Philipp S. Sommer

Philipp S. Sommer
Helmholtz-Zentrum Hereon | HZG · Institute for Coastal Research

MSc

About

23
Publications
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350
Citations

Publications

Publications (23)
Article
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The European Union has set ambitious CO 2 reduction targets, stimulating renewable energy production and accelerating deployment of offshore wind energy in northern European waters, mainly the North Sea. With increasing size and clustering, offshore wind farms (OWFs) wake effects, which alter wind conditions and decrease the power generation effici...
Article
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Freva – Free Evaluation System Framework for Earth system modeling is an efficient solution to handle evaluation systems of research projects, institutes or universities in the climate community. It is a scientific software framework for high performance computing that provides all its available features both in a shell and web environment. The mai...
Article
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Fossil pollen records are well-established indicators of past vegetation changes. The prevalence of pollen across environmental settings including lakes, wetlands, and marine sediments, has made palynology one of the most ubiquitous and valuable tools for studying past environmental and climatic change globally for decades. A complementary research...
Article
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The Eurasian (née European) Modern Pollen Database (EMPD) was established in 2013 to provide a public database of high-quality modern pollen surface samples to help support studies of past climate, land-cover and land-use using fossil pollen. The EMPD is part of, and complementary to, the European Pollen Database (EPD) which contains data on fossil...
Article
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An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
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An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
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An extensive new multi-proxy database of paleo-temperature time series (Temperature 12k) enables a more robust analysis of global mean surface temperature (GMST) and associated uncertainties than was previously available. We applied five different statistical methods to reconstruct the GMST of the past 12,000 years (Holocene). Each method used diff...
Article
Full-text available
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
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A comprehensive database of paleoclimate records is needed to place recent warming into the longer-term context of natural climate variability. We present a global compilation of quality-controlled, published, temperature-sensitive proxy records extending back 12,000 years through the Holocene. Data were compiled from 679 sites where time series co...
Preprint
Full-text available
Abstract. The Eurasian (née European) Modern Pollen Database (EMPD) was established in 2013 to provide a public database of high-quality modern pollen surface samples to help support studies of past climate, land-cover and land-use using fossil pollen. The EMPD is part of, and complementary to, the European Pollen Database (EPD) which contains data...
Article
Full-text available
Cities are fundamental to climate change mitigation, and although there is increasing understanding about the relationship between emissions and urban form, this relationship has not been used to provide planning advice for urban land use so far. Here we present the Integrated Urban Complexity model (IUCm 1.0) that computes “climate-smart urban for...
Article
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WORKSHOP ON THE COMPARISON OF PALEOCLIMATE DATA AND SIMULATIONS OVER TIME PERIODS UP TO THE LAST GLACIAL CYCLE What: An international group of approximately 30 scientists with background and expertise in global and regional climate modeling, statistics, and climate proxy data discussed the state of the art, progress, and challenges in comparing gl...
Article
Full-text available
Cities are fundamental to climate change mitigation, and although there is increasing understanding about the relationship between emissions and urban form, this relationship has not been used to provide planning advice for urban land use so far. Here we present the Integrated Urban Complexity model (IUCm 1.0), which computes climate-smart urban fo...
Presentation
Full-text available
In an age of digital data analysis, gaining access to data from the pre-digital era – or any data that is only available as a figure on a page – remains a problem and an under-utilized scientific resource. Whilst there are numerous programs available that allow the digitization of scientific data in a simple x-y graph format, we know of no semi-aut...
Presentation
Full-text available
PICO Presentation, EGU 2018, Vienna Austria https://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2018/PICO/28031/235994 The development, usage and analysis of climate models often requires the visualization of the data. This visualization should ideally be nice looking, simple in application, fast, easy reproducible and flexible. There exist a wide range of...
Data
The Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISIMIP) provides a framework for the collation of a set of consistent, multi-sector, multi-scale climate-impact simulations, based on scientifically and politically-relevant historical and future scenarios. This framework serves as a basis for robust projections of climate impacts, as well as...
Article
Full-text available
While a wide range of Earth system processes occur at daily and even subdaily timescales, many global vegetation and other terrestrial dynamics models historically used monthly meteorological forcing both to reduce computational demand and because global datasets were lacking. Recently, dynamic land surface modeling has moved towards resolving dail...
Article
Full-text available
psyplot is an cross-platform open source python project that mainly combines the plotting utilities of matplotlib and the data management of the xarray package and integrates them into a software that can be used via command-line and via a GUI. The main purpose is to have a framework that allows a fast, attractive, flexible, easily applicable, easi...
Article
Full-text available
While a wide range of earth system processes occur at daily and even sub-daily timescales, many global vegetation and other terrestrial dynamics models historically used monthly meteorological forcing, both to reduce computational demand and because global datasets were lacking. Recently, dynamic land surface modeling has moved towards resolving da...

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Projects (2)
Project
In an age of digital data analysis, gaining access to data from the pre-digital era – or any data that is only available as a figure on a page – remains a problem and an under-utilized scientific resource. Whilst there are numerous programs available that allow the digitization of scientific data in a simple x-y graph format, we know of no semi-automated program that can deal with data plotted with multiple horizontal axes that share the same vertical axis, such as pollen diagrams and other stratigraphic figures that are common in the Earth sciences. STRADITIZE (Stratigraphic Diagram Digitizer) is a new open-source program that allows stratigraphic figures to be digitized in a single semi-automated operation. It is designed to detect multiple plots of variables analyzed along the same vertical axis, whether this is a sediment core or any similar depth/time series. The program is written in python and supports mixtures of many different diagram types, such as bar plots, line plots, as well as shaded, stacked, and filled area plots. The package provides an extensively documented graphical user interface for a point-and-click handling of the semi-automatic process, but can also be scripted or used from the command line. Other features of STRADITIZE include text recognition to interpret the names of the different plotted variables, the automatic and semi-automatic recognition of picture artifacts, as well an automatic measurement finder to exactly reproduce the data that has been used to create the diagram. Evaluation of the program has been undertaken comparing the digitization of published figures with the original digital data. This generally shows very good results, although this is inevitably reliant on the quality and resolution of the original figure.