Petra Ritter

Petra Ritter
Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin | Charité · Department of Neurology with Chair in Experimental Neurology/BNIC

About

115
Publications
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Publications

Publications (115)
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Computational brain network modeling using The Virtual Brain (TVB) simulation platform acts synergistically with machine learning (ML) and multi-modal neuroimaging to reveal mechanisms and improve diagnostics in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Methods: We enhance large-scale whole-brain simulation in TVB with a cause-and-effect model lin...
Article
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been successfully applied in various neurodegenerative diseases as an effective symptomatic treatment. However, its mechanisms of action within the brain network are still poorly understood. Many virtual DBS models analyze a subnetwork around the basal ganglia and its dynamics as a spiking network with their details...
Article
Full-text available
Sensorimotor coordination requires orchestrated network activity in the brain, mediated by inter- and intra-hemispheric interactions that may be affected by aging-related changes. We adopted a theoretical model, according to which intra-hemispheric inhibition from premotor to primary motor cortex is mandatory to compensate for inter-hemispheric exc...
Article
Full-text available
The Virtual Brain (TVB) is now available as open-source services on the cloud research platform EBRAINS. It offers software for constructing, simulating and analysing brain network models including the TVB simulator; magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) processing pipelines to extract structural and functional brain networks; combined simulation of lar...
Article
Following traumatic brain injury (TBI), cognitive impairments manifest through interactions between microscopic and macroscopic changes. On the microscale, a neurometabolic cascade alters neurotransmission, while on the macroscale diffuse axonal injury impacts the integrity of long-range connections. Large-scale brain network modeling allows us to...
Article
What dynamic processes underly functional brain networks? Functional connectivity (FC) and functional connectivity dynamics (FCD) are used to represent the patterns and dynamics of functional brain networks. FC(D) is related to the synchrony of brain activity: when brain areas oscillate in a coordinated manner this yields a high correlation between...
Preprint
Full-text available
Structural connectivity of the brain at different ages is analyzed using diffusion-weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) data. The largest decrease of the number and average length of stream- lines is found for the long inter-hemispheric links, with the strongest impact for frontal regions. From the BOLD functional MRI (fMRI) time series we ide...
Article
Comprehensive knowledge bases as NeuroMMSig, a knowledge base of multimodal mechanistic signatures, catalog knowledge about Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and its underlying candidate mechanisms. Besides, digital atlases provide information about cytoarchitectonics and receptor densities, e.g. JuBrain at the EBRAINS platform of the Human Brain Project. H...
Preprint
Full-text available
Brain Network Models (BNMs) are a family of dynamical systems that simulate whole brain activity using neural mass models to represent local activity in different brain regions that influence each other via a global structural network. Research has been interested in using these network models to explain measured whole brain activity measured via r...
Article
Large neuroimaging datasets, including information about structural connectivity (SC) and functional connectivity (FC), play an increasingly important role in clinical research, where they guide the design of algorithms for automated stratification, diagnosis or prediction. A major obstacle is, however, the problem of missing features [e.g., lack o...
Preprint
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been successfully applied in various neurodegenerative diseases as an effective symptomatic treatment. However, its mechanisms of action within the brain network are still poorly understood. Many virtual DBS models analyze a subnetwork around the basal ganglia and its dynamics as a spiking network with their details...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the acceleration of knowledge and data accumulation in neuroscience over the last years, the highly prevalent neurodegenerative disease of AD remains a growing problem. Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia and represents the most prevalent neurodegenerative disease. For AD, disease-modifying treatments are presently...
Preprint
Full-text available
INTRODUCTION Computational brain network modeling using The Virtual Brain (TVB) simulation platform acts synergistically with machine learning and multi-modal neuroimaging to reveal mechanisms and improve diagnostics in Alzheimer’s disease. METHODS We enhance large-scale whole-brain simulation in TVB with a cause-and-effect model linking local Amy...
Preprint
Full-text available
Sensorimotor coordination requires orchestrated network activity mediated by inter- and intra-hemispheric, excitatory and inhibitory neuronal interactions. Aging-related structural changes may alter these interactions. Disbalancing strength and timing of excitation and inhibition may limit motor performance. This is particularly true during motor c...
Article
Neuregulin-1 (NRG1) represents an important factor for multiple processes including neurodevelopment, brain functioning or cognitive functions. Evidence from animal research suggests an effect of NRG1 on the excitation-inhibition (E/I) balance in cortical circuits. However, direct evidence for the importance of NRG1 in E/I balance in humans is stil...
Preprint
While the knowledge in neuroscience and the possibilities in clinical neurology have improved for many years, neurogenerative diseases and associated dementia remain a growing problem. Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia and also represents the most prevalent type of neurodegenerative diseases. For AD, disease-modifying tr...
Article
Full-text available
Functional Connectivity (FC) during resting-state or task conditions is not static but inherently dynamic. Yet, there is no consensus on whether fluctuations in FC may resemble isolated transitions between discrete FC states rather than continuous changes. This quarrel hampers advancing the study of dynamic FC. This is unfortunate as the structure...
Article
Full-text available
The brain shows a complex multiscale organization that prevents a direct understanding of how structure, function and dynamics are correlated. To date, advances in neural modeling offer a unique opportunity for simulating global brain dynamics by embedding empirical data on different scales in a mathematical framework. The Virtual Brain (TVB) is an...
Article
Full-text available
Background Posthypoxic movement disorders and chronic posthypoxic myoclonus are rare complications after cardiac arrest in adults. Our study investigates the clinical spectrum, neuroimaging results, therapy and prognosis of these debilitating posthypoxic sequelae. Methods This retrospective study included 72 patients from the neurological intensiv...
Preprint
Full-text available
Using The Virtual Brain (TVB, thevirtualbrian.org) simulation platform, we explored for 50 individual adult human brains (ages 18-80), how personalized connectome based brain network modelling captures various empirical observations as measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and electroencephalography (EEG). We compare simulated ac...
Article
Full-text available
Brain tumor patients scheduled for tumor resection often face significant uncertainty, as the outcome of neurosurgery is difficult to predict at the individual patient level. Recently, simulation of the activity of neural populations connected according to the white matter fibers, producing personalized brain network models, has been introduced as...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding how the human brain integrates information from the environment with intrinsic brain signals to produce individual perspectives is an essential element of understanding the human mind. Brain signal complexity, measured with multiscale entropy, has been employed as a measure of information processing in the brain, and we propose that i...
Preprint
Full-text available
Brain tumor patients scheduled for tumor resection often face significant uncertainty, as the outcome of neurosurgery is difficult to predict at the individual patient level. Recently, computational modeling of brain activity using so-called brain network models has been introduced as a promising tool for this purpose. However, brain network models...
Article
Full-text available
Models of large-scale brain networks that are informed by the underlying anatomical connectivity contribute to our understanding of the mapping between the structure of the brain and its dynamical function. Connectome-based modelling is a promising approach to a more comprehensive understanding of brain function across spatial and temporal scales,...
Preprint
Full-text available
Understanding how the human brain integrates information from the environment with ongoing, internal brain signals in order to produce individual perspective is an essential element of understanding the human mind. Brain signal complexity, measured with multiscale entropy, has been employed as a measure of information processing in the brain (Carpe...
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction: While the prevalence of neurodegenerative diseases associated with dementia such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) increases, our knowledge on the underlying mechanisms, outcome predictors, or therapeutic targets is limited. In this work, we demonstrate how computational multi-scale brain modelling links phenomena of different scales and th...
Article
Full-text available
Presurgical planning for brain tumor resection aims at delineating eloquent tissue in the vicinity of the lesion to spare during surgery. To this end, non-invasive neuroimaging techniques such as functional MRI and diffusion weighted imaging fiber tracking are currently employed. However, taking into account this information is often still insuffic...
Preprint
Full-text available
Presurgical planning for brain tumor resection aims at delineating eloquent tissue in the vicinity of the lesion to spare during surgery. To this end, non-invasive neuroimaging techniques such as functional MRI and diffusion weighted imaging fiber tracking are currently employed. However, taking into account this information is often still insuffic...
Article
Full-text available
Structural connectivity (SC), the physical pathways connecting regions in the brain, and functional connectivity (FC), the temporal coactivations, are known to be tightly linked. However, the nature of this relationship is still not understood. In the present study, we examined this relation more closely in six separate human neuroimaging datasets...
Preprint
Full-text available
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is marked by cognitive dysfunction emerging from neuropathological processes impacting brain function. AD affects brain dynamics at the local level, such as changes in the balance of inhibitory and excitatory neuronal populations, as well as long-range changes to the global network. Individual differences in these changes a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Structural connectivity (SC), the physical pathways connecting regions in the brain, and functional connectivity (FC), the temporal co-activations, are known to be tightly linked. However, the nature of this relationship is still not understood. In the present study, we examined this relation more closely in six separate human neuroimaging datasets...
Article
Full-text available
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is marked by cognitive dysfunction emerging from neuropathological processes impacting brain function. AD affects brain dynamics at the local level, such as changes in the balance of inhibitory and excitatory neuronal populations, as well as long-range changes to the global network. Individual differences in these changes a...
Article
Full-text available
The neurophysiological processes underlying non-invasive brain activity measurements are incompletely understood. Here, we developed a connectome-based brain network model that integrates individual structural and functional data with neural population dynamics to support multi-scale neurophysiological inference. Simulated populations were linked b...
Data
Supplementary table to the eLife Transparent Reporting Form that summarizes the used statistical test, N, exact p-values and descriptive statistics for each hypothesis test.
Article
Spontaneous activity measured in human subject under the absence of any task exhibits complex patterns of correlation that largely correspond to large-scale functional topographies obtained with a wide variety of cognitive and perceptual tasks. These “resting state networks” (RSNs) fluctuate over time, forming and dissolving on the scale of seconds...
Article
Full-text available
Spontaneous activity measured in human subject under the absence of any task exhibits complex patterns of correlation that largely correspond to large-scale functional topographies obtained with a wide variety of cognitive and perceptual tasks. These "resting state networks" (RSNs) fluctuate over time, forming and dissolving on the scale of seconds...
Article
Full-text available
It is well-established that patterns of functional connectivity (FC) - measures of correlated activity between pairs of voxels or regions observed in the human brain using neuroimaging - are robustly expressed in spontaneous activity during rest. These patterns are not static, but exhibit complex spatio-temporal dynamics. Over the last years, a mul...
Article
Full-text available
In the human brain, spontaneous activity during resting state consists of rapid transitions between functional network states over time but the underlying mechanisms are not understood. We use connectome based computational brain network modeling to reveal fundamental principles of how the human brain generates large-scale activity observable by no...
Article
Full-text available
Data-driven models of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) activity can elucidate dependencies that involve the combination of multiple brain regions. Activity in some regions during resting-state fMRI can be predicted with high accuracy from the activities of other regions. However, it remains unclear in which regions activity depends on u...
Poster
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This abstract was accepted for poster presentation to Cosyne 2017, Salt Lake City, USA.
Article
Full-text available
Modern systems neuroscience increasingly leans on large-scale multi-lab neuroinformatics initiatives to provide necessary capacity for biologically realistic modeling of primate whole-brain activity. Here, we present a framework to assemble primate brain's biologically plausible anatomical backbone for such modeling initiatives. In this framework,...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the human brain, spontaneous activity during resting state consists of rapid transitions between functional network states over time but the underlying mechanisms are not understood. We use connectome based computational brain network modeling to reveal fundamental principles of how the human brain generates large-scale activity observable by no...
Preprint
Full-text available
Brain dynamics span multiple spatial and temporal scales, from fast spiking neurons to slow fluctuations over distributed areas. No single experimental method links data across scales. Here, we bridge this gap using The Virtual Brain connectome-based modelling platform to integrate multimodal data with biophysical models and support neurophysiologi...
Article
To understand human cognition, it is essential to study the brain on multiple levels, from microscopic to macroscopic scales. Computational connectomics is a new area of neuroscience where scientists seek to combine empirical observations within a computational theory of the brain. The whole-brain network modeling and simulation platform, The Virtu...
Article
To understand human cognition, it is essential to study the brain on multiple levels, from microscopic to macroscopic scales. Computational connectomics is a new area of neuroscience where scientists seek to combine empirical observations within a computational theory of the brain. The whole-brain network modeling and simulation platform, The Virtu...
Article
Zusammenfassung Um die menschliche Kognition wirklich zu verstehen, ist es von essenzieller Bedeutung, das Gehirn in all seinen multiplen Ebenen zu studieren. Das Gebiet der Computational Connectomics eröffnet einen neuen Zweig in den Neurowissenschaften, in dem versucht wird, verschiedene empirische Beobachtungen mit einem mathematischen Modell de...
Article
Full-text available
Resting-state large-scale brain models vary in the amount of biological elements they incorporate and in the way they are being tested. One might expect that the more realistic the model is, the closer it should reproduce real functional data. It has been shown, instead, that when linear correlation across long BOLD fMRI time-series is used as a me...
Data
Effect of the diagonal in the parameter exploration. FCs are represented for four values of the parameter: when c is close to zero the off-diagonal entries of FC reflect SC. When increasing the global coupling, correlations emerge that do not merely reflect structure. We represent the same four matrices with (top row) and without (third row) the ma...
Data
Sliding-windows analysis of SC. We performed a sliding-windows analysis of the time-series and computed each window’s empCovw. We then applied the analytical operators to obtain SC. The left panel of the figure shows the aSC for the whole time-series (average across subjects), the right panel, instead, displays the STD across window’s aSC (averaged...
Data
Analytic versus empirical SC. The main difference between aSC and empSC is in the inter-hemispherical connections. To better appreciate the predictive power of the model for the two cases, we can divide the figures of aSC and empSC in their intra-hemispherical and inter-hemispherical parts. We can see that the presence of a strong second diagonal i...
Data
Data and scripts. The folder contains the data used in this work together with the scripts necessary to perform the analysis. (ZIP)
Article
Recent efforts to model human brain activity on the scale of the whole brain rest on connectivity estimates of large-scale networks derived from diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI). This type of connectivity describes white matter fiber tracts. The number of short-range cortico-cortical white-matter connections is, however, underrepresented...
Conference Paper
The brain exhibits complex spatio-temporal patterns of activity. In particular, its baseline activity at rest has a specific structure: imaging techniques (e.g., fMRI, EEG and MEG) show that cortical areas experience correlated fluctuations, which is referred to as functional connectivity (FC). The present study relies on our recently developed mod...
Article
Full-text available
Functional interactions in the brain are constrained by the underlying anatomical architecture, and structural and functional networks share network features such as modularity. Accordingly, age-related changes of structural connectivity (SC) may be paralleled by changes in functional connectivity (FC). We provide a detailed qualitative and quantit...