Phillip Gould

Phillip Gould
Coventry University | CU · Department of Biomolecular and Sport Sciences

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13
Publications
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271
Citations

Publications

Publications (13)
Article
Full-text available
The live attenuated influenza vaccine FluMist® was withdrawn in the USA by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention after its failure to provide adequate protective immunity during 2013–2016. The vaccine uses attenuated core type A and type B viruses, reconfigured each year to express the two major surface antigens of the currently circulatin...
Article
Automated computational docking of large libraries of chemical compounds to a protein can aid in pharmaceutical drug design and gives scientists with basic computer experience a tool to help plan wet laboratory investigations when exploring the combination of chemical and pharmacological spaces. The use of open source tools to develop and select li...
Article
Full-text available
Polycistronic transcripts are considered rare in the human genome. Initiation of translation of internal ORFs of eukaryotic genes has been shown to use either leaky scanning or highly structured IRES regions to access initiation codons. Studies on mammalian viruses identified a mechanism of coupled translation termination-reinitiation that allows t...
Article
Preeclampsia is a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy caused by abnormal placental function, partly because of chronic hypoxia at the utero-placental junction. The increase in levels of soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1, an antiangiogenic agent known to inhibit placental vascularization, is an important cellular factor implicated...
Article
Coupled translation, first described in the M2 gene of pneumovirus respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), is an alternative mechanism of translational initiation in which the ribosomes which translate the first (M2-1) open reading frame (ORF) move a short distance upstream after termination and reinitiate translation from a second (M2-2) overlapping OR...
Article
Full-text available
Many bacteria possess 2 or more genes for the chaperonin GroEL and the cochaperonin GroES. In particular, rhizobial species often have multiple groEL and groES genes, with a high degree of amino-acid similarity, in their genomes. The Rhizobium leguminosarum strain A34 has 3 complete groE operons, which we have named cpn.1, cpn.2 and cpn.3. Previous...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated the regulation of the two of the three groE operons (cpn.1 and cpn.2) of the root-nodulating bacterium R. leguminosarum strain A34. Both are heat inducible, and both have a CIRCE sequence in their upstream regions, suggesting regulation by an HrcA repressor. Mutagenesis of the CIRCE sequence upstream of cpn.1 led to an increase in t...
Article
Full-text available
We have investigated the mechanism of the translation of the second open reading frame (ORF) of the respiratory syncytial virus M2 transcript that uses a novel coupled translation process requiring prior translation of the upstream ORF. The second M2-2 ORF sequences play no role in the coupling process and can be replaced with other gene sequences....
Article
Full-text available
Although many bacteria contain only a single groE operon encoding the essential chaperones GroES and GroEL, examples of bacteria containing more than one groE operon are common. The root-nodulating bacterium Rhizobium leguminosarum contains at least three operons encoding homologues to Escherichia coli GroEL, referred to as Cpn60.1, Cpn60.2 and Cpn...
Article
The protocol described here is an adapted version of the toeprinting assay in which the oligonucleotide used to prime the reverse transcription step is labeled with a fluorescent dye instead of 32P. By using a fluorescent dye, the results of the assay are obtained within one hour by direct electrophoresis of the samples on an automated sequencing m...

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