Pierre Failler

Pierre Failler
University of Portsmouth · Department of Economics and Finance

PhD
Professor, Director of the Centre for Blue Governance, Unesco Chair in Ocean Governance

About

402
Publications
315,734
Reads
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Introduction
Pierre Failler is a Professor of Economics at the University of Portsmouth. He is and has been the Designer and Co-ordinator of International Research and Development programs (EU-DG Research, EU-DG MARE, FAO, UNEP, etc.) in Fishery, Ocean and Coastal zone policy and governance, International and regional fish trade marine, coastal biodiversity and ecosystem services, climate change, poverty and food security (Africa, Europe, Pacific and Caribbean).
Additional affiliations
September 2019 - present
University of Portsmouth
Position
  • Managing Director
June 2018 - present
University of Portsmouth
Position
  • Professor
May 2014 - June 2018
University of Portsmouth
Position
  • Lecturer

Publications

Publications (402)
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report aims to synthesize the current theory and practice of the blue economy concept to govern economic activity linked to the ocean, and to provide a framework for the Government of Bangladesh to analyze its potential. With the peaceful resolution of maritime boundary disputes with its neighbors in 2012 and 2014, the Government has recently...
Chapter
Full-text available
Africa’s natural assets and associated contributions to people are underutilised in some areas, but are generally in decline due to a range of natural and human activities. Africa’s natural assets and associated contributions to people are underutilised in some areas, but are generally in decline due to a range of natural and human activities. Non-...
Article
Developing countries are struggling to meet Aichi Target 11, which calls for 10% of national marine area under protection. In addition, the official tool to measure their progress, the WDPA, tends to overestimate it. To reach this target, developing countries must set up large offshore Marine protected areas.
Article
Small pelagic fish (SPF) are among the most traded fishery products in small-scale fishing in coastal areas in low-income countries. Small-scale fisheries play a key role in the supply of fish products and form an integral component of the world’s fish production. However, due to post-harvest losses, distribution, and marketing issues, most SPFs st...
Article
This paper identifies the effect of Mauritian regulation changes on EU industrial vessels' fishing activities and their implications for food security. The rich resources of Mauritanian waters have historically been utilized by large foreign trawlers, creating small ripple effects and jobs in Mauritania. However, in 2012, Mauritanian authorities in...
Article
Full-text available
Since the adoption of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals in 2015, the world oceans, to which a specific goal was assigned, have been high on the global agenda. At the national level, the ocean has received increasing consideration, with many coastal states and islands adopting blue economy strategies and frameworks, and putting the oc...
Article
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The establishment of a carbon trading market is crucial for China to fulfil its carbon emission commitments through a market mechanism. As a market-based environmental regulation instrument, Emission Trading Scheme (ETS) has been attracted increasing attention worldwide, while the effect of ETS on low-carbon economy efficiency (LEE) has not been fu...
Technical Report
Full-text available
African island states are heavily dependent on the extraction of natural resources, while accumulating considerable amounts of waste. The ‘circular economy’ concept is highly relevant to African island states, given that they are dependent on resource extraction and generate significant amounts of waste. Appropriate policy action and multi-stakehol...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, a sustainability framework with a case application for UK’s Scottish fisheries has been developed which integrates aspects related to economic growth, social development, governance, biology, environment, and logistics. Scotland is the centre of UK’s commercial fishery sector however it faces challenges such as overexploitation, and...
Article
The objective of this article is to analyse the marketing of small pelagic fish in Senegal and the issues involved in context of growing national and regional demand and the emergence of new uses, particularly the processing of fish meal. The method consisted of compiling and analysing data (2009-2018) on national small pelagic fish production, for...
Article
Full-text available
Population parameters provide important information and can be considered important indicators of the variability and sustainability of stocks. The population parameters of Decapterus punctatus, in the coastal waters of Greater Accra, Ghana were studied between July 2018 and June 2019. We employed a two-stage sampling criterion in selecting five im...
Article
Full-text available
Biological diversity in the marine and coastal environment is declining globally. Several layers of governance intertwine in the regulation of biodiversity with multiple strains of policy developments taking place at the international, national and subnational levels. In particular, the subnational level of governance has become crucial in the impl...
Article
Full-text available
Biological diversity in the marine and coastal environment is declining globally. Several layers of governance intertwine in the regulation of biodiversity with multiple strains of policy developments taking place at the international, national and subnational levels. In particular, the subnational level of governance has become crucial in the impl...
Article
Full-text available
Ecosystems play crucial functions in our economic and social well-being, known as Ecosystem Services (ESs). The uptake of ESs in national public policies and decision-making is advancing slowly, and the application of the concept still lags behind in many national and subnational systems within the European Union (EU) and beyond. Delays are particu...
Article
This paper identifies the effect of Mauritian regulation changes on EU industrial vessels’ fishing activities and their implications for food security. The rich resources of Mauritanian waters have historically been utilized by large foreign trawlers, creating small ripple effects and jobs in Mauritania. However, in 2012, Mauritanian authorities in...
Article
Southeast Asia is considered to have some of the highest levels of marine plastic pollution in the world. It is therefore vitally important to increase our understanding of the impacts and risks of plastic pollution to marine ecosystems and the essential services they provide to support the development of mitigation measures in the region. An inter...
Article
Full-text available
Computable general equilibrium models have been a popular tool for policy analysis in recent decades, but rarely applied for fisheries policy and management. This paper presents an inter-temporal computable general equilibrium model with fisheries details. While the model in a full-scale and disaggregate way describes the structure and dynamics of...
Article
Full-text available
Traceability has been gaining in importance recently and has seen its potential uses within fisheries expanding from primarily food safety to combat illegal fishing and promote sustainability. In the tuna value chain, key processing actors have introduced comprehensive systems allowing consumers to trace products right back to the vessel that caugh...
Article
Full-text available
The fishery industry plays a paramount role in poverty alleviation, food security and job creation in Sub-Saharan Africa. Scientific attempts to characterize the sector are however limited. This study used primary and secondary data from 2014 to 2018 to characterize fishing fleets and the diversity of fish species landed in Benin. Primary data were...
Article
Full-text available
Assessing the social cost of fisheries is generally seen as a matter of how to monetize the components of fisheries. This paper presents an assessment of the societal cost of fishing activities, seen as a social process that is expected to contribute to the better management of aquatic resources, affecting sustainable development in coastal areas a...
Article
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Cet article apporte un éclairage sur les défis socio-professionnels de l’écologisation des politiques publiques française et européenne dans les Territoires Outre-Mer. Il présente l’effet de la création d’une Aire Marine Protégée (AMP) sur l’identité professionnelle de pêcheurs traditionnels. La recherche, menée dans une perspective sociologique au...
Article
Full-text available
This article explains the fish preservation techniques practiced by Haitians and their perceptions of these different preservation methods. Individual surveys were conducted with nearly 200 actors in the fisheries sector. The results show that, for fishermen, only those practicing FAD fishing and net fishing are aware of the interest of preserving...
Article
Full-text available
There has always been a complex relationship between uncertainty and crude oil prices. Three types of uncertainty, i.e., economic policy uncertainty, geopolitical risk uncertainty, and climate policy uncertainty (EPU, GPR, and CPU for short), have exacerbated abnormal fluctuations in the energy market, making crude oil prices volatile more and more...
Article
Full-text available
Studies have shown that land and climate interact in complex ways through multiple biophysical and biogeochemical feedbacks. In this interaction mechanism, the carbon fixation effect among different land-use types and objective conditions among different regions have significant gaps, leading to the heterogeneous impact of land-use on climate chang...
Article
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The digital economy and the green economy are two major issues for economic recovery in the post epidemic era. From spatial interaction spillover, we analyze and measure the relationships between the digital economy and environmental pollution in 287 prefecture-level cities in China from 2008 to 2018 using simultaneous spatial equations and the gen...
Article
The objective of the paper is to present an analysis of the existing tensions between the national and external markets for fishery products and the relevance of public policies to support artisanal fisheries in Senegal. The method consisted of analyzing national data on production, local supply, foreign trade and the evolution of retail fish price...
Article
Full-text available
The blue economy suggests a new way of looking at the economic development of aquatic and marine ecosystems and the creation of jobs.
Article
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L’économie bleue propose une nouvelle façon d’envisager le développement économique des écosystèmes aquatiques et marins, ainsi que la création d’emplois.
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, a sustainability framework with a case application for UK's Scottish fisheries has been developed which integrates aspects related to economic growth, social development, governance, biology, environment, and logistics. Scotland is the centre of UK's commercial fishery sector however it faces challenges such as overexploitation, and...
Article
Full-text available
Marine and coastal areas are complex systems formed by the interaction among the local population, economy, environment and resources and there is an increasing tendency for recent studies in fisheries research to incorporate interdisciplinary methods in their approach. In this paper, the Integrated Social-Economic-Ecological model for Fisheries (E...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental pollution has attracted growing government attention. We employ a series of panel data regression models to measure and analyze the impact of environmental attention of 284 prefecture-level municipal governments on ambient pollution in China. The results show that: (1) The improvement of government environmental attention can curb amb...
Article
Full-text available
Scientific environmental policies promote energy efficiency improvement by influencing the industrial structure and investment in R&D and innovation. In view of the insufficient impact of the Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan (Action Plan for short) on energy efficiency, this paper takes 30 provinces and municipalities of the Chinese...
Article
Full-text available
Scientific environmental policies promote energy efficiency improvement by influencing the industrial structure and investment in R&D and innovation. In view of the insufficient impact of the Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan (Action Plan for short) on energy efficiency, this paper takes 30 provinces and municipalities of the Chinese...
Article
Full-text available
Cet article présente les incidences quantitatives des exportations sénégalaises de poisson sur l’approvisionnement du marché local de produits halieutiques. Il expose la manière dont celles-ci influent négativement sur la disponibilité apparente et la consommation per capita. La méthode a consisté à compiler et analyser les données sur la productio...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, the concept of circular economy has gained increasing attention from both businesses and governments. The African continent has started to adopt circular economy–related policies at national or regional levels, but it is not yet mainstream. Literature on circular economy has mainly focused on developed countries in the global north...
Article
Full-text available
Wave reserves, initially aimed at protecting surf ‘spots’, are becoming a way to ensure the conservation of coastal areas that are of great ecological and economic value. They foster local development and contribute to countries’ achievements toward international objectives. Several projects to implement large wave reserves are on their way.
Book
Full-text available
Stratégie de l’économie bleue de l’Afrique Annexe 5 : Politiques, institutions et gouvernance, emploi, création d’emplois et éradication de la pauvreté, financements innovants dans le cadre de l’économie bleue de l’Afrique
Article
Small-scale fisheries (SSFs) play a significant role in ensuring food security, providing employment and generating livelihoods, however the sustainability and viability of their existence into the future is under threat with global pressures such as climate change, the increasing industrialisation of larger fishing activities and depleting fish st...
Article
Full-text available
Biological diversity is declining globally. The current national environmental policies that many countries around the globe have adopted and are implementing have not halted biodiversity loss as expected. This is also happening in several European peripheral areas that constitute important “biodiversity hotspots” for the numerous species, habitats...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to explore the dynamic relationships between the crude oil price (shocks) and investor sentiment. Specifically, this paper utilizes web crawler to construct Chinese investor sentiment index. The structural vector autoregression (SVAR) model is then used to decompose the crude oil price shocks into three types of oil price shocks. Fi...
Article
Full-text available
We use the state space model to describe the financial cycles of China and G7 countries since 1990, and the DY spillover index to quantify the spillover effects of China's financial cycles on G7 countries. We find that China plays the role of a net recipient most of the time. China's financial cycle net spillover index fluctuates widely and is vuln...
Article
Full-text available
This paper uses the Multivariable Grey Model and the Counterfactual Reasoning Method to evaluate the impact of the recent trade dispute between the USA and China from the perspective of its impact on the international trade of China's aquatic products. Regarding imports the recent trade dispute did not have a negative impact, due to substitution po...
Technical Report
Full-text available
La Commission de l’océan Indien (COI), organisation inter-gouvernementale regroupant les Etats insulaires (Comores, Madagascar, Maurice, La Réunion, Seychelles) qui partagent la zone du sud-ouest de l’océan Indien, poursuit actuellement, avec le Plan d’action régional sur l’Economie Bleue (PAREB), le travail réalisé depuis plusieurs années dans le...
Article
The rapid growth of the human population in West Africa makes malnutrition a pressing issue. This paper highlights the predicted nutritional issues in West Africa by 2030. Data were extracted from the FAOSTAT 2019 database and national nutritional reports. Countries were clustered based on the prevalence of different forms of malnutrition. Trends i...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents the current policy needs and gaps identified in the European Union (EU) Outermost Regions and Overseas Countries and Territories to implement Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystem and their Services (MAES) methodology. Then, a selection of the most appropriate tools and methods for mapping and assessing ecosystem services (biophysi...
Article
Full-text available
Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) must function as networks with sufficient stepping-stone continuity between suitable habitats to ensure the conservation of naturally connected regional pools of biodiversity in the long-term. For most marine biodiversity, population connectivity is mediated by passively dispersed planktonic stages with contrasting dis...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The significance of Fisheries and Aquaculture to food, nutrition and the livelihoods of many people globally cannot be under-estimated. Howbeit, in the first three months of 2020, covid19 was declared a pandemic. However, it was forecasted to have negative impacts on global fisheries systems throughout the fisheries value chains. Worthy of note is...
Article
Full-text available
The Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna (GBM) Delta, a transboundary delta, is the world’s largest delta which is believed to be contaminated with many pollutants including heavy metals. This study systematically reviewed heavy metal pollution in water, sediments and fish in different rivers of the GBM Delta, Bangladesh. This study evaluated total 12 heavy m...
Article
Full-text available
Characterized by tidal flats, natural levees and the unique Sundarbans mangrove forest, the coastal zone of Bangladesh is regarded as one of the most productive ecosystems of the world due to regular flush of nutrient rich silts and supply of organic matters from the mangroves. Over the last few decades, however, changes in land use pattern includi...
Article
Full-text available
Since 2014, the Government of Bangladesh has initiated discussions with stakeholders in order to adopt the concept of a ‘blue economy’ across relevant policies and strategies. By definition, the blue economy fosters the idea of sustainably deriving economic value from the untapped potential of marine resources using sustainable solutions and innova...
Article
Full-text available
Presentation of the Special Issue on the Blue Governance of Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna Delta. It is a Joint-Research Project by Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Maritime University, Bangladesh and University of Portsmouth, UK.
Article
Full-text available
Marine and Coastal tourism, one of the largest components of the tourism industry, is emerging as one of the most promising areas of the tourism sector in particular for the developing nations. While Bangladesh is rich in immense marine and coastal tourism resources, most of the potential for marine tourism remains unexplored; in particular, the to...
Article
a multiannual plan for Mediterranean demersal fisheries came into force with the objective to reduce the overexploitation of fisheries in the region by implementing effort control regimes. These measures, however, have the potential to adversely impact the local employment and profitability of the fisheries. In this paper, we examine scenarios on t...
Article
Full-text available
De tous les pays de la mer des Caraïbes, Haïti est le pays dont le poisson contribue le moins à la couverture des besoins nutritionnels. Les ménages haïtiens ayant un pouvoir d’achat parmi les plus faibles au monde, la cherté du poisson constitue un frein à l’augmentation de la consommation per capita. La rareté des débarquements de poisson dans le...
Article
Full-text available
The evolution of habitats in MPAs in West Africa is apprehended according to the perception of managers. These come from the state of reference of MPAs of the regional network of MPAs in West Africa (RAMPAO) conducted between 2017 and 2018. As a result, all environments in MPAs seem to lose surface, according to the managers. The most affected area...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this article is to present a reflection on the valorisation of small pelagic in the Gambia from a mapping of the sector integrating landings, imports and exports, and local market supply. This mapping made it possible to determine the contribution of small pelagic to national food security, job creation, and finally the country's t...
Article
Full-text available
At present,marine shellfish is playing a dominant role in mariculture in China. In addition to the continuous increase of production, the improvement of breeding techniques,the stable distribution of production areas and the increasingly rich variety structure,the area of marine shellfish cultivation in China is gradually shrinking,and the exploita...
Article
Full-text available
Based on MGM ( 1,3) ,a multivariate gray prediction model,this article used the method of counterfactual reasoning to calculate the overall impact of China-US trade friction on China's aquatic product import and export level. The results show that this round of China-US trade friction has no negative impact on the import level of China's aquatic pr...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this Special Issue is thus to show this diversity of the migratory phenomena of fishing in Africa. The papers provide a decent coverage of fishery migrations in West Africa. Papers cover migratory patterns along the west and east African coasts, on the major lakes such as Victoria and Malawi, and along one of the main African river...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores the linkage between the expansion of commercial shark-fishing markets and the extension of migratory cycles of fishers in the West African Sub-region. The paper shows the societal deconstruction that occurred following the massive expansion of shark fishing over previous decades. It also points out that the approach of public de...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the paper is to deepen the knowledge of plagiarism among college students in a Spanish University and to propose measures leading to its reduction. An analytical framework was developed to compare students’ perception of the plagiarism that they perform with data provided by anti-plagiarism software, which provided objective information...
Article
The objective of the article is to analyse the impacts of Senegalese migrant fishing in the West African space. Field surveys at the major departure and reception centres of Senegalese migrant fishermen have made it possible to identify socio-cultural and technological impacts, repercussions on fishing resources, contribution to food security, econ...
Article
Full-text available
Coastal marine ecosystems ensure fundamental hydro-ecological functions and support high levels of biodiver- sity, besides being an important resource for local populations. These biocenosis have been increasingly threatened by human pressures (e.g. pollution, overfishing) along with climate change, which may have a dramatic impact on them. The Nat...