in België sinds 2007 de wettelijke verplichting om via een bankwaarborg de huurwaarborg aan hun cliënten voor te schieten. Dit onderzoek ging via praktijktesten bij 549 bankkantoren in Vlaanderen na of banken al dan niet voldoen aan deze wettelij...
Chapter
Full-text available
This study gives an overview of the existing research on position generator measures, tracks their popularity over time, and examines the extent to which research results would differ due to the use of different position generator measures. We focus on two research topics: (1) the association between social capital and socioeconomic attainment; and...
Article
La société évolue souvent plus vite que les idees, les concepts et les lois qui visent à l'appréhender et à l'organiser. La superdiversité croissante en son sein rend de plus en plus obsolète la politique multiculturelle classique des groepes cibles. La superdiversité qui caractérise les migrants d'Europe centrale et oriëntale vivant en Belgique le...
Article
Onze maatschappij verandert vaak sneller dan onze ideeën, concepten en wetten om die maatschappij te vatten en te organiseren. Door de groeiende super-diversiteit binnen de samenleving wordt het klassieke, multiculturele doelgroepenbeleid steeds meer achterhaald. De super-diversiteit onder Midden- en Oost-Europese migranten naar België is hiervan e...
Article
Dit jaar vieren we 50 jaar Turkse en Marokkaanse migratie naar België. Hiep hoi, waar is dat feestje? Maar is er wel veel reden tot feesten? Vijftig jaar nadat hun grootouders als gastarbeider in België aankwamen, kampen Turkse en Marokkaanse jongeren nog steeds met een hogere kans op schoolachterstand en werkloosheid. Ook de wederzijdse vooroordel...
Article
The position generator is a widely used research tool to measure individual social capital. Although the position generator is said to be reliable, there are only a few broad guidelines to construct the instrument and there is no standard list of occupational items. Furthermore, the reliability of the position generator across different occupationa...
Article
This paper deals with individual and contextual effects on the religiosity of first and second generation migrants in Europe. Determining that little attention has been directed towards intergenerational transmission of religion in processes of integration, we argue for an intergenerational perspective on immigrant religiosity. Social integration t...
Article
Full-text available
De ruimtelijke segregatie van etnische groepen vertelt veel over hun positie in de maatschappij. Het is echter opmerkelijk hoe weinig recent kwantitatief onderzoek er bestaat naar de buurtsegregatie van etnische groepen in Nederland en België. Deze studie vergelijkt daarom de recente evolutie in buurtsegregatie van drie ‘nieuwe’ migrantengroepen (P...
Article
: In the literature, several contradicting views can be found concerning rural–urban differences in individual social capital. This study combines a literature review with an empirical examination of the different points of view, applying multilevel modeling techniques on data collected from 2,332 students living across 216 municipalities. In gener...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates how the socio-economic positions of the parents shape the access to social capital of their children. We examine the influence of three parental socio-economic positions on the access to three job-finding resources from the family among labour market entrants. In addition, we examine how ethnic differences in family social c...
Article
Migratie is reeds vele jaren één van de meest besproken thema’s in de Belgische en Vlaamse politiek. Niet alleen vele burgers maar ook politici en zelfs procureurs hebben het gevoel dat het migratiebeleid in ons land heeft gefaald. Zo orakelden de Antwerpse procureur-generaal Yves Liégeois en advocaat-generaal Piet Van den Bon vorig jaar, bij het b...
Book
Full-text available
Immigratie en diversiteit zijn vaak het onderwerp van passionele debatten. Maar hoe zit het nu met de sociale positie van de Turken en Marokkanen in de maatschappij? Leven ze eerder naast dan met de Belgen? En welke plaats nemen de ‘nieuwe’ migrantengroepen zoals de Bulgaren, Slowaken en Polen in? Dit boekt schetst een beeld van de levensomstandigh...
Article
This study examines whether there is an association between network social capital and self-rated health after controlling for social support. Moreover, we distinguish between network social capital that emerges from strong ties and weak ties. We used a cross-sectional representative sample of 815 adults from the Belgian population. Social capital...
Article
Full-text available
In deze bijdrage voor het afscheidsnummer van MigrantenStudies reflecteren we kritisch over twee zaken. Eerst gaan we na in welke mate etnische ongelijkheden in sociale netwerken de sociaaleconomische achterstelling van etnische minderheden in Nederland en België kunnen verklaren. Vervolgens beschouwen we de mate waarin interetnische contacten bete...
Article
Op 13 juni 2010 behaalde de sp.a de slechtste score sinds de Eerste Wereldoorlog. Deze uitslag zet tot denken aan. Dit essay heeft een dubbele bedoeling. Enerzijds proberen we aan te tonen dat mensen die de nederlaag wijten aan een ‘te linkse’ koers, te kort door de bocht gaan. Anderzijds probeert dit essay de contouren vast te leggen van een lange...
Article
Full-text available
Ongeveer een jaar geleden herdoopte de sp.a zichzelf tot een netwerkpartij. Het nieuwe partijmodel was het antwoord op zowel de verkiezingsnederlaag van 10 juni 2007 als de tanende invloed van de klassieke massapartij. Deze netwerkpartij doet echter sterk denken aan het sociologische concept ‘sociaal kapitaal’. Een sociologische analyse van de ster...
Article
Full-text available
Young adults are feeling the pressure to have a steady relationship. Using data from ‘Young in Ghent’ (N = 735), this study examines whether (1) young adults (18-25 year) with a (cohabiting) partner also have a better mental health, and whether (2) there exist gender differences. Furthermore, (3) the deficit paradigm as a dominant explanation model...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
We would like to perform a regression analysis of a seven-point Likert scale as the dependent variable. This outcome is, however, very skewed and we would prefer not to dichotomize it. Can we perform a negative binomial regression with this outcome, even when the variable isn't really a count variable? In addition, does anybody know sound statistical references (books or articles) to motivate this choice.

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
EdisTools aims to investigate the interplay of conscious and unconscious attitudes, intentions, personality traits, contextual factors and expressions of ethnic discriminatory behaviour in the fields of labour, housing, health care and education. Additionally, the validation goal of this project is to develop low-threshold, interactive and flexible training tools to increase awareness and empower individual service providers to deal with the causes of (potentially) discriminatory behaviour. EdisTools is funded by Research Foundation-Flanders (Strategic Basic Research).
Project
During the past decade, shared short-term rentals grew spectacularly in many tourist destinations. Likewise, the Brussels Capital Region (BRC) experienced a rapid increase of available short-term rental dwellings, advertised on ‘peer-to-peer’ platforms, such as Airbnb and HomeAway. In the public debate, there are many concerns and unknowns about the patterns and consequences of this ‘collaborative economy’. This project aims to examine the and inequalities of the shared short-term rental market in the Brussels Capital Region. As social scientists, we are especially interested in the inequalities that come along with these shared short-term rentals: their unequal residential patterning over Brussels’ neighbourhoods (objective 1), the inequality in the type of providers of short-term rentals (objective 2), the discrimination of tourists on the peer-to-peer rental platforms and the potential inadequate supply of short-term rental dwellings for specific categories of tourists (objective 3) and the gentrifying effects of the growing shared short-term rental market for the local residents on the regular long-term housing market in terms of the availability and affordability of rental dwellings and the potential displacement of inhabitants (objective 4). Finally, we also want to formulate evidence-based policy recommendations to tackle the problems of inequality (objective 5).
Project
This Horizon 2020 project’s overall aim is to improve understandings of the changing nature of migration flows and the drivers of migration, to analyse patterns and motivations and new geographies and to calculate population estimates and determine emerging trends and future trends and accordingly identify possible future implications of today’s policy decisions. Profound insights about the factors such as demand for supply of labour, analysis of sectoral policies, demographics but also of their interaction with people’s inclination to migrate are at the centre of the project’s focus. Moreover, projections and mid- and long-term scenarios that are crucial for pertinent planning and effective policymaking will be provided via a participatory approach for merging the knowledge and merging new and Big Data to the analysis of the changing nature of migration flows and factors and calculate population estimates and determine emerging trends and future trends. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under grant agreement no. 870661.