Pierre Boudry

Pierre Boudry
Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer | Ifremer · Department of Biological Resources and Environment

PhD

About

429
Publications
51,238
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8,445
Citations
Introduction
Additional affiliations
January 2012 - present
January 2012 - present
January 2012 - present
Université de Bretagne Occidentale
Position
  • Managing Director

Publications

Publications (429)
Preprint
Background: In recent years, the aquaculture industry of Crassostrea gigas has been severely impacted by geographically widespread outbreaks of a polymicrobial disease, the Pacific Oyster Mortality Syndrome (POMS). The aetiology of these recurring summer mortality events and the disease progression have notably been recently described in France, re...
Article
Full-text available
genetic variability of tunisian oysters
Article
The Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, is a species in which true male and true female well as hermaphrodite individuals have been reported. Among the latter, most are sequential, with one or more sex changes throughout their live, while a few (<2%) are simultaneous hermaphrodites (SH) which may self-fertilize. Sex determinism and its functional ba...
Article
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Assessing the sustainability of socio-ecological systems requires understanding the interactions between numerous ecological, economic and social components. Models are often used to investigate how interactions shape system feedbacks and drive the complex dynamics at play in such systems. However, building these models is a non-trivial exercise, w...
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Selective breeding has been successfully applied to improve profitability and sustainability in numerous aquatic species. Recent developments of high throughput genotyping technology now enable the implementation of genomic selection, a method aiming to predict the breeding value of candidates based on their genotype at genome-wide markers. In this...
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Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas) may bio-accumulate high levels of paralytic shellfish toxins (PST) during harmful algal blooms of the genus Alexandrium. These blooms regularly occur in coastal waters, affecting oyster health and marketability. The aim of our study was to analyse the PST-sensitivity of nerves of Pacific oysters in relation with...
Article
The conservation and active restoration of European flat oyster (Ostrea edulis) populations are a major focus of ecological restoration efforts to take advantage of the wide-ranging ecosystem functions and services this species provides. Accordingly, additional and new demands for seed oysters have arisen. In commercial aquaculture (mariculture), t...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The ICES Working Group on Application of Genetics in Fisheries and Aquaculture (WGAGFA) is composed of 51 members from 17 ICES Member States. There is a high level of commitment by the WGAGFA members to their group: During the WGAGFA cycle 2018 to 2020, the annual working group meetings were attended in average by 26 delegates from 11 ICES Member S...
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1. Oyster reefs are among the most threatened marine habitats globally. In Europe, oyster reefs have been extirpated from most locations within their historical range. Active restoration of the native oyster (Ostrea edulis) in Europe has grown substantially in recent years. In sharing experiences between oyster restoration projects in Europe at the...
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• The Native Oyster Restoration Alliance (NORA) supports the protection and ecological restoration of the native European oyster, Ostrea edulis, and its habitat across its current and historical biogeographical range. NORA works to overcome barriers to the conservation, restoration, and recovery of the European oyster by providing a platform for th...
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1. The great scallop (Pecten maximus) is a commercially important bivalve in Europe, particularly in the English Channel, where fisheries are managed at regional and local scales through the regulation of fishing effort. In the long term, knowledge about larval dispersal and gene flow between populations is essential to ensure proper stock manageme...
Article
Sex determining modes remain unknown in numerous species, notably in fishes, in which a variety of modalities have been reported. Additionally, non‐invasive individual sexing is problematic for species without external sex attributes or for early life stages, requiring cytogenetic or molecular analyses when sex chromosomes or sex‐linked markers hav...
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An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
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Recent developments in genomics are advancing our understanding of the processes shaping population structure in wild organisms. In particular, reduced representation sequencing has facilitated the generation of dense genetic marker datasets that provide greater power for resolving population structure, investigating the role of selection and recon...
Article
Domestication of Haliotis tuberculata has only recently begun. During the process, we expect that behavioural and physiological traits may evolve to become more adapted to their captive environment. These modifications may result from intentional selection of production traits or unconscious and unintentional selection due to conditions experienced...
Article
Free access until November 28, 2018: https://authors.elsevier.com/c/1XsSoACeXzgRM
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Full-text available
Following their planktonic phase, the larvae of benthic marine organisms must locate a suitable habitat to settle and metamorphose. For oysters, larval adhesion occurs at the pediveliger stage with the secretion of a proteinaceous bioadhesive produced by the foot, a specialized and ephemeral organ. Oyster bioadhesive is highly resistant to proteomi...
Article
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Cultivated bivalves are hugely important not only because of their economic value, but also due to their impacts on natural ecosystems. The Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) is the world's most heavily cultivated shellfish species and has been introduced to all continents except Antarctica for aquaculture. We therefore used a medium density single...
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Bioadhesion of marine organisms has been intensively studied over the last decade because of their ability to attach in various wet environmental conditions and the potential this offers for biotechnology applications. Many marine mollusc species are characterized by a two-phase life history: pelagic larvae settle prior to metamorphosis to a benthi...
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Infectious diseases are mostly explored using reductionist approaches despite repeated evidence showing them to be strongly influenced by numerous interacting host and environmental factors. Many diseases with a complex aetiology therefore remain misunderstood. By developing a holistic approach to tackle the complexity of interactions, we decipher...
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The Pacific cupped oyster is genetically subdivided into two sister taxa, Crassostrea gigas and C. angulata, which are in contact in the north-western Pacific. The nature and origin of their genetic and taxonomic differentiation remains controversial due the lack of known reproductive barriers and the high degree of morphologic similarity. In parti...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Pacific cupped oyster is genetically subdivided into two sister taxa, Crassostrea gigas and C. angulata , which are in contact in the north-western Pacific. The nature and origin of their genetic and taxonomic differentiation remains controversial due the lack of known reproductive barriers and morphologic similarity. In particular, whether eco...
Article
Full-text available
Selective breeding strategies require pedigree information over generations, but many species produced in aquaculture are too small to be physically tagged at early stages. Consequently, maintaining a sufficient number of separate families is often needed but costly and logistically difficult. Alternatively, parentage assignment can be obtained usi...
Article
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Background In France, two main diseases threaten Pacific oyster production. Since 2008, Crassostrea gigas spat have suffered massive losses due to the ostreid herpesvirus OsHV-1, and since 2012, significant mortalities in commercial-size adults have been related to infection by the bacterium Vibrio aestuarianus. The genetic basis for resistance to...
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The World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) currently registers all Pacific cupped oysters that were formerly members of the genus Crassostrea in a new genus, Magallana. Magallana gigas is designated as an ‘‘accepted name,’’ whereas a search for Crassostrea gigas results in the message ‘‘no matching results found.’’ This has caused dismay among ma...
Poster
Full-text available
Increasing atmospheric CO2 leads not only to rising sea surface temperatures, but also to ocean acidification. Although our understanding of individual developmental and physiological responses is growing, less is known about shared and divergent responses among species. Using a comparative approach to distinguish responses that are phylogeneticall...
Article
Farming, and thus the domestication of Haliotis tuberculata, began recently. We compared the responses of unselected farmed and wild abalone to stressors that occur on farms. The aim was to determine if the farm environment had induced differences in the behavioural or physiological performances of the abalone. Thirty hatchery-born 3.5 year-old aba...
Article
Abalone growth rate is often identified among important traits to improve through selective breeding. However, the rapid success of some selective breeding plans has sometimes led to negative effects in some aquaculture species due to trade-offs. One of them is the loss of homeostasis of selected animals which results in the inability to resist the...
Article
Fertilization of the oocyte is a critical process of sexual reproduction depending among other factors on spermatozoa functionality. Mitochondria participate in many crucial processes for spermatozoa motility and fertilizing ability. The Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, is characterized by a high inter-individual variability of its reproductive s...
Article
Hatchery production of great scallop, Pecten maximus, remains unpredictable, notably due to poor larval survival. Large-scale flow-through systems up to 3500 L have been developed to avoid the use of antibiotics in static systems. Alternatively, small-scale flow-through systems have been successfully applied for oysters but they proved to be unsuit...
Article
Full-text available
The Portuguese oyster Crassostrea angulata and the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas are very closely related species originating from Asia that were introduced in Europe. The objectives of the present study were to determine if there is asynchrony in settlement time of C. angulata and C. gigas larvae in an area where both taxa coexist and if hybrid...
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Deciphering the genetic architecture of adaptation of brown algae to environmental stresses such as temperature and salinity is of evolutionary as well as of practical interest. The lamentous brown alga Ectocarpus sp. is a model for the brown algae and its genome has been sequenced. As sessile organisms, brown algae need to be capable of resisting...
Poster
Full-text available
First adhesion stages of oyster Crassostera gigas larvae are very poorly documented. Oyster larvae start their life by a two-weeks swimming phase, leading to the pediveliger stage which is characterized by the apparition of the foot, a specific organ which is essential for adhesion. Pediveliger larvae stop swimming, fall to the bottom and explore t...
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Paralytic shellfish toxins (PST) bind to voltage-gated sodium channels (Nav) and block conduction of action potential in excitable cells. This study aimed to (i) characterize Nav sequences in Crassostrea gigas and (ii) investigate a putative relation between Nav and PST-bioaccumulation in oysters. The phylogenetic analysis highlighted two types of...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Working Group on the Application of Genetics in Fisheries and Mariculture (WGAGFM) met in Olhão, Portugal, 2–5 May 2017. Nineteen participants from 11 countries discussed the four Terms of Reference (ToR) and associated matters. Specifically, there was a focused discussion concerning the proposal by the ICES Science Committee to establish Aquac...
Article
It is commonly presumed that the Portuguese oyster Crassostrea angulata was introduced into the North East (NE) Atlantic from Asia. The analysis of the nucleotide sequence of a highly polymorphic non-coding mitochondrial region (major noncoding region – MNR) of C. angulata samples collected in Europe (Portugal), Africa (Morocco) and Asia (Shantou a...
Article
The mass release of hatchery-propagated stocks raises numerous questions concerning its efficiency in terms of local recruitment and effect on the genetic diversity of wild populations. A seeding program, consisting of mass release of hatchery-produced juveniles in the local naturally occurring population of great scallops (Pecten maximus L.), was...
Article
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Oysters play an important role in estuarine and coastal marine habitats, where the majority of humans live. In these ecosystems, environmental degradation is substantial, and oysters must cope with highly dynamic and stressful environmental constraints during their lives in the intertidal zone. The availability of the genome sequence of the Pacific...
Data
Identified Crassostrea gigas protein kinases. Genbank accession number, classification (group/family/subfamily), query definition, best hit name, percentage of identity compared to other species with corresponding E-values, embryonic expression and differentially expression induced by stressors. Y: yes. U: up-regulation. D: Down-regulation. (XLSX)
Article
Full-text available
The Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, is one of the most important aquaculture shellfish resources worldwide. Important efforts have been undertaken towards a better knowledge of its genome and transcriptome, which makes now C. gigas becoming a model organism among lophotrochozoans, the under-described sister clade of ecdysozoans within protostome...