Philippe Dillmann

Philippe Dillmann
French National Centre for Scientific Research | CNRS · IRAMAT/NIMBE LAPA

PhD HDR

About

382
Publications
63,545
Reads
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5,739
Citations
Citations since 2016
105 Research Items
2927 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
Additional affiliations
January 2010 - present
French National Centre for Scientific Research
Position
  • Directeur de Recherches
January 2003 - September 2010
French National Centre for Scientific Research
Position
  • Directeur de Recherches
August 1998 - December 2002
Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (382)
Article
Full-text available
Corrosion experiments were performed on a ferrito‐pearlitic (P285‐NH) and a ferritic steel (Armco) in a synthetic solution representing the Callovo‐Oxfordian porewater during a month at 120°C. Corrosion product layers (CPLs) were characterized from micro to nanoscale in terms of morphology (electron microscopies), composition (energy dispersive X‐r...
Article
Full-text available
The late prehistoric copper production site of the Vilabouly Complex in central Laos delivered different types of materials that seem to be related to the copper chaine oppératoire for two main sites, Puen Baolo and Thong Na Nguak: minerals, slags and crucible fragments. A selection of these artefacts were analyzed (OM, SEM–EDS, XRD, bulk analyses)...
Article
Full-text available
By visually inspecting the corrosion products of metal objects, conservators propose, on the basis of their experience and consultation of specialized literature, a first diagnosis. The online computer application MiCorr (micorr.org) follows this path while optimizing it. Using a graphical user interface, the MiCorr user constructs a digital strati...
Article
Full-text available
The carbon content distribution of ferrous archaeological artefacts in a quantitative way allows us to understand the nature of the materials. Our previous works have ever proved that the use of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) could be an efficient method to solve problems of in situ analysis and offer a high spatial resolution. To asse...
Article
Well-dated and preserved medieval bombards are rare and, most of the time, only exist in single exemplar. They are nevertheless exceptional testimonies of the medieval metallurgical skills. The musée de l’Armée (Paris), owns six impressive powder chambers, found in the same place (Meaux, France) and dated from the same period (15th c.). For the fir...
Article
This study focuses on the extensive archaeometallurgical characterization of a suit of an exceptional armour belonging to the “Musée du Vieux-Château” in Laval (France). Except for the helmet, its morphological features correspond to a rare Italian-style equipment dated from the 15thcentury. However, its exact origin is unknown. Metallurgical inves...
Article
Full-text available
The French concept developed to dispose high-level radioactive waste in geological repository relies on glassy waste forms, isolated from the claystone host rock by steel containers. Understanding interactions between glass and surrounding materials is key for assessing the performance of a such system. Here, isotopically tagged SON68 glass, steel...
Presentation
For more information, do not hesitate to contact me, I will be happy to discuss my research with you lotz.helene.lucie@gmail.com
Chapter
Full-text available
Depuis les vingt dernières années un grand nombre de sites nouveaux, intégrant de près ou de loin “l’Économie du fer”, ont été fouillés ou étudiés à l’échelle du Nord de la France. Des publications récentes ont tenté des synthèses diachroniques mais aucune ne s’est concentrée sur l’ensemble des données acquises pour la période cruciale que représen...
Article
Copper-base drums are among the most iconic artefacts of mid-late 1st millennium BC Southeast Asia and southern China, and more specifically of the Vietnamese Đông Sơn culture and the Yunnanese Dian culture. The wide distribution of these drums, in public museums and private collections, renders their technical and stylistic study difficult, and th...
Article
Full-text available
In Europe, several thousand ferrous semi-products attributed to the Iron Age (8th–1st c. BC) have been found. Recent advances in the field of archaeometry concerning the dating of iron objects, characterisation of materials and provenance studies have made it possible to address some important and hitherto unresolved questions. The results obtained...
Article
Field experiments in copper smelting were carried out in order to test assumptions about the copper production processes employed at the Vilabouly Complex (VC), an Iron Age extraction and production site in central Laos. VC is one of only three primary production sites known in Southeast Asia and appears to be a major copper production and mining l...
Conference Paper
Toute intervention de conservation-restauration (CR) sur des métaux patrimoniaux requiert un diagnostic le plus exact possible. A partir de leur état de conservation, on cherche à comprendre les causes et les mécanismes ayant entraîné les altérations observées. La composition des matériaux et l’agressivité des environnements auxquels ils sont expo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Le réseau CAI-RN de la MITI du CNRS et le Domaine d’intérêt majeur « Matériaux anciens et patrimoniaux » de la Région Île-de-France vous convient à une réflexion multithématique et interdisciplinaire, allant de l’épistémologie aux usages des référentiels. Cet échange se déroulera en deux journées abordant des thématiques complémentaires. Les colle...
Article
To protect copper artefacts of the cultural heritage from atmospheric degradation protective treatment must be applied. Two types of protective treatments: microcrystalline wax (Cosmolloïd wax) and decanoate solution (HC10) were tested. Two aspects were considered: the penetration of the treatments in the corrosion layers, and its durability. Equiv...
Article
Full-text available
Starting from the second century BC, with the fast expansion of the Roman Empire, iron production and consumption developed exponentially in north-western Europe. This rapid growth naturally led to an increase in trade, that still remains to be studied encompassing a broad scope, so as to not neglect long-distance exchanges. This is today possible...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the provenance study of the iron reinforcements of Bourges Cathedral (13th c.): the links of a 100 m long iron chain, surrounding the eastern parts of the cathedral at the triforium level and 4.5 to 5 m long tie-rods consolidating the arches of the inner aisle at the same level. The analytical methodology is based on the determi...
Article
ShareLink (up to January 2nd 2021) : https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1c3rf,rVDBVSiw ====================================================================== Archaeometallurgical experiments have been conducted on the “Plateforme d’expérimentation des arts du feu” in Melle (Deux-Sèvres, France) in order to get a better understanding of the potential al...
Article
Full-text available
Provenance studies of ancient armour based on trace elements in slag inclusions (SI) present analytical challenges due to the small size (<30 μm) of the particles. This paper presents an analytical protocol developed for this kind of SI using LA-ICP-MS. Two different LA-ICP-MS systems were tested: a double focusing inductively coupled plasma mass s...
Article
The degradation state evaluation, the corrosion diagnosis methods reliability, but also the development and improvement of conservation strategies, are dramatically important to preserve iron archaeological objects. In that way, dechlorination processes of iron artefacts are traditionally used in conservation workshops to stabilize objects from arc...
Article
The presence of carbon content is a key enabling factor in archaeological ferrous material studies because it can provide technological and temporal information on its fabrication. A strong relationship exists between the composition, the metallographic structure, and the mechanical properties of metals. Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS)...
Article
Corrosion experiments were performed on two metallic substrates, a ferritic–pearlitic steel (P285NH) and a ferritic one (Armco), in silicate environment during 30 days at 120°C. Corrosion products were characterized in terms of morphology (scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscopy), composition (energydispersive X‐ray spectr...
Article
The effect of a cement–bentonite grout material was studied through glass/steel interactions. Hence, two experimental mock‐ups, consisting of a “sandwich” of four materials in contact, stainless steel/AVM glass/AVM glass/P285NH steel, were leached by Callovo–Oxfordian poral water at 70°C for 1 year. CBG material was added for one experiment, wherea...
Article
The preservation of bronze and copper heritage objects is challenging. Exposure to water or pollution in outdoor conditions leads to corrosion phenomena, which can highly degrade the objects or structures. We aim to develop an alternative nontoxic corrosion inhibiting treatment, based on the use of a carboxylate (HC10) treatment. Electron spectrosc...
Article
Seal matrices have been used in many civilizations across the globe for thousands of years. In Europe, during the late medieval and early modern periods, they were made of a resistant material such as metal, frequently copper-based alloys, and were an essential attachment of official documents, serving as personal signatures. By investigating an ex...
Chapter
Full-text available
Au moins 2 camps romains se sont succédé à Strebersdorf entre 10/20 et 50 de notre ère (n. è.). Le camp 1 de troupes mixtes est le plus grand (145×150 m, 2,17 ha), tandis que le camp 2 d’auxiliaires est plus petit (105×150 m, 1,57 ha). Un 3e camp encore plus petit (75×90 m, 0,67 ha) semble avoir fonctionné ensuite dans le courant du le Ier s. de n....
Article
Full-text available
Les demi-produits ferreux, en tant que réserves de métal approvisionnant les ateliers de forge, sont les témoins privilégiés de la circulation des biens et de l’organisation des réseaux d’échanges. Plusieurs milliers d’entre eux, attribués aux âges du Fer, sont connus sous la forme de fers plats s’achevant par une extrémité roulée, également dénomm...
Article
Full-text available
Bien que certaines approches instrumentales utilisées en archéologie impliquent par essence et depuis de longues années l’utilisation d’instruments de mesure portables, les progrès technologiques ont depuis les années 2000 engendré une véritable explosion du nombre d’instruments permettant des mesures de plus en plus variées avec des dispositifs au...
Article
Full-text available
This innovative study presents a local diagnosis approach based on nanoSIMS technique to determine the biotic/abiotic origin of iron sulphides of (sub)micron size heterogeneously located in the corrosion product layers of iron. For iron coupons corroded in controlled conditions, negative δ³⁴Ssulphides-sulphates were obtained in biotic conditions co...
Article
Full-text available
In the framework of the protection of copper objects exposed to atmospheric corrosion, different solutions are envisaged, among them carboxylate treatments (HC10). In this study, an analytical approach based on complementary techniques from micrometer to nanometer scale (μRS, SEM-EDS, SAM) is used to describe the properties of the corrosion product...
Chapter
Bien que certaines approches instrumentales utilisées en archéologie impliquent par essence et depuis de longues années l’utilisation d’instruments de mesure portables (avec les mesures géophysiques, par exemple), les progrès technologiques ont depuis les années 2000 engendré une véritable explosion du nombre d’instruments permettant des mesures de...
Article
The application of lead isotope-based provenance analysis in Southeast Asia over the last decade has strongly suggested a central role was played by the Lao PDR in regional copper production exchange networks for approximately 1500 years. The Vilabouly Complex, in central Lao's Savannakhet Province, has revealed major copper mining and smelting sit...
Article
In the context of high-level radioactive wastes (HLW) storage, long term alteration of glass and corrosion of metallic containers leads to the formation of sub-micrometric phyllosilicate phases in the iron Corrosion Product Layer (CPL). The nature of these phases, their properties (porosity, electronic, passivation…) and their spatial distribution...
Article
The understanding of glass alteration mechanisms in contact with iron is a major issue to study the long-term behavior of radioactive waste package in repository conditions. A glass/iron/claystone system was altered in contact with COx water at 50 °C for 4.5 years in Andra's underground research laboratory in Bure, France. Multiscale and multitechn...
Presentation
At the end of the Middle Ages, armor was considered both an object for everyday military use and a luxury attire. Furthermore, war practices have undergone major changes both on the technological level (appearance of english longbows or firearms) as well as the organizational one (development of mercenary companies). Accordingly, defensives arms we...
Article
The electrochemical behavior of aged corrosion layers (CL) on artefact was studied, in corrosive reference water without and with non-toxic corrosion inhibitors such as decanoate ions and flavonoids compounds, constituting the condensed tannins, such as catechin. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements on the metal/CL system and voltamm...
Chapter
En Corse, les outils taillés en obsidienne sont fréquents dans les séries néolithiques, or cette matière première vitreuse est allochtone. Rechercher ses sources potentielles est une étape clé pour appréhender l’organisation des habitats préhistoriques et les interactions entre les groupes humains en zone tyrrhénienne. La communication proposée s’e...
Article
This article presents an overview of the metallographic structures observed on the iron reinforcements of more than 20 buildings from the medieval and modern period in France, which are representative of the evolution of ironmaking techniques at that time (330 samples). Metallographic examinations show a great diversity of structures, even in the s...
Article
Les demi-produits ferreux, en tant que réserves de métal approvisionnant les ateliers de forge, sont les témoins privilégiés de la circulation des biens et de l’organisation des réseaux d’échanges. Plusieurs milliers d’entre eux, attribués aux âges du Fer, sont connus sous la forme de fers plats s’achevant par une extrémité roulée, également dénomm...
Poster
Full-text available
Understanding the corrosion mechanisms over several hundred years of low alloy steels in waterlogged environment is a decisive challenge for civil engineering, nuclear waste disposal, as well as for cultural heritage. Indeed, in order to preserve archaeological artefacts, if excavation is not permitted and in-situ preservation methods privileged, a...
Article
The understanding of anoxic corrosion mechanism is essential to develop predictive models targeting to optimize extraction and conservation operations as well as aging behavior of industrial or cultural heritage ferrous objects. The corrosion product layers issued from carbonated anoxic environment of iron often contain iron sulfides, as pyrite FeS...
Article
À l’occasion du colloque du GMPCA organisé à Rennes en 2017 (quarantième anniversaire de la première édition) ont eu lieu une série de conférences invitées destinées à ouvrir une réflexion historiographique sur l’archéométrie. Cet article présente cette initiative et introduit les contributions issues de ces conférences qui sont rassemblées dans ce...
Article
At the GMPCA symposium held in Rennes in 2017 (fortieth anniversary of the irst edition) a series of invited lectures were given to open a historical relection on archaeometry. This paper presents this initiative and introduces the contributions resulting from these conferences which are collected in this issue of ArcheoSciences - Revue d'archéomét...
Poster
At the end of the Middle Ages, a major part of the craft of armour making was concentrated in a few international centres like Milan in Lombardy, which is considered as the centre of the Lombard iron trade. This city spread its production all over Europe. Nowadays, Milanese pieces can be identified thanks to the armourer’s workshop marking stamped....
Article
The electrical properties of the corrosion layers on archaeological iron artefacts were determined by Conductive Atomic Force Microscopy. Different corrosion products were studied: FeII carbonates, magnetite entrapped in the carbonate, and iron sulfides. The results indicate that the ferrous carbonate matrix is insulating, and that magnetite and ir...
Article
Full-text available
Pour certains, l’archéologie et l’archéométrie ont des objectifs communs mais se différencient par les moyens d’étude. Pour d’autres, l’archéométrie est intégrée dans l’archéologie, et plus précisément dans un ensemble de spécialités appelées sciences archéologiques ou « sciences pour l’archéologie », comme en témoigne le nouvel intitulé des master...
Chapter
Full-text available
Le secteur de la vallée du Crould est dépourvu de ressources minérales locales permettant la production de fer brut. Néanmoins, le métal circule sous diverses formes et intègre des réseaux commerciaux en fonction de l’organisation socio-économique régionale. Une classification qualitative et quantitative des sites nous permet de mettre en évidence...