Philippe M Campeau

Philippe M Campeau
Université de Montréal | UdeM · Department of Pediatrics

M.D.

About

237
Publications
52,465
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Introduction
My lab studies epilepsy, epigenetic diseases and skeletal dysplasias. We identify disease-causing genes, decipher the pathophysiology, and improve the management of children affected by these conditions. www.pcampeaulab.org
Additional affiliations
January 2010 - December 2012
Baylor College of Medicine
January 2009 - present
December 2008 - present
Baylor College of Medicine
Position
  • Treatment of inborn errors of metabolism
Education
July 2003 - July 2008
McGill University
Field of study
  • Medical Genetics
July 1998 - June 2003
Laval University
Field of study

Publications

Publications (237)
Article
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Deafness, onychodystrophy, osteodystrophy, mental retardation, and seizures (DOORS) syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of unknown cause. We aimed to identify the genetic basis of this syndrome by sequencing most coding exons in affected individuals. Through a search of available case studies and communication with collaborators, we ide...
Article
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This report identifies human skeletal diseases associated with mutations in WNT1. In 10 family members with dominantly inherited, early-onset osteoporosis, we identified a heterozygous missense mutation in WNT1, c.652T→G (p.Cys218Gly). In a separate family with 2 siblings affected by recessive osteogenesis imperfecta, we identified a homozygous non...
Article
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Yunis-Varón syndrome (YVS) is an autosomal-recessive disorder with cleidocranial dysplasia, digital anomalies, and severe neurological involvement. Enlarged vacuoles are found in neurons, muscle, and cartilage. By whole-exome sequencing, we identified frameshift and missense mutations of FIG4 in affected individuals from three unrelated families. F...
Article
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Genitopatellar syndrome (GPS) is a skeletal dysplasia with cerebral and genital anomalies for which the molecular basis has not yet been determined. By exome sequencing, we found de novo heterozygous truncating mutations in KAT6B (lysine acetyltransferase 6B, formerly known as MYST4 and MORF) in three subjects; then by Sanger sequencing of KAT6B, w...
Article
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Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) functions to anchor certain proteins to the cell surface. Although defects in GPI biosynthesis can result in a wide range of phenotypes, most affected patients present with neurological abnormalities and their diseases are grouped as inherited-GPI deficiency disorders. We present two siblings with global developme...
Article
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Background: Despite advances in next generation sequencing technologies, the identification of variants of uncertain significance (VUS) can often hinder definitive diagnosis in patients with complex neurodevelopmental disorders. Objective: The objective of this study was to identify and characterize the underlying cause of disease in a family wi...
Article
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JARID2 (Jumonji, AT Rich Interactive Domain 2) pathogenic variants cause a neurodevelopmental syndrome, that is characterized by developmental delay, cognitive impairment, hypotonia, autistic features, behavior abnormalities and dysmorphic facial features. JARID2 encodes a transcriptional repressor protein that regulates the activity of various his...
Article
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An expanding range of genetic syndromes are characterized by genome‐wide disruptions in DNA methylation profiles referred to as episignatures. Episignatures are distinct, highly sensitive and specific biomarkers that have recently been applied in clinical diagnosis of genetic syndromes. Episignatures are contained within the broader disorder‐specif...
Article
The extracellular matrix is an intricate and essential network of proteins and non-proteinaceous components that provide a conducive microenvironment for cells to regulate cell function, differentiation, and survival. Fibronectin is one key component in the extracellular matrix that participates in determining cell fate and function crucial for nor...
Poster
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References 1. Verberne EA, Goh S, England J, van Ginkel M, Rafael-Croes L, et al. JARID2 Haploinsufficiency is associated with a clinically distinct neurodevelopmental syndrome. Genet Med. 2021;23(2):374-83.
Article
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The eukaryotic CDC45/MCM2-7/GINS (CMG) helicase unwinds the DNA double helix during DNA replication. The GINS subcomplex is required for helicase activity and is, therefore, essential for DNA replication and cell viability. Here, we report the identification of 7 individuals from 5 unrelated families presenting with a Meier-Gorlin syndrome-like (MG...
Article
Glycosylphosphatidylinositols (GPIs) are glycolipids that anchor many proteins (GPI-APs) on the cell surface. The core glycan of GPI precursor has three mannoses, which in mammals, are all modified by ethanolamine-phosphate (EthN-P). It is postulated that EthN-P on the third mannose (EthN-P-Man3) is the bridge between GPI and the protein and the se...
Article
Dr. Philippe Campeau is the recipient of the 2021 Canadian Society for Clinical Investigation (CSCI) Joe Doupe Young Investigator Award-given in recognition of his early career achievements as a clinician-scientist and his mentorship to trainees. In honor of his success, this article discusses Dr. Campeau's journey to a career as clinician-scientis...
Preprint
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Dietary restriction (DR) delays aging and neurodegeneration, but the mechanisms behind this remain to be elucidated. We identified genetic polymorphisms in mustard (mtd), the fly homolog of Oxidation resistance 1 (OXR1), which influenced lifespan and mtd expression in neurons in response to DR regulated by the transcription factor Traffic jam (TJ)....
Article
Purpose Common diagnostic next-generation sequencing strategies are not optimized to identify inherited variants in genes associated with dominant neurodevelopmental disorders as causal when the transmitting parent is clinically unaffected, leaving a significant number of cases with neurodevelopmental disorders undiagnosed. Methods We characterize...
Article
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Bain type of X-linked syndromic intellectual developmental disorder, caused by pathogenic missense variants in HRNRPH2, was initially described in six female individuals affected by moderate-to-severe neurodevelopmental delay. Although it was initially postulated that the condition would not be compatible with life in males, several affected male i...
Article
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Overlapping clinical phenotypes and an expanding breadth and complexity of genomic associations are a growing challenge in the diagnosis and clinical management of Mendelian disorders. The functional consequences and clinical impacts of genomic variation may involve unique, disorder-specific, genomic DNA methylation episignatures. In this study, we...
Article
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Background Osteochondritis dissecans is a condition wherein there is a subchondral bone lesion that causes pain, inflammation, and cartilage damage. Dominant Familial Osteochondritis Dissecans is a rare and severe form of osteochondritis dissecans (OCD). It is caused by heterozygous pathogenic variants in the gene encoding Aggrecan; ACAN. Aggrecan,...
Article
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Background and Objectives To expand the clinical knowledge of GPAA 1-related glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) deficiency. Methods An international case series of 7 patients with biallelic GPAA1 variants were identified. Clinical, biochemical, and neuroimaging data were collected for comparison. Where possible, GPI-anchored proteins were assessed...
Article
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Overlapping clinical phenotypes and an expanding breadth and complexity of genomic associations are a growing challenge in the diagnosis and clinical management of Mendelian disorders. The functional consequences and clinical impacts of genomic variation may involve unique, disorder-specific, genomic DNA methylation episignatures. In this study we...
Article
Full-text available
Achondroplasia, the most common skeletal dysplasia, is characterized by a variety of medical, functional and psychosocial challenges across the lifespan. The condition is caused by a common, recurring, gain-of-function mutation in FGFR3, the gene that encodes fibroblast growth factor receptor 3. This mutation leads to impaired endochondral ossifica...
Article
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Background Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are a group of inherited metabolic diseases characterized by chronic, progressive multi-system manifestations with varying degrees of severity. Disease-modifying therapies exist to treat some types of MPS; however, they are not curative, underscoring the need to identify and evaluate co-interventions that opti...
Preprint
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WDR5 is a broadly studied, highly conserved protein involved in a wide array of biological functions. Among these functions, WDR5 is a part of several protein complexes that affect gene regulation via post-translational modification of histones. Here, we present data from ten unrelated individuals with six different rare de novo missense variants i...
Preprint
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Interpretation of next-generation sequencing data of individuals with an apparent sporadic neurodevelopmental disorder (NDD) often focusses on pathogenic variants in genes associated with NDD, assuming full clinical penetrance with limited variable expressivity. Consequently, inherited variants in genes associated with dominant disorders may be ove...
Preprint
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Purpose: Heterozygous variants in BCL11A underlie an intellectual developmental disorder with persistence of fetal hemoglobin (BCL11A-IDD, a.k.a. Dias-Logan syndrome). We sought to delineate the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of BCL11A-IDD. Methods: We performed an in-depth analysis of 42 patients with BCL11A-IDD ascertained through a collaborat...
Article
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Purpose: Phosphatidylinositol Glycan Anchor Biosynthesis, class G (PIGG) is an ethanolamine phosphate transferase catalyzing the modification of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI). GPI serves as an anchor on the cell membrane for surface proteins called GPI anchored proteins (GPI-APs). Pathogenic variants in genes involved in the biosynthesis of GP...
Article
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Osteoporosis is a multifactorial disorder characterized by low bone mass and strength, leading to increased risk of fracture. The WNT pathway plays a critical role in bone remodeling by enhancing osteoblastic differentiation, which promotes bone formation, and inhibiting osteoclastic differentiation, decreasing bone resorption. Therefore, genetic a...
Article
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Calvarial Doughnut Lesions with Bone Fragility (CDL) is an autosomal dominant genetic disease, characterized by low bone mineral density, multiple fractures since childhood, and sclerotic doughnut-shaped lesions in the cranial bones. Aubé and colleagues described in 1988 a French-Canadian family of 12 members who had a clinical diagnosis of doughnu...
Article
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Located in the critical 1p36 microdeletion region, the chromodomain helicase DNA-binding protein 5 ( CHD5 ) gene encodes a subunit of the nucleosome remodeling and deacetylation (NuRD) complex required for neuronal development. Pathogenic variants in six of nine chromodomain (CHD) genes cause autosomal dominant neurodevelopmental disorders, while C...
Article
Early infantile epileptic encephalopathy 38 (EIEE38, MIM #617020) is caused by biallelic variants in ARV1, encoding a transmembrane protein of the endoplasmic reticulum with a pivotal role in glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) biosynthesis. We ascertained seven new patients from six unrelated families harboring biallelic variants in ARV1, including...
Article
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DOORS syndrome is characterized by deafness, onychodystrophy, osteodystrophy, intellectual disability, and seizures. In this study, we report two unrelated individuals with DOORS syndrome without deafness. Exome sequencing revealed a homozygous missense variant in PIGF (NM_173074.3:c.515C>G, p.Pro172Arg) in both. We demonstrate impaired glycosylpho...
Article
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Phosphatidylinositol Glycan Anchor Biosynthesis, class G (PIGG) is an ethanolamine phosphate transferase catalyzing the modification of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI). GPI serves as an anchor on the cell membrane for surface proteins called GPI-anchored proteins (GPI-APs). Pathogenic variants in genes involved in the biosynthesis of GPI cause i...
Article
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Introduction Rickets is not an unusual diagnosis for pediatricians even currently in developed countries. Children typically present with leg bowing, enlargement of wrists, rachitic rosary (swelling of costochondral junctions) and/or waddling gait. But not every child with growth delay and enlarged metaphyses is diagnosed with rickets. Metaphyseal...
Article
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The Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean (SLSJ) region located in the province of Quebec was settled in the 19th century by pioneers issued from successive migration waves starting in France in the 17th century and continuing within Quebec until the beginning of the 20th century. The genetic structure of the SLSJ population is considered to be the product a tri...
Article
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Vertebrate genomes contain major (>99.5%) and minor (<0.5%) introns that are spliced by the major and minor spliceosomes, respectively. Major intron splicing follows the exon-definition model, whereby major spliceosome components first assemble across exons. However, since most genes with minor introns predominately consist of major introns, format...
Article
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Histone deacetylases play crucial roles in the regulation of chromatin structure and gene expression in the eukaryotic cell, and disruption of their activity causes a wide range of developmental disorders in humans. Loss-of-function alleles of HDAC4, a founding member of the class IIa deacetylases, have been reported in brachydactyly-mental retarda...
Article
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The phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis class S protein (PIGS) gene has recently been implicated in a novel congenital disorder of glycosylation resulting in autosomal recessive inherited glycosylphosphatidylinositol‐anchored protein (GPI‐AP) deficiency. Previous studies described seven patients with biallelic variants in the PIGS gene,...
Article
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The ubiquitin-proteasome system facilitates the degradation of unstable or damaged proteins. UBR1–7, which are members of hundreds of E3 ubiquitin ligases, recognize and regulate the half-life of specific proteins on the basis of their N-terminal sequences (“N-end rule”). In seven individuals with intellectual disability, epilepsy, ptosis, hypothyr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Glycosylphosphatidylinositols (GPIs) are glycolipids that anchor many proteins (GPI-APs) on the cell surface. GPI precursor has three mannoses, which in mammalian cells, are all modified by the addition of ethanolamine-phosphate (EthN-P). It is postulated that EthN-P on the third mannose (EthN-P-Man3) is the bridge between GPI to the protein and th...
Article
Full-text available
Phosphatidylinositol Glycan Anchor Biosynthesis class H (PIGH) is an essential player in the glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) synthesis, an anchor for numerous cell membrane-bound proteins. PIGH deficiency is a newly described and rare disorder associated with developmental delay, seizures and behavioral difficulties. Herein, we report three new...
Article
JARID2, located on chromosome 6p22.3, is a regulator of histone methyltransferase complexes that is expressed in human neurons. So far, 13 individuals sharing clinical features including intellectual disability (ID) were reported with de novo heterozygous deletions in 6p22–p24 encompassing the full length JARID2 gene (OMIM 601594). However, all pub...
Article
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Background Morquio A syndrome is a rare, autosomal recessive, progressively debilitating disorder, with multi-system impairments and high medical burden. Quebec, Canada has a large Morquio A population, which is considered unique due to the presence of founder pathogenic variants. The objectives of this study were to document the genetic and clinic...
Article
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An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
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Purpose: Biallelic variants in TBC1D24, which encodes a protein that regulates vesicular transport, are frequently identified in patients with DOORS (deafness, onychodystrophy, osteodystrophy, intellectual disability [previously referred to as mental retardation], and seizures) syndrome. The aim of the study was to identify a genetic cause in fami...
Article
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DOORS [deafness, onychodystrophy, osteodystrophy, intellectual disability (mental retardation), and seizures] syndrome can be caused by mutations in the TBC1D24 and ATP6V1B2 genes, both of which are involved in endolysosomal function. Because of its extreme rarity, to date, no detailed neuropathological assessment has been performed to establish cl...
Article
Lamin B receptor, a member of the sterol reductase family, is an inner nuclear membrane protein which binds lamin B proteins and is involved in the organization of heterochromatin. Mutations in LBR have been associated with a variety of disorders, such as Pelger-Huët anomaly, a benign abnormality affecting neutrophils, and Greenberg Dysplasia, a le...
Article
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KAT5 encodes an essential lysine acetyltransferase, previously called TIP60, which is involved in regulating gene expression, DNA repair, chromatin remodeling, apoptosis, and cell proliferation; but it remains unclear whether variants in this gene cause a genetic disease. Here, we study three individuals with heterozygous de novo missense variants...
Article
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Ribosomopathies are congenital disorders caused by mutations in the genes encoding ribosomal and other functionally related proteins. They are characterized by anemia, other hematopoietic and developmental abnormalities, and p53 activation. Ribosome assembly requires coordinated expression of many ribosomal protein (RP) genes; however, the regulati...
Article
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Background Splicing is crucial for proper gene expression, and is predominately executed by the major spliceosome. Conversely, 722 introns in 699 human minor intron‐containing genes (MIGs) are spliced by the minor spliceosome. Splicing of these minor introns is disrupted in diseases caused by pathogenic variants in the minor spliceosome, ultimately...
Article
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There has been one previous report of a cohort of patients with variants in Chromodomain Helicase DNA-binding 3 (CHD3), now recognized as Snijders Blok-Campeau syndrome. However, with only three previously-reported patients with variants outside the ATPase/helicase domain, it was unclear if variants outside of this domain caused a clinically simila...
Article
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We investigated seven children from six families to expand the phenotypic spectrum associated with an early infantile epileptic encephalopathy caused by biallelic pathogenic variants in the phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis class Q (PIGQ ) gene. The affected children were all identified by clinical or research exome sequencing. Clinic...
Preprint
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Mutations in minor spliceosome components are linked to diseases such as Roifman syndrome, Lowry-Wood syndrome, and early-onset cerebellar ataxia (EOCA). Here we report that besides increased minor intron retention, Roifman syndrome and EOCA can also be characterized by elevated alternative splicing (AS) around minor introns. Consistent with the id...
Article
De novo germline mutations in the RNA helicase DDX3X account for 1%–3% of unexplained intellectual disability (ID) cases in females and are associated with autism, brain malformations, and epilepsy. Yet, the developmental and molecular mechanisms by which DDX3X mutations impair brain function are unknown. Here, we use human and mouse genetics and c...
Article
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Genitopatellar syndrome and Say–Barber–Biesecker–Young–Simpson syndrome are caused by variants in the KAT6B gene and are part of a broad clinical spectrum called KAT6B disorders, whose variable expressivity is increasingly being recognized. We herein present the phenotypes of 32 previously unreported individuals with a molecularly confirmed diagnos...
Article
Juvenile Paget's disease (JPD) became in 1974 the commonly used name for ultra-rare heritable occurrences of rapid bone remodeling throughout of the skeleton that present in infancy or early childhood as fractures and deformity hallmarked biochemically by marked elevation of serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity (hyperphosphatasemia). Untreated...