# Philipp HansmannFriedrich-Alexander-University of Erlangen-Nürnberg | FAU · Department of Physics

Philipp Hansmann

Professor

## About

84

Publications

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2,459

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Introduction

Additional affiliations

August 2011 - January 2015

April 2010 - August 2011

## Publications

Publications (84)

The topological classification of electronic band structures is based on sym- metry properties of Bloch eigenstates of single-particle Hamiltonians. In par- allel, topological field theory has opened the doors to the formulation and characterization of non-trivial phases of matter driven by strong electron- electron interaction. Even though importa...

We compare the dynamical mean-field descriptions of the single-band Hubbard model and the three-band Emery model at the one-and two-particle level for parameters relevant to high-Tc super-conductors. We show that even within dynamical mean-field theory, accounting solely for temporal fluctuations, the intrinsic multi-orbital nature of the Emery mod...

The unconventional superconductor Sr2RuO4 has long served as a benchmark for theories of correlated-electron materials. The determination of the superconducting pairing mechanism requires detailed experimental information on collective bosonic excitations as potential mediators of Cooper pairing. We have used Ru L3-edge resonant inelastic x-ray sca...

The recently proposed center-focused post-processing procedure [Phys. Rev. Research 2, 033476 (2020)] of cellular dynamical mean-field theory suggests that central sites of large impurity clusters are closer to the exact solution of the Hubbard model than the edge sites. In this paper, we systematically investigate results in the spirit of this cen...

The Mott insulator Ca$_2$RuO$_4$ exhibits a rare insulator-to-metal transition (IMT) induced by DC current. While structural changes associated with this transition have been tracked by neutron diffraction, Raman scattering, and x-ray spectroscopy, work on elucidating the response of the electronic degrees of freedom is still in progress. Here we u...

We investigated the electronic structure of the enigmatic CeRh3B2 using resonant inelastic scattering and x-ray absorption spectroscopy in combination with ab initio density functional calculations. We find that the Rh4d states are irrelevant for the high-temperature ferromagnetism and the Kondo effect. We also find that the Ce4f crystal-field stre...

The topological classification of electronic band structures is based on symmetry properties of Bloch eigenstates of single-particle Hamiltonians. In parallel, topological field theory has opened the doors to the formulation and characterization of non-trivial phases of matter driven by strong electron-electron interaction. Even though important ex...

The unconventional superconductor Sr$_2$RuO$_4$ has long served as a benchmark for theories of correlated-electron materials. The determination of the superconducting pairing mechanism requires detailed experimental information on collective bosonic excitations as potential mediators of Cooper pairing. We have used Ru $L_3$-edge resonant inelastic...

We investigated the electronic structure of the enigmatic CeRh$_3$B$_2$ using resonant inelastic scattering and x-ray absorption spectroscopy in combination with $ab$ $initio$ density functional calculations. We find that the Rh 4$d$ states are irrelevant for the high-temperature ferromagnetism and the Kondo effect. We also find that the Ce 4$f$ cr...

We report a comprehensive study of magnetic correlations in LaNiO2, a parent compound of the recently discovered family of infinite-layer (IL) nickelate superconductors, using multiple experimental and theoretical methods. Our specific heat, muon-spin rotation (μSR), and magnetic susceptibility measurements on polycrys-talline LaNiO2 show that long...

We study the superconducting gap function of Sr2RuO4. By solving the linearized Eliashberg equation with a correlated pairing vertex extracted from a dynamical mean-field calculation we identify the dominant pairing channels. An analysis of the candidate gap functions in orbital and quasiparticle band basis reveals that an interorbital singlet pair...

A key requirement for the correct interpretation of high-resolution X-ray spectra is that transition energies are known with high accuracy and precision. We investigate the K-shell features of Ne, CO$_2$, and SF$_6$ gases, by measuring their photo ion-yield spectra at the BESSY II synchrotron facility simultaneously with the 1s-np fluorescence emis...

A key requirement for the correct interpretation of high-resolution X-ray spectra is that transition energies are known with high accuracy and precision. We investigate the K-shell features of $$\mathrm {Ne}$$ Ne , $$\mathrm {CO}_2$$ CO 2 , and $$\mathrm {SF}_6$$ SF 6 gases, by measuring their photo ion-yield spectra at the BESSY II synchrotron fac...

We study the magnetic and spectral properties of a single-band Hubbard model for the infinite-layer nickelate compound LaNiO 2. As spatial correlations turn out to be the key ingredient for understanding its physics, we use two complementary extensions of the dynamical mean-field theory to take them into account: the cellular dynamical mean-field t...

We study the magnetic and spectral properties of a single-band Hubbard model for the infinite-layer nickelate compound LaNiO$_2$. As spatial correlations turn out to be the key ingredient for understanding its physics, we use two complementary extensions of the dynamical mean-field theory to take them into account: the cellular dynamical mean-field...

We report a comprehensive study of magnetic correlations in LaNiO$_{2}$, a parent compound of the recently discovered family of infinite-layer (IL) nickelate superconductors, using multiple experimental and theoretical methods. Our specific heat, muon-spin rotation ($\mu$SR), and magnetic susceptibility measurements on polycrystalline LaNiO$_{2}$ s...

The recent observation of superconductivity in infinite-layer Nd1−xSrxNiO2 thin films has attracted a lot of attention, since this compound is electronically and structurally analogous to the superconducting cuprates. Due to the challenges in the phase stabilization upon chemical doping with Sr, we synthesized artificial superlattices of LaNiO3 emb...

The physics of the triangular lattice Hubbard model exhibits a rich phenomenology, ranging from a metal-insulator transition, intriguing thermodynamic behavior, and a putative spin liquid phase at intermediate coupling, ultimately becoming a magnetic insulator at strong coupling. In this multimethod study, we combine a finite-temperature tensor net...

We present a tree tensor-network impurity solver suited for general multiorbital systems. The network is constructed to efficiently capture the entanglement structure and symmetry of an impurity problem. The solver works directly on the real-time/frequency axis and generates spectral functions with energy-independent resolution of the order of one...

We study the superconducting gap function of Sr$_2$RuO$_4$. By solving the linearized Eliashberg equation with a correlated pairing vertex extracted from a dynamical mean-field calculation we identify the dominant pairing channels. An analysis of the candidate gap functions in orbital and quasiparticle band basis reveals that an inter-orbital singl...

Heteroepitaxy offers a new type of control mechanism for the crystal structure, the electronic correlations, and thus the functional properties of transition-metal oxides. Here we combine electrical transport measurements, high-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), and density functional theory (DFT) to investigate the evolut...

The Hubbard model represents the fundamental model for interacting quantum systems and electronic correlations. Using the two-dimensional half-filled Hubbard model at weak coupling as a testing ground, we perform a comparative study of a comprehensive set of state-of-the-art quantum many-body methods. Upon cooling into its insulating antiferromagne...

We present a tree tensor-network impurity solver suited for general multiorbital systems. The network is constructed to efficiently capture the entanglement structure and symmetry of an impurity problem. The solver works directly on the real-time/frequency axis and generates spectral functions with energy-independent resolution on the order of one...

The physics of the triangular lattice Hubbard model exhibits a rich phenomenology, ranging from a metal-insulator transition, intriguing thermodynamic behavior, and a putative spin liquid phase at intermediate coupling, ultimately becoming a magnetic insulator at strong coupling. In this multi-method study, we combine a finite-temperature tensor ne...

The recent observation of superconductivity in Sr-doped infinite-layer NdNiO$_2$ thin films has attracted a lot of attention, since this compound is electronically and structurally analogous to the high-$T_{\text c}$ superconducting cuprates. Since phase stabilization upon chemical doping with Sr is challenging, we synthesized artificial superlatti...

Heteroepitaxy offers a new type of control mechanism for the crystal structure, the electronic correlations, and thus the functional properties of transition-metal oxides. Here, we combine electrical transport measurements, high-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), and density functional theory (DFT) to investigate the evolu...

Significance
The interplay of band-formation and electron-correlation effects in uranium heavy fermion compounds is the subject of an ongoing debate. Here unexpected insight has been gained from advanced spectroscopies on isostructural members of the U M 2 S i 2 family with different properties. The antiferromagnetic ( M = Pd,Ni), hidden order ( M...

We have successfully grown centimeter-sized layered RSrNiO4\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\textit{R}\mathrm{SrNiO}_{4}$$\end{document} single crystals...

We revisit the cellular dynamical mean-field theory (CDMFT) for the single-band Hubbard model on the square lattice at half filling, reaching real-space cluster sizes of up to 9×9 sites. Using benchmarks against direct lattice diagrammatic Monte Carlo at high temperature, we show that the self-energy obtained from a cluster center-focused extrapola...

Excitonic magnetism involving superpositions of singlet and triplet states is expected to arise for two holes in strongly correlated and spin-orbit-coupled t2g orbitals. However, uncontested material examples for its realization are rare. We apply the variational cluster approach to the square lattice to investigate excitonic antiferromagnetism and...

We have investigated the electronic structure of iridates in the double perovskite crystal structure containing either Ir4+ or Ir5+ using hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The experimental valence band spectra can be well reproduced using tight-binding calculations including only the Ir 5d, O 2p, and O 2s orbitals with parameters based on the...

We have successfully grown centimeter-sized layered $R$SrNiO$_4$ single crystals under high oxygen pressures of 120 bar by the floating zone technique. This enabled us to perform neutron scattering experiments where we observe close to quarter-integer magnetic peaks below $\sim$77 K that are accompanied by steep upwards dispersing spin excitations....

The Hubbard model represents the fundamental model for interacting quantum systems and electronic correlations. Using the two-dimensional half-filled Hubbard model at weak coupling as testing grounds, we perform a comparative study of a comprehensive set of state of the art quantum many-body methods. Upon cooling into its insulating antiferromagnet...

We have investigated the electronic structure of iridates in the double perovskite crystal structure containing either Ir$^{4+}$ or Ir$^{5+}$ using hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The experimental valence band spectra can be well reproduced using tight binding calculations including only the Ir $5d$, O $2p$ and O $2s$ orbitals with parameter...

We revisit the cellular dynamical mean-field theory (CDMFT) for the single band Hubbard model on the square lattice at half filling, reaching real-space cluster sizes of up to 9 x 9 sites. Using benchmarks against direct lattice diagrammatic Monte Carlo at high temperature, we show that the self-energy obtained from a cluster center focused extrapo...

Here we report on P−E hysteresis loop measurements that unravel the ferroelectric nature of melanothallite Cu2OCl2, a new multiferroic material with high critical temperature. Its spin structure was investigated by polarized and unpolarized neutron scattering experiments which reveal a cycloidal magnetic structure with vector chirality (magnetic po...

Excitonic magnetism involving superpositions of singlet and triplet states is expected to arise for two holes in strongly correlated and spin-orbit coupled $t_{2g}$ orbitals. However, uncontested material examples for its realization are rare. Applying the Variational Cluster Approach to the square lattice, we find conventional spin antiferromagnet...

The electric-current stabilized semimetallic state in the quasi-two-dimensional Mott insulator Ca2RuO4 exhibits an exceptionally strong diamagnetism. Through a comprehensive study using neutron and x-ray diffraction, we show that this nonequilibrium phase assumes a crystal structure distinct from those of equilibrium metallic phases realized in the...

We extend a previously proposed rotation and truncation scheme to optimize quantum Anderson impurity calculations with exact diagonalization [Y. Lu, M. Höppner, O. Gunnarsson, and M. W. Haverkort, Phys. Rev. B 90, 085102 (2014)] to density-matrix renormalization group (DMRG) calculations. The method reduces the solution of a full impurity problem w...

We extend a previously proposed rotation and truncation scheme to optimize quantum Anderson impurity calculations with exact diagonalization [PRB 90, 085102 (2014)] to density-matrix renormalization group (DMRG) calculations. The method reduces the solution of a full impurity problem with virtually unlimited bath sites to that of a small subsystem...

Magnetic ordering phenomena have a profound influence on the macroscopic properties of correlated-electron materials, but their realistic prediction remains a formidable challenge. An archetypical example is the ternary nickel oxide system RNiO3 (R = rare earth), where the period-four magnetic order with proposals of collinear and non-collinear str...

Magnetic ordering phenomena have a profound influence on the macroscopic properties of correlated-electron materials, but their realistic prediction remains a formidable challenge. An archetypical example is the ternary nickel oxide system RNiO3 (R = rare earth), where the period-four magnetic order with proposals of collinear and non-collinear str...

Correlated ad-atom systems on the Si(111) surface have recently attracted an increased attention as strongly correlated systems with a rich phase diagram. We study these materials by a single band model on the triangular lattice including 1/r long-range interaction. Employing the recently proposed TRILEX method we find an unconventional superconduc...

A series of Ba1-xEuxTiO3-δ (0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.9) phases with ∼40 nm particle size were synthesized via a Pechini method followed by annealing and sintering under a reducing atmosphere. The effects of Eu(2+) substitution on the BaTiO3 crystal structure and the thermoelectric transport properties were systematically investigated. According to synchrotron X...

Thickness-driven electronic phase transitions are broadly observed in different types of functional perovskite heterostructures. However, uncertainty remains whether these effects are solely due to spatial confinement, broken symmetry, or rather to a change of structure with varying film thickness. Here, this study presents direct evidence for the...

We analyze the charge- and spin response functions of rare-earth nickelates RNiO3 and their heterostructures using random-phase approximation in a two-band Hubbard model. The inter-orbital charge fluctuation is found to be the driving mechanism for the rock-salt type bond order in bulk RNiO3, and good agreement of the ordering temperature with expe...

Thickness driven electronic phase transitions are broadly observed in different types of functional perovskite heterostructures. However, uncertainty remains whether these effects are solely due to spatial confinement, broken symmetry or rather to a change of structure with varying film thickness. Here, we present direct evidence for the relaxation...

The synthesis of transition metal heterostructures is currently one of the most vivid fields in the design of novel functional materials. In this paper we propose a simple scheme to predict \emph{band alignment }and \emph{charge transfer} in complex oxide interfaces. For semiconductor heterostructures band alignment rules like the well known Anders...

The development of novel functional materials in experimental labs combined with computer-based compound simulation brings the vision of materials design on a microscopic scale continuously closer to reality. For many applications interface and surface phenomena rather than bulk properties are key. One of the most fundamental qualities of a materia...

Please note that this document is the user edited, submitted version of the manuscript. the finalized version is abailable at the publisher's website.
Soft x-ray linear and circular dichroism (XLD, XMCD) experiments at the Ce M4,5 edges are being used to determine the energy scales characterizing the Ce 4f degrees of freedom in the ultrathin ordere...

The result of a physical measurement depends on the timescale of the
experimental probe. In solid-state systems, this simple quantum mechanical
principle has far-reaching consequences: the interplay of several degrees of
freedom close to charge, spin or orbital instabilities combined with the
disparity of the time scales associated to their fluctua...

The determination of the effective Coulomb interactions to be used in
low-energy Hamiltonians for materials with strong electronic correlations
remains one of the bottlenecks for parameter-free electronic structure
calculations. We propose and benchmark a scheme for determining the effective
local Coulomb interactions for charge-transfer oxides and...

Using a recently developed impurity solver we exemplify how dynamical mean
field theory captures band excitations, resonances, edge singularities and
excitons in core level x-ray absorption (XAS) and core level photo electron
spectroscopy (cPES) on metals, correlated metals and Mott insulators. Comparing
XAS at different values of the core-valence...

The Fe-Cu intersite charge transfer and Fe charge disproportionation are
interesting phenomena observed in some LnCu3Fe4O12 (Ln: Lanthanides) compounds
containing light and heavy Ln atoms, respectively. We show that a change in the
spin state is responsible for the intersite charge transfer in the light Ln
compounds. At the high spin state, such sy...

We show that the heavy-fermion compound CeCu2Si2 undergoes a transition between two regimes dominated by different crystal-field states. At low pressure P and low temperature T the Ce 4f electron resides in the atomic crystal-field ground state, while at high P or T, the electron occupancy and spectral weight is transferred to an excited crystal-fi...

Current theoretical studies of electronic correlations in transition metal
oxides typically only account for the local repulsion between d-electrons even
if oxygen ligand p-states are an explicit part of the effective Hamiltonian.
Interatomic interactions such as Upd between d- and (ligand) p-electrons, as
well as the local interaction between p-el...

The isostructural metal-insulator transition in Cr-doped V2O3 is the textbook example of a Mott-Hubbard transition between a paramagnetic metal (PM) and a paramagnetic insulator. We review recent theoretical calculations as well as experimental findings which shed new light on this famous transition. In particular, the old paradigm of a doping-pres...

Systems of adatoms on semiconductor surfaces display competing ground states
and exotic spectral properties typical of two-dimensional correlated electron
materials which are dominated by a complex interplay of spin and charge degrees
of freedom. We report a fully ab initio derivation of low energy Hamiltonians
for the adatom systems Si(111):X, wit...

The effect of electronic correlations to enhance or reduce the effective
crystal field in multi-orbital correlated materials can be crucial in
determining the topology of the Fermi surface and, hence, the physical
properties of these systems. In this respect, recent local density
approximation (LDA) plus dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT) studies o...

Electronic correlations together with dimensional constraints lead to some of the most fascinating properties known in condensed matter physics. As possible candidates where these conditions are realized, semiconductor (111) surfaces and adatom systems on surfaces have been under investigation for quite some time. However, state-of-the-art theoreti...

The three-dimensional Fermi surface structure of hole-doped metallic
layered nickelate Eu2-xSrxNiO4 (x=1.1),
an important counterpart to the isostructural superconducting cuprate
La2-xSrxCuO4, is investigated by
energy-dependent soft-x-ray angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy.
In addition to a large cylindrical hole Fermi surface analogous to...

X-ray absorption spectroscopy is a well-established tool for obtaining information about orbital and spin degrees of freedom in transition-metal and rare-earth compounds. For this purpose usually the dipole transitions of the L (2p to 3d) and M (3d to 4f) edges are employed, whereas higher order transitions such as quadrupolar 1s to 3d in the K edg...

Electronic correlation plays a subtle role in Fe-based superconductors.
In fact, due to the presence of several moderately correlated bands
close to the Fermi level, one observes the formation of localized
magnetic moments driven by the Hund's exchange interactions, which takes
place, however, in a mainly metallic background (``Hund's metal'' [1])....

We have calculated the local magnetic susceptibility of one of the
prototypical Fe-based superconductors (LaFeAsO) by means of the local density
approximation + dynamical mean field theory as a function of both (imaginary)
time and real frequencies with and without vertex corrections. Vertex
corrections are essential for obtaining the correct $\ome...

The three-dimensional Fermi surface structure of hole-doped metallic layered
nickelate Eu2-xSrxNiO4 (x=1.1), an important counterpart to the isostructural
superconducting cuprate La2-xSrxCuO4, is investigated by energy-dependent
soft-x-ray angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. In addition to a large
cylindrical hole Fermi surface analogous to...

V2O3 is an archetypal system for the study of correlation-induced, Mott-Hubbard metal-insulator transitions. Despite decades of extensive investigations, the accurate description of its electronic properties remains an open problem in the physics of strongly correlated materials, also because of the lack of detailed experimental data on its electro...