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Pierpaolo Iodice

Pierpaolo Iodice
Université de Rouen | UR · Centre d'Etude des Transformations des Activités. Physiques et Sportives (CETAPS)

PhD

About

65
Publications
17,479
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Introduction
Dr. Pierpaolo Iodice investigates the neurobiology underpinning goal-directed learning and decision-making. He focuses on how different aspects of value are learned, represented and used to guide choice behaviour within frontal-striatal-dopaminergic circuits. He is particularly interested in the way in which our brain is able to integrate across these multiple different types of information in order to guide appropriate decisions. At the moment his main research issue is how living organisms (and possibly robots) could develop higher cognition from sensorimotor skills. According to Gibson’s influential idea a necessary aspect of object perception is specifying the potential actions afforded by objects in our environment. He tests the hypothesis that, under conditions of target uncertainty

Publications

Publications (65)
Article
Full-text available
Top-level management teams are particularly exposed to stress factors as they frequently have to make important decision under stress. While an existing body of research evidence suggests that stress negatively affects decision-making processes, very little is known about possible strategies to reduce these negative effects. The aim of the current...
Preprint
Full-text available
It has long been assumed in economic theory that multi-attribute decisions involving several attributes or dimensions – such as probabilities and amounts of money to be earned during risky choices – are resolved by first combining the attributes of each option to form an overall expected value and then comparing the expected values of the alternati...
Article
Full-text available
Infrared thermography (IRT) allows to evaluate the psychophysiological state associated with emotions from facial temperature modulations. As fatigue is a brain-derived emotion, it is possible to hypothesize that facial temperature could provide information regarding the fatigue related to exercise. The aim of this study was to investigate the capa...
Article
Full-text available
According to embodied theories, the processing of emotions such as happiness or fear is grounded in emotion-specific perceptual, bodily, and physiological processes. Under these views, perceiving an emotional stimulus (e.g., a fearful face) re-enacts interoceptive and bodily states congruent with that emotion (e.g., increases heart rate); and in tu...
Article
Background: Recent evidence has suggested that chronic physical activities including balance exercises have positive effects on cognition, but their acute effects are still unknown. In the present study, the authors tested the hypothesis that an acute bout of balance exercise would enhance cognitive performance compared with aerobic activity. Met...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
Les propositions de communication d’environ 300 mots (titre, résumé et mots clés inclus) doivent être envoyées avant le 1er septembre 2020 à l’adresse suivante : charly.machemehl@univ-rouen.fr
Article
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Many of the studies on motor learning have investigated the dynamics of learning behaviors and shown that the learning process is non-linear, self-organized, and situated. Aligned with this research trend, studies within the enactive paradigm focus on learners’ lived experience to understand how it shapes their intentions, actions, and perceptions....
Article
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The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of slow-speed resistance training with low intensity (SRT) on muscle power output in elite futsal players with respect to traditional resistance training. The authors hypothesized that the muscle deoxygenation during SRT causes early recruitment of fast twitch fibers that would positively affect...
Preprint
Embodied theories of emotion posit that the processing of emotional stimuli re-enacts exteroceptive, interoceptive, and prior affective states congruent with the emotion. Activating an exteroceptive, interoceptive, or prior affective state congruent with a particular emotion should consequently anticipate perception of that emotion. Previous resear...
Article
Full-text available
Although an increasing interest in vision training for sport performance, whether it may have a transfer to sport-specific skills and whether such transfer could be mediated by cognition remain open issues. To enlighten this point, we tested the effect of 6-weeks sport vision training programmes (requiring generic or volleyball-specific motor actio...
Article
Interoception, or the sense of the internal state of the body, is key to the adaptive regulation of our physiological needs. Recent theories contextualize interception within a predictive coding framework, according to which the brain both estimates and controls homeostatic and physiological variables, such as hunger, thirst, and effort levels, by...
Article
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Central Core Disease (CCD) is a congenital myopathy characterized by presence of amorphous central areas (or cores) lacking glycolytic/oxidative enzymes and mitochondria in skeletal muscle fibers. Most CCD families are linked to mutations in ryanodine receptor type-1 (RYR1), the gene encoding for the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ release channel...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Exercise-induced muscle damage produces painful sensations (delayed onset of muscle soreness, DOMS). DOMS causes compensatory postural adaptations, which in turn affect athletes’ walking and running gait biomechanics. It is still debated whether the postural changes are due to impaired proprioception or pain perception. To disambiguate betw...
Article
Full-text available
Background One of the mechanisms responsible for enhancing muscular hypertrophy is the high metabolic stress associated with a reduced muscular oxygenation occurring during exercise, which can be achieved by reducing the speed of movement. Studies have tested that lowered muscle oxygenation artificially induced by an inflatable cuff, could provoke...
Data
Data of muscle oxygenation (muscle), prefrontal cortex oxygenation (PFC), Number of repetitions, and RPE
Article
Full-text available
Embodied theories of emotion assume that emotional processing is grounded in bodily and affective processes. Accordingly, the perception of an emotion re-enacts congruent sensory and affective states; and conversely, bodily states congruent with a specific emotion facilitate emotional processing. This study tests whether the ability to process faci...
Article
Full-text available
During decisions, animals balance goal achievement and effort management. Despite physical exercise and fatigue significantly affecting the levels of effort that an animal exerts to obtain a reward, their role in effort-based choice and the underlying neurochemistry are incompletely known. In particular, it is unclear whether fatigue influences dec...
Article
Objectives When making a decision, humans and other animals consider both the value of the alternatives and their associated effort. Accordingly, several studies have shown that the value-functions of rewards decrease proportionally to the effort required to secure them (effort-discounting). Nevertheless, it is unclear whether and how the momentary...
Article
Full-text available
There is an on-going debate in cognitive (neuro) science and philosophy between classical cognitive theory and embodied, embedded, extended, and enactive (“4-Es”) views of cognition—a family of theories that emphasize the role of the body in cognition and the importance of brain-body-environment interaction over and above internal representation. T...
Article
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Turn-taking is a preverbal skill whose mastering constitutes an important precondition for many social interactions and joint actions. However, the cognitive mechanisms supporting turn-taking abilities are still poorly understood. Here, we propose a computational analysis of turn-taking in terms of two general mechanisms supporting joint actions: a...
Article
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Using a lifting and balancing task, we contrasted two alternative views of planning joint actions: one postulating that joint action involves distinct predictions for self and other, the other postulating that joint action involves coordinated plans between the coactors and reuse of bimanual models. We compared compensatory movements required to ke...
Article
Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is characterized by chronic pain in multiple myofascial trigger points and fascial constrictions. In recent years, the scientific literature has recognized the need to include the patient with MPS in a multidimensional rehabilitation project. At the moment, the most widely recognized therapeutic methods for the treatm...
Article
The lymphedema is a high interstitial protein concentration edema, caused by impaired lymphatic transport capacity. It can be primary or secondary. The secondary form may be caused by a lesion of the lymphatic vessels and/or lymph nodes during diagnostic or therapeutic procedures such as surgical interventions. Often, in clinical practice, there is...
Article
Plastic surgery modifies the distribution of mass centers of a person's body segments, changing his or her posture. The functional reorganization processes that lead subjects to re-integrate these body changes into a new stable body (posture) schema is poorly understood but current theories suggest the possible contribution of two components: a fee...
Article
Athletes such as skaters or surfers maintain their balance on very unstable platforms. Remarkably, the most skilled athletes seem to execute these feats almost effortlessly. However, the dynamics that lead to the acquisition of a defined and efficient postural strategy are incompletely known. To understand the posture reorganization process due to...
Article
Full-text available
The article explores the possibilities of formalizing and explaining the mechanisms that support spatial and social perspective alignment sustained over the duration of a social interaction. The basic proposed principle is that in social contexts the mechanisms for sensorimotor transformations and multisensory integration (learn to) incorporate inf...
Article
Full-text available
Physical activity is associated with cardiovascular risk reduction, but the effects of exercise on platelet activation remain controversial. We investigated the effects of regular high-amount, high intensity aerobic exercise on in vivo thromboxane (TX)-dependent platelet activation and plasma levels of platelet-derived proteins, CD40L and P-selecti...
Article
Full-text available
The recovery of functional gait is the main target for subjects who have suffered a stroke. The methods designed to improve balance and gait appear to be essential for skills and autonomy and to reduce the costs of assistance. The aim of our study was to evaluate the improvement of stroke victims in the chronic phase through the rehabilitation of g...
Article
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Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is an atypical parkinsonism clinically characterized by prominent axial extrapyramidal motor symptoms with frequent falls. The clinical response to L-dopa is poor and there is strong need for alternative treatment strategies. We tested the efficacy of a rehabilitative program combining a dynamic antigravity post...
Article
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the treatment of chronic ulcers with unfocused shock waves. Between March 2009 and February 2012 we studied a group of 124 patients, aged between 28 and 80 years, with serious wounds arisen over three months and who met the inclusion criteria for treatment. The patients were randomly divided int...
Article
Full-text available
In aging, there is a gradual decrease in muscle mass (sarcopenia) and muscle strength which contributes to a decline in physical functions, increased disability, frailty, and loss of independence. Physical activity can reduce functional decline due to aging. Randomized controlled trials (RCT) are needed to determine the effectiveness of different e...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Factors such as body masses and humour are known to influence human posture. Abdominoplasty, which causes a sudden change in body masses, significantly improves body image and self-esteem. The aim of this study was to assess postural changes after abdominoplasty by studding the position and orientation through space of the body and the ce...
Article
Full-text available
Background Numerous factors such as the equilibrium of body masses and psychological status influence human posture. Breast reduction, on the one hand, produces a sudden change in this equilibrium, and on the other hand, it can modify the psychological status, significantly improving body image and self-esteem. This study aimed to assess postural c...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of rehabilitative approach using MJS and dynamic antigravity postural system (SPAD) with extracorporeal Shockwave therapy (ESWT) on rotator cuff syndrome associated tendon supraspinatus and infraspinatus medium tear (1-3 cm) of the tendons. In the last few years, ESWT has been proposed as an elec...
Article
The aim of the study was to show that the addition of extracorporeal Shockwave therapy (ESWT) may significantly improve beneficial effects of eccentric training together with high efficiency focused acoustic waves for jumper's knee. We speculate that such an effect may be due to increased mechanotransduction effects on affected tissues. We assessed...
Article
Plastic surgery offers a quite unique window on abrupt and permanent modifications of a human's body schema. Its impact is comparable to amputations or other severe injuries, with the evident advantage from the experimenter's (and patient's) point of view that it is planned, allowing longitudinal studies and quantification of the weight and distrib...
Article
The outcome of this study is based on the concept of the enormous potentiality that is expressed, after the elimination of myofascial and articular compensation, from the body system. 10 low vision and blind subjects aged between 35 and 50 years. The subjects performed 10 sessions (2/week) for 5 weeks. Each session consisted of a training in the gy...
Article
Unlabelled: The flat foot can be defined as a syndrome with multiple etiopathogenesis, characterized by an altered structure of the longitudinal arch of the plantar vault with its reduction in height. The plantar arch collapse can be counteracted by strengthening the muscles involved; for many years, specific physical exercises have been proposed...
Article
Full-text available
A number of factors, including body mass and one's mood, may influence posture. Breast augmentation results not only in a significant improvement in body image-related feelings and self-esteem but also in a sudden change in body mass. The aim of this study was to assess postural changes following breast augmentation by studying body position, orien...
Article
Plastic surgery offers a quite unique window on abrupt and permanent modifications of a human's body schema. Its impact is comparable to amputations or other severe injuries, with the evident advantage from the experimenter's (and patient's) point of view that it is planned, allowing longitudinal studies and quantification of the weight and distrib...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the acute and long-term effects of local high-intensity vibration (HLV, f = 300 Hz) on muscle performance and blood hormone concentrations in healthy young men. Totally 18 subjects (cV group) were studied in two sessions, either without (control) or with HLV treatment. The protocol was the same on both cont...
Article
Full-text available
Several studies have examined the effects of vibrations on muscle mass and performance in young healthy people. We studied the effects of vibrations on muscles of elderly male and female volunteers (65-85 years of age) diagnosed with sarcopenia. We applied mechanical vibrations locally (local vibrational training) to the thigh muscles at 300 Hz for...
Article
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Chronic venous disease is very common and widespread. Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI) is a condition characterized by hypertension of the venous system of the lower limbs which manifests itself through a large range of symptoms. The main cause of (CVI) is hypertension of the venous system of lower limbs, which in most cases is due to reflux for...
Article
Full-text available
Regular training programs are a concrete means to prevent and/or reduce functional decline due to aging. A multisensory training approach seems to obtain better results in the elderly with regard to both balance and quality of life. Forty subjects (age 65+/-10 years, height 165+/-4 cm, weight 73.0+/-4.6 kg) were randomized into two groups (GrHu and...
Article
The purpose of this study was to determine the force-velocity relationship and various aspects of power production during a sprint. To reach this aim, we used a device able to increase the force required by the athlete, during a sprint in field conditions. In the present study 10 male football players of national level were considered, whose age we...
Article
Full-text available
Skin temperature was monitored during a graded exercise to verify whether trained individuals have different skin thermoregulation from untrained ones. Eighteen subjects (10 trained; 8 untrained) were studied recording thermal videos of their skin temperature during the exercise. Training level was assessed by maximal oxygen uptake measurements. Tr...
Article
Aim – Validate a simple and indirect methodology which supplies a reliable estimate of the run velocity correspondent to the anaerobic threshold.Materials and methods – Twelve subjects took part to this study and each subject was asked to perform a maximum test on 1000, 1500, 2000 and 3000 m. For each athlete was calculate the straight line which j...
Article
Isometric contraction of both quadriceps at 50% of the maximal isometric force was undertaken until complete muscle exhaustion by 13 athletes aged 26±2 weighing 72.3±7.1 kg and 178.6±4.7 cm tall following arthroscopic reconstruction of an isolated or associated ACL injury. Contraction was maintained for a mean 60.00±14.14 sec (range 41.99-82.55) an...
Article
Full-text available
To evaluate the effect of oral administration of selenium and zinc tablets in patients with cancer of the digestive tract during chemotherapy. A case-control, randomized study. Medical Oncology, II University of Naples, Naples, Italy. A total of 60 patients (median age 55 y, range 46-61 y) with diagnosis of gut cancer were randomized in 1999. Patie...
Article
Interleukin (IL)-10 is a Th2 type pleiotropic cytokine that has been found to be produced at the tumor site and to be increased in sera of patients suffering from different types of cancer. IL-10 has been shown to hinder a number of immune functions, i.e., T lymphocyte proliferation, Th1 type cytokine production, antigen presentation, and lymphokin...
Article
Patients receiving systemic cancer chemotherapy must often have their dose intensity of therapeutic agents reduced, because a broad range of organs are adversely affected. Therefore, research and the development of agents protecting the normal tissues from the toxicity of antineoplastic therapy, without reducing the antitumour efficacy, are very im...
Article
Full-text available
Le risposte adattative indotte nell'apparato neuromuscolare uma-no, sia di tipo metabolico che meccanico, sottoposto a vibrazioni sono ampiamente documentate. Le vibrazioni meccaniche, applicate al ventre muscolare e/od alla struttura tendinea, oppure all'intero corpo, provoca lo stimolo del "riflesso tonico da vibrazione" con conseguente aumento d...

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