Philip Baxter

Philip Baxter
University at Albany, The State University of New York | UAlbany · Center for Policy Research

Doctor of Philosophy


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Publications (10)
en How did North Korea's nuclear research community develop in the context of its science and technology policy, and how did this development reflect progress in North Korea's nuclear program? We conduct network analysis using a dataset of North Korean domestic scientific journal articles to assess the structure of the North Korea's nuclear researc...
This collection examines the extent to which nuclear weapons modernization has become a significant point of concern and consideration in international security. Recent statements and substantial investments by nuclear weapon possessor states in the upkeep and modernization of their nuclear postures – particularly the United States, Russia and Chin...
A number of recent studies have recognized the importance of status in international politics. While this developing scholarship has largely focused on great and middle powers, the pursuit of status by small states remains underexplored. For example, many studies claim that small states such as Qatar ‘punch above their weight’ in international poli...
The system in place to respond to cybersecurity events is described best as a “patchwork,” with divergent missions, legal frameworks, and organizational structures. Governments are struggling to overcome these obstacles to create robust and resilient cyber response infrastructure. However, the evolution and dispersion of technology has spread techn...
Full-text available
On April 22, 2015, the United States and the Republic of Korea (ROK, also known as South Korea) signed a new bilateral civilian nuclear agreement known as a 123 Agreement, a prerequisite for cooperation and trade in nuclear technologies and resources, after previously being unable to reach an agreement in 2014. With the new agreement, the United St...


Cited By


Project (1)
“Nuclear Modernization in the 21st Century: A Technical, Policy, and Strategic Review,” focuses on strategic developments in the US, China, and Russia. The project focuses on the debates and on-going developments surrounding the strategic outlook and investments in nuclear weapons. The project is framed so that the first three substantive chapters are mainly technical in nature, addressing specific systems and plans in the three countries, the second three will be the strategic and policy shifts that are developing, and the last two or three will be more theoretical implications of modernizing a nuclear arsenal.