Petra Meier

Petra Meier
University of Antwerp | UA · Department of Political Sciences

About

76
Publications
34,166
Reads
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2,064
Citations
Citations since 2017
6 Research Items
1032 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
Introduction

Publications

Publications (76)
Article
This article argues that many empirical studies in the field of gender and politics reduce symbolic representation to an effect of descriptive repre- sentation, which limits our understanding of the relevance of symbolic representation. We claim that we should understand symbolic represen- tation as a dimension in itself, not merely as an effect of...
Article
Full-text available
This contribution elaborates on the role model function of descriptive representatives. We seek to elaborate on potentially negative effects of role models, as we think they can endanger a feminist project of dismantling hierarchical power relations. When society attributes descriptive representatives the position of role models, the former no long...
Article
While various studies have examined sexist, homophobic, lesbophobic, biphobic, and transphobic attitudes, no comprehensive research has yet combined all of these attitudes in all of their dimensions (cognitive beliefs, affect, and behaviour). Furthermore, most previous studies have failed to take the influences of respondents’ sexual orientation an...
Article
How is symbolic representation to be conceptualized and empirically examined? There is no unique answer to this question and each of its possible answers raises particular methodological challenges. The Dialogues section “Investigating symbolic representation” explores new directions for theorizing about and empirically investigating symbolic repre...
Article
Full-text available
This article discusses policymaking from a gender+ equality perspective. It connects the knowledge from various subfields ranging from development planning, to feminist policy studies, to works on gender mainstreaming. By connecting different but convergent feminist subdisciplines, it draws a picture of the field of gender+ and policymaking. Centra...
Article
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This article situates itself within ongoing scholarly debates on the conditions of democratic representation. It, more precisely, posits traditional concerns for the ‘indirectness’ of political representation—that is the possibility for citizens' alienation and exclusion from decision-making—against contemporary accounts that conceive of such ‘indi...
Book
Full-text available
Internationaal onderzoek geeft aan dat een groot aantal transgender personen te maken krijgt met geweldervaringen (psychisch, verbaal, fysiek, seksueel of materieel). Dit onderzoek focust op geweldervaringen van transgender personen, met het doel dit fenomeen voor het eerst in België in kaart te brengen. In 2012 werd een aanvang genomen met het ond...
Book
Full-text available
Book reviews: http://webs.ucm.es/info/target/Book%20flyers/BookReviewSRJournal%20of%20International%20Women's%20Studies,%2016-3,%20Jul%2015.pdf https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/147892991667
Article
What is symbolic representation? Since Hanna Pitkins seminal The Concept of Representation, the symbolic has been the least studied dimension of political representation. Innovatively adopting a discursive approach, this book - the first full-length treatment of symbolic representation - focuses on gender issues to tackle important questions such a...
Article
This article studies gender quotas for advisory boards, electoral lists of candidates and boards of listed and state-owned companies. The logic of contagion effects is used to explain a multiplication of gender quotas, and this article argues that contagion effects are also at play when it comes to the adoption of gender quotas for different types...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we take a stand against the relativism of contemporary “claim-based” approaches to the study of the substantive representation of women (SRW), and argue for on-going evaluation of the responsiveness of actors’ claims to speak for women. We advance the concept of responsiveness as a criterion for evaluating the quality of SRW. We de...
Article
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This article seeks to reintroduce discussions on gender relations in politics back into scholarly and political debate. Many countries have adopted gender quotas, but it is unclear whether their implementation has meaningfully changed the prevalent inequalities governing gender relations in politics. This article considers whether the implementatio...
Article
This article analyzes the impact of restructuring processes on the organizational structure and lobbying strategies of women’s movement organizations (WMOs) in Belgium (Flanders) and the UK (Scotland). We argue that devolution/federalization and the resultant creation of new, intermediary levels of governance offers a devolution/federalism advantag...
Article
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Crenshaw's powerful take against "thinking about subordination as disadvantage occurring along a single categorical axis" (1989, University of Chicago Legal Forum) has been taken up by many scholars and practitioners as a major challenge in legal and policy development. Yet, although her criticism is clear, the implications for practice are not. Th...
Article
This article analyses the Belgian gender parity debate of the 1990s. It first sketches the history of this debate and how it led to the adoption of statutory gender quotas (1994 and 2002) and finally also to the insertion of a clause on parity democracy into the Constitution. The article then discusses the factors explaining the adoption of these m...
Chapter
Belgium and the Netherlands are generally classified as consensus democracies, with common characteristics such as a multiparty system based on religious and class cleavages, resulting in coalition government, a tradition of pillarization and strong corporatist arrangements. But in the 1960s their development started to diverge, and we argue that t...
Article
Full-text available
Studies show a positive impact of gender reassignment treatment on the quality of life (QOL) of transgender persons, but little is known about the influence of their socioeconomic status. First, to assess health-related QOL of transgender men and women and compare it with a general population sample, second, to investigate the differences between t...
Article
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Despite initial optimism, gender mainstreaming often turns into a formalistic exercise whilst losing sight of its broader goal of promoting gender equality. This article suggests that a problem is gender mainstreaming's largely undefined goal, combined with a rational logic underpinning its implementation. We apply a typology distinguishing substan...
Article
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The seminal work of Arend Lijphart, Electoral Systems and Party Systems (1994), limits the definition of electoral reforms to those affecting electoral formulas, district magnitudes, assembly size, or electoral thresholds. Following this definition, studies on electoral reform have put political parties and their motivations at centre stage. Expand...
Article
The development of an asymmetrical federal structure profoundly changed the institutional setting for Belgian gender equality policies. This contribution assesses the influence of this process on the development of the Belgian women's policy agencies and its gender equality policies. It argues that while the characteristics of the Belgian federal s...
Article
Full-text available
Discursive dynamics play an important role in shaping the meanings of gender equality. The article discusses the relation between hegemonic discourses on gender equality policies and feminist taboos. It suggests that feminist scholars could paradoxically be trapped in hegemonic discourses on gender equality policies that may lead to taboos about pa...
Article
Full-text available
Because gender equality policies are social constructions in which issues of gender inequality and equality get meaning through (amongst others) discursive processes, they may contain biases. While certain biases may be intentional choices, meant to strategically frame a specific policy issue, others may be unintentional and due to the fact that po...
Article
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This article studies a potential barrier for women in political decision‐making: the way in which policy documents frame the concept of power. Our study covers a selection of Dutch and Spanish policy documents on the issue of women in political decision‐making. Drawing on Steven Lukes, Hannah Arendt, and Michel Foucault, we examine what policy acto...
Article
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In the last decade, the European Union (EU) approach to gender equality has broadened to new concepts, such as gender mainstreaming, and new issues, such as “family policies”, “domestic violence”, and “gender inequality in politics”. However, the frame analysis of policy documents in these new areas shows, first, that each issue has developed its o...
Article
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This contribution analyzes fourteen cases of reserved seats in directly elected national parliaments around the world (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Colombia, Croatia, Fiji, India, Jordan, Lebanon, New Zealand, Niger, Pakistan, the Palestinian Territories, Romania and Slovenia), examining the extent to which they contain essentializing features. It studi...
Article
Full-text available
Discursive dynamics play an important role in shaping the meanings of gender equality. The article discusses the relation between hegemonic discourses on gender equality policies and feminist taboos. It suggests that feminist scholars could paradoxically be trapped in hegemonic discourses on gender equality policies that may lead to taboos about pa...
Article
Full-text available
This book explores the discursive constructions of gender equality and the implications of these understandings in a broad range of policy fields. Using gender equality as a prime example, a number of internationally renowned scholars offer a new vocabulary to identify and study processes of the reduction, amplification, shifting or freezing of mea...
Article
From the outset, there were high expectations about gender mainstreaming and the possibilities it raised for achieving gender equality. A decade after the introduction of gender mainstreaming, scepticism about gender mainstreaming as an effective policy strategy for gender equality is vast. Analyzing several operationalizations of gender mainstream...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter explores the question of whether and how power is used as a conceptual metaphor in gender inequality in politics. We analyse to what extent a selection of Dutch and Spanish policy texts on the issue of ‘gender inequality in politics’ refer to power, and if they do so, what metaphors they employ for describing it. The central hypothesis...
Article
L'article étudie les quotas adoptés par les partis politiques belges. Les sections locales de parti ayant décrété des mesures supplémentaires étaient beaucoup plus nombreuses lors des élections locales en 2006 que lors des élections locales précédentes en 2000, ce qui indique que les partis politiques intègrent davantage la notion d'égalité. Par co...
Article
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This article assesses the framing of gender equality in the EU political discourse from 1995 to 2005 and the conceptualisations of citizenship that emerge from it. To assess the extent to which EU gender equality policies meet the aspirations of the concept of a gender equal citizenship, it develops an analysis of how different feminist approaches...
Article
The article argues that while legislation on sex quotas can be seen as a renegotiation of the public sphere at macro level, suggesting a formal recognition of gender equality and a subsequent redistribution of power positions, it does not necessarily imply recognition of the issue at micro level. Nearly a decade after the first sex quotas act had b...
Article
This article adopts a novel approach to the question of women's substantive representation, exploring the potential of Critical Frame Analysis. It allows for an open approach whereby the form and content of what substantive representation entails are not defined at the outset. Rather the analysis reveals their construction, which permits a broadeni...
Article
This article examines the gender quotas in Belgian parties. In the 2006 municipal elections many more local party sections had implemented such measures than in the preceding elections in 2000, which indicates a tendency to integrate the notion of equality. However, the local sections exhibit less enthusiasm when it comes to quotas improving the ge...
Chapter
In the aftermath of the Second World War Belgium developed a welfare system with extensive unemployment allowances, social security, pension rights, accessible health and care infrastructure. Notwithstanding a rather conservative gender regime, fed by the Catholic tradition and its impact on politics, the participation of women in the labour market...
Article
Full-text available
This article explores the extent to which a feminist reading of gender mainstreaming is incorporated in the EU political discourse by analysing how family policy and gender inequality in politics are framed in EU policy documents. Gender mainstreaming is treated as an open signifier that can be filled with both feminist and non-feminist content. Th...
Article
How can women maximize their political influence? Does state feminism enhance the political representation of women? Should feminism be established in state institutions to treat women's concerns? Developed by field experts, this book uses an innovative model of political influence to construct answers to these and other questions in the long-runni...
Article
Introduction The Belgian understanding of representation is intimately related to the conception of citizenship, which itself is connected to the specific history of the Belgian state. In 1830 Belgium became a unitary constitutional monarchy, but Belgian society has never been homogeneous. Its political and institutional landscape is characterised...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the use of legal and party gender quotas in the Belgian electoral process during the second half of the 1990s. It is argued that the parallel use of both types of quotas entails a particular contagion effect. The development of legal and party measures in Belgium indicates that the issue of gender-balanced participation in pol...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the use of legal and party gender quotas in the Belgian electoral process during the second half of the 1990s. It is argued that the parallel use of both types of quotas entails a particular contagion effect. The development of legal and party measures in Belgium indicates that the issue of gender-balanced participation in pol...
Article
Of Pitkin’s seminal work on the concept of representation (1967), gender research mainly focused on descriptive, and, more recently, substantive representation. Although symbols are of utmost importance in politics – the political space, political processes, activities, language, public policies and the communication around them being full of symbo...

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Cited By

Projects

Projects (3)
Project
The project aims at understanding why gender mainstreaming is so difficult to implement or ineffectively implemented, by focusing on oppositions and resistances on the one hand, and gender advocacy supports on the other.
Project
understanding and analysing discursive politics of gender equality in Europe
Project
El grupo de Género y Política GEYPO (web https://geypo.es twitter @GeypoG) desarrolla investigación y docencia en temas relacionados con la ciencia política desde una perspectiva de género y en políticas públicas de igualdad de género. Lo coordinan las profesoras María Bustelo y Emanuela Lombardo desde la Facultad de Ciencias Políticas y Sociología de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Las líneas de investigación del grupo incluyen: políticas de igualdad de género, evaluación de las políticas de igualdad, mainstreaming de género en las políticas públicas, interseccionalidad política, representación política y género, teorías políticas feministas, europeización de las políticas de igualdad, populismo democracia y política feminista, transferencia de conocimiento feminista, género y universidad, género y políticas de cuidados, género y políticas de empleo y conciliación, género y políticas de inmigración. El equipo investigador está compuesto por personas expertas en diferentes áreas de género y política que desarrollan sus investigaciones en centros tanto españoles como internacionales. Entre sus actividades se incluye la organización de Seminarios de investigación de Género y Política desde el año 2013 en el que se presentan y debaten trabajos de investigación de doctorandas/os y de otras/os investigadoras/es.