Philippe Bardou

Philippe Bardou
French National Institute for Agriculture, Food, and Environment (INRAE) | INRAE · GenPhySE

About

56
Publications
13,199
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4,031
Citations
Introduction
Education
September 2000 - June 2002
Université de Rouen
Field of study
  • Bioinformatics

Publications

Publications (56)
Preprint
Full-text available
By their paternal transmission, Y-chromosomal haplotypes are sensitive markers of population history and male-mediated introgression. Previous studies identified biallelic single-nucleotide variants in the SRY, ZFY, DDX3Y genes, which in domestic goats identified four major Y-chromosomal haplotypes Y1A, Y1B, Y2A and Y2B with a marked geographic par...
Article
Full-text available
We recently demonstrated that the Lacaune deficient homozygous haplotype 6 (LDHH6) potentially hosts a recessive perinatal lethal mutation in Lacaune dairy sheep mapped on OAR3. In the present study, we have analyzed the whole-genome sequences of two Lacaune ram heterozygous carriers of LDHH6. After variant calling and filtering against the variant...
Article
Full-text available
Background Since their domestication 10,500 years ago, goat populations with distinctive genetic backgrounds have adapted to a broad variety of environments and breeding conditions. The VarGoats project is an international 1000-genome resequencing program designed to understand the consequences of domestication and breeding on the genetic diversity...
Article
Full-text available
MicroRNAs are small noncoding RNAs that have important roles in the lactation process and milk biosynthesis. Some polymorphisms have been studied in various livestock species from the perspective of pathology or production traits. To target variants that could be the causal variants of dairy traits, genetic variants of microRNAs expressed in the ma...
Article
Full-text available
The earth harbors trillions of bacterial species adapted to very diverse ecosystems thanks to specific metabolic function acquisition. Most of the genes responsible for these functions belong to uncultured bacteria and are still to be discovered. Functional metagenomics based on activity screening is a classical way to retrieve these genes from mic...
Article
Full-text available
In addition to their common usages to study gene expression, RNA-seq data accumulated over the last 10 years are a yet-unexploited resource of SNPs in numerous individuals from different populations. SNP detection by RNA-seq is particularly interesting for livestock species since whole genome sequencing is expensive and exome sequencing tools are u...
Article
Full-text available
In the course of evolution, pecorans (i.e. higher ruminants) developed a remarkable diversity of osseous cranial appendages, collectively referred to as 'headgear', which likely share the same origin and genetic basis. However, the nature and function of the genetic determinants underlying their number and position remain elusive. Jacob and other r...
Article
Le séquençage du génome entier est devenu abordable chez la poule. Le projet « Mille Génomes Gallus » a pour objectif de rassembler les séquences d’animaux du genre Gallus, produites dans des projets de recherche. L’intérêt est d’augmenter la puissance des analyses génomiques en augmentant le nombre de génomes comparés. Les applications possibles c...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Goats were domesticated 10,500 years ago to supply humans with useful resources. Since then, specialized breeds that are adapted to their local environment have been developed and display specific genetic profiles. The VarGoats project is a 1000 genomes resequencing program designed to cover the genetic diversity of the Capra genus. In...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the course of evolution, pecorans (i.e. higher ruminants) developed a remarkable diversity of osseous cranial appendages, collectively referred to as ‘headgear’, which likely share the same origin and genetic basis. However, the nature and function of the genetic determinants underlying their number and position remain elusive. Jacob and other r...
Article
Full-text available
The enhanced availability of sequence data in livestock provides an opportunity for more accurate predictions in routine genomic evaluations. Such evaluations would therefore no longer rely only on the linkage disequilibrium between a chip marker and the causal mutation. The objective of this study was to assess the usefulness of sequence data in S...
Article
Background Goats were domesticated 10,500 years ago to supply humans with useful resources. Since then, specialized breeds that are adapted to their local environment have been developed and display specific genetic profiles. The VarGoats project is a 1000 genomes resequencing program designed to cover the genetic diversity of the Capra genus. In t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Goats were domesticated 10,500 years ago to supply humans with useful resources. Since then, specialized breeds that are adapted to their local environment have been developed and display specific genetic profiles. The VarGoats project is a 1,000 genomes resequencing program designed to cover the genetic diversity of the Capra genus. In...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Goats were domesticated 10,500 years ago to supply humans with useful resources. Since then, specialized breeds that are adapted to their local environment have been developed and display specific genetic profiles. The VarGoats project is a 1,000 genomes resequencing program designed to cover the genetic diversity of the Capra genus. In...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Comparative genomics studies are central in identifying the coding and non-coding elements associated with complex traits, and the functional annotation of genomes is a critical step to decipher the genotype-to-phenotype relationships in livestock animals. As part of the Functional Annotation of Animal Genomes (FAANG) action, the FR-Ag...
Preprint
Goats were domesticated 10,500 years ago to supply humans with useful resources. Since then, specialized breeds that are adapted to their local environment have been developed and display specific genetic profiles. The VarGoats project is a 1,000 genomes resequencing program designed to cover the genetic diversity of the Capra genus. In this study,...
Book
Goats were domesticated 10,500 years ago with the aim of supplying milk, meat and fibres. Since then, breeds have specialized and adapted to their local environment developing specific genetic profiles. The VarGoats project is an international resequencing program, which aims at covering at best the genetic diversity of the Capra species. To date t...
Preprint
Full-text available
In recent years, the increasing use of Next Generation Sequencing technologies to explore the genome has generated large quantities of data. For microRNAs, more and more publications have described several thousand sequences, all species included. In order to obtain a detailed description of microRNAs from the literature for three ruminant species...
Article
Full-text available
The ever-increasing use of next-generation sequencing technologies to explore the genome has generated large quantities of data in recent years. Numerous publications have described several thousand sequences of microRNAs, all species included. A new database (RumimiR) has been created from the literature to provide a detailed description of microR...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Functional annotation of livestock genomes is a critical step to decipher the genotype-to-phenotype relationship underlying complex traits. As part of the Functional Annotation of Animal Genomes (FAANG) action, the FR-AgENCODE project ( http://www.fragencode.org ) aimed to profile the landscape of transcription (RNA-seq), chromatin acces...
Article
Full-text available
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has not been fixed in the paper.
Article
Full-text available
The quantity of milk and milk fat and proteins are particularly important traits in dairy livestock. However, little is known about the regions of the genome that influence these traits in goats. We conducted a genome wide association study in French goats and identified 109 regions associated with dairy traits. For a major region on chromosome 14...
Article
Full-text available
The composition and structure of fleece variation observed in mammals is a consequence of a strong selective pressure for fiber production after domestication. in sheep, fleece variation discriminates ancestral species carrying a long and hairy fleece from modern domestic sheep (ovis aries) owning a short and woolly fleece. here we report that the...
Article
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[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0086227.].
Article
Full-text available
Background MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as important post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression in a wide variety of physiological processes. They can control both temporal and spatial gene expression and are believed to regulate 30 to 70 % of the genes. Data are however limited for fish species, with only 9 out of the 30,000 fish specie...
Article
Full-text available
Biologists produce large data sets and are in demand of rich and simple web portals in which they can upload and analyze their files. Providing such tools requires to mask the complexity induced by the needed High Performance Computing (HPC) environment. The connection between interface and computing infrastructure is usually specific to each porta...
Article
Full-text available
The BioMart Community Portal (www.biomart.org) is a community-driven effort to provide a unified interface to biomedical databases that are distributed worldwide. The portal provides access to numerous database projects supported by 30 scientific organizations. It includes over 800 different biological datasets spanning genomics, proteomics, model...
Article
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Background Venn diagrams are commonly used to display list comparison. In biology, they are widely used to show the differences between gene lists originating from different differential analyses, for instance. They thus allow the comparison between different experimental conditions or between different methods. However, when the number of input li...
Article
Full-text available
Transcriptome analysis based on a de novo assembly of next generation RNA sequences is now performed routinely in many laboratories. The generated results, including contig sequences, quantification figures, functional annotations and variation discovery outputs are usually bulky and quite diverse. This article presents a user oriented storage and...
Article
Full-text available
Vertebrate evolution has been shaped by several rounds of whole-genome duplications (WGDs) that are often suggested to be associated with adaptive radiations and evolutionary innovations. Due to an additional round of WGD, the rainbow trout genome offers a unique opportunity to investigate the early evolutionary fate of a duplicated vertebrate geno...
Article
Full-text available
The success of Genome Wide Association Studies in the discovery of sequence variation linked to complex traits in humans has increased interest in high throughput SNP genotyping assays in livestock species. Primary goals are QTL detection and genomic selection. The purpose here was design of a 50-60,000 SNP chip for goats. The success of a moderate...
Article
Full-text available
Prolific sheep have proven to be a valuable model to identify genes and mutations implicated in female fertility. In the Lacaune sheep breed, large variation in litter size is genetically determined by the segregation of a fecundity major gene influencing ovulation rate, named FecL and its prolific allele FecL(L) . Our previous work localized FecL...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Goat breeds, including dairy, meat and fiber breeds, are adapted to a wide range of breeding conditions, and have a large economic impact. Currently, however, they benefit from fewer genomic research tools compared to cattle or sheep. At present, the International Goat Genome Consortium (www.goat.genome.org) federates 3 projects, aiming at the impr...
Article
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Legumes (Fabaceae or Leguminosae) are unique among cultivated plants for their ability to carry out endosymbiotic nitrogen fixation with rhizobial bacteria, a process that takes place in a specialized structure known as the nodule. Legumes belong to one of the two main groups of eurosids, the Fabidae, which includes most species capable of endosymb...
Article
Full-text available
The annotation of noncoding RNA genes remains a major bottleneck in genome sequencing projects. Most genome sequences released today still come with sets of tRNAs and rRNAs as the only annotated RNA elements, ignoring hundreds of other RNA families. We have developed a web environment that is dedicated to noncoding RNA (ncRNA) prediction, annotatio...
Article
According to FAO, in 2009, the world population of goats was estimated to be around 868 million animals and was steadily growing either in developed or developing countries. Goat breeds include dairy, meat and fiber breeds, are adapted to a wide range of breeding conditions and have thus a great economic importance. However, they benefit from fewer...
Article
Full-text available
The BioMoby project was initiated in 2001 from within the model organism database community. It aimed to standardize methodologies to facilitate information exchange and access to analytical resources, using a consensus driven approach. Six years later, the BioMoby development community is pleased to announce the release of the 1.0 version of the i...
Article
Full-text available
EUGÈNE'HOM is a gene prediction software for eukaryotic organisms based on comparative analysis. EUGÈNE'HOM is able to take into account multiple homologous sequences from more or less closely related organisms. It integrates the results of TBLASTX analysis, splice site and start codon prediction and a robust coding/non-coding probabilistic model w...
Article
Full-text available
EUGÈNE'HOM is a gene prediction software for eukaryotic organisms based on comparative analysis. EUGÈNE'HOM is able to take into account multiple homologous sequences from more or less closely related organisms. It integrates the results of TBLASTX analysis, splice site and start codon prediction and a robust coding/non-coding probabilistic model w...

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