Philip Brey

Philip Brey
University of Twente | UT · Department of Philosophy (WIJSB)

About

81
Publications
34,877
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,328
Citations
Citations since 2017
14 Research Items
1390 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300

Publications

Publications (81)
Article
This paper analyzes the ontological structure of institutional and other social entities in virtual environments. The emphasis is on institutional reality, which consists of entities (objects, events, etc.) like money, contracts, and chess pieces, which are constituted in part through collective agreements. It is studied how institutional entities...
Article
This paper analyzes ethical aspects of the new paradigm of Ambient Intelligence, which is a combination of Ubiquitous Computing and Intelligent User Interfaces (IUI’s). After an introduction to the approach, two key ethical dimensions will be analyzed: freedom and privacy. It is argued that Ambient Intelligence, though often designed to enhance fre...
Article
In this essay, a new approach to the ethics of emerging information technology will be presented, called anticipatory technology ethics (ATE). The ethics of emerging technology is the study of ethical issues at the R&D and introduction stage of technology development through anticipation of possible future devices, applications, and social conseque...
Chapter
This chapter presents, discusses and defends research ethics guidelines for the engineering sciences and computer and information sciences. Only very recently has there been an effort to establish research ethics frameworks and ethics committees for these two fields. Arguments are presented concerning these developments, and a specific proposal is...
Technical Report
Full-text available
741716 – SIENNA – D6.3 Deliverable report 2 Abstract In this SIENNA deliverable we present five general methods for translating ethical analysis into frameworks and methods for the ethical guidance of new emerging technologies. These are: • a multistakeholder, coevolutionary strategy for ethically responsible development, deployment and use...
Article
Full-text available
The technical and economic benefits of artificial intelligence (AI) are counterbalanced by legal, social and ethical issues. It is challenging to conceptually capture and empirically measure both benefits and downsides. We therefore provide an account of the findings and implications of a multi-dimensional study of AI, comprising 10 case studies, f...
Article
Full-text available
Policymakers struggle to assess the ethical, legal and human rights impacts of IT systems in research, industry, and at home. At the same time, research needs to be useful for industry, academia, and society to have impact on policy. Right now, three European projects: PANELFIT, SHERPA and SIENNA, are working together with stakeholders to improve e...
Article
Full-text available
This report describes the current state of the art in the fields of artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics. In this report, we establish definitions and demarcations for both fields that will be used in subsequent SIENNA research on AI and robotics. The report discusses the fields in terms of their backgrounds, positions, challenges, and present...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides a systematic literature review, analysis and discussion of methods that are proposed to practise ethics in research and innovation (R&I). Ethical considerations concerning the impacts of R&I are increasingly important, due to the quickening pace of technological innovation and the ubiquitous use of the outcomes of R&I processes...
Article
Full-text available
Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) is a term used by policy-makers and academics to refer to research and innovation that is ethically acceptable and socially desirable. Despite the fact that the vast majority of research and innovation (R&I) is funded and produced by industry, companies tend to have no awareness or recognition of this conce...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The aim of the SATORI roadmap process was to work out how the SATORI ethics assessment framework can be implemented in practice. The timespan of the roadmap was set at 10 years. To begin, a vision of a future in which the SATORI framework is implemented was formulated. Theories about the implementation of new social practices were subsequently stud...
Chapter
Philip Brey focuses on the role technologies play in the relationship between sustainable development and consumerism in light of ecological modernization , the development practice that aims at greening production and global economy in ways that leave existing economic and political institutions intact. He agrees with critics who claim that sustai...
Chapter
This chapter presents the main findings of the EU-funded SATORI project on ethics assessment of research and innovation (R&I) in its first 18 months. It offers summarised descriptions of the ways in which ethics assessment and guidance of R&I are currently practiced in different scientific fields, in different countries in Europe, the United States...
Chapter
This essay argues for a new turn after the empirical turn in the philosophy of technology: the societal turn, which is the turn from reflective philosophy of technology (academic philosophy concerned with analysis and understanding) to constructive philosophy of technology (philosophy that is directly involved in solving practical problems in socie...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Science parks are commercially run innovation areas that promote university-industry collaboration, often with a supporting role for government. For long, they have been considered as important economic development initiatives that play a major role in technology transfer activities and in new venture formation. They collect a region's main researc...
Chapter
In this entry, the field of bioengineering will be discussed, including the large field of biomedical engineering and the nonmedical fields of biosystems and bioprocess engineering and biomimetics. The focus is on ethical issues in bioengineering. Associated ethical issues include clinical-related issues concerning manipulation of the human genome,...
Article
This chapter studies how and to what extent it is possible to design for wellbeing. Well-being is rarely considered in the design literature and is rarely linked to technology and design in philosophy and the social sciences. A few approaches to design for well-being have recently materialized, however, including Emotional Design, capability approa...
Book
This anthology examines the practical role of well-being in contemporary society. It discusses developments such as globalization, consumerism and the rapid innovation and use of new and emerging technologies and focuses on the significant impact of these developments on the well-being of people living today. The anthology brings together researche...
Chapter
In this entry, the field of bioengineering will be discussed, including the large field of biomedical engineering and the nonmedical fields of biosystems and bioprocess engineering and biomimetics. The focus is on ethical issues in bioengineering. Associated ethical issues include clinical-related issues concerning manipulation of the human genome,...
Chapter
It has become a popular position in the philosophy of technology to claim that some or all technological artifacts can qualify as moral agents. This position has been developed to account for the moral role of technological artifacts in society and to help clarify the moral responsibility of engineers in design. In this paper, I will evaluate vario...
Chapter
Virtual reality and computer simulation are becoming increasingly immersive and interactive, and people are spending more and more time and money in virtual and simulated environments. In this chapter, Philip Brey begins with an overview of what virtual reality is — including the senses in which it is “virtual” and the senses in which it is “real.”...
Article
In this essay, a new approach for the ethical study of emerging technology ethics will be presented, called anticipatory technology ethics (ATE). The ethics of emerging technology is the study of ethical issues at the R&D and introduction stage of technology development through anticipation of possible future devices, applications, and social conse...
Article
The authors recently finished a comprehensive chapter on “Philosophy of Computing and Information Technology” for the forthcoming (fall 2009) Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences (Ed.: A. Meijers), Volume IX in the Elsevier series Handbook of the Philosophy of Science (Eds.: D. Gabbay, P. Thagard and J. Woods). The purpose of the chapt...
Article
Approaches in Computer EthicsTopics in Computer EthicsMoral ResponsibilityOther TopicsReferences and Further Reading
Chapter
General Ethical IssuesCellular, Genetic and Tissue EngineeringBiomaterials, Prostheses and ImplantsBiomedical Imaging and OpticsNeural EngineeringReferences and Further Reading
Chapter
Introduction Background: The Technology and its Applications Virtuality and Reality Representation and Simulation: Ethical Issues Behavior in Virtual Environments: Ethical Issues The Ethics of Computer Games Virtual Reality, Simulation, and Professional Ethics References
Chapter
In this essay, I will investigate the implications of human enhancement for personal identity and assess likely social and ethical consequences of these changes. Human enhancement, also called human augmentation, is an emerging field within medicine and bioengineering that aims to develop technologies and techniques for overcoming current limitatio...
Chapter
In this chapter, I examine whether information ethics is culture relative. If it is, different approaches to information ethics are required in different cultures and societies. This would have major implications for the current, predominantly Western approach to information ethics. If it is not, there must be concepts and principles of information...
Chapter
In this article, I examine whether information ethics is culture relative. If it is, different approaches to information ethics are required in different cultures and societies. This would have major implications for the current, predominantly Western approach to information ethics. If it is not, there must be concepts and principles of information...
Chapter
In this chapter, I examine whether information ethics is culture relative. If it is, different approaches to information ethics are required in different cultures and societies. This would have major implications for the current, predominantly Western approach to information ethics. If it is not, there must be concepts and principles of information...
Chapter
In this article, I examine whether information ethics is culture relative. If it is, different approaches to information ethics are required in different cultures and societies. This would have major implications for the current, predominantly Western approach to information ethics. If it is not, there must be concepts and principles of information...
Chapter
In this chapter, I examine whether information ethics is culturally relative. If it is, different approaches to information ethics are required in different cultures and societies. This would have major implications for the current, predominantly Western approach to information ethics. If it is not, there must be concepts and principles of informat...
Article
In this paper, a critique will be developed and an alternative proposed to Luciano Floridi’s approach to Information Ethics (IE). IE is a macroethical theory that is to both serve as a foundation for computer ethics and to guide our overall moral attitude towards the world. The central claims of IE are that everything that exists can be described a...
Chapter
The evolution of technical artifacts is often seen as radically different from the evolution of biological species. Technical artifacts are normally understood to result from the purposive intelligence of designers whereas biological species and organisms are held to have resulted from evolution by natural selection. But could it be that technology...
Article
This essay presents a theory of the role of technology in the distribution and exercise of social power. The paper studies how technical artefacts and systems are used to construct, maintain or strengthen power relations between agents, whether individuals or groups, and how their introduction and use in society differentially empowers and disempow...
Article
The emergence of an information society, carried by information technologies such as the digital computer and the Internet, has lead to many questions in the West about the proper regulation of the production, use and transfer of information. In the West, a large part of this discussion has focused on individual rights: how to balance various right...
Article
In this essay, the relation between computers and their human users will be analyzed from a philosophical point of view. I will argue that there are at least two philosophically interesting relationships between humans and computers: functional and phenomenal relationships. I will first analyze the functional relationship between computers and huma...
Chapter
In this article, I examine whether information ethics is culture relative. If it is, different approaches to information ethics are required in different cultures and societies. This would have major implications for the current, predominantly Western approach to information ethics. If it is not, there must be concepts and principles of information...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper the authors argue that many of the ethical problems raised by Ambient Intelligence stems from presupposing a behaviourist conception of the relation between human desires and behaviour. Insofar as Ambient Intelligence systems take overt, natural behaviour as input, they are likely to suffer from many of the same problems that have fue...
Article
In this article, I examine whether information ethics is culture relative. If it is, different approaches to information ethics are required in different cultures and societies. This would have major implications for the current, predominantly Western approach to information ethics. If it is not, there must be concepts and principles of information...
Chapter
This chapter reviews ethical aspects of computer and information security and privacy. After an introduction to ethical approaches to information technology, the focus is first on ethical aspects of computer security. These include the moral importance of computer security, the relation between computer security and national security, the morality...
Article
Een samenleving waarin robot en mens volledig coëxisteren, is dat sciencefiction of nabije toekomst? Wat moet de mens ermee dat over twintig jaar misschien robots over straat lopen, opa’s en oma’s verzorgen, operaties uitvoeren en oorlogen voor ons uitvechten?
Article
Since the Internet's breakthrough as a mass medium, it has become a topic of discussion because of its implications for society. At one extreme, one finds those who only see great benefits and consider the Internet a tool for freedom, commerce, connectivity, and other societal benefits. At the other extreme, one finds those who lament the harms and...
Article
This paper addresses social and ethical issues in computer-mediated education, with a focus on higher education. It will be argued if computer-mediated education is to be implemented in a socially and ethically sound way, four major social and ethical issues much be confronted. These are: (1) the issue of value transfer in higher education: can soc...
Chapter
For a short period of time in the mid-1970s, a federal law in the United States mandated cars to be designed not to start if seatbelts were not worn. Cars produced during that brief period of history had an electric link between the seats, seat belts and starter. In the seats, there were weightsensing elements that registered whether a person was i...
Article
Authors have, in various ways, attempted to account for the fact that technological artifacts are not neutral to society but are capable of significantly influencing or transforming the social context in which they are used. Technological artifacts may influence behaviors, attitudes, cultural beliefs, and modes of social organization in ways that a...
Article
Since the internet's breakthrough as a mass medium, it has become a topic of discussion because of its implications for society. At one extreme, one finds those who only see great benefits and consider the Internet a tool for freedom, commerce, connectivity, and other societal benefits. At the other extreme, one finds those who lament the harms and...
Chapter
div>Though the old saying claims that man is the measure of all things, the authors of Inside the Politics of Technology argue that the distinction implied between autonomous humans and neutral instruments of technology is an illusion. On the contrary, the technologies humans create simultaneously shape humans themselves. By means of case studies...
Article
This paper analyzes epistemological and ontological dimensions of Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) through an analysis of the functions of computer systems in relation to their users. It is argued that the primary relation between humans and computer systems has historically been epistemic: computers are used as information-processing and problem-s...
Article
This essay examines ethical aspects of the use of facial recognition technology for surveillance purposes in public and semipublic areas, focusing particularly on the balance between security and privacy and civil liberties. As a case study, the FaceIt facial recognition engine of Identix Corporation will be analyzed, as well as its use in “Smart”...
Article
This essay provides a critique of mainstream computer ethics and argues for the importance of a complementary approach called disclosive computer ethics, which is concerned with the moral deciphering of embedded values and norms in computer systems, applications and practices. Also, four key values are proposed as starting points for disclosive stu...
Article
This essay considers methodological aspects ofcomputer ethics and argues for a multi-levelinterdisciplinary approach with a central role forwhat is called disclosive computer ethics. Disclosivecomputer ethics is concerned with the moraldeciphering of embedded values and norms in computersystems, applications and practices. In themethodology for com...
Article
This essay considers the impact of digital networks in organizations on worker autonomy. Worker autonomy, the control that workers have over their own work situation, is claimed in this essay to be a key determinant for the quality of work, as well as an important moral goal. Digital networks pose significant threats to worker autonomy as well as o...
Article
This essay addresses ethical aspects of the design and use of virtual reality (VR) systems, focusing on the behavioral options made available in such systems and the manner in which reality is represented or simulated in them. An assessment is made of the morality of immoral behavior in virtual reality, and of the virtual modeling of such behavior....
Article
This essay addresses the question of how sustainable development is possible, giving special reference to the role of technology. It argues that the dominant strategy for sustainable development that is now operative, ecological modernization, is insufficient, and that the reform of technology and of systems of production alone will not yield susta...
Article
In this paper I evaluate the implications of contemporary information and communication media for the quality of life, including both the new media from the digital revolution and the older media that remain in use. My evaluation of contemporary media proceeds in three parts. First I discuss the benefits of contemporary media, with special emphasis...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
The SHERPA project will investigate, analyse and synthesise our understanding of the ways in which smart information systems (SIS; the combination of artificial intelligence and big data analytics) impact ethics and human rights issues. https://www.project-sherpa.eu/