Pierre Giresse

Pierre Giresse
Université de Perpignan | UPVD · Centre of Education and Research on Mediterranean Environments

PhD

About

290
Publications
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Publications

Publications (290)
Research Proposal
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an Open Access Journal by MDPI Formation and Evolution of Glauconite. New Scale Approach Guest Editor: Prof. Dr. Pierre Giresse CEFREM, UMR 5110 CNRS, Université de Perpignan Via Domitia, 66860 Perpignan, France giresse@univ-perp.fr Deadline for manuscript submissions: 16 June 2022 Message from the Guest Editor For a long period of time, particular...
Preprint
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There is a broad agreement that towards the end of the Holocene in Central Africa there was a drier “Late Holocene Forest Crisis” (LHFC) that impacted the Central African rainforest between c. 2500-2000 cal BP. This climate-driven LHFC has been thought to have led to the expansion of savanna that colonized previously forested lands. A relationship...
Article
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Contourite sediment accumulations at continental margins are related to strong bottom water circulation, where intense winnowing can result in neoformation of authigenic grains of glauconite at the seafloor. In this study, we investigated whether such glauconite grains could faithfully record ambient bottom-water neodymium (Nd) isotopic composition...
Article
Off French Guiana and Surinam, NADW and AABW oceanic currents contour the Demerara marginal plateau, which promotes the formation of contourites. We have studied these contourites thanks to a new compilation of high-resolution sub-bottom profiles calibrated by sedimentary cores. The echo-facies and isopach maps we constructed highlight a sedimentar...
Article
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Published by Science Advances, 13 May 2021 - Response to the published paper “Seidensticker (D.), Hubau (W.), Verschuren (D.), Fortes-Lima (C.), de Maret (P.), Schlebusch (C.M.) & Bostoen (K.), 2021, Population collapse in Congo rainforest from 400 CE urges reassessment of the Bantu Expansion, Science Advances, Published online: 12 February 2021, V...
Article
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Paleoclimatic changes are the most probable causes of the rainforest crises 2,600 y ago in Central Africa.
Article
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Plusieurs églises romanes de l'Est des Pyrénées (Albères, Aspre, Cerdagne) édifiées sur des terrains schisteux paléozoïques renferment des pierres de construction rouge foncé à structure bréchique et à ciment ferro-siliceux qui n'avaient jamais été signalées à ce jour. Ces pierres furent spécialement choisies à des fins ornementales (encadrements d...
Article
Several Romanic churches of eastern Pyrenees (Albères, Aspre, Cerdagne) built on Paleozoic schistose bed-rocks show dark red building stones with breccia structure and ferro-siliceous cement that were never reported so far. Considering the abundance of schistose sandstones in the landscape around, this uncommon dark red stone with light gray clasts...
Chapter
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A wide range of lithological materials was used for the numerous architectural monuments build in the eastern Pyrenean domain during the brief Majorquine dynasty and that are inlarge part slightly well preserved nowadays. The lithology and the mineralogy of materials implemented in monuments were defined and compared with the various facies observe...
Article
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During the warmer Holocene Period, two major climatic crises affected the Central African rainforests. The first crisis, around 4000 cal yr BP, caused the contraction of the forest in favor of savanna expansion at its northern and southern periphery. The second crisis, around 2500 cal yr BP, resulted in major perturbation at the forest core, leadin...
Article
This region, comprised between the Kouilou estuary and Pointe-Noire, is characterised by a very specific morphological setting. On the continental side, the coastal sector is dominated by cliffs of sand over 100 m high, referred to as the Série des Cirques, whereas, on the ocean side, very active erosion is presently taking place which has resulted...
Article
Sedimentological and geochemical analyses and 14C dating were performed for a sedimentary core sample from the Lopé 2 marsh in the northern zone of Gabon's Lopé National Park. The results produced a division of the core sample into three main units. The basal part of the core sample was dated to 2,320 years cal BP. At this time, the Lopé 2 marsh wa...
Conference Paper
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Le plateau de Demerara forme un promontoire bathymétrique le long de la Guyane française et du Surinam. Il est décrit comme un plateau marginal issu d’une structuration en mode transformant (Mercier de Lépinay, 2016). Ce relief est composé d’un plateau continental suivi d’un second plateau plus profond, compris entre 200 et 3200 m, dont la partie d...
Article
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L'analyse des données de sismique réflexion haute résolution et leur comparaison à la lithologie des carottes des sédiments fini-quaternaires de la partie septentrionale du plateau continental camerounais permettent d'évaluer la qualité de la réponse sismique et d'envisager l'apport de cet outil dans la caractérisation des sédiments et de la dynami...
Article
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Clay fraction contents distribution in the Senegal River estuary after the building of the anti-salt Diama dam has shown that upstream sediments are very muddy. Clay fraction content is as high as 60 % of sediments in the middle of the channel with a pronounced downstream decreasing trend on the banks comparing to the contents in the middle of the...
Article
The Demerara Plateau, belonging to the passive transform margin of French Guiana, was investigated during the IGUANES cruise in 2013. The objectives of the cruise were to explore the poorly-known surficial sedimentary column overlying thick mass transport deposits as well as to understand the factors controlling recent sedimentation. The presence o...
Article
During the late Pliocene, the Roussillon plain was the site of repeated accumulations of fine-grained silty deposits, locally intercalated with sandy-gravelly flood deposits. Such sediment-accumulation processes implied that, around 4 Ma ago, the manifestations of structural collapse of the plain had virtually ceased, and that subsidence had become...
Article
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The IGUANES cruise took place in May 2013 on the R/V L’Atalante along the Demerara passive transform margin off French Guiana and Surinam. Seismic, multibeam and chirp acquisitions were made. Piston cores were collected for pore geochemistry and sedimentology. A mooring was deployed on the sea-bottom for 10 months (temperature, salinity, turbidity...
Poster
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A Contourite Depositional System (CDS) has been described at the Demerara Plateau (DP) based on seismic investigations, but little is known about the mechanisms of associated sediment deposition and its interaction with past deep ocean circulation patterns (e.g. bottom current velocity) and bottom morphology related to ancient event of slope instab...
Poster
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Le Plateau de Demerara a été le sujet d’une campagne océanographique (IGUANES) en Mai 2013. L’un des objectifs de cette mission et l’objectif de ce travail est de comprendre les différents processus sédimentaire qui affectent cette zone particulière et leurs possibles interactions entre eux. Pour cela, de nombreuses données géophysiques (bathymétri...
Conference Paper
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Sur le plateau de Demerara, un CDS (Contourite Depositional System) a été décrit grâce à la présence de différentes structures sur le fond marin (« comet tail », « longitudinal waves », contourite drifts, contourite moats) mais aussi grâce à la présence de séquence de contourites décrites au sein des carottes sédimentaires. En parallèle des variati...
Article
A dense grid of high- and very high resolution seismic data, together with piston cores and borehole data providing time constraints, enables us to reconstruct the history of the Bourcart canyon head in the western Mediterranean Sea during the last glacial/interglacial cycle. The canyon fill is composed of confined channel-levee systems fed by a se...
Article
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The Pleistocene alluvial conglomerates of the Verdouble River valley, close to the famous Palaeolithic site of Tautavel, were the object of lithologie determinations including microtextural analysis intended to define their provenance, their sedimentary facies and their calcite cement. Previous age assignments by other authors envisage that these c...
Article
In order to better constrain the relationship between tectonics and sedimentation of the Eastern Sardinian Margin, from the Messinian to the present day (METYSS project), a lithostratigraphic study was carried out on the Late Neogene deposits along the Cedrino Valley (eastern Sardinia). The late Neogene evolution is documented from sedimentological...
Article
In order to better constrain the relationship between tectonics and sedimentation of the Eastern Sardinian Margin, from the Messinian to the present day (METYSS project), a lithostratigraphic study was carried out on the Late Neogene deposits along the Cedrino Valley (eastern Sardinia). The late Neogene evolution is documented from sedimentological...
Presentation
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Le projet METYSS-METYSAR est un chantier terre-mer bénéficiant du soutien programmatique « Actions Marges » qui a notamment pour objectif de contraindre les relations entre tectonique, sédimentation, et évolution géodynamique de la Marge Est- Sarde (Gaullier et al., 2014). L’ouverture arrière-arc de la Mer Tyrrhénienne, entre la Sardaigne et le dom...
Poster
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La campagne océanographique IGUANES a eu lieu en mai 2013 sur le Plateau de Demerara dans le cadre d’un partenariat entre le CEFREM et l’IFREMER. L’un des objectifs de cette mission était d’appréhender les processus sédimentaires affectant la marge guyanaise peu connus jusqu’à maintenant. Ce plateau forme un promontoire de 380 km de long, 220 km de...
Poster
Full-text available
We report preliminary data for a multidisciplinary investigation of the eastern Demerara Plateau conducted in 2013 during the IGUANES cruise (seismic and bathymetric data, sediment cores, and mooring). Our first observations show the presence of a vast field of longitudinal bed forms and comet marks between 2000 and 2800 m water depth, with a NW-SE...
Article
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The narrow shelf and upper slope immediately above the Gonone canyon head off NE Sardinia represent areas of very low sedimentation rates. Along the sides of the canyon head (1,600 m water depth), the sediment deposits are homogeneous but show alternating light-grey intervals rich in carbonate and dark-grey ones rich in organic matter, possibly rel...
Article
The recent paper in this journal by Thié blemont et al. (2013) (TH) discusses mainly about the coarse-grained stone lines (S L) in central Africa, particularly the most recent one, and also the fine-grained Cover Horizon (C H) above the S L. This study supplies various interesting precisions on the implementation of S L and C H. So ''geochronologic...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, Nguène Lake and Kamalété Lake (Gabon, West Central Africa) have been studied repeatedly, providing comprehensive reconstructions of environmental changes over the last millennia. Both lakes are in different geomorphological and environmental settings. They are therefore excellent sites to test new methodological approaches. Indeed,...