Philippe Baumard

Philippe Baumard
Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers | CNAM · Département Management, Innovation, Prospective (MIP)

PhD

About

143
Publications
36,707
Reads
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1,689
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2014 - present
Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers
Position
  • Tenured Professor, Organizational Theory
September 2008 - September 2010
Stanford University
Position
  • Professor
June 2005 - February 2018
École Polytechnique
Position
  • Research Associate
Education
June 1992 - September 1994
New York University
Field of study
  • Management Studies
September 1991 - June 1992
University of Oxford
Field of study
  • Visiting Scholar - PhD - Intelligence Studies - Templeton College (now Green / SAID)
September 1991 - October 1994
Paris Dauphine University
Field of study
  • Management Science

Publications

Publications (143)
Article
Cet article ¹ explore la possibilité qu’une intelligence machine puisse théoriser des organisations ; et qu’elle le fasse mieux qu’une intelligence humaine dans un proche futur. La plupart des modèles d’apprentissage des machines sont des processus statistiques automatisés qui sont à peine capables d’une induction formelle et ne génèrent pas de nou...
Chapter
This chapter is dedicated to coopetition with an irreconcilable asymmetric disadvantage. We investigate why and how small innovative entrepreneurial firms and large corporate incumbents face irreconcilable differences when they engage in coopetitive partnerships to nurture a disruptive innovation. Our observations suggest that the difficulties in a...
Article
Full-text available
Les réseaux bayésiens dynamiques (DBN) fournissent un formalisme graphique pro- babiliste décrivant, à travers des dépendances conditionnelles, des systèmes dynamiques com- plexes sous incertitude. Dans la plupart des cas, le processus de Markov génératif sous-jacent est supposé homogène, ce qui signifie que ni sa topologie ni ses paramètres n’évol...
Chapter
This chapter introduces the overarching framework in which each nation is developing its own cyber-security policy, and the unique position adopted by France in this landscape.
Chapter
This chapter investigates the technological evolution of cyber-crimes from its emergence in the early 1980s to its latest developments in 2013. From this evolution, we draw implications for doctrines, policy, innovation incentives, and roadmaps as we propose the emergence of a new “behavioral intelligence” paradigm, both in the attack and defense a...
Chapter
This monograph explored the national preparedness and performance of France’s national cyber security strategy.
Chapter
This chapter presents a comparison and positioning of several national cyber-doctrines, and an overview of the technological changes that are shaping national policies and national defense systems. In particular, the chapter questions radical changes in technology that are lagging in both comprehension and implementation into cyber-doctrines and na...
Book
This Brief presents the overarching framework in which each nation is developing its own cyber-security policy, and the unique position adopted by France. Modern informational crises have penetrated most societal arenas, from healthcare, politics, economics to the conduct of business and welfare. Witnessing a convergence between information warfare...
Article
Dynamic Bayesian Networks (DBNs) provide a principled scheme formodeling and learning conditional dependencies from complex multivariate time-series data and have been used in a wide scope. However, in most cases, the un-derlying generative Markov model is assumed to be homogeneous, meaning thatneither its topology nor its parameters evolve over ti...
Conference Paper
Dynamic Bayesian Networks (DBNs) provide a principled scheme for modeling and learning conditional dependencies from complex multivariate time-series data and have been used in a wide scope. However, in most cases, the underlying generative Markov model is assumed to be homogeneous, meaning that neither its topology nor its parameters evolve over t...
Article
Full-text available
Crises and disasters never arise in a unexpected way. There is never a thunderclap in a blue sky. Since the beginning of the 21th century, we attend a bankruptcy of the models and a weakness of the alerts. Cold models make inaudible less unusual alerts than it seems at first sight. Thus, we have to learn to get out of blindness to avoid the next “s...
Article
Full-text available
« Qu’est-ce qui est stratégique ? », (déc. 2010), Revue de Défense Nationale, No 735, pp. 43-53.
Article
Les environnements dits "coopétitifs" caractérisent la plupart des secteurs industriels aujourd'hui, et peu d'étude sont disponibles quant à la spécificité de leurs modes d'apprentissage, et à la manière dont une firme peut tirer un avantage concurrentiel d'une stratégie d'apprentissage particulière. Ce chapitre propose d'explorer les mécanismes d'...
Article
Full-text available
Situations of 'coopetition' may well become the dominant logic of many industrial sectors. Their common feature is a strategy that obstructs independent and discretionary innovation by forcing companies to share the exploitation and/or exploration of critical assets with competing firms. These new coopetitive dynamics raise the question of adapting...
Article
Full-text available
The article's first section describes the case. Then, the second section discusses the conclusions drawn from the case. As becomes apparent, this case study undermined many aspects of the orienting framework. The study suggested that façades, far from being unitary, have different facets serving very different roles with respect to stakeholders' de...
Article
Full-text available
Managers and management researchers tend to assume that learning from strategic events yields benefits. Although some firms have gained competitive advantages from learning, instances are infrequent, and firms that have gained persistent advantages through learning are probably quite unusual. Learning from successes has short-run benefits but event...
Chapter
Bayesian technologies have been intensively used in the field of communications, either for data mining, filtering, architecture or design purposes. This paper explores the convergence between a Bayesian approach to human communication, and previous research conducted on human knowledge within groups and organizations. The purpose of this paper is...
Chapter
Full-text available
Coopetitive environments are characterized by situations where firms simultaneously compete and cooperate with competitors. Such situations impede the generation of proprietary and discretionary learning, by forcing competitors to selectively share critical knowledge about their assets. The objective of this chapter is to explore the learning strat...
Chapter
Full-text available
Turc, E and P. Baumard (2007), “Can organizations really unlearn?”, Rethinking Knowledge Management: Information Science and Knowledge Management, Volume 12, 125-146 The complex phenomenon of organizational change is a continuous challenge for scientists and for practitioners alike. Simple models tend to be regularly worn out by field evidence. Mo...
Article
Full-text available
Coopetitive configurations are becoming the dominant logic of many industrial sectors. Firms in such environments struggle to preserve their strategic independence and discretionary capabilities as they are forced to explore and exploit critical assets with competitors. We argue that the externalization of the innovation strategy formulation proces...
Article
Full-text available
Philippe Baumard is a Visiting Scholar at the University of California, Berkeley, and also a Professor of Strategy in the University of Aix-Marseille III, IAE Aix-en-Provence. He has held visiting positions at New York University, the University of Technology, Sydney, and Lund University. He is the author of eight books and 26 articles on topics su...
Article
Full-text available
Les nations contemporaines se sont-elles égarées sur les chemins de la puissance, contraintes aux tâtonnements des logiques de pouvoir ? La puissance est la capacité à réitérer des schémas de pouvoir et à contraindre ou influencer, dans une logique de durée et d'espace, les leviers récurrents d'une assise durable. Le pouvoir n'est que l'expression...
Article
Full-text available
Organizations process large volumes of information, whereas the informational content of the goods and services they deliver to their customers is more information-intensive. Economics of scale, process standardization and globalization have led organizations to put knowledge at the center of their control and command systems. The modern and indust...
Article
Full-text available
Résumé : Les décisions de réorientation stratégique (abandon d'investissements, cession d'actifs critiques, entrée dans un nouveau marché) font l'objet de processus d'élaboration formels qui aboutissent à des réunions de « délibération » entre les membres des comités exécutifs concernés. L'étude de la connaissance tacite et de l'intuition dans ses...
Article
Full-text available
Professional firms (i.e. consulting, lawyers, etc.) accumulate and apply knowledge that they build collaboratively with their clients, partners and other knowledge intensive firms. Tacit knowledge, i.e. knowledge that can be acted, but cannot be expressed, circulates back-and-forth from clients to consultants. This paper explores patterns of capita...
Article
Full-text available
selected paper (see assigned papers below). Students hands in a 10 lines abstract, summarizing the paper’s intents and findings, and raising two critical (unanswered / puzzling) questions that he believes central to the issue. Students are invited to scour these additional re Slide show: Bill Starbuck ‐ “Is Janus the god of understanding?”
Article
This chapter begins by looking at ways researchers can collect primary data. We describe techniques used in quantitative research (questionnaire, observation and the experimental method) and in qualitative research (including individual and group interviews and participant and non-participant observation). We then analyze data source management in...
Book
Bibliographical and biographical entry