Philippe MOULIN

Philippe MOULIN
Aix-Marseille Université | AMU · M2p2

Professeur des Universités

About

246
Publications
114,384
Reads
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10,061
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2005 - December 2007
Université Paul Cézanne
January 2004 - December 2009
Aix-Marseille Université
September 1993 - July 1996
Paul Sabatier University - Toulouse III
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (246)
Article
Since 1 January 2020, the sulfur content allowed in exhaust gas plume generated by marine vessels decreased to 0.5% m/m. To be compliant, a hybrid scrubber was installed on-board, working in closed loop and generating a high volume of alkaline wastewater. The alkaline water suspension was treated by a silicon carbide multitubular membrane to remove...
Article
Membrane processes are used for drinking water production and medical applications to remove and/or produce viruses using organic membranes. It appears that backwashing is not sufficient to remove all the viruses stopped by the membrane. The use of “one-shot” membranes or chlorinated solution filtration can be considered with an additional cost and...
Article
Sanitary landfilling is one of the most common ways to eliminate solid municipal/urban wastes. Despite many advantages, this method leads to the generation of contaminated leachates that remains an unavoidable consequence of the waste disposal. Membrane technologies, such as reverse osmosis, are frequently used for leachate treatment as they genera...
Article
Shellfish as a foodstuff must meet sanitary quality objectives for the protection of consumers and this quality is closely linked to the water. The oyster industry considered this challenge related to contaminations and currently, the major risk of disease is due to the presence of norovirus (NoV) since all oyster-consuming countries report outbrea...
Article
SiC membranes are used in many industrial fields with high performances and good retention efficiency in the filtration of loaded liquids such as wastewater, oil or wine. Technologies allow to characterize membrane’s surface but few allow the characterization of its depth. This paper proposes the combination of results obtained by the usual techniq...
Article
In a winery, clarification and stabilization steps by crossflow microfiltration are limited by fouling phenomenon which reduces production flows and can alter the aromatic potential of wines, forcing professionals to use several successive filtration steps. The objectives of this industrial-scale study are to (i) introduce SiC membranes at differen...
Article
Shellfish farming, a key sector of French aquaculture activity, allows the production of oyster spat in a controlled environment. Their production in commercial hatcheries requires control over the quality of the seawater used to sustain crossbreeding, breeding, and the production of fodder microalgae. Therefore, improving the filtration conditions...
Article
To improve membrane fouling management, the NaClO-assisted backwash has been developed to improve permeability maintenance and reduce the need for intensive chemical cleanings. This study is aimed to focus on the efficiency of NaClO-assisted backwash in real UF pilot scale and with periodic classic backwash (CB) and air backwash (AB). The impacts o...
Article
Hybrid process has received more attention in pollutant removal due to combination of advantages of each process. In this study, membrane combined with absorption was developed and studied for VOCs removal from lab- to industry-scale. Ionic liquid membrane containing 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethyl sulfonyl)imide ([Bmim][NTf2]) has...
Article
Water reuse is an enduring topic that benefits the society and future generations of mankind. Ultrafiltration (UF) is one of the most cost-effective treatment technologies for improving water quality. In this study, a semi-industrial UF pilot plant with periodical classic backwash (CB) and air backwash (AB) was operated automatically to evaluate it...
Article
Removal of pathogenic microorganisms as viruses during drinking water production was evaluated by ultrafiltration. Two enteric viruses (ADV 41 and CV-B5) were compared to the MS2 bacteriophage, largely used in literature and by membrane producers as enteric virus surrogate. The effect of feed concentration of viruses on the ultrafiltration efficien...
Chapter
New regulations in environment protection and increasing market demands for “green” companies are forcing the industry to consider finding new and sustainable methods of wastewater treatment. The technological process of wastewater treatment may consist of many processing stages, depending on the characteristics of the raw wastewater and the requir...
Article
La réutilisation de l'eau profiterait à la société dans son ensemble, aux entreprises et plus généralement aux générations futures dans le contexte actuel de pollution et de raréfaction de la ressource en eau dans le monde. L'ultrafiltration (UF) est l'une des technologies de traitement les plus efficaces et les plus rentables dans le domaine de l’...
Article
The process of ultrafiltration (UF) of natural seawater often encounters the problems of variation in water quality and coastal blooms. To validate the feasibility of UF in shellfish farms, this study compared the hydraulic performance and pollutant removal efficiency of the UF process with those of the commonly used treatments that combine several...
Article
This study aims to demonstrate the efficiency of dichloromethane (DCM) regeneration from a methanolic effluent by a combination of distillation and membrane pervaporation process. The presence of an azeotrope (MeOH/DCM/water) makes the regeneration of DCM via distillation alone impossible. A process simulation using ProSim software was carried out...
Article
Full-text available
Membrane processes have revolutionized many industries because they are more energy and environmentally friendly than other separation techniques. This initial selection of the membrane for any application is based on its Molecular Weight CutOff (MWCO). However, there is a lack of a quantitative, liable, and rapid method to determine the MWCO of th...
Article
Ionic liquids (ILs) are promising alternative solvents for traditional organic compounds using selective separation. However, some environmental risks of ILs, resulting in a limitation of their applications in industry. In this work, the stability of ILs into multi-channel tubular ceramic membranes (ILM) provides a promising way to realize the use...
Article
Full-text available
Wastewater reuse as a sustainable, reliable and energy recovery concept is a promising approach to alleviate worldwide water scarcity. However, the water reuse market needs to be developed with long-term efforts because only less than 4% of the total wastewater worldwide has been treated for water reuse at present. In addition, the reclaimed water...
Article
Full-text available
Among water treatment processes, ultrafiltration is known to be efficient for the elimination of microorganisms (bacteria and viruses). In this study, two pathogens were targeted, a bacterium, Vibrio aestuarianus and a virus, OsHV-1, with the objective to produce high quality water from seawater, in the case of shellfish productions. The retention...
Article
Full-text available
The culture of microalgae is important for the production and maintenance of bivalves. One of the major challenges is to maintain the reliability of microalgae forages over the long term. The aim of this work is to use Ultrafiltered (UF) seawater to cultivate them. Thus, cultures in a volume of 300 L of 2 species of microalgae Tetraselmis and T-iso...
Article
Full-text available
The main objective of this paper is to study the effect of new air backwash on dead-end ultrafiltration of seawater with a pilot at semi-industrial scale (20 m 3 /day). To control membrane fouling, two different backwashes were used to clean the membrane: classical backwash (CB) and new air backwash (AB) that consists of injecting air into the memb...
Article
Dynamic simulation of ultrafiltration process is applied to the treatment of chemical mechanical polishing wastewater from microelectronic industry. The ultrafiltration of nanoparticles (NPs) contained in chemical mechanical polishing wastewater is modelled by using different mathematical equations, which are derived from the literature and optimiz...
Article
Treatment of real (RVORW) and synthetic (SVORW) vegetable oil refinery wastewaters using membrane filtration system was experimentally studied. Experimental runs with SVORW were used to identify the best conditions to perform with RVORW treatment. The bench-scale experiment was carried out using a commercial ceramic 0.245 m² ultrafiltration (UF) me...
Article
This work aims to analyse the performances of a new hybrid process: membrane filtration to concentrate biorefractory wastewater before being treated by a hydrothermal process such as wet air oxidation. The aim is to obtain a complete discharge of the effluent in the environment. The three different synthetic wastewaters under study were pharmaceuti...
Article
Unfiltered wine is a turbid medium that is not generally accepted by the consumer. Therefore, one or several filtration steps are required before bottling. Silicon carbide (SiC) membranes desirable parameters (porosity, tortuosity fluxes) allow filtering several different types of loaded matrices like wine or residue sediment. An in-depth filtratio...
Article
Bio‐refractory wastewater treatment is compulsory for a safe discharge into the environment. This paper aims to study the use of membrane processes to concentrate wastewater to be then treated by a hydrothermal process such as wet air oxidation for advanced and intensified wastewater treatment. The work focused on three different synthetic wastewat...
Article
Full-text available
The transient method of the mass flow rate and permeability measurements through a microporous media, developed previously, is used here to extract different characteristics of the media. By implementing the model of porous media as a bundle of capillaries the effective pore dimension is extracted from the measurements, and its physical interpretat...
Article
Gas Permeability Measurement Technique (GPMT) has the advantage of being a non-destructive method, which is efficient in characterizing filtration membranes. Ceramic filtration membranes consist of successive layers of micro (support) to nano size (skin) pores. When gas flows through such a small scale structure, the molecular mean free path become...
Article
Full-text available
Solvents purification mainly used in pharmaceutical field such as acetone and methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) were performed through hybrid silica membranes and from binary and multi-components mixtures. Two hybrid silica membranes—zirconia doped bis(triethoxysilyl)methane and bis(triethoxysilyl)ethane (BTESE)—were studied. Flux, permeance, and separatio...
Article
Full-text available
Membrane processes are promising methods to separate gases from feed streams without phase changing. A hybrid process, the combination of ionic liquids with a ceramic membrane (ILM), has been developed for humidity removal in a green continuous process. This new concept provides a more efficient and available ionic liquid (IL)-based membrane regene...
Book
Full-text available
Au-delà de mieux faire connaître le Génie des Procédés et ses apports de cette Science de l'Ingénieur, l'ambition de la Socitété Française de Génie des Procédés (SFGP) est de renforcer les initiatives de formation et de recherche, pour construire l’industrie de procédé du futur et relever les challenges sociétaux et environnementaux.
Article
Shellfish profession is jeopardized by water quality problem that concerns inlet, with the need to protect the animals from pathogens contaminations, and effluents potentially harmful for the environment with the presence of pathogens, nutrients or organic matter. In this study, ultrafiltration was tested to answer these issues. The objective of th...
Article
Combination of membrane processes and ionic liquids have received more and more attention in pollutants removal because it enhances separation efficiency but also broaden their research and application areas. This review provides a first and systematical summary on ionic liquids incorporate in membrane processes for VOCs or CO 2 separation, includi...
Article
Ballast water is fresh or seawater taken onboard to stabilize a ship. By traveling with the vessels, different species can be introduced into a new area with potentially high impact on health, economy, and environment. Some conventional treatments may reach their limit because of the high variability of water quality found worldwide: for example, U...
Article
Triploid oysters are favoured by the aquaculture industry because of their sterility, which results in two advantages: a faster growth than natural oysters and a constant quality throughout all the year, which is attractive for consumers. In France, these oysters are mainly produced by mating natural and tetraploid oysters whose production poses a...
Article
Full-text available
The regeneration of volatile organic solvents via dehydration tests, from 90 wt %, was evaluated by pervaporation using an on-line near-infrared (NIR) spectrometer. Experiments were performed using a bis(triethoxysilyl)methane (BTESM)-based ceramic HybSi® membrane at temperatures of 20, 30 and 40 °C. The presence of an on-line NIR allows continuous...
Article
Full-text available
The transient method of the mass flow rate measurements through a microporous media is developed and analyzed. This method is based on the constant volume technique and the exponential fit of the pressure evolution in each tank which allows calculating the permeability directly. The pressure relaxation time, a single fitting parameter, is introduce...
Article
Full-text available
Among all the techniques studied to overcome fouling generated in dead-end filtration, the injection of air during backwashes proved to be the most effective. Indeed, shear stress engendered by the two-phase flow enhanced particle removal on membrane surface. This work aims to study the injection of air to drain the membranes before backwash. First...
Article
Non-native aquatic species can be introduced in new areas through emptying of the ballast tanks, with a high impact on health, economy and environment. This is considered by the International Maritime Organization (IMO): (i) in 2004, the IMO adopted the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments (B...
Article
The objectives of this study were to develop an analytical method to distinguish feed water used to produce drinking water, with varying concentrations of suspended solids, in terms of abrasiveness and to define an index that can assess the abrasive potential of the feed water coming in contact with a polymeric membrane. For such process configurat...
Article
In this study, the retention potential and the fouling of ultrafiltration (UF) multichannel hollow fiber membrane regarding nanoparticles (NPs) have been assessed. Filtration experiments of fluorescent 10 nm and 1.5 nm NPs (respectively NP-10 and NP-1.5) suspensions filtered individually were carried out under different transmembrane pressures. A c...
Article
This study aims to investigate the potential of nanoparticle retention of ultrafiltration (UF) multichannel hollow fiber membrane. Filtration experiments of fluorescent silica nanoparticles (NPs) (10 and 100 nm) and CdTe quantum dots (1.5 nm) suspensions were carried out under different operating conditions to analyze the retention rate (RT), the f...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The detection of gaseous pollutants such as BTEX (Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene and Xylene) under real conditions requires working in a humid environment. It is well known that the humidity reduces the performances of gas sensors, particularly in terms of sensitivity. Using a filter based on a ionic liquid (IL), low concentrations of BTEX are dete...
Poster
Full-text available
Precise safety testing and assessment of cosmetic ingredients in particular nanoparticles has remained a challenge in regard to development of alternative more efficient trial methods. In effect, validating alternative non-conventional methods is still an active undergoing field particularly in the area of the skin and eye irritation. After long in...
Article
The performance of a biomass adapted to Oncological Ward Wastewater (OWW) in a membrane bioreactor (MBR) was compared with that of a municipal WWTP, on the removal of pharmaceutical molecules and more specifically on their overall resistance and purifying ability in the presence of pharmaceutical cocktails. Sorption and biotransformation mechanisms...
Article
The recent use of the reverse osmosis (RO) process at the damaged Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear power plant generated a growing interest in the application of this process for decontamination purposes. This study focused on the development of a robust RO process for decontamination of two kinds of liquid effluents: a contaminated groundwater after a nu...
Article
In the case of pharmaceutical processes, the presence of preservatives can be problematic and the quantity is subject to stringent standards. So, the aim of this study is to quantify the removal of glycerin contained in ultrafiltration flat sheet membranes by filtration and soaking. This is carried out over a wide range of membranes with different...
Article
The detection of gaseous pollutants such as Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene and Xylene (BTEX) under real conditions requires working in a humid environment. It is well known that the humidity reduces the performances of gas sensors, particularly in terms of sensitivity. Ionic liquids (ILs) are a new class of solvent with attractive properties for th...
Article
The influence of wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluents from one microelectronic industrial zone on element concentrations and partitioning in river water was investigated. The stepwise membrane filtration is used to distinguish different size fractions including large particulate (>18 μm), particulate (0.2-18 μm), colloidal/nanoparticle (10 k...
Article
The influence of membrane filtration modes on the estimation of size distribution for natural elements in water was investigated. The stepwise membrane filtration is used to distinguish different size fractions including large particulate (>18 μm), particulate (0.2–18 μm), colloidal/nanoparticle (10 kDa–0.2 μm), and truly dissolved fractions (<10 k...
Article
The aim of this study is to apply the membrane bioreactor technology in an oxidation ditch in submerged conditions. This new wastewater filtration process will benefit rural areas (<5,000 population equivalent) subject to chronic water shortages by reusing this water for irrigation of green areas. For this purpose, the membranes developed without s...
Chapter
The large diversity of metabolic capacities and the high genetic plasticity of microorganisms allow them to degrade virtually all organic compounds of natural or anthropogenic (xenobiotics) origin including those that are sources of environmental pollution. Thus microorganisms are major actors to eliminate or alleviate pollutions in the environment...
Article
The extensive applications of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) can result in their release into waters. Membrane processes have great potential in reducing ENMs release. In that case, the issues of particular concern are membrane fouling caused by ENMs during separation processes. The objective of the present study is to improve the understanding of...
Presentation
Full-text available
The extensive applications of NPs inevitably result in their release into waters, and thereby lead to the exposure of living organisms. Membrane processes provide an adequate technological solution to solve this problem. The objective of this study is to improve the understanding of how NPs are retained by membranes in order to better understand th...
Article
The aim of this work is to study the pore blocking by the use of microfluidic devices (micro-separators) and numerical simulation approaches. The micro-separators are made in PDMS and are constituted of an array of microchannels 20 micrometers wide with three types of structure: straight microchannels, connected microchannels (or aligned square pil...
Article
Membrane separation processes have become a basic unit operation for process design and product development. These processes are used in a variety of separation and concentration steps, but in all cases, the membranes must be cleaned regularly to remove both organic and inorganic material deposited on the surface and/or into the membrane bulk. Clea...