Phil McManus

Phil McManus
The University of Sydney · School of Geosciences

BA, Grad Dip (Curtin), MES (York), PhD (Bristol)

About

142
Publications
29,709
Reads
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2,240
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 1999 - present
The University of Sydney
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (142)
Article
Globally, the consequences of climate change have rapidly necessitated local government action to mitigate and adapt to rising sea levels, increased storm frequency, and higher temperatures. Acknowledgement of underlying climate issues, however, varies widely across regions and towns. Using critical discourse analysis (CDA), this paper evaluates th...
Article
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Drawing on and developing literatures on automobilities, vertical urbanisms and the use of storylines to understand mega transport projects, we imagine infrastructure as a shifting assemblage of actors, storylines and material objects and practices. In the case of motorway building, this requires an understanding of how competing storylines about h...
Article
Complex relationships exist between rationales for visiting, experiences and perceptions. Tourists are influenced by others, increasingly through social media as electronic word of mouth (ewom). While visitation rationales associated with popular culture are well documented, less understood is how social media use among specific cultural groups con...
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From September 2019 to February 2020 fires destroyed dwellings, towns and killed farm animals and wildlife in much of eastern Australia. While the threat and experiences of fire differed, smoke became a quotidian experience for millions of people not in direct danger from flames. The disjuncture between the Australian bushfire summer existing withi...
Article
Anthropogenic climate change is creating numerous challenges for rapidly urbanising countries. Foremost among these challenges is securing potable water for the urban population, while at times, mitigating flood risks. This article presents research on urban water issues in the rapidly growing city of Dhulikhel in Nepal within a global purview of c...
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In this century, a distinctive campus tourism has emerged. Campus tourism has thrived in China and outbound tourism from China has fostered the growth of this form of niche tourism elsewhere. In Australia, the University of Sydney attracts many visitors, with organized tour groups and independent tourists mainly coming from China. A distinctive ‘ex...
Article
Coal extraction remains supported in many countries despite a global context challenging the industry. A large evidence base links coal with negative consequences for human health. Environmental assessments (EAs) are regulated in nearly every country to assess and set conditions for large industry projects, including coal mines, but tend to exclude...
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WestConnex is a 33 km, A$16.8bn motorway under construction in Sydney. It is promoted by the state government as an example of excellent “sustainable infrastructure”. We explore the use of sustainability discourse to explain how a motorway corporation, established by a state government committed to building infrastructure that could later be privat...
Technical Report
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We found whips make no difference to horse steering, jockey safety, or even a horse’s speed. Our study offers scientific findings that support Racing Victoria’s recently announced plan to gradually phase out whip use until whips are only being used when absolutely necessary.
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The idea that whip use is critical to thoroughbred racing integrity is culturally entrenched but lacks empirical support. To test the longstanding beliefs that whip use aids steering, reduces interference, increases safety and improves finishing times, we conducted a mixed-method analysis of 126 race reports produced by official stewards of the Bri...
Article
Understanding people’s attitudes towards the urban forest is crucial to advance sustainability goals and for proposing policy changes in local governments. With global cities such as Sydney becoming highly multi-cultural, it is vital for local governments in cities to be responsive to the diverse voices and interests of their residents. This paper...
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WestConnex is a highly controversial urban toll motorway currently being built in Sydney. This article examines how the deals behind WestConnex were assembled in private and contested in public. It reveals how a new model of financialization was developed in response to earlier controversies around Sydney’s expanding network of private toll motorwa...
Article
Notwithstanding the historical benefits of coal in aiding human and economic development, the negative health and environmental impacts of coal extraction and processing are of increasing concern. Environmental impact assessments (EIAs) are a regulated policy mechanism that can be used to predict and consider the health impacts of mining projects t...
Article
Coal seam gas and other unconventional gas industries have often struggled to develop a social licence to operate in surrounding communities, frequently resulting in the emergence of broad opposition coalitions and legal challenges. In this article, the authors explore the relational aspects of coal seam gas's space‐based setting with reference to...
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Problem, research strategy, and findings: Arnstein’s work exposed the importance of the political framing work of government authorities in establishing how planners engage with the public, revealing how this tended to perpetuate rather than disrupt existing power relations. This resonates well with work on postpolitics, which argues that carefully...
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In this century Chinese tourists in Australia have rapidly become the most numerous national source. Relatively little is known about their socio-economic status, their geographical origins and expectations of tourism, and their attitudes to and perceptions of Australia, although every Australian state has devised a specific Chinese tourism strateg...
Article
It is critical to understand how matters relating to water are reported, or ignored, among linguistically diverse media and to understand the possible influence this may have on the conception of water issues among ethnically diverse groups. This research analysed five daily newspapers published in Sydney between 2011 and 2012 in three languages (E...
Article
The effects of climate change and urban heat islands are predicted to grow and compound in the future. In the context of urban heat becoming an increasing problem, this article explores the extent to which this is recognised in media. Our findings show that the issue of the urban heat island (UHI) effect appeared on media agendas over the period st...
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Assessing and mapping urban heat vulnerability has developed significantly over the past decade. Many studies have mapped urban heat vulnerability with a census unit-based general indicator (CGI). However, this kind of indicator has many problems, such as inaccurate assessment results and lacking comparability among different studies. This paper se...
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Traditionally, the concept of SLO has been applied to resource-based industries, when companies seek legitimacy because their practice is seen to cause environmental and/or social harms. Recent use of SLO has extended to animal-based industries to address animal welfare concerns. A framework for discussion of such welfare issues is offered by consi...
Technical Report
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Why horse-racing in Australia needs a social licence to operate https://theconversation.com/why-horse-racing-in-australia-needs-a-social-licence-to-operate-79492
Article
There is growing realisation among environmental and social studies researchers that people's decision-making about water use conforms to their internal norms and beliefs, which are developed in social and cultural contexts. Little research, however, has addressed the possible impacts that ethnic and cultural diversity may have on domestic water us...
Article
The Home Insulation Program (HIP) in Australia is an outstanding example of a contemporary attempt to intervene in a socio-technical regime. The program, implemented in 2009 under the then Australian Labor Party government led by Kevin Rudd, was targeted at stimulating the retrofit insulation industry. The objective was to both improve the energy e...
Article
Why should a parcel of agricultural land be abandoned when there is a scarcity of food? In this paper, we address this question in relation to the hills of Nepal, where agricultural land is being abandoned at an unprecedented rate, despite looming food scarcity. Responding to studies that have highlighted land abandonment trends, we conducted in-de...
Article
Monitoring racehorse fatality and associated jockey falls provides benchmarks for intervention strategies. The aims of this study were to describe the incidence of and reasons for fatalities in Thoroughbred horses during flat races in the Australian Capital Territory and New South Wales (NSW), Australia, and to describe reported jockey falls and in...
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This article applies socio-technical transitions theory (STTT), with the aim of identifying how the barriers and opportunities that exist to implementing sustainable building are socio-spatially embedded at a residential scale in Sydney, NSW. This is done through a series of semi-structured interviews conducted with a range of professionals in rele...
Article
The introduction in 2014 of the first globally standardised sustainability metric for cities, ISO 37120, transformed the concept of scalability for sustainable city indicators. Our study uses original research involving producers and consumers of urban sustainability indicators (USIs), including ISO 37120, to review the current use of sustainabilit...
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Simple Summary An evidence-based analysis of whip rule breaches in horse racing is needed to address community expectations that racehorses are treated humanely. The study provides the first peer-reviewed characterisation of whip rule breaches and their regulatory outcomes in horseracing, and considers the relationship between rules affecting racin...
Article
Redditch was a champion thoroughbred who won many major jumps races in Australia before his death in 1935. In Australia, jumps racing (primarily steeplechasing and hurdling) is now confined to Victoria and South Australia, and is far less popular than it was in the 1930s. The latter part of the paper compares reaction to the death of Redditch with...
Article
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Simple This paper identifies the various perceptions held by advocates and opponents about the use of the whip in thoroughbred racing, as portrayed in print and social media. Three time periods in two countries were investigated, Australia (2009) and the UK (2011), following the introduction of new whip rules and the period August 2014–August 2015...
Article
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Simple There is a high risk of injury for people involved with horses in their work or recreational pursuits. High risks are particularly evident for racing employees and veterinarians. Elevated risks of injury may be associated with misjudging how to handle situations, reduced attention caused by distractions, taking a general view, and failing t...
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In Australia, Coal Seam Gas (CSG) is a relatively new source of natural gas commonly advocated as a lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions alternative to coal. This study investigates how GHG emissions have been, and potentially could be, assessed within the Australian CSG industry. The research involved a document analysis of several Environmental I...
Article
The interrogation of language is crucial in all sub-fields of geography and in related disciplines. This paper interrogates the terms nature, environment, sustainability, and resilience, given their importance in connecting geography with other academic pursuits and with people and organisations that make our discipline relevant. The paper explores...
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While the importance of improving horse-related safety seems self-evident, no comprehensive study into understanding or reducing horse-related risk has been undertaken. In this paper, we discuss four dimensions of horse-related risk: the risk itself, the horse, the rider and the culture in which equestrian activities takes place. We identify how th...
Chapter
Animals have been used to entertain humans for thousands of years. The global horse racing industry exists for human entertainment. Within this diverse industry, certain practices are more controversial than others. Using the notions of agency and precariousness, this chapter explores a range of the most controversial issues facing the industry, an...
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Rural life in the Upper Hunter Region of NSW is threatened by the mining and burning of coal and coal seam gas extraction. Extensive open-cut mining is a serious threat to productive rural enterprises between Singleton and Muswellbrook, while mining and gas extraction is expanding into communities on the Liverpool Plains and around Gloucester. The...
Article
New Zealand is an important place for thoroughbred breeding and racing. Most races are on the flat, but jumps racing is conducted in the cooler months. The 2013 National Jumps Day at Te Rapa, Hamilton, was a significant space for the construction of human–animal relations. Drawing on three bodies of accounts, we ask whether social media contributes...
Article
Modern industrial systems of food production cause a wide range of detrimental impacts to the environment, human health and society. Integrating community gardens into local food systems is one way to counteract some of those impacts. This research looks at the elements that community garden policies should contain in order to best promote communit...
Article
Thoroughbred breeding and racing has survived on the ability of racing administrators to capture gambling revenue, whether it is proximal, remote or virtual. Given this relationship, there is surprisingly little academic work on the perceptions of gambling, preferences for different forms of gambling, preferences for different types of thoroughbred...
Article
In May 2010 the proposed Bickham coal mine near the Pages River in the Upper Hunter region of Australia was formally rejected because of its potentially deleterious impacts on hydrology and the likely negative impacts on a valuable thoroughbred breeding region. In this paper we focus on the ‘psychoterratic’ mental states of topophilia and solastalg...
Article
This paper examines the future of sustainability education in tourism honours programs in Australian tertiary institutions, an issue of international relevance as many tourism programs are located in mainstream business schools. Its suggests that while industry relevant skills acquisition is an important characteristic of undergraduate tourism educ...
Article
Social issues are critical to the mining industry. This study investigates how social issues have been, and are being, assessed and managed within this industry through a case study of Northparkes Mines in central west New South Wales (NSW). The research involved 29 interviews with mining executives, environmental consultants and citizens of Parkes...
Conference Paper
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Recent comparative metrics that rank different cities based on selected criteria have yielded interesting and sometimes varied results, depending on what is being measured, how it is being measured and why it is being measured. This paper explores the efficacy of such ranking systems for Australia's largest cities, focusing on the links between ran...
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Measuring the sustainability of a city, and ranking the city against other cities, is increasingly seen as a way to achieve urban sustainability. A number of studies have highlighted how Sydney is unsustainable, with two recent ranking exercises appearing to confirm these findings by placing Sydney below many other Australian cities for urban susta...
Article
Horseracing, thoroughbred breeding and gambling on racing are global industries worth several hundred billion dollars. They are also industries facing serious challenges, from the rise of alternative forms of leisure gambling to concerns about the ethical treatment of animals in all equestrian sports. This book offers a broad-ranging examination of...
Article
The importance of studying human–animal relationships and animal subjectivity is increasingly recognised by social and cultural geographers, particularly in agricultural pursuits. Little research, however, has been undertaken on animals in sport, resulting in a limited understanding of the perceptions and treatment of animals in society. To address...
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Pritchard B., Argent N., Baum S., Bourke L., Martin J., McManus P., Sorensen A. and Walmsley J. Local - if possible: how the spatial networking of economic relations amongst farm enterprises aids small town survival in rural Australia, Regional Studies. Over recent decades, the tendency in developed countries has been the consolidation of farms int...
Article
Many studies have highlighted the phenomenon of rural decline in parts of the developed world, summarised as a loss in agricultural employment leading to a decline in the number and size of rural settlements. This study of small towns in part of Australia’s inland rural “heartland” employs the concepts of interactional rural community of place and...
Article
Abstract Should jumps racing be banned? This paper examines print media coverage of the future of “jumps racing” in 21 Australian newspapers between February 2008 and December 2009, a period of intense debate over its future due to high-profile incidents of horse deaths, campaigning by animal activists, and increased media coverage. In November 200...
Article
Thoroughbred breeding landscapes are highly constructed sites of consumption, work and branding. They are also sites of risk reduction for valued, and very valuable, horses that are both animal and commodity. This chapter explores these constructed landscapes in Australia’s main thoroughbred breeding region, the Upper Hunter region, which is about...
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In this article, we explore a particular variant of neoliberal thought by analysing the proposal, design, funding and operation of an element of transport infrastructure in Sydney, Australia that was developed as a public–private partnership (PPP). Although there has been considerable work on the theoretical advantages and disadvantages of PPPs, th...
Article
How, if possible, to re-populate declining rural and regional areas? Examining this crucial and complex issue in relation to Australia, this book explores how a particular organization, Country Week, has emerged and developed as one means of stimulating the repopulation of declining or stagnating areas. While this is a problem shared by many other...
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Recent decades have seen seemingly inexorable population decline in many parts of rural and regional Australia, despite local and national strategies to avert emerging economic and population imbalances (Country Shire Councils Association and Country Urban Councils Association Working Party; Pritchard and McManus). Since 2004 a novel initiative has...
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Sustainability promotes the perpetuation of environmental quality for present generations, future generations, and other species. Regions are privileged bounded spaces and a focus for sustainability concerns. This paper explores the notion of sustainable regions by employing a case study of the Upper Hunter, Australia, a region that is a node in ma...
Article
Human-induced climatic change, and particularly the enhanced greenhouse effect, became significant environmental issues in the 1990s. They were given prominent coverage in the Australian media at the time of the Third Conference of the Parties to the Climate Convention (COP3) in Kyoto in 1997, when Australia obtained permission for an 8 per cent in...
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Residential water consumption accounts for approximately 70 per cent of Sydney's water consumption. The capacity of households to reduce water consumption is limited by expectations and conventions of water supply shaped by existing water infrastructure (Allon and Sofoulis, 2006) and ‘saver-unfriendly’ household water fittings (Sofoulis, 2005). Sus...
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Australian aid to Nepal and Australian foresters' assistance to Nepalese forestry have been very influential in the recent development of forestry in Nepal, a country widely acknowledged as being at the forefront of community forestry. This paper exam­ ines the experience of three Forest Users Groups participating in the Nepalese community forestry...
Article
Debate over the merits of public and private transport has gathered pace in recent years. Yet road building in metropolitan Perth, already Australia's most motorised city, continues apace. While investment in more environmentally sustainable forms of transport has lifted as a result of a rail electrication and extension programme, plans for damagin...
Article
The Upper Hunter region of New South Wales (NSW) around Scone is reputed to be the second most significant thoroughbred breeding region in the world after the Bluegrass region of Kentucky. This article identifies the importance and cultural constructions of grass, and hence water, in the thoroughbred breeding industry in this region. Thoroughbred s...
Article
Industrial ecology is often promoted as a practice to close industrial production loops and reduce waste, thereby making better use of resources and preventing the overuse of raw materials. Eco-industrial parks (EIPs) are the spatial concentrations of businesses that use the by-products of one industrial process as inputs to another. Both sets of p...
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Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in many countries and persists despite continuing efforts to find solutions. Such 'stubborn problems' often signal the influence of 'feedback systems'. In the case of the obesity epidemic, this possibility can be investigated using available system analysis tools. The investigation must begin with a study of...
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Collective action by local communities has been recognised as crucial for effective management of natural resources, particularly the management of forests in rural settings in developing countries. However, the processes and outcomes of collective action in forest management are often analysed through a narrow rational choice model, ignoring the i...
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In December,2006 local residents celebrated the withdrawal of a planning application for a cement terminal at White Bay, Sydney. W hile this action highlights the value of political organising in amarginal seat in the lead-up to a state election, it also raises important planning issues about the redevelopment of old waterfront sites, or what Hoyle...
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The Australian ski industry represents a ‘canary in the coalmine’. Globally, it is one of the first and most visibly impacted industries by the risk of climate change. This study explores the perceptions of people associated with the operations of ski resorts in south-eastern Australia. It was hypothesised that ski resorts, given the value of their...
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The concept of the Ecological Footprint has become a popular and increasingly used approach in environmental policy and planning, for western cities in particular. The concept is useful not least as a metaphor that effectively communicates the message that environmental impacts extend beyond the built area of cities. However, the use of Ecological...