Petri Paju

Petri Paju
University of Turku | UTU · Department of Cultural History

Ph.D.

About

31
Publications
2,492
Reads
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74
Citations
Citations since 2016
16 Research Items
38 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220246810
20162017201820192020202120220246810
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20162017201820192020202120220246810
Introduction
Currently project member in Informationsflöden över Östersjön: Svenskspråkig press som kulturförmedlare 1771-1918 (PI Prof. Hannu Salmi). It's a digital history, or computational history project on text reuse between newspapers in Sweden and Finland. In 2020, PI in project the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and Finland. I also keep working on the biography of Erkki Laurila, a postwar Finnish promoter of technology and research, ect., and inventor. A full list of publications at academia.edu.

Publications

Publications (31)
Article
A group of engineers and architects established a technical society in Tampere 128 years ago in 1893. In 2018, Tampere Technical Society turned 125 years. To celebrate its accomplishments and longevity, the Society published a book called Tekniikkaa hyvässä Seurassa. The Finnish title translates roughly ‘about technology in good company’. The volum...
Chapter
Full-text available
Pikkulinnut eli pienikokoiset, harakkaa pienemmät luonnon-varaiset linnut ovat ihastuttaneet ihmisiä Suomessa pitkään. Luonnonvaraisuudesta huolimatta monet lajit ovat ajoittain ol-leet läheisessä kanssakäymisessä ihmisten kanssa. Pikkulinnut ovat monin tavoin joutuneet ihmislajin teknologisoiman maa-ilman verkkoihin ja vaaroihin vähintään 1800-luv...
Chapter
Full-text available
Historical scholarship is currently undergoing a digital turn. All historians have experienced this change in one way or another, by writing on word processors, applying quantitative methods on digitalized source materials, or using internet resources and digital tools. Digital Histories showcases this emerging wave of digital history research. It...
Chapter
Full-text available
Historical scholarship is currently undergoing a digital turn. All historians have experienced this change in one way or another, by writing on word processors, applying quantitative methods on digitalized source materials, or using internet resources and digital tools. Digital Histories showcases this emerging wave of digital history research. It...
Article
Full-text available
The digital collections of newspapers have given rise to a growing interest in studying them with computational methods. This article contributes to this discussion by presenting a method for detecting text reuse in a large corpus of digitized texts. Empirically, the article is based on the corpus of newspapers and journals from the collection of t...
Article
Digitaalisen historiantutkimuksen avulla artikkelissa tutkitaan jäkälän käyttöön liittyvää tekstintoistoa sanomalehdistössä 1860-luvulta vuoteen 1918. Tulosten mukaan valistus jäkälän käytön lisäämiseksi nostettiin tuolloin toistuvasti esiin lehdistössä. Jo 1800-luvun alussa alkanut jäkälävalistus koski vaihtelevasti niin jäkäläleivän kuin jäkäläre...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper studies Finnish historians' contact and collaboration with their colleagues in neighboring countries from the late 1960s until the early 1980s, focusing on exchanges concerning the use of computers for historical research. Computers were used by some historians in the Soviet Union, in particular Soviet Estonia, as well as in Sweden and o...
Article
This article explores Finnish newspapers and periodicals produced between 1771 and 1920 with a focus on the reuse of texts. While the reprinting of particular texts in a range of different locations can be regarded as an old and well-acknowledged practice in the press, not until the digitization of these historical documents has a systematic examin...
Article
IBM Finland, a small national subsidiary, was at once a Finnish business and an interface to much larger networks of technological innovation and knowledge sharing. We contextualize its development within a nested set of institutions and identities: IBM's Nordic operations, its European business, and its World Trade Corporation. Its development was...
Research
This is a search interface for text reuse clusters from Finnish newspapers and journals 1771-1910. The database Text Reuse in Finnish Newspapers and Journals, 1771–1910 has been created by the consortium Computational History and the Transformation of Public Discourse in Finland, 1640–1910, funded by the Academy of Finland, 2016–2019. The search in...
Article
In the decade after the Second World War IBM rebuilt its European operations as integrated, wholly owned subsidiaries of its World Trade Corporation, chartered in 1949. Long before the European common market eliminated trade barriers, IBM created its own internal networks of trade, allocating the production of different components and products betw...
Article
This article explores the development of the International Business Machines Corporation in Finland from the 1930s and asks how IBM contributed to rebuilding international economic and political linkages on a national level and on a European level for Finland after WWII. Based on archival sources from both the main IBM Archives in the United States...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Unlike other foreign computing companies, in addition to sales and service IBM early on also established production facilities in the Nordic countries. To provide a better understanding of the role of IBM in these countries, the article surveys IBM manufacturing in the region: what was produced, and where were these functions located? The term “pro...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, we explore the possibility of applying a text mining method on a large qualitative source material concerning the history of information technology in one nation. This data was collected in the Swedish documentation project “From Computing Machines to IT.” We apply text mining on the interview transcripts of this Swedish documentatio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This article studies a forgotten research project of recent Finnish history of information technology by the name of “Suomalainen tietokoneprojekti”, in English “The Finnish Computer Project” (FICO). The FICO project was a government-sponsored research project initially aimed at producing a Finnish (mini) computer for international markets, especia...
Article
Full-text available
By the time the first operational electronic digital computer was installed in Helsinki in 1958, Finland's computerization was already far advanced. The Finnish experience helps illustrate the spread of computing technology in Northern Europe. In Finland's case, it occurred through a combination of national goals and internationally acquired techno...
Article
Full-text available
The development and transfer of computing technology in postwar Czechoslovakia and Finland, two countries lying directly on the border between the two cold war blocs, were shaped by a mix of factors, from the political to the technological, in both countries. This article describes and analyzes the factors influencing the transfer of computing tech...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper concerns the Alwac and Wegematic computer usage in the Nordic countries focussing on the Southern Finnish town of Turku. This topic has received little academic attention and frequently forgotten. In the paper, we examine the actions that the two universities and involved companies in the Turku region took after they had accepted the dona...
Article
The paper concerns the Alwac and Wegematic computer usage in the Nordic countries focussing on the Southern Finnish town of Turku. This topic has received little academic attention and frequently forgotten. In the paper, we examine the actions that the two universities and involved companies in the Turku region took after they had accepted the dona...
Article
In this article, the first Finnish computer construction, previously claimed to have produced only an out-dated machine, is studied as an integral part of an attempt to establish a national computer center in Finland. I argue that the aim of the Finnish Committee for Mathematical Machines (1954-1960) was more similar to its Swedish and Danish count...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this article, the first Finnish computer construction, previously claimed to have produced only an out-dated machine, is studied as an integral part of an attempt to establish a national computer center in Finland. I argue that the aim of the Finnish Committee for Mathematical Machines (19541960) was more similar to its Swedish and Danish counte...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
Mapping the developments and current state, see: https://digihistfinlandroadmapblog.wordpress.com/2016/03/10/towards-a-roadmap-for-digital-history-in-finland/