Pieter de Wilde

Pieter de Wilde
Norwegian University of Science and Technology | NTNU · Department of Sociology and Political Science

PhD

About

67
Publications
30,620
Reads
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2,270
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2019 - December 2020
Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Position
  • Professor
September 2016 - August 2019
Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
March 2011 - August 2016
WZB Berlin Social Science Center
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (67)
Article
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Report addressed to the European Parliament and the Commission on policy recommendations and on Treaty changes and amendments to the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights
Article
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Contributions in this thematic issue focus explicitly on citizens and their online engagement with European politics. For social media research in the European Union, citizens remain an understudied actor type in comparison with political elites or news organizations. The reason, we argue, is four key challenges facing social media research in the...
Article
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Communication Strategy of the EU for best practice and policy recommendations: Work Package 15 - Deliverable 1
Conference Paper
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The narratives that the EU exists to create peace or prosperity are losing force. The first one does not resonate so much with younger generations. The second has suffered a major blow during the Euro crisis. In response, key actors in the EU - including notably French President Emmanuel Macron - have pushed a new narrative: A Europe that Protects....
Article
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This paper analyzes recent trends of democratic backsliding within the European Union (EU). While some scholars highlight threats to the rule of law and judicial independence as the key development and problem, others focus on elite discourse and partisan competition. We provide a comprehensive analysis of the essence of democratic backsliding by a...
Article
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Research on policy responsiveness of the European Union has adopted the systemic model from national contexts. This focusses on the static congruence or the dynamic adaptation of aggregated policy output and similarly aggregated public opinion. Approaches in this vein provide relevant insights and uncover a surprising degree of EU responsiveness. Y...
Conference Paper
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This handbook outlines the logistical plan and coding guide for the execution of the Representative Claims Analysis (RCA) of media discourse on democracy and the rule of law in the European Union for the RECONNECT project. The proposed analysis will produce a dataset informing a greater understanding of existing perceptions of democracy and the rul...
Article
Cambridge Core - Political Sociology - The Struggle Over Borders - edited by Pieter de Wilde
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How does media coverage of European Union (EU) politics affect the process of European integration? This contribution investigates the nature and logic of media coverage of EU affairs and identifies the news value criteria that underpin it. It subsequently confronts the key causal mechanisms and processes of grand theories of European integration w...
Article
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All kinds of actors, elected and unelected, make claims to represent certain constituencies. This article sheds new light on what this practice of representative claims-making might imply for the legitimacy of the liberal world order. It develops a quality of representation index at the level of representative claims and introduces a novel dataset....
Article
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Recent societal conflicts over immigration, free trade and EU membership testify to the controversiality of globalization in Western societies. Brexit, Trump, the refugee crisis, and the debate around transatlantic trade and investment partnership (TTIP) are clear illustrations of the salience of globalization in politics. Many argue that neolibera...
Article
Can structural conflict over globalization be observed outside Western Europe? When does such a cosmopolitan–communitarian cleavage emerge? These questions are highly relevant as similar conflicts over open borders seem to take place in various countries. To answer these questions, we analyze electoral competition on issues related to globalization...
Article
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While national parliaments in the European Union have learned to internalize new opportunities for influence given to them by the Lisbon Treaty, European integration has evolved and places ever more serious demands and constraints on domestic legislatures. Following the euro crisis, key decisions about national macro-economic policies are taken in...
Preprint
ParlSpeech contains full-text vectors of more than 3.9 million plenary speeches in the key legislative chambers of the Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom, covering periods between 22 and 28 years. Speeches are annotated with date, speaker and party. This release note provides a more detailed gui...
Article
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Debates about the EU's democratic legitimacy put national parliaments into the spotlight. Do they enhance democratic accountability by offering visible debates and electoral choice about multilevel governance? To support such accountability, we argue, saliency of EU affairs in the plenary ought to be responsive to developments in EU governance, has...
Article
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Economic, cultural and political systems formerly bounded by the borders of nation states are increasingly globalized. Politicians, civil society and other societal actors engage in publically debating issues related to globalization. Whether conflicts consolidate to form a stable cleavage depends among other factors on the extent to which they bec...
Chapter
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This contribution assesses the explanatory power of European integration theory for the politicisation of specific European Union (EU) issues in mass media and national parliaments. By comparing debates on the EU budget in the Netherlands, Denmark and Ireland, on three different budget negotiations, in newspapers and in plenary parliamentary sessio...
Article
The politicisation of European governance has become an important subject in debates about the institutional design, day-to-day decision-making and democratic legitimacy of the European Union. This special issue takes stock of this development of politicisation research, including the theoretical development as well as the rapidly expanding body of...
Article
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Theoretical debate about the effects of politicisation on the democratic legitimacy of the European Union has tended to focus on the potential of conflict between European political parties or member state governments. At the same time, empirical sociological studies demonstrate that controversy about Europe continues to unfold primarily within nat...
Article
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Advocates of a global democratic parliament have expressed hopes that this would not only legitimize global governance in procedural terms, but also bring about more cosmopolitan policies. They point to the European Parliament as an example of a successful real existing democratic parliament beyond the state with cosmopolitan intent. We analyse ple...
Chapter
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European integration has become increasingly controversial since the beginning of the 1990s (Eichenberg and Dalton 2007; Hooghe and Marks 2009; de Wilde and Zürn 2012; Statham and Trenz 2013b). That is, mass publics have come to pay more attention to political decision making within the European Union (EU) framework and at the same time seem more c...
Technical Report
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Dieses WZB Diskussionspapier befasst sich mit der im Rahmen des Brückenprojekts „Die politische Soziologie des Kosmopolitismus und Kommunitarismus“ durchgeführten representative claims analyis. Es dient als methodologische Grundlage für die Interpretation der hierbei entstandenen Datensammlung sowie den aus ihr folgenden Erkenntnissen. Darüber hina...
Article
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This contribution assesses the explanatory power of European integration theory for the politicisation of specific European Union (EU) issues in mass media and national parliaments. By comparing debates on the EU budget in the Netherlands, Denmark and Ireland, on three different budget negotiations, in newspapers and in plenary parliamentary sessio...
Article
Does the increasing politicisation of Europe signify a step towards the legitimation of the Union? This could be the case if the increased public intensity of debate and polarisation of opinion brought about by politicisation do not fragment the audience and if arguments presented in public are sufficiently clear about the desired nature of the pol...
Article
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Globalization pressures result in a new ideological conflict among Europeans. We use detailed items from the Eurobarometer survey on issues of immigration and European integration that measure the ideological perspective underpinning positions toward the EU. This provides a fine-grained analysis of the ideologies underlying the poles of the new glo...
Article
This contribution presents a detailed methodological discussion on the empirical study of political representation. It confronts Saward's conceptualization of the representative claim with the method of claims analysis, developed by Koopmans and Statham. Drawing on Saward, the contribution emphasizes the theoretical need to study the act of represe...
Article
The spreading phenomenon of Euroscepticism is manifested in critical practices in discourse that oppose European integration. This paper explores Euroscepticism as an element of discourse, which cannot only be measured as party positions or individual attitudes. Based on this understanding, our argument is twofold. Firstly, Euroscepticism relates t...
Article
The current political climate in the European Union, referred to as the ‘constraining dissensus’, may place negotiations on the multiannual EU budget centre stage. Media framing of EU budget negotiations as conflict between member states may reinforce the constraining dissensus by resonating with exclusive national identity. In contrast, media emph...
Article
Following the failure of the Constitutional Treaty, executives of European Union (EU) Member States and the European Commission tried to take European integration as a political issue as much off the agenda as possible and limit involvement of citizens in EU decision‐making. This article assesses the viability of this attempt to combat politicizati...
Article
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Difference on European Union issues expressed in Europe’s public spheres carries potential benefits for democracy in Europe through stimulating a sense of belonging and political engagement among European citizens. This potential lies in the (re)construction of in-groups and out-groups and in the articulation of meaningful political choice. By doin...
Chapter
This study provides an empirical comparative case study of representative claims-making in EU budget negotiations. Two questions are addressed in this paper. First, the paper asks what the role of elected or appointed partisan politicians is in comparison to other representatives. This question is relevant given the reported increasing importance o...
Article
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This paper discusses the effects of the Early Warning Mechanism, introduced in the Treaty of Lisbon, on democracy in the European Union. It argues that the mechanism does not contribute to democracy in the EU for three reasons. First, it does not strengthen existing channels of delegation and accountability in the EU. Instead of contributing to the...
Article
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In the literature on European integration, politicization as concept is often attributed major importance. This article shows how the literature variously discusses the politicization of European Union (EU) institutions, the politicization of EU decision‐making processes or the politicization of EU issues. Similarly, the literature attributes three...
Article
This article asks how ex ante and ex post control mechanisms structuring the involvement of national parliaments in European Union (EU) policy-formulation affect the scope of conflict and visibility of parliamentary debates. Based on democratic theory, partisan conflict and high visibility are normatively preferable. The effects of control mechanis...
Article
This article empirically investigates how media coverage of European Union (EU) policy-formulation affects the involvement of national parliaments in these processes. The literature has variously argued that the involvement of national parliaments in EU policy-formulation is unrelated to media coverage, that media strengthen the hand of backbencher...
Article
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The German Federal Constitutional Court’s ruling is based on a nation state-bound understanding of political representation which does not take the EU’s compounded system into account. Furthermore, it confounds questions of voting structure with questions about the pouvoir constituent. Its emphasis on the equality of peoples over the equality of ci...
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This paper analyses the prominence, content and justifications of Euroscepticism as a form of EU legitimacy contestation. Support of and opposition to European integration have so far been mainly measured through the positions of political parties or citizens’ attitudes through public opinion polls. Against this reliance on static indicators, we fo...
Article
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The current Eurosceptic political climate in the European Union, known as the ‘constraining dissensus’, may place negotiations on the multiannual EU budget center-stage. If media portray political conflict about the budget as international polarization pitting Member States against each other or against European Union (EU) institutions, it may incr...
Article
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Eurosceptic parties won a clear victory in the 2009 European Parliament elections. Contrary to the negative reactions from some pro-European politicians and political scientists, this essay argues that the electoral success of Eurosceptic parties will neither endanger the process of European integration nor keep the Euro-pean Parliament from workin...
Article
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Scholarly debate on party-based Euroscepticism centers on the questions of how to define, measure and explain Euroscepticism. As a starting point, this paper observes that studies on Euroscepticism either focus on the positions of individual parties on issues of European integration or on the character of public discourse in different member states...
Article
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The spreading phenomenon of Euroscepticism relates to particular discursive formations within the battlefield of collective identities that is opened by European integration. This paper first aims to highlight the reactionary nature of Euroscepticism. Secondly, it argues for understanding Euroscepticism as a discursive formation in the public spher...
Article
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This paper asks how ex ante and ex post control mechanisms structuring the involvement of national parliaments in EU policy-formulation affect the size and scope of conflict of parliamentary debates. The direct and indirect effects of control mechanisms are assessed in a comparative case study on plenary parliamentary debates in the Danish Folketin...
Article
Full-text available
Scholarly debate on party-based Euroscepticism centers on the questions of how to define, measure and explain Euroscepticism. As a starting point, this paper observes that studies on Euroscepticism either focus on the positions of individual parties on issues of European integration or on the character of public discourse in different member states...
Article
Full-text available
This paper empirically investigates the relationship between media coverage of EU policy-formulation and the involvement of national parliaments in these processes. The literature has variously argued that the activity of national parliaments in EU policy-formulation is unrelated to media coverage, that media strengthen the hand of backbenchers and...
Article
Full-text available
This conceptual paper provides a working definition of politicisation of European integration, based on a literature review. Politicisation has often been used by political scientists interested in European integration We observe that research using the concept is rarely interested in the process of politicisation, but rather in its product. By ans...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
Leonardo DiCaprio says he represents people who want to stop climate change, U2 singer Bono says he represents the poor in Africa and Anders Behring Breivik says he represents "Norwegians and Europeans ... who do not want [their] indigenous rights to be taken from them." There are many individuals who claim to represent people. Why do they do that? How often are such claims made? Do people feel themselves represented by these individuals? What does that all mean for the legitimacy of liberal democracy in Europe? UNelected REPresentatives: The Impact on Liberal Democracy in Europe (UNREP) sets out to answer these questions. This takes place against a background of crisis of liberal democracy in Europe. Many people do not feel represented by elected politicians. They turn to populists like Marine Le Pen or autocrats like Victor Orban. There is a lot of research on populists, populist parties and peoples' opinion about democracy and trust in politics. Yet so far, the role of unelected representatives in all this is largely overlooked. UNREP departs from a new development in political theory, which considers representation not as the result of elections but as interaction between those who claim to represent others and the audience that either approves or rejects such claims.
Project
RECONNECT's goal is to provide a comprehensive diagnosis of the EU's democracy and rule of law deficits. We will make recommendations on how to address them in order to strengthen the EU’s legitimacy and reconnect the EU with its citizens.
Project
Trondheim Analytica is a four year interdisciplinary project at NTNU. It aims to provide state of the art insight into the possibilities for deriving key information about European citizens’ political viewpoints and associated emotions based on their social media profiles. We do this by: A) developing tools for studying public opinion through merging big data analysis with qualitative analysis; B) raising awareness among decision makers, academics, and the general public; and C) studying the strategies of successful social media campaigns.