Philip Agee

Philip Agee
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | VT · Department of Building Construction

Ph.D. Industrial & Systems Engineering

About

27
Publications
7,139
Reads
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196
Citations
Introduction
1) Human-building Interaction 2) Human Factors Engineering Methods for the built environment 3) Interface design in the built environment 4) Residential building science/performance
Additional affiliations
August 2019 - present
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
June 2015 - November 2016
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Position
  • Research Assistant
June 2015 - December 2016
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Position
  • Research Assistant - Virginia Center for Housing Research (VCHR)

Publications

Publications (27)
Article
Full-text available
this paper provides an open dataset of measured energy use, solar energy production, and building air leakage data from a 328 m 2 (3,531 ft 2) all-electric, zero energy commercial building in Virginia, USA. Over two years of energy use data were collected at 1-hour intervals using circuit-level energy monitors. Over six years of solar energy produc...
Article
This study reports an empirical analysis of an all-electric, Net zero energy housing (NZEH) development located in a mixed-humid climate zone (4A, Virginia, USA). Circuit-level energy monitors were used to measure energy consumption and energy production data (solar photovoltaic) at 1-hr intervals in six identical apartments over 24 months. The stu...
Article
Smart buildings are complex systems, yet architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC) professionals often perform their work without considering the human factors of building occupants. Traditionally, the AEC industry has employed a linear design and delivery approach. As buildings become smarter, the AEC industry must adapt. To maximize human...
Chapter
Sensing technologies are essential parts of the smart building paradigm. In recent years, an increasing number of research studies are focusing on using sensing technologies to understand the influences of indoor environmental conditions on the occupant’s health and comfort. Such studies provide a critical perspective on improved human-building int...
Preprint
Full-text available
This study reports an empirical analysis of an all-electric, Net Zero Energy Housing (NZEH) development located in a mixed-humid climate zone (4A, Virginia, USA). Circuit-level energy monitors were used to measure energy consumption and energy production data (solar photovoltaic) at 1-hr intervals in six identical apartments over 24 months. The stu...
Article
The vast number of facility management systems, home automation systems, and the ever-increasing number of Internet of Things (IoT) devices are in constant need of environmental monitoring. Indoor environment data can be utilized to improve indoor facilities and better occupants’ working and living experience, however, such data are scarce because...
Technical Report
Persistent dampness in buildings contributes to negative health outcomes for occupants. The causes of health-relevant dampness are complex and involve decisions that often overlap responsibilities of different design professions and are affected by decisions of building contractors, owners, operators and occupants. https://www.ashrae.org/file%20li...
Preprint
Full-text available
The vast number of facility management systems, home automation systems, and the ever-increasing number of Internet of Things (IoT) devices are in constant need of environmental monitoring. Indoor environment data can be utilized to improve indoor facilities and better occupants' working and living experience, however, such data are scarce because...
Preprint
Full-text available
Research on green-certified buildings has often been focused on the benefits of green standards, such as energy efficiency, smart growth, resource conservation, and health protection. Recent studies suggest the adoption of a reductionist sustainability planning language can turn green-certified houses into luxury goods, attracting White, prime-age,...
Article
Full-text available
To improve the construction industry’s capacity to deliver sustainable infrastructure, guidance on delivering green building systems needs to be more usable. Green buildings have certifications and ratings in place that ensure that projects are environmentally responsible and meet standards in resource efficiency. EarthCraft Multifamily (ECMF), an...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper provides an open dataset of measured energy use, solar energy production, and building air leakage data from a 328 m2 (3,531 ft2) all-electric, zero energy commercial building in Virginia, USA. Over two years of energy use data were collected at 1-hour intervals using circuit-level energy monitors. Over six years of solar energy producti...
Article
The United States needs comprehensive policymaking reforms that address sustainable residential development. This study investigates the feasibility of statewide zero-energy affordable housing by analyzing historical data on climate, energy use, and solar system costs in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The hypothesis examined is that the net present...
Article
Full-text available
The behaviors of building occupants have continued to perplex scholars for years in our attempts to develop models for energy efficient housing. Building simulations, project delivery approaches, policies, and more have fell short of their optimistic goals due to the complexity of human behavior. As a part of a multiphase longitudinal affordable ho...
Thesis
Full-text available
Human-building relationships impact everyone in industrialized society. We spend approximately 90% of our lives in the built environment. Buildings have a large impact on the environment; consuming 20% of worldwide energy (40% of U.S. energy) annually. Buildings are complex systems, yet architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC) professional...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Buildings are complex systems, yet architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC) professionals often perform their work without considering the human factors that affect the operational performance of the building system. The AEC industry currently employs a linear design and delivery approach, lacking verified performance standards and real-ti...
Article
The United States has a long-term goal to reduce 50% of energy usage in buildings based on 2010 consumption levels. Home energy efficiency is often measured by laboratory experiments and computational simulation. Thus, there is little to no quantifiable evidence showing the extent of energy efficiency homes can achieve within the larger context of...
Article
The U.S. government has included green building policy in affordable housing programs for years. However, little to no evidence is available to elucidate this policy's efficacy in the context of energy performance and financial savings. This paper reports a longitudinal study that investigates time effects of such policy on the energy performance i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Buildings have a large impact on the environment consuming 40% of U.S. energy and 70% of U.S. electricity in 2015. Buildings are complex systems, yet architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC) professionals often perform their work lacking a formal post-occupancy feedback process that informs the efficacy of goals for building performance an...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Buildings continue to have a large impact on the environment consuming 40% of U.S. energy and 70% of U.S. electricity in 2015. Buildings are complex systems, yet architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC) professionals often perform their work lacking a formal post-occupancy feedback process that informs the efficacy of zero energy performan...
Article
Buildings account for a significant portion of energy consumption and carbon emissions around the world and increasingly scholars and practitioners are re-thinking strategies that mitigate use. This paper reports an empirical study aimed at identifying the relationship between building technology and resident behavior and the joint effects on energ...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The purpose of this study is to identify and verify possible benefits of a shift in housing policy by the State of Virginia to encourage energy efficiency in the affordable rental housing stock through the Low Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) program. The research addresses key issues related to the effect of housing technology and behaviour on en...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The purpose of this report is to identify and verify possible benefits of a shift in housing policy by the Virginia Housing development Authority (VHDA) to encourage energy efficiency (EE) in the affordable rental stock in Virginia through the low income housing tax credit (LIHTC) program. The research addresses key issues related to Energy Efficie...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
Hello,
I'm searching for a [validated] Human-centered Design questionnaire. I've been searching in the Industrial Design and Human-computer Interaction literature, but have come up short.
The goal of the questionnaire would be to evaluate design teams and their focus on human-centered issues. Specifically, I'm trying measure architecture, engineering, and construction teams' focus on human-centered factors in the built environment.
Any help and/or suggestions would be appreciated.

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Achieving sustainable, affordable, and human-centered housing via BIM, IoT, and AI.
Project
As building envelopes and mechanical and electrical equipment become more efficient, the impact of occupants on building energy increases. Meanwhile trends in teleworking, co-working, and home-sharing mean vastly different occupancy than the standard occupancy schedules. Finally, global expectations for comfort are increasing, while a variety of new technologies may or may not succeed in meeting this demand. The convergence of these trends has necessitated a new look at how occupants are incorporated into building design and operation practice throughout the building life-cycle. The field of occupant modelling emerged over four decades ago; however, it has surged in the past decade – particularly as a result of IEA EBC Annex 66 – “Simulation and Definition of Occupant Behaviour in Buildings”. Annex 66 played an important role in formalizing experimental research methods, modeling and model validation, and occupant simulation. Given the number of unanswered questions about occupant comfort and behaviour and minimal penetration of advanced occupant modelling into practice, this follow-up Annex 79 - “Occupant-centric building design and operation”. The IEA EBC Annex 79 term is from 2018-2023. More details here: http://annex79.iea-ebc.org/