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Pierre-Yves Le Traon

Pierre-Yves Le Traon
Mercator Ocean International

PhD

About

281
Publications
57,491
Reads
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13,055
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2011 - August 2021
Mercator Ocean
Position
  • Managing Director
Description
  • Research interests : satellite and in-situ observing systems, coastal and open ocean, sea level and ocean circulation, modelling and data assimilation, climate and operational oceanography.
September 2005 - July 2011
Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer
Position
  • Program Director - Operational Oceanography (coastal, open ocean)
September 1995 - August 2005
Collecte Localisation Satellites
Position
  • Head Oceanography Department then Vice Director CLS Space Oceanography Division
Education
October 1986 - January 1990
Paul Sabatier University - Toulouse III
Field of study
  • Physical Oceanography
September 1984 - July 1985
Université de Bretagne Occidentale
Field of study
  • Physical and Coastal Oceanography
September 1981 - September 1984
Mines Saint-Etienne
Field of study

Publications

Publications (281)
Article
Swath altimetry is likely to revolutionize our ability to monitor and forecast ocean dynamics. To meet the requirements of the EU Copernicus Marine Service, a constellation of two wide-swath altimeters is envisioned for the long-term (post-2030) evolution of the Copernicus Sentinel 3 topography mission. A series of observing system simulation exper...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding and sustainably managing complex environments such as marine ecosystems benefits from an integrated approach to ensure that information about all relevant components and their interactions at multiple and nested spatiotemporal scales are considered. This information is based on a wide range of ocean observations using different system...
Book
This book integrates the perspectives and experiences of 37 authors coming from the governmental (Federal and State), academic, private, non-profit, and tribal sectors. Partnerships in Marine Research: Case Studies, Lessons Learned, and Policy Implications provides a thorough assessment of this important approach to Marine Research. It starts by lo...
Chapter
A global deep-ocean observing system, the Argo Program, was enabled by technology advances and implemented by a multi-national partnership of academic and governmental institutions and scientists, national agencies, and commercial providers. Development of the autonomous profiling float made Argo possible. Formation of key partnerships made it a re...
Preprint
Full-text available
Swath altimetry is likely to revolutionize our ability to monitor and forecast ocean dynamics. To meet the requirements of the EU Copernicus Marine Service, a constellation of two wide-swath altimeters is envisioned for the long-term (post-2030) evolution of the Copernicus Sentinel 3 topography mission. A series of Observing System Simulation Exper...
Book
Full-text available
This book summarizes achievements from 2015 to 2021 for Copernicus Marine Service production centers (Thematic Assembly Centers, Monitoring and Forecasting Centers) and system, service, innovation and user uptake/user engagement coordination teams. This is a collective work of 50 authors and many more collaborators all around Europe.
Article
Full-text available
Sea-level rise is a direct consequence of climate change. Primarily due to ocean thermal expansion and transfer from land ice (glaciers, ice sheets) to the ocean, sea-level rise is therefore an integrated indicator of climate change. Coastal zones and communities are expected to be increasingly threatened by sea level changes, with various adverse...
Article
Full-text available
A first attempt was made to quantify the impact of the assimilation of Surface Water Ocean Topography (SWOT) swath altimeter data in a global 1/12° high resolution analysis and forecasting system through a series of Observing System Simulation Experiments (OSSEs). The OSSE framework (Nature Run and Free Run) and data assimilation scheme have been d...
Article
The presence of invasive species in the Mediterranean Sea is much higher than in other European seas, and understanding the reasons behind the range expansion of this invasive species is important for minimising any possible impacts to the already highly pressurised Mediterranean marine ecosystem. In this work, a brief description of sightings of t...
Book
Full-text available
Summary: https://marine.copernicus.eu/news/ocean-state-report-5-summary-now-available Full report: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1755876X.2021.1946240
Article
Full-text available
In 2018 we celebrated 25 years of development of radar altimetry, and the progress achieved by this methodology in the fields of global and coastal oceanography, hydrology, geodesy and cryospheric sciences. Many symbolic major events have celebrated these developments, e.g., in Venice, Italy, the 15th (2006) and 20th (2012) years of progress and mo...
Article
Full-text available
In 2018 we celebrated 25 years of development of radar altimetry, and the progress achieved by this methodology in the fields of global and coastal oceanography, hydrology, geodesy and cryospheric sciences. Many symbolic major events have celebrated these developments, e.g., in Venice, Italy, the 15th (2006) and 20th (2012) years of progress and mo...
Article
Full-text available
GLORYS12 is a global eddy-resolving physical ocean and sea ice reanalysis at 1/12° horizontal resolution covering the 1993-present altimetry period, designed and implemented in the framework of the Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS). The model component is the NEMO platform driven at the surface by atmospheric conditions from...
Article
Full-text available
The future Surface Water Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission due to be launched in 2022 will extend the capability of existing nadir altimeters to enable two-dimensional mapping at a much higher effective resolution. A significant challenge will be to assimilate this kind of data in high-resolution models. In this context, Observing System Simulation E...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This EMB Policy Brief focuses on in situ Ocean observations and highlights their benefits, funding and governance challenges, and the investment needed for their transformation and sustainability. In situ Ocean observations are all Ocean, seas or coastal observations, and complement remote sensing observations (e.g. from satellites). This Policy Br...
Article
Full-text available
The international array of profiling floats known as Argo is a major component of the global ocean-and climate-observing system. In 2010, the NAOS (Novel Argo Observing System) project was selected as part of France's Equipex "Investissement d'Avenir" program. The objectives of NAOS were to consolidate the French contribution to the Argo core missi...
Article
Full-text available
Argo, the international array of profiling floats, is a major component of the global ocean and climate observing system. In 2010, the NAOS (Novel Argo Observing System) project was selected as part of the French "Investissements d'Avenir" Equipex program. The objectives of NAOS were to consolidate the French contribution to Argo's core mission (gl...
Article
Full-text available
In the past two decades, the Argo Program has collected, processed, and distributed over two million vertical profiles of temperature and salinity from the upper two kilometers of the global ocean. A similar number of subsurface velocity observations near 1,000 dbar have also been collected. This paper recounts the history of the global Argo Progra...
Article
Full-text available
Global ocean sampling with autonomous floats going to 4000–6000 m, known as the deep Argo array, constitutes one of the next challenges for tracking climate change. The question here is how such a global deep array will impact ocean reanalyses. Based on the different behavior of four ocean reanalyses, we first identified that large uncertainty exis...
Article
Full-text available
The Argo Program has been implemented and sustained for almost two decades, as a global array of about 4000 profiling floats. Argo provides continuous observations of ocean temperature and salinity versus pressure, from the sea surface to 2000 dbar. The successful installation of the Argo array and its innovative data management system arose opport...
Article
Full-text available
The Argo Program has been implemented and sustained for almost two decades, as a global array of about 4000 profiling floats. Argo provides continuous observations of ocean temperature and salinity versus pressure, from the sea surface to 2000 dbar. The successful installation of the Argo array and its innovative data management system arose opport...
Article
Full-text available
This paper summarizes recent efforts on Observing System Evaluation (OS-Eval) by the Ocean Data Assimilation and Prediction (ODAP) communities such as GODAE OceanView and CLIVAR-GSOP. It provides some examples of existing OS-Eval methodologies, and attempts to discuss the potential and limitation of the existing approaches. Observing System Experim...
Article
Full-text available
We live on a blue planet, and Earth’s waters benefit many sectors of society. The future of our blue planet is increasingly reliant on the services delivered by marine, coastal and inland waters and on the advancement of effective, evidence-based decisions on sustainable development. ‘Oceans and Society: Blue Planet’ is an initiative of the Group o...
Article
Full-text available
The ocean plays a vital role in the global climate system and biosphere, providing crucial resources for humanity including water, food, energy, and raw materials. There is a compelling need to develop an integrated basin-scale ocean observing system to support of ocean management. We articulate a vision for basin-scale ocean observing – A comprehe...
Article
Full-text available
Satellite altimetry is one of the main sources of information used to constrain global ocean analysis and forecasting systems. In addition to in situ vertical temperature and salinity profiles and sea surface temperature (SST) data, sea level anomalies (SLA) from multiple altimeters are assimilated through the knowledge of a surface reference, the...
Article
Full-text available
The Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS) provides regular and systematic reference information on the physical and biogeochemical ocean and sea-ice state for the global ocean and the European regional seas. CMEMS serves a wide range of users (more than 15,000 users are now registered to the service) and applications. Observation...
Article
Full-text available
The Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS) provides regular and systematic reference information on the physical and biogeochemical ocean and sea-ice state for the global ocean and the European regional seas. CMEMS serves a wide range of users (more than 15,000 users are now registered to the service) and applications. Observation...
Article
Full-text available
The importance of stakeholder engagement in ocean observation and in particular the realization of economic and societal benefits is discussed, introducing a number of overarching principles such as the convergence on common goals, effective communication, co-production of information and knowledge and the need for innovation. A series of case stud...
Article
Full-text available
The future international Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) Mission, planned for launch in 2021, will make high-resolution 2D observations of sea-surface height using SAR radar interferometric techniques. SWOT will map the global and coastal oceans up to 77.6° latitude every 21 days over a swath of 120 km (20 km nadir gap). Today’s 2D mapped...
Article
Full-text available
A coordinated effort based on Observing System Simulation Experiments (OSSEs) has been carried out for the first time by four European ocean forecasting centers in order to provide insights on the present and future design of the in situ Atlantic Ocean observing system from a monitoring and forecasting perspective. This multi-system approach is bas...
Article
Full-text available
The impact of forthcoming wide-swath altimetry missions on the ocean analysis and forecasting system was investigated by means of OSSEs (observing system simulation experiments). These experiments were performed with a regional data assimilation system, implemented in the Iberian–Biscay–Ireland (IBI) region, at 1∕12° resolution using simulated obse...
Article
Full-text available
Since 19 October 2016, and in the framework of Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS), Mercator Ocean has delivered real-time daily services (weekly analyses and daily 10-day forecasts) with a new global 1∕12° high-resolution (eddy-resolving) monitoring and forecasting system. The model component is the NEMO platform driven at the...
Book
Full-text available
The chapter starts with an overview of satellite oceanography, its role and use for operational oceanography. Main principles of satellite oceanography techniques are summarized. We then describe key techniques of radar altimetry, sea surface temperature, and ocean colour remote sensing. This includes measurement principles, data processing issues,...
Article
Full-text available
Satellite altimetry provides essential sea level observations to constrain ocean analysis and forecasting systems. New generation of nadir altimeters now provides enhanced capability thanks to a SAR mode that allows reducing the 1 Hz (7 km) measurement noise level from about 3 to 1 cm RMS. A first assessment of the impact of SAR altimetry for globa...
Preprint
Full-text available
The global high resolution monitoring and forecasting system PSY4 at Mercator Océan, initialized in October 2006, has achieved 11 years of global ocean state estimation. Based on the NEMO global 1/12 • configuration, PSY4 includes data assimilation of satellite and multi-instrument in situ observations. In parallel to this monitoring system, a twin...
Article
Full-text available
The impact of forthcoming wide-swath altimetry missions on the ocean analysis and forecasting system was investigated by means of OSSEs (Observing System Simulation Experiments) performed with a regional data assimilation system, implemented in the Iberian-Biscay-Ireland (IBI) region, at 1/12° resolution using simulated observations derived from a...
Article
Full-text available
The global high resolution monitoring and forecasting system PSY4 at Mercator Océan, initialized in October 2006, has achieved 11 years of global ocean state estimation. Based on the NEMO global 1/12° configuration, PSY4 includes data assimilation of satellite and multi-instrument in situ observations. In parallel to this monitoring system, a twin-...
Article
Full-text available
Since October 19, 2016, and in the framework of Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS), Mercator Ocean delivers in real-time daily services (weekly analyses and daily 10-day forecasts) with a new global 1/12° high resolution (eddy-resolving) monitoring and forecasting system. The model component is the NEMO platform driven at the...
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
The objective of the NAOS project is to consolidate and improve the French and European contribution to the international Argo observing system and to prepare the next decade of Argo. NAOS will develop and validate the next generation of Argo profiling floats. New float capabilities will include: improved performances, integration of biogeochemical...
Article
Full-text available
A series of observing system simulation experiments (OSSEs) is carried out with a global data assimilation system at 1∕4° resolution using simulated data derived from a 1∕12° resolution free-run simulation. The objective is to not only quantify how well multiple altimeter missions and Argo profiling floats can constrain the global ocean analysis an...
Article
Full-text available
The Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS) provides regular and systematic reference information on the physical state, variability and dynamics of the ocean, ice and marine ecosystems for the global ocean and the European regional seas. CMEMS includes both satellite and in-situ high level products prepared by Thematic Assembly Ce...