Petri Ahokangas

Petri Ahokangas
University of Oulu · Martti Ahtisaari Institute of Global Business and Economics

PhD

About

125
Publications
70,068
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,803
Citations
Introduction
Petri Ahokangas currently works at the Martti Ahtisaari Institute of Global Business and Economics, University of Oulu. Petri does research in the context of entrepreneurship, strategy and various high technology domains.
Additional affiliations
August 2015 - present
University of Oulu
Position
  • Senior research fellow, Adjunct professor
January 2008 - present
University of Oulu
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • Program ownership: International business Program teaching: eMBA / MBA / International business / Entrepreneurship Master's level courses: Cross-cultural leadership, International Sales, Cross-cultural negotiations,, Introduction to international business

Publications

Publications (125)
Article
Full-text available
Digitalisation lays the groundwork for the emergence of novel business models taking advantage of modern technologies. Simultaneously, the new business models face an array of legitimacy challenges. This paper proposes an integrated framework for studying legitimacy challenges through the lens of managerial choices and consequences of the business...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyzes the influences of generational differences in organizational leaders (founders) on work meaningfulness dynamics in the high-tech sector. Based on a novel interpretative phenomenological analysis of five Finnish case firms, we found that generational differences between leaders concerning work meaningfulness visibly existed. The...
Conference Paper
Secondary use of medical and health care data in business applications can expand the knowledge of disease treatment and prevention, supporting public goals and society needs (Safran, 2007). Despite wide reaching benefits of applying data science and artificial intelligence to create and capture value for healthcare, complex ethical, technical, reg...
Conference Paper
Local 5G networks are emerging as a concept. The local micro operator concept has been initially defined as ”an entity that combines connectivity with specific content services in spatially confined domains, dependent on the availability of spectrum resources” (Ahokangas, M. Matinmikko, Yrjölä, YEAR). Local 5G networks have gained attention in rece...
Chapter
This chapter is one of the first studies to specifically present the future scenarios of the sharing economy in the specific context of the mobile network operator (MNO) business. Keeping in view, the current academic focus on industry 4.0 and its implications for social change, our chapter highlights the specificities of the under-researched secto...
Chapter
Applying a business model approach, this chapter identifies various challenges in digital platform and platform-based business model development in the case of a physical port ecosystem. Using an empirical case, the chapter identifies the prerequisites and consequences of opportunities, value, and advantages for an existing ecosystem that aims to c...
Article
In the sixth generation of mobile communication networks (6G) era, in which the convergence of wireless and Internet technologies will drive the digital economy and automation across industries, the focus of innovation will shift from individual technology or products towards innovation within platforms and ecosystems. This paper provides a compreh...
Poster
Full-text available
The paper focuses on revealing new mechanisms of how new industries & business models emerge and gain legitimacy and the impact on the industry and policy ecosystems. The aim of the paper is to focus on how adoption and legitimation of new innovations in virtual technology are achieved by moving beyond current frontiers of organizational practice,...
Article
Full-text available
The ongoing Industry 4.0 transformation places significant pressures on how businesses create and capture value. Technological advancements such as next-generation mobile communications are reshaping the business ecosystem of Industry 4.0, resulting in emerging business opportunities for new players, such as local operators, to collaborate and comp...
Article
Full-text available
Sustainability has entered all aspects of life, calling for an active approach from the wireless and mobile communications community to help in solving fundamental challenges facing societies. Societal, economic, and environmental aspects of sustainability have become increasingly important design criteria in developing future technologies, along w...
Chapter
6G (sixth generation of mobile communications) is one of the least understood future technologies from a management perspective, although the dynamics associated with it, like the internet of things (IoT), open service-based architecture (SBA) and Artificial Intelligence (AI) are increasingly visible in telecommunications sector. 6G envisions a hig...
Article
This paper focuses on the evolution of the Finnish power grid until 2035 and the role of mobile communications networks in this evolution. It outlines alternative futures (i.e. scenarios) and identifies the role of mobile communications networks in these scenarios. The paper uses an established scenario planning process and a group of experts to de...
Conference Paper
Digitalisation lays the groundwork for the emergence of novel business models taking advantage of modern technologies. Simultaneously, the new business models face an array of legitimacy challenges. This paper proposes an integrated framework for studying legitimacy challenges through the lens of managerial choices and consequences of the business...
Article
Full-text available
This paper focuses on an under-researched topic of knowledge sharing dynamics in international subcontracting relationships of SMEs. Based on in-depth qualitative analysis of three Finnish high-tech firms, our findings reveal that not only cost and performance expectations motivate SMEs for international subcontracting, but also the factors like la...
Article
Full-text available
Enabling and empowering the diverse energy resources to have active yet efficient participation in the smart grid and energy market is an unrivaled challenge for the energy industry. This research expands the four dominant archetypes of business models in the energy and electricity market, creating a fifth archetype, the “blockchain marketplace”. T...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This paper focuses on the influences of the COVID-19 pandemic on B2B firms’ relationship initiation and customer relationship management in an under-explored and unique context of high-tech industrial microenterprises. We analyze the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic in a specific context of B2B relationship initiation and customer...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Despite the advancement of digital health platforms, the future of their business models in the human-centric personal data market remains unclear. In this paper, we explore the platforms orchestration with smart business models and propose a new conceptual model aiming at understanding smart business models and how to use the concept to support pl...
Article
Data and connectivity platforms play a crucial role in the digitalization of different sectors of our society. In complex industrial multi-stakeholder ecosystem contexts connectivity and data platforms are increasingly becoming converged, and private, vertical-specific local 5G networks are emerging. For this context, we depict and analyze alternat...
Chapter
Mobile communication research is increasingly addressing the use of 5G in verticals, which has led to the emergence of local and often private 5G networks. At the same time, research on 6G has started, with a bold goal of building a strong linkage between 6G and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UN SDGs). Both of these developments...
Article
An entrepreneurial ecosystem’s role in emergent organisations’ environments is crucial. This research presents a dynamic view of entrepreneurial ecosystems by exploring an external shock faced by a migrant woman entrepreneur in Kazakhstan. By examining the pre-shock, shock, and post-shock phases, we reveal how the external shock altered the balance...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Healthcare has been shifting towards patient-driven healthcare 4.0 ecosystem (Aujla et al., (2019)) and stakeholders services should be converged and gathered in AI-based smart ecosystems. Viewing business ecosystems as a network of business models (Ahmad et al., (2020)) and their replication in various locations, this paper confers what the factor...
Chapter
Women migrate for a variety of reasons, such as labour, family and marriage, educational studies, entrepreneurship or even to escape crises and war. In 2019, 48% of all international migrants were female, resulting in over 130 million migrant women (World Migration Report, 2020). Despite this, the feminisation of migration is one of the least under...
Article
Full-text available
With digitalization and the emergence of disruptive technologies, organizations should restructure their business models within their ecosystems to achieve sustainable revenues and value creation. This paper presents a business model configuration for ecosystem contexts by using the port ecosystem as an example. The paper concludes with a business...
Article
Full-text available
With the ongoing introduction of 5G, the fifth generation of mobile communications technologies, the mobile communications sector is facing disruption in regulative, business and technology domains [1]. Modern communications networks including 5G serve as the backbone for all digitalization in our society. Mobile communications networks are increas...
Chapter
Full-text available
Typically, people have a misconception about blockchain as they associate this technology with cryptocurrency. This chapter does not focus, however, on bitcoin or cryptocurrencies that pertain to its intrinsic value. Rather, the authors focus on the disintermediation feature of blockchain technology by providing insights into how this technology co...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change, the deterioration of the environment and exceeding Earth's carrying capacity are major threats in operating environment which require new actions in industrialized and digitalized society. In parallel with the global deployment of 5th generation (5G) mobile communication networks, the telecommunication community has already started...
Article
Purpose - Extant research on business models does not address the question of business model evolution. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to explore how we can capture the dynamism of business models. Approach - We examine the applicability of the principles of complexity theory as an approach to capture the dynamic aspects of business model...
Preprint
Full-text available
The commercial launch of 6G communications systems and United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, UN SDGs, are both targeted for 2030. 6G communications is expected to boost global growth and productivity, create new business models and transform many aspects of society. The UN SDGs are a way of framing opportunities and challenges of a desirabl...
Preprint
Full-text available
Developing products, services and vertical applications for the future digitized society in the 6G era requires a multidisciplinary approach and a re-definition of how we create, deliver and consume network resources, data and services for both communications and sensing purposes. This development will change and disrupt the traditional business mo...
Article
This paper analyzes how team task environment and individual team members’ personal experiences influence multicultural research and development (R&D) team operations in small and medium sized enterprises. Based on qualitative data from multiple R&D team operations in five Finnish software firms, the findings revealed that team task environment is...
Article
Full-text available
Artificial intelligence (AI) techniques and algorithms are increasingly being utilized in energy and renewable research to tackle various engineering problems. However, a majority of the AI studies in the energy domain have been focusing on solving specific technical issues. There is limited discussion on how AI can be utilized to enhance the energ...
Article
Full-text available
Artificial intelligence (AI) is emerging to become a highly potential enabling technology for smart buildings. However, the development of AI applications quite often follows a traditional, closed, and product-oriented approach. This study aims to introduce the platform model and ecosystem thinking to the development of AI-enabled smart buildings....
Technical Report
Full-text available
As fifth generation (5G) research is maturing towards a global standard, the research community must focus on the development of beyond-5G solutions and the 2030 era, i.e. 6G. It is not clear yet what 6G will entail. It will include relevant technologies considered too immature for 5G or which are outside the defined scope of 5G. This white pape...
Book
Full-text available
As fifth generation (5G) research is maturing towards a global standard, the research community has started to focus on the development of beyond-5G solutions and the 2030 era, i.e. 6G. In the future, our society will be increasingly digitised, hyper-connected and globally data driven. Many widely anticipated future services will be critically depe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, we define resource complementarity as the service platform operators’ and hospitals’ ability to match their resources to support the creation of value not only for a single actor but for the whole health service ecosystem.
Article
Radio spectrum is a scarce natural resource, whose efficient management calls for a thorough understanding of its value. A number of spectrum valuation approaches has emerged considering different elements, some with potentially high uncertainty as future profits, total cost of ownership and societal benefits. Spectrum valuation is important in reg...
Article
5G will change the mobile communication business ecosystem by introducing location specific high-quality wireless networks that can be operated by different stakeholders. This development will change the traditional business models and ecosystem roles, as well as open the market for new local mobile network operators. These operators, such as recen...
Article
Full-text available
Business ecosystems are evolutionary business environments that go through various life-cycle stages. Ecosystemic business models are rather complex in emergence and evolution in comparison to incumbent organizations' business models. Ecosys-temic business models are needed especially in the area of connected health (i.e., for the efficient utiliza...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses a business model concept in a public smart city context. To date, there is no unified understanding of how smart cities create value for their stakeholders. This study aims to contribute to the research by investigating the content and dynamics of a business model approach for smart cities.
Chapter
Ahokangas, Boter, and Iivari address larger contextual and interaction-based issues in framing, developing, and supporting entrepreneurial activity and processes. With strong roots in ecology, innovation, sociology, strategy, and regional/cluster research, the entrepreneurial ecosystem literature has provided new, fresh insight into entrepreneurshi...
Thesis
Abstract This research is analyzing alternative value configurations for 5G Micro Operators (uO) in Factory of Future (FoF) context. For this aim, emerging business opportunities for uOs in the context of FoF explored through novel combination of heretofore-separate FoF’s needs and underemployed resources focusing on the data. Since the FoF is In...
Chapter
This paper tackles today’s unprecedented challenges of enabling and stimulating multiple energy stakeholders to have a more active participation in the smart grid electricity market. The research extends the existing four archetypes of orchestrator-driven business models for the electricity market and proposes a fifth type of electricity market, th...
Article
Full-text available
A business ecosystem supports relationships between its stakeholders. Although it has been recognized that ecosystem stakeholders neither solely compete, nor collaborate, but rather co-develop their capabilities, empirically-based research evidence on this interactive co-development in ecosystems remains scarce. The interaction among ecosystem stak...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The paper explores the antecedents to business model scalability. Design/Methodology/Approach: The paper is conceptual and exploratory in nature and builds on the practice / action learning approach. Findings: The paper presents an action research based framework for approaching and understanding the change needs of business models and b...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Traditional real estate businesses are shifting towards a more service oriented industry aided by technological advancements. This study explores potential alternative of the future real estate service ecosystem. We combine futures integral scenarios and create business models as an approach to deal with uncertainties involved with emerging busines...
Conference Paper
Business model literature has evolved around descriptions of legal entities, which is not sufficient to describe the business ecosystem as an experiential and living entity. This paper proposes a new business model, the contextualized business model (CBM) for an experiential, empathic and digital ecosystem empowering artificial intelligence.
Article
The united Kingdom marked an important milestone in its transition to a low-carbon economy on 21 April 2017 (Figure 1) This was the first-ever working day in Britain without coal since the Industrial Revolution. The challenge now is to extend that single day to 365 days a year.
Chapter
Full-text available
Cyber security has been a major issue for sectors such as financial services, defence, healthcare, media and online social media. From a technical point of view, significant research efforts have been made into standardizing 5G and cyber security in recent years. Although, one of 5GPPP's recent publications mentions that 5G is business driven in a...
Article
The exponential growth of wireless services with diversity of devices and applications depending on connectivity has inspired the research community to come up with novel concepts to improve the efficiency of spectrum use. Recently, several spectrum sharing system concepts have been introduced and widely researched to cope with spectrum scarcity, t...
Article
Full-text available
Hospitals as critical infrastructures has been historically dependent on various types of devices and equipment that are being revolutionized with digitalized solutions. The digitalization of conventional healthcare equipment is added with the new inclusion of numerous new devices for data collection, analysis, communication, and so on. All in all,...
Conference Paper
Entrepreneurship education has become important also in higher education institutions, but its scope and implementation may vary a lot. Especially in multidisciplinary universities it is obvious that students from non-business disciplines are interested in and should strengthen their knowledge and skills related to entrepreneurship, which will also...
Article
Future 5G networks aim at providing new high-quality wireless services to meet stringent and case-specific needs of various vertical sectors beyond traditional mobile broadband offerings. 5G is expected to disrupt the mobile communication business ecosystem and open the market to drastically new sharing based network operational models. 5G technica...
Article
Full-text available
Innovative technologies often alter established value chains and make traditional strategic planning methods inadequate. In this paper, we present the use of scenario-based business modelling to explore the market for the fifth generation mobile communication networks (5G). We discuss four scenarios that have been developed in a collaborative effor...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A business ecosystem warrants its stakeholders to be in continuous symbiotic relationship rather not only compete or cooperate. In this short paper, we conceptualize business models as a dynamic capability that enables symbiotic activities through opportunity exploration & exploitation, value creation & capture, and, advantage exploration & exploit...
Article
Full-text available
Future digital society depends heavily on timely availability of high quality wireless connectivity the offering of which today is dominated by mobile network operators (MNOs). Future 5G systems aim at connecting billions of devices to serve versatile location and case specific needs of vertical sectors in parallel with the provisioning of traditio...