Pia Hurmelinna

Pia Hurmelinna
University of Oulu · Department of Marketing, Management and International Business

Head of Department; Prof; Dr. (Econ&BusAdmin)

About

130
Publications
34,341
Reads
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3,582
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2007 - June 2016
University of Oulu
Position
  • Professor (acting), International Business
August 2004 - November 2004
November 1999 - September 2009
Lappeenranta – Lahti University of Technology LUT
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • Adjunct professor starting from Oct 2011 to present

Publications

Publications (130)
Article
In today's knowledge-based global competitive climate, both large and small firms attempt to leverage external knowledge by collaborating with companies with complementary knowledge and resources. Academics and practitioners agree that in the global network era knowledge has become a key resource for continuous innovation and competitiveness. The i...
Article
This study examines why some firms are better able than others to reap benefits from collaborating with their competitors in innovation. Whereas on the general level, collaborative innovation has been studied widely, and firm-specific success factors in collaboration between competitors (i.e., coopetition) have not been exhaustively addressed. Earl...
Article
In this study, attention is turned to those actors who orchestrate innovation networks; their types, roles and capabilities. We assert that the type of orchestrator and what they (can) do are related aspects. Our starting point is that while orchestration in general comprises a variety of important activities, ranging from ensuring knowledge mobili...
Article
Artificial intelligence increasingly attracts attention and investments. However, appropriating value from this general-purpose technology (GPT) can be difficult. To understand these challenges, this article analyzes why IBM failed to generate significant profits from IBM Watson Health despite its promising starting points. The findings suggest tha...
Article
This study systematically reviews 200 articles published over the past three decades to reveal how appropriability and appropriation have been explained and how those perspectives resonate with developments in the innovation environment. Our results show that despite the extensive stream of literature, little effort has been made to systematically...
Article
Although innovation appropriability has been studied for decades, industry-level variations and development patterns have rarely been the focus of research. Using three waves of Community Innovation Survey data, this paper empirically explores the dynamics in the use of appropriability mechanisms across time and industries. The use of appropriabili...
Chapter
Stress and coping have attracted examination from viewpoints of students and faculty, but often separately. We aim to combine these perspectives by considering the interplay of stress and coping, and how these emerge among students and teachers at a business school where study structures have changed. Our findings indicate a strong connection betwe...
Article
Full-text available
Background Challenged to innovate and improve efficiency both at the policy level and in everyday work, many health care organizations are undergoing radical change. However, in many earlier studies, the significance of individuals’ perceptions of their organization and its innovativeness and efficiency during restructuring is not well acknowledged...
Article
A negatively shaped attitude‐based bias towards external knowledge—the not‐invented‐here (NIH) syndrome—may constitute a significant obstacle for effective adoption of external knowledge and impair organizational innovativeness. The goal of this study is to shed light to the question how organizational and managerial features drive individual NIH,...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on an under-researched topic of the role of social media as a knowledge transfer tool for intellectual capital accumulations during international growth. We particularly focus on small firms and based on four case studies of such firms operating in the high-tech (software) sector in Finland, our paper offers interesting insight...
Chapter
The current chapter addresses the antecedents and influences of corporate citizenship in a family-owned firm. Drawing from a case study of a Finnish family firm in the medical supplies sector, we contribute to the extant literature by focusing on antecedents such as lack of shareholder pressure, founder's vision and experiences, and intergeneration...
Article
Full-text available
While creating value in open innovation (OI) requires knowledge sharing, appropriating value in OI entails some closedness and protectiveness. Hence, tensions between generating and appropriating value, known as the paradox of openness, may emerge in OI collaborations. Such tensions have been scarcely explored at the micro-level, even though it is...
Article
Full-text available
This conceptual paper organizes and advances existing knowledge on the management practices of interorganizational innovation networks by developing an orchestration profile approach. We utilize the principle of alignment to connect orchestration practices with the management requirements of different types of innovation networks. We explain that w...
Article
Changes in regulation trigger changes in the innovation environments. They may block specific development trajectories, but they may simultaneously inspire and stimulate completely new openings. In this study, we look into regulation that aims to address environmental problems and facilitate creation and diffusion of sustainable technologies and pr...
Article
Contemporary innovation management studies on collaboration dynamics and value appropriation lack coherent theoretical articulations and underlying conceptual foundations. It is challenging to manage collaborative value creation without a proper understanding of the dynamic connections between collaboration for and appropriation of innovation. This...
Article
To respond to the notable changes in the field of healthcare, innovation networks bringing together industry and public sector actors are needed. Subsequently, the orchestration of such networks has attracted increasing attention. However, most research on network orchestration takes the point of view of the orchestrator and/or the innovation produ...
Conference Paper
The recently surged research in the intersection of collaboration dynamics and value appropriation suffers from the lack of consistent theoretical articulations and conceptual foundations. It is a challenge, as without the understanding of the dynamics of collaboration and appropriability and the meaning of their connectedness, an attempt to manage...
Article
Individual-level innovativeness is widely acknowledged to be critical to the success of an organisation’s innovation, and understanding the related nuances is therefore important. The goal of this study is to add to existing knowledge on how managerial characteristics influence employee innovativeness. Specifically, we address the role of leader–me...
Chapter
This chapter addresses an under-researched topic of the base of pyramid in affluent economies by specifically focusing on varieties of capitalism perspective as a theoretical lens. We focus on coordinated market economies of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden and liberal market economies of Ireland and United Kingdom, in the current chapter. We us...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores the links between climate change, consumer lifestyles, and legitimation strategies of sustainable firms. Our findings offer new insight into this under-researched area based on qualitative case studies of four Nordic firms operating in industrial and consumer contexts. We find that climate change consciousness is a major driver...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the important role of cross-sector partnerships and collaboration in global emergency management, relevant in situations such as the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and grand global challenges. Design/methodology/approach The paper utilizes exploratory historical methods and examines cross-sector partnersh...
Chapter
The current chapter aims to increase the understanding on how social media as a tool can become a source of competitiveness and enhance international growth of small technology firms operating in software sector. Based on exploratory case studies undertaken in two Finnish software firms, our chapter specifically links international growth to organi...
Article
Purpose In this study, the authors explore how sensing and seizing of market opportunities, asset reconfiguration and top management team (TMT) consensus on these elements jointly relate to a firm's international expansion. By doing this, the authors contribute to the existing literature by addressing dynamic managerial capabilities at the TMT lev...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to elevate the current understanding of value creation and value capture tensions that emerge in open innovation projects and of their potential solutions. In contrast with prior studies that often suggest specific solutions to individual tensions, our study takes an integrative approach by considering complex (bundles of) tensions...
Chapter
Small entrepreneurial firms often need to be quite creative when allocating and deploying their limited resources. Especially in grasping international opportunities, social media provides a seemingly affordable and far-reaching medium. However, challenges—such as the controllability of the content and the outcomes of using social media—become appa...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper is to explore the challenges and potential solutions regarding data access for innovation in the realm of connected health. Theoretically, our study combines insights from data management and innovation network orchestration studies, taking thereby a new approach into issues that have emerged in these research streams. Emp...
Article
Purpose: Trust and control through contracting have been juxtaposed in many studies addressing interorganizational collaboration and knowledge exchange. In this study, we move from the opposite ends of a continuum between trust as an attitude and control exercised through formal contracts toward the center of the continuum where trust and contracti...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores the relationships among the use of different types of humor (affiliative, aggressive, reframing, and coping humor)—both among immediate co-workers (“ingroup”), and with actors external to the firm (“outgroup”), international competitiveness, as well as innovativeness. An exploratory study based on survey data suggests that humor...
Article
Managing technology does not equal to managing people. The details of managing people with the goal of enhancing and creating innovation are multiple, and they change constantly. Therefore, having insight on these issues is highly relevant. In this special issue, the focus of interest is in providing some of this insight. Combined, the articles inc...
Article
In mergers and acquisitions, the acquiring firm must combine two firms’ resources and capabilities so that the outcome yields value. In individual firms, the marketing & sales, and R&D functions have typically developed intertwined and complex relationships over time. These multifaceted dependencies may obscure the integration of the firms and thei...
Chapter
Value creation and appropriation are essential elements of any economic activity. In coopetition literature, value creation refers to all activities that increase value created within the context of the relationship, while value appropriation refers to capturing a share of that value. In this chapter, we first discuss the conceptual underpinnings o...
Article
This conceptual article discusses the roles of playfulness and well-being at work in the retail sector with a specific emphasis on service encounters. The aim is to create a new conceptual framework to enhance research on how the element of playfulness can be part of an employee's working environment in the retail sector, and to discuss how playful...
Chapter
Knowledge exchange generally leads to mutual benefits, but unintentional knowledge transfer may have negative consequences for the original knowledge owner. Knowledge loss may be caused by, e.g., key employees leaving, and if key knowledge assets are obtained by competitors, it may harm the competitiveness of the firm. As the dynamics of overall kn...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Cities as public organizations can apply business related approaches in order to foster innovation and business related policies. The integrated and interlinked competences, resources, spaces, and facilities between the stakeholders define the ecosystem's capacity. In line with this, the performance of the ecosystem depends on the alignment of thos...
Chapter
The knowledge protection/sharing dilemma related to innovation activities is becoming known to all firms, even though it is generally more notable for SMEs: the small size of the firms inherently creates a need for inter-organizational collaboration, but it also makes dealing with the related contradictories more challenging. One factor behind this...
Conference Paper
The decisions of public health policies have great impact on our society and citizens. These decisions made policy makers are typically driven by various types of continuously changing and interlinked determinants, such as economic, social, political and technological factors. In this dynamic situation, it is not possible for one person or even for...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines orchestration roles in a networked innovation context characterized by significant transformation. In particular, an exploratory case study approach is taken to study the roles of innovation network orchestrators and their actions to facilitate networked activities in different phases of the innovation process. The context of th...
Article
Full-text available
Prior literature suggests that dynamic capabilities enable, on the one hand, firms to respond successfully to the changes in the markets, and on the other hand, to embrace firms’ ability to shape their business environments. However, existing studies have not fully considered how some firms within the same industry are able to shape markets, and wh...
Article
Purpose Organizational silos that build on the existing organizational structures are often considered to have negative effects in the form of focus on private narrow objectives and organizational fragmentation. To avoid such harmful outcomes, competence management is called for, and in this, the human resources (HR) function takes a key role. Amon...
Article
In the networked business environment, the same actors come together and part in various situations. Addressing this, existing research describes the lifecycle of business relationships and network participation: stages from relationship formation to termination and network exits have been covered. Less is known about the phases following a termina...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to learn how strategic hybrid orientation – constructed from brand and market orientations – is related to the brand awareness, brand credibility, and financial performance of business-to-business (B2B) small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Design/methodology/approach The questionnaire was used in a sur...
Article
Innovation and HRM practices are connected, but the nature of these linkages may not be completely understood. Practical examples where knowledge securing practices limit efficiency of creative work, and where rewarding established ways of work prevent new approaches from being tried, suggest that there are challenges. In this study, we examine the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Ecosystemic thinking has been utilized to an increasing extent as the way to approach the interconnectivity, dynamism, and complexity of innovations in the 2010s economy. Fundamentally, the ecosystemic perspective considers that innovations no longer rise only from the internal sphere of private businesses, but from all areas of the economy and soc...
Article
While humour is present in everyday business in practice, its strategic meaning and effectiveness are rarely investigated in relation to innovation processes or their management. In this study, we suggest that different types of humour can have both positive and negative effects on innovative work behaviour and the innovation output of individuals,...
Article
Compared to existing knowledge of innovation appropriability in general, or individual mechanisms contributing to value appropriation, little is known about the configurations of isolating appropriability mechanisms. Such configurations — appropriability profiles — may look quite different for different actors, and may generate quite different perf...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to study how the motivation in firms to safeguard the prerequisites of innovation relates to the strength of the employee-related protectionmechanisms that dealwith knowledge leaking and knowledge leaving, and the moderating effect of organizational trust in the relationship. Design/methodology/approach – The...
Article
Dynamic capabilities, which are subject to organizational embeddedness and potential path dependence, are sometimes inadequate for dealing with urgent and unexpected organizational and strategic problems. This study explores the boundary conditions of dynamic capabilities and proposes a complementary approach for dealing with unfamiliar problems: t...
Chapter
HRM practices can be designed to influence not only employees’ creativity, but also an organization’s innovation capabilities and the management of related activities in general. Accordingly, a knowledge management question that ought to be constantly asked is the balance that organizations need to find between the two opposing goals of innovation...
Article
Although the first look might suggest otherwise, knowledge protection is a complex phenomenon that does not lend itself to easy classification. Discussion easily turns to intellectual property rights (IPRs) such as patents or secrecy, while other aspects such as human resource management (HRM) for knowledge protection is neglected. Yet, innovative...
Article
Purpose – Human resources in knowledge intensive industries create the basis for continuing innovation and subsequent firm performance. At the same time, they pose risks for the competitiveness of the firm: unwanted leaking of knowledge and intellectual capital to outsiders exposes firm-critical knowledge, and knowledge leaving with a departing key...
Article
Full-text available
Maintaining innovation potential means that ideas, and the people generating those ideas, should be at the firms disposal. Furthermore, the firm should be able to capture value from people’s ideas. Losing these people therefore poses risks. Managing these risks is challenging, especially without intra-firm consensus on their role. This study examin...
Article
We argue that different human resource (HR)-related practices and mechanisms play a role with regard to knowledge and innovation protection. We further suggest that the relationship between the protective HR mechanisms—softer and harder, more or less restrictive forms—and innovation performance is affected by contingency factors, especially organiz...
Article
Research and development (R&D) collaboration with various types of external stakeholders is becoming increasingly important for firms pursuing innovation-related goals. However, collaborating with actors such as customers, suppliers, competitors, and research organisations involves risks related to knowledge leakage and the possible misappropriatio...
Article
Employees within firms are important for innovation related value creation and capturing. They scan, process, and diffuse knowledge needed to generate new innovations, and they also can have an important role as gatekeepers and guardians of knowledge, which supports capturing value from innovation. However, due to these same issues employees can po...
Article
The appropriability of economic value from innovations has been a relevant part of strategy and innovation research for quite some time. However, much variation still exists in the use of concepts and adopted viewpoints, which makes it hard to fully capture, study, and measure the phenomenon. This study reviews the key contributions of earlier rese...
Article
Innovations have the potential to create value by generating rents (primary appropriability), or they can be used as background knowledge for further innovations and value creation (generative appropriability). Because these possibilities exist, organisations need to make strategic decisions on knowledge sharing with their partners in collaborative...
Article
In the field of innovation, internationalisation and competitive advantage, the uniqueness of firm-specific knowledge assets and the need for their controlled transfer can be identified as common denominators and critical success factors. Therefore, a firm’s appropriability regime – the combination of different mechanisms that simultaneously enable...
Article
The focus of the study is on the determinants of R&D collaboration and their effects on its breadth and depth. Using a sample from an original survey of 193 Finnish firms, we examine the effects of R&D intensity, incoming spillovers, size, specific motives and selected appropriability mechanisms on R&D collaboration with various actors. The finding...
Article
Purpose – Prior research has confirmed the usefulness of both formal and informal protection mechanisms for governing knowledge flows. However, there is lack of research on the motivation and needs driving firms in their choice of mechanisms for each situation. The aim of this paper is to examine the reasons for choosing formal or informal mechanis...
Article
Two factors jointly determine the likelihood of a firm′s competitors obtaining information on its intangible assets and using it to damage the firm′s innovation performance. Those factors are the absorptive capacity of the rival firm and the appropriability regime of the innovating firm. However, the precise roles of the two factors in affecting pe...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this study is to increase understanding of service innovation in networks. Especially the most loosely coupled forms of innovation networks, innovation communities, can be valuable in service innovation, but may not be manageable in the traditional sense. Rather, they may require orchestration characterized by discreet guid...
Article
Emergent, ill-structured problems in organizations often require immediate attention. Organizations’ dynamic capabilities are sometimes inadequate to fully deal with such urgent issues, since they are fundamentally based on path-dependent routines. We suggest that ad-hoc problem finding and solving – as a non-routine organizational process – shows...
Article
The increasingly tight connections between innovation and internationalization, and critical factors in this setting warrant more research. In this study, the focus is turned to protection different types of radical innovations in international and domestic markets. Our results based on literature review and empirical examination of data from 209 f...
Article
As observed by Porter [1] and Enright [2], clusters occupy a key position in the economy of developed countries, most notably because they bring several benefits resulting from economic and social factors. Although these authors alert us to the importance of social capital mechanisms in clustering processes, they fail to fully explore the psycholog...
Article
Expropriability is the ability of (potential) competitors to extract information about innovation and utilize it to their advantage in a manner that decreases the competitive advantages of the original innovator. It has an effect on the profit margins and, subsequently, on the strategic behavior of a firm in terms of innovation activities. In this...
Article
Networked R&D has faced upheaval over the last decade. However, in order to fully benefit from collaboration, firms need to embrace paradoxes that are inherent in R&D networks. We therefore investigate how orchestration (rather than traditional management) of relationships by improving absorptive capacity, network stability, and innovation appropri...
Article
HRM systems and practices can have a notable impact on a firm’s performance. Employees exchange and co-utilize innovation-generating knowledge, leading often to improvements in the firm’s financial performance, but they may also (unintentionally) give out valuable information. In this study, we discuss how HRM practices can be designed to foster in...
Article
Radical innovations are those that provide the biggest boost to the firm's competitive edge in terms of technology, market position, and customer value in general. There is continuing debate concerning the organizational conditions and capabilities that promote or prevent the emergence of different types of radical innovation. The aim in this study...
Article
Purpose ‐ Recent research and practice have put a great deal of effort into finding efficient ways of managing and organizing to promote innovation within organizations. This study aims to continue this trend in addressing issues related to knowledge transfer and protection through examining roles of absorptive capacity and appropriability regimes...
Article
Purpose – The current innovation environment is characterized by complexity, networking and internationalization and calls for managerial approaches that not only foster value-capture activities, but acknowledge value creation as equally important. The purpose of this study is to clarify and define in more useful conceptual detail the nature of val...
Article
Intangible assets facilitate successful international growth and, likewise, new value can be created through internationalization as it supports creating and utilizing such assets. Independent of whether the innovative creations are input or output, in order to preserve the benefits, awareness of the threat of imitation is needed. Departing from pr...
Article
An important factor facilitating the internationalization of product-oriented companies is an appropriability regime allowing a firm to become the sole or dominant provider of specific products. The challenge for service firms is that many appropriability mechanisms, such as patents, are traditionally targeted at protecting tangible products and pr...
Article
Purpose – In this study the authors seek to discuss and empirically analyze coordination mechanisms in innovation-generating business networks. Their aim is to explore how these coordination mechanisms, as well as the roles of actors, evolve during the development of such networks. Design/methodology/approach – The paper analyses an in-depth single...
Article
This study aims to increase understanding on how relatively vague aggregations of firms can be directed in a manner that facilitates innovation. In particular, we examine promotion of knowledge mobility as a part of innovation network orchestration. Literature review and a case study of an international innovation community indicate, first, that of...