Piero Addis

Piero Addis
Università degli studi di Cagliari | UNICA · Department of Environmental and Life Science

Professor

About

93
Publications
28,520
Reads
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1,268
Citations
Citations since 2017
38 Research Items
879 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
Additional affiliations
January 1989 - present
Università degli studi di Cagliari
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (93)
Chapter
The Italian scientists have a long tradition of studies and research on albacore (Thunnus alalunga). This species is one of the most important for the Italian fishery for many centuries, even if it was often neglected. This is an attempt to list together the many papers published so far by Italian scientists, concerning the biology of this species,...
Chapter
The Italian scientists have a long tradition of studies and research on Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus). This species is certainly one of the most important and iconic for the Italian fishery since old historical times, mentioned in many ancient books. This paper lists together the many papers published so far by Italian scientists, concern...
Chapter
The Italian scientists have a long tradition of studies and research on many large pelagic species, including spearfishes and billfishes. One of these species (Tetrapturus belone), the only one which can be considered really Mediterranean, can show relevant catches in some years, while other species are incidental or vagrant. This paper is providin...
Chapter
The Italian scientists have a long tradition of studies and research on swordfish (Xiphias gladius). This species is certainly one of the most important for the Italian fishery since old historical times, mentioned in many ancient books. This paper lists together the many papers published so far by Italian scientists, concerning the biology of this...
Chapter
Italian scientists have a long tradition of studies and research on many large pelagic species including, among others, the small tunas. The various small tuna species are important for the Italian fishery since many centuries, mostly from a socio-economical point of view. Some non-indigenous species are now present in the ICCAT Convention area. Th...
Article
Management of fish populations and ecosystems suffers from data and knowledge gaps, particularly with respect to how humans and nature affect dynamics at multi‐decadal and longer time scales. However, collection of new data which indicates population or ecosystem status is slow and expensive. Here we analyse c. 110 years of neglected fishery data f...
Article
Full-text available
Arthrospira platensis and Arthrospira maxima are prokaryotic microalgae commercially marketed as spirulina. The pigments extracted from these algae are widely used for cosmetic and nutraceutical applications. This work aimed to evaluate the influence of three light-emitting lamps (white, orange and blue) on the growth and biomass composition of two...
Article
Full-text available
Paracentrotus lividus is a widespread sea urchin species appreciated worldwide for the taste of its fresh gonads. High-pressure processing (HPP) can provide a thermal equivalent to pasteurization, maintaining the organoleptic properties of the raw gonads. This study evaluated HPP technology’s effect at 350 MPa and 500 MPa on microbial inactivation...
Article
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of different light colors on growth, pigment composition, and photosynthetic performance of Arthrospira platensis. Results showed that under orange light the biomass productivity increased due to the capability of A. platensis to fully absorb this portion of the light spectrum. Under blue light, phy...
Article
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Management of marine fisheries and ecosystems is constrained by knowledge based on datasets with limited temporal coverage. Many populations and ecosystems were perturbed long before scientific investigations began. This situation is particularly acute for the largest and commercially most valuable species. We hypothesized that historical trap fish...
Article
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Stable isotope compositions of carbon and nitrogen (expressed as δ ¹³ C and δ ¹⁵ N) from the European common cuttlefish ( Sepia officinalis ) were measured in order to evaluate the utility of using these natural tracers throughout the Northeast Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea (NEAO-MS). Mantle tissue was obtained from S. officinalis collected...
Preprint
Full-text available
Management of marine fisheries and ecosystems is constrained by knowledge based on datasets with limited temporal coverage. Many populations and ecosystems have been perturbed long before scientific investigations have begun. This situation is particularly acute for the largest and commercially most valuable species. We hypothesized that historical...
Article
Full-text available
I.A.); picossu@uniss.it (P.C.); gsesposito@uniss.it (G.E.); eantuofermo@uniss.it (E.A.); marcasu@uniss.it (M.C.) Abstract: The fan mussel, Pinna nobilis, represents the largest bivalve endemic to the Mediterranean Sea. Since 2016, dramatic mass mortality of this species has been observed in several areas. The first surveys suggested that Haplospori...
Article
Full-text available
Bottarga is a high-priced delicacy with high nutritional value, and, in Italy, bottarga from mullets has been recognized to be a traditional food product. The flathead grey mullet Mugil cephalus and the thinlip grey mullet Liza ramada are the main cultured grey mullets in the Mediterranean Sea. In this study, fresh roe and bottarga from these two s...
Article
Full-text available
Tagging bluefin tuna (BFT) has become an essential tool for fishery science that has improved the identification of growth parameters and age validation, population abundance estimates, movement and migration patterns and spatial and temporal population dynamics. Although innovative technologies and methodologies have been introduced, some unresolv...
Article
Full-text available
Natural markers (δ13C and δ18O stable isotopes) in the cuttlebones of the European common cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) were determined for individuals collected across a substantial portion of their range in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean (NEAO) and Mediterranean Sea. Cuttlebone δ13C and δ18O were quantified for core and edge material to characteri...
Article
Mussels close their shell as a protective strategy and the quantification of this behavioral marker may represent an alarm signal when they are exposed to environmental stressors. In the present study, we investigated the ability of the Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis to recover and then the resilience or inertia of valve activity af...
Article
In this work, three gastropods Patella vulgata, Osilinus turbinata, and Tahis clavigera, one echinoderm Parancetrotus lividus, one coelenterate Anemonia sulcata, and two seaweed Padina pavonica, and Cystoseira mediterranea were collected from three different marine areas of Sardinia in the Mediterranean sea and studied for heavy metals and metalloi...
Article
Full-text available
The non-indigenous mud crab Dyspanopeus sayi (Smith, 1869), native to the western Atlantic, was recorded for the first time in a Sardinian lagoon. The first three specimens of this crab species were collected in the central area of the Santa Gilla lagoon on December 2013. Occurrence of the species was also recorded on December 2018 (102 specimens)...
Article
Bivalve farming is a major European aquaculture activity, representing 48.5% of total biomass produced. Italy is one of the largest consumers of oysters but local production does not meet the market demand. Italy has approximately 384,000 ha of shallow lagoons in its coastal area, already devoted to extensive aquaculture activities, which could als...
Article
Full-text available
The Italian scientists have a long tradition of studies and research on albacore (Thunnus alalunga). This species is one of the most important for the Italian fishery since many centuries, even if it was often neglected. This is the first attempt to list together the many papers published so far by Italian scientists, concerning the biology of this...
Article
Full-text available
The Italian scientists have a long tradition of studies and research on swordfish (Xiphias gladius). This species is one of the most important for the Italian fishery and culture since many centuries. This is the first attempt to list together the many papers published so far by Italian scientists, concerning the biology of this species, the fisher...
Article
Full-text available
The Italian scientists have a long tradition of studies and research on bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus). This species is one of the most important for the Italian fishery and culture since many centuries. The comprehensive bluefin tuna trap literature was published in previous papers. This paper is the first attempt to list together the many papers...
Article
Full-text available
An otolith ageing bias for juvenile Atlantic bluefin tuna was detected at the 2017 population assessment. Consequently, revised reading criteria were proposed to reduce this ageing bias. To evaluate standardized and revised reading criteria, age estimates were compared to reading and radiocarbon age estimates. Age estimates showed a lack of bias an...
Article
Full-text available
In the last Atlantic bluefin tuna assessment, an age-length database coming from direct ageing was presented for the first time. It was observed that otolith age estimates for fish younger than 8 years old had a smaller size at age compared to spine (first dorsal fin radius) age estimates. This difference, although small, was enough to misallocate...
Article
Full-text available
A mass mortality event is devastating the populations of the endemic bivalve Pinna nobilis in the Mediterranean Sea from early autumn 2016. A newly described Haplosporidian endoparasite (Haplosporidium pinnae) is the most probable cause of this ecological catastrophe placing one of the largest bivalves of the world on the brink of extinction. As a...
Article
Effective sustainable management of marine fisheries requires that assessed management units (that is, fish stocks) correspond to biological populations. This issue has long been discussed in the context of Atlantic bluefin tuna (ABFT, Thunnus thynnus) management, which currently considers two unmixed stocks but does not take into account how indiv...
Article
1. A number of policy measures have been adopted to cope with ongoing ocean degradation. Marine protected areas (MPAs) are among them. MPAs and their coverage have increased worldwide, including in EU waters. Natura 2000 (Nat2000) sites are at the core of the EU biodiversity conservation strategy and have been established to protect habitats and sp...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Otolith reading bias for juvenile Atlantic bluefin tuna was detected at its 2017 assessment. To try to reduce this bias, the current standardized reading protocol was revised. The new protocol uses age estimates from the first dorsal fin ray (spine) to identify the growth increments in the otoliths removed from the same young specimen. An exchange...
Article
This study evaluated the growth of the purple sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus, fed with two diets, in sea- and land-based systems compared to wild populations. The experiments investigated the effects of the feeding regimes on gonad yield, nutritional traits and overall quality. Sea-based trials were performed by the CNR of Taranto (Trial S), wher...
Article
Full-text available
The Atlantic bluefin tuna is a highly migratory species emblematic of the challenges associated with shared fisheries management. In an effort to resolve the species’ stock dynamics, a genome-wide search for spatially informative single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) was undertaken, by way of sequencing reduced representation libraries. An allele...
Article
The Atlantic Bluefin tuna (BFT, Thunnus thynnus), one of the largest top-predator fish inhabiting the pelagic ecosystems of the North Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea, has been extensively overexploited in recent decades. However, in the Mediterranean Sea, the mixing rates between the eastern, central and western basins have not yet been fully...
Article
The connectivity and three-dimensional (3D) dispersion of the larvae of giant red shrimp, potentially released from known spawning areas along the Sardinia slope in the western Mediterranean Sea, were assessed using Lagrangian simulations forced by a 3D submesoscale permitting a regional ocean model. Biophysical simulations using the hydrodynamic c...
Article
http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/rFbz3XMTtVBrQvCaHPZW/full Polystyrene nanoparticles have been shown to pose serious risk to marine organisms including sea urchin embryos based on their surface properties and consequently behaviour in natural sea water. The aim of this study is to investigate the toxicity pathways of amino polystyrene nanoparticl...
Chapter
Full-text available
An understanding of the biochemical composition of edible organisms is extremely important to determine their nutritional value. Some species can be recommended for human consumption only after assessing their nutritive value. Eating the right foods can help prevent, or more successfully manage, an illness. Seafoods have been recognized as nutraceu...
Article
From late April until mid-June Atlantic bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758), migrates along the western coast of Sardinia to reach spawning grounds of the Mediterranean. Despite the substantial information on the reproductive biology of the species, the tracking of its reproductive parameters along the migratory pathways is far to be com...
Article
Otoliths of Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) collected from the Mediterranean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean were analyzed to evaluate changes in the seawater isotopic composition over time. We report an annual otolith delta C-13 record that documents the magnitude of the delta C-13 depletion in the Mediterranean Sea between 1989 and 2010. Atl...
Article
The main objective of this study was to analyse the differences in morphometric characteristics among specimens of Atlantic juvenile bluefin tuna Thunnus thynnus [12.2-46.5 cm fork length (FL)] and juvenile little tuna Euthynnus alletteratus (14.1-26.4 cm FL). A total of 353 bluefin tuna (young of the year) and 288 little tuna (young of the year) w...
Article
Full-text available
An ecological niche modelling (ENM) approach was used to predict the potential feeding and spawning habitats of small (5-25kg, only feeding) and large (> 25kg) Atlantic bluefin tuna (ABFT), Thunnus thynnus, in the Mediterranean Sea, the North Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico. The ENM was built bridging knowledge on ecological traits of ABFT (e.g. te...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present work was to test the effects of two diets on the sensory quality of Paracentrotus lividus farmed at two sites in the Mediterranean Sea, through two panels of assessors. In Cagliari the best gonad colours were observed in wild sea urchins, while in Mar Grande of Taranto, the best colour was assessed in sea urchin fed Diet 2. T...
Article
Full-text available
The compiled data for this study represents the first Atlantic and Mediterranean-wide effort to pool all available biometric data for Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) with the collaboration of many countries and scientific groups. Biometric relationships were based on an extensive sampling (over 140,000 fish sampled), covering most of the fi...
Article
The movements of Octopus vulgaris were investigated by a mark–recapture study (1604 specimens tagged), carried out during a commercial octopus traps fishery, at a depth of 20–50 m, over a rocky substrate area of the Sardinian Sea (central western Mediterranean Sea). Overall 87 specimens (56 males and 31 females) were recaptured after 4 and 63 days...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A genotyping-by-sequencing approach was used to discover single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) throughout the Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) genome while simultaneously analyzing the species' population structuring using 723 individuals captured between 2007-2013 from fourteen locations throughout the species' range, including several pre...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of this study is a preliminary investigation on the activity of the local fishers in the MPA of Capo Carbonara (Sardinia, Italy). From May 2013 to April 2014, were collected and analysed data from 236 log-book compiled from fishermen. Trammel net (83%), trap (11%) and longline (6%) were resulted the only metièr employed in the study area. M...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of spawning and nursery grounds of Aristeids in the central western Mediterranean Sea were investigated using fishery-independent data (trawl surveys, 1994–2012). Spatial distributions were generated for mature animals and recruits, for both spring/summer and autumn data, using an inverse distance-weighted deterministic interpolation....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Between 2009 and 2013, the head region of 102 juveniles of Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus L.) caught in four nursery areas of the Mediterranean Sea (Balearic Sea, Ionian Sea, Ligurian Sea and Tyrrhenian Sea) were analysed for parasites. Eleven parasite species were found: Capsala magronum, C. onchidiocotyle, C. paucispinosa, Nasicola klawei...
Article
Full-text available
Botargo is the product of the industrial management of fresh roe of the grey mullet (Mugil cephalus). This food product is actually obtained from wild fish caught in different marine areas around the word. The increasing commercial demand of botargo has brought to carry out different fishing systems, gathering the wild mullet in restricted areas, l...
Article
Full-text available
Geometric morphometric methods were used to explore body shape morphology in 260 Atlantic bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus, collected in Sardinia (Western Mediterranean) during the breeding phase and in the Bay of Biscay (North Eastern Atlantic) during the feeding phase. The shape of each specimen was captured by high resolution digital images and rec...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In May-July 2013 the first conventional tagging of bluefin tuna by divers was conducted in the trap fishery of Sardinia (western Mediterranean). The Isola Piana and the Portoscuso trap, the last active traps in the Mediterranean Sea, were involved in the scientific programme. In order to adapt the fishing gear and the equipment for tagging, a few c...
Article
Full-text available
Assessment and management of Atlantic bluefin tuna Thunnus thynnus populations is hindered by our lack of knowledge regarding trans-Atlantic movement and connectivity of east- ern and western populations. Here, we evaluated migratory and homing behaviors of bluefin tuna in several regions of the North Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea using chem...
Article
This paper describes the results of a two-year monitoring study examining the pollution of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Sardinia. GC-ITMS analysis of sea urchin gonads showed the presence of 11 and 12 PAHs in the samples of Capo Pecora, and Capitana, respectively. Fluorene, naphthalene and its t...
Article
Full-text available
The gills of 63 specimens of the Atlantic bluefin tuna Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus) (Osteichthyes: Scombridae) from three localities of the Mediterranean (Sardinian, Tyrrhenian and Levantine Seas) were examined for metazoan parasites. The parasite fauna of T. thynnus from the Sea of Sardinia included 11 species: five didymozoid trematodes, three caps...
Article
This study investigates the effect of different Mediterranean habitats on spine and gonad colouring and gonadal index in the purple sea urchin ea and the gonad index of the purple sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea). Specimens were collected in winter 2012 in Posidonia oceanica meadows and rocky bottom areas at two sites in...
Article
The fatty acid (FA) composition of Spatangus purpureus, Echinus melo, Sphaerechinus granularis, and Paracentrotus lividus, sea urchins, has been studied. Sea urchins were collected at different depth along Sardinia coast in the Mediterranean sea, and their gonad was measured, separated, and analyzed for FA composition by gas chromatography-mass spe...
Article
Full-text available
From April to June Atlantic bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus, migrate along the western Sardinian coastline in a southward direction, where they are intercepted by the trap fishery. Fishermen claim that Mistral episodes facilitate the entry of tuna schools towards the traps, thus increasing capture rates. To test the fishermen’s hypothesis we conducte...
Article
Full-text available
A meta-analysis of the straight fork lengths (herewith abbreviated as L) of 2,458,028 Atlantic bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus (L.), taken from 224 scientific publications and unpublished L data from scientific organizations and fishing companiesspanning most of the known Atlantic and Mediterranean Atlantic bluefin tuna fisheries dating from 1605 to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The gill of scombrid (Perciformes: Scombridae) have a design specialized for ensuring rigidity required by ram ventilation and for meeting increased oxygen demands associated with high aerobic performance (Wegner et al. 2010). The gills are the most parasitized organ of the body of the scombrid fish, harbouring numerous species of ectoparasites (mo...
Article
Full-text available
The identification of appropriate spatial distribution patterns for the observation, analysis and management of stocks with a persistent spatial structure, such as sea urchins, is a key issue in fish ecology and fisheries research. This paper describes the development and application of a geostatistical approach for determining the spatial distribu...
Article
Full-text available
Sea urchin roe (Paracentrotus lividus) is an excellent biomarker, and it has been used as a test for toxicology study of chemical pollution of restricted marine areas; in fact, unlike mussels which filter water, it feeds mainly on micro- and macroalgae. Therefore, it is not influenced by the sea tide and meets better the situation of local pollutio...
Article
In the last 20 years. several factors have heavily impacted the Atlantic bluefin tuna fishery. They include management policies, market changes, the ban of the drift-net fishery, expansion of the modern purse seine fleet, and implementation of a stock recovery plan. To enhance current knowledge about the population's status, we conducted a long-ter...