Petr Kment

Petr Kment
National Museum, Prague, Czech Republic · Department of Entomology

Mgr., Ph.D.

About

225
Publications
78,330
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,587
Citations
Citations since 2017
60 Research Items
1065 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200

Publications

Publications (225)
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, Collartida eowilsoni sp. nov. is described from Guadalcanal (Solomon Islands), which extends the distribution of the genus and the tribe Collartidini as a whole to the Oceanian biogeographic realm. The highly aberrant morphology of the new species required a reassessment of the diagnostic characters and generic limits of Colla...
Article
Joppeicus paradoxus Puton, 1881 is the only representative of the family Joppeicidae. This tiny predaceous bug of around 3 mm long has a resemblance to members of the family Anthocoridae sensu lato. Herein we present an up-to-date distribution of the species, recording it for the first time in the Canary Islands (Fuerteventura Island) and in Yemen...
Article
More than 95% of phytophagous true bug (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) species belong to four superfamilies: Miroidea (Cimicomorpha), Pentatomoidea, Coreoidea, and Lygaeoidea (all Pentatomomorpha). These iconic groups of highly diverse, overwhelmingly phytophagous insects include several economically prominent agricultural and silvicultural pest species,...
Article
Full-text available
Based on the collected specimen and available photographs, we provide first records of the invasive assassin bug spe-cies Zelus (Diplodacus) renardii Kolenati, 1857 from Croatia and Montenegro. We also report a case of accidental introduction of a larva of Z. renardii to the Czech Republic. These records document further spreading of this species n...
Article
Full-text available
Newly discovered fossil bugs (Insecta: Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) from the Eocene of Messel (Germany) and Green River (North America) exhibit an exaggerated morphology including prominent spiny humeral and anterolateral angles of the pronotum and a spiny lateral abdominal margin. Especially the humeral angles are unique; they consist of...
Article
The genus Surenus Distant, 1901 (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomoidea: Pentatomidae: Pentatominae: Halyini) is revisited and found to be a junior subjective synonym of the genus Agathocles Stål, 1876 (currently Pentatominae: Rolstoniellini). The genus Agathocles and its type species, Agathocles limbatus Stål, 1876, are redescribed.
Article
Pyrrhocoroidea represents an important group of true bugs (Insecta: Hemiptera: Heteroptera) which includes fire bugs, cotton stainers and other taxa widely used in experimental studies or known as pests. However, the morphology and phylogeny of Pyrrhocoroidea have been only poorly studied so far. Here, structures of the external scent efferent syst...
Article
The Socotra Archipelago (Yemen) is remarkable for unique ecosystems and high endemism, for which it is often referred to as the “Galápagos of the Indian Ocean”. Here we describe a new parasitic leech Myxobdella socotrensis sp. nov. from Socotra, the largest island of the archipelago. The new species was found in a freshwater spring attached to the...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Soupis druhů nalezených během Speciálního botanicko-zoologického cvičení v terénu na Litomyšlsku (31. 8.-4. 9. 2020) Pořádající instituce Ústav botaniky a zoologie, Přírodovědecká fakulta, Masarykova univerzita, Kotlářská 2, 611 37 Brno, tel. 549491439, fax 549498331
Article
Full-text available
Most remote and oceanic islands are important, yet highly vulnerable biodiversity hotspots, which host a significant proportion of endemic species. Along with iconic endangered or extinct animals and plants, the disappearance of their co-inhabitants, including protist parasites, gets usually unnoticed from the conservation perspective. Here, we exa...
Article
Spiracles are the openings in the exoskeleton of insects through which air enters into the respiratory system that is formed by a series of tubes called tracheae. They are primarily located on the abdomen, but can also occur on the thorax, including the metathorax. An insect metathoracic spiracle is usually composed of an external opening and a mor...
Article
Full-text available
Aphelonotus schuhi sp. nov. (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pachynomidae: Aphelonotinae) is described from Puerto Rico based on a single male collected by flight interception trap. The new species is morphologically similar to A. taino Schuh, Weirauch & Grillo, 2015 and A. xenos Schuh, Weirauch & Grillo, 2015, being distinguished from them by the combinat...
Article
Full-text available
The world catalogue of the family Ochteridae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Nepomorpha: Ochteroidea) is compiled. The fossil subfamily Propreocorinae Popov, Dolling & Whalley, 1994, recently excluded from Ochteridae by other authors, is formally raised to family rank as Propreocoridae stat. nov. The fossil genus Meropachys Popov, 1986 is found to be a ju...
Article
Full-text available
Professor Miroslav Papáček (1953–2019) was an eminent specialist in morphology, taxonomy, systematics, biology and ecology of aquatic and semiaquatic bugs (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Nepomorpha, Gerromorpha). All his career was connected with the Department of Biology, Faculty of Education, University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice, Czech Republ...
Article
Full-text available
Miespa reedi (Drake, 1939) (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Piesmatidae: Heissianini), previously known only from Chile, is recorded here as a new country record from Argentina. It is the second representative of the family Piesmatidae in the Argen-tinian fauna. The bibliography of Miespa reedi is summarized and the available data on the habitat, phenology...
Article
Full-text available
The extreme biological diversity of Oceanian archipelagos has long stimulated research in ecology and evolution. However, parasitic protists in this geographic area remained neglected and no molecular analyses have been carried out to understand the evolutionary patterns and relationships with their hosts. Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a biodiversity h...
Article
Pyrrhocoroidea (including Largidae: Larginae, Physopeltinae, and Pyrrhocoridae) constitutes the second smallest superfamily of the true bug infraorder Pentatomomorpha (Insecta: Hemiptera: Heteroptera). Although this group includes several taxa widely used as models in experimental studies, as well as a number of economically important pests (inc. c...
Article
Full-text available
Professor Pavel Štys (1933–2018) was an eminent specialist in morphology, taxonomy, systematics, biology and behaviour of Heteroptera, and the Commissioner of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. All his career was connected with the Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic, where h...
Article
Full-text available
Hyocephalidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomomorpha) is a small family of true bugs containing two genera and three species endemic to Australia. For the fi rst time, we examine here selected structures of their external morphology using scanning electron microscopy-the external structures associated with the metathoracic and dorsoabdominal scen...
Article
Full-text available
střední kontrolní a zkušební ústav zemědělský, Šlechtitelů 23, CZ-779 00 Olomouc, Abstract. The Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, Halyomorpha halys Stål, 1855 (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomi-dae: Pentatominae: Cappaeini), is recorded from the Czech Republic for the first time based on a female collected with a light trap in Luková u Přerova (central M...
Article
Full-text available
We describe the monoxenous trypanosomatids parasitizing true bugs and flies on the island of Curaçao. Out of 248 examined true bugs belonging to 17 species, 93 individuals were found to be infected (overall 38% prevalence) by at least one trypanosomatid species (referred to as typing units; TUs). Out of 80 flies, six were infected. All detected try...
Article
Full-text available
Psallus (Psallus) thomashenryi sp. n. (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Miridae: Phylinae: Phylini: Phylina) is described from southern Anatolia, Turkey. Illustrations of the dorsal habitus and male genitalia are provided. Its habitus is similar to other uniformly orange species of the subgenus Psallus Fieber, 1858, particularly P.asthenicus Seidenstücker,...
Article
Full-text available
The genus Rhyncholepta Bergroth, 1911 (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomidae: Pentatominae: Chlorocorini) is redescribed and five species-group taxa are recognized, keyed, their diagnostic characters illustrated, and the distribution reviewed. Among the five taxa, two species and one subspecies are recognized as new: Rhyncholeptagrandicallosagrandic...
Article
Full-text available
The stilt bug Metacanthus (Cardopostethus) annulosus Fieber, 1859 (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Berytidae) is recorded from the Czech Republic (Moravia) for the first time and from Slovakia after 132 years. The current distribution and ecology of this species is reviewed. It is an arachnophile species usually found in funnel-webs of agelenid spiders (Ar...
Article
Full-text available
A recent cataloguing of the Heteroptera (Hemiptera) types held in the collection of National Museum, Prague (NMPC), revealed several specimens originating from the collection of Czech collectors Emil Holub and Ladislav Duda, being part of the same series as types described by Géza Horváth in his paper ‘Hemiptera nova africana’ and until now believe...
Article
Full-text available
The Romanian fauna comprises two species of Aquarius Schellenberg, 1800, eight species of Gerris Fabricius, 1794 and one species of Limnoporus Stål, 1868, and we hereby update the distribution and provide insights on the phenology and ecology of all eleven species in this country. We furthermore update the distribution of the two closely related sp...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated the systematics and biogeography of the West-Palaearctic water cricket genus Velia Latreille based on a phylogenetic analysis of five molecular markers obtained from 79% of all known taxa of the subgenera Velia (s. str.) and Velia (Plesiovelia) Tamanini. The results revealed a sister group relationship between Velia (Plesiovelia) an...
Chapter
In this chapter, we provide a taxonomic history for each family and subfamily (if applicable) and, in addition, for the tribes and generic groups within the Pentatomidae, that, perhaps, will give some perception of the taxonomic position of each group. We also discuss the systematic classification within each of these groups and provide general dia...
Article
Full-text available
Members of the family Scutelleridae (Heteroptera: Pentatomomorpha: Pentatomoidea) are also called shield bugs because of the greatly enlarged scutellum, or jewel bugs because of the brilliant colours of many species. All scutellerids are phytophagous, feeding on various parts of their host plants. Due to lack of obvious synapomorphies and the failu...
Article
Full-text available
We provide records of two endangered species of saproxylic insects, Aradus obtectus Vásárhelyi, 1988 (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Aradidae) and Peltis grossa (Linnaeus, 1758) (Coleoptera: Trogossitidae), documenting for the first time their presence in the Bílé Karpaty Protected Landscape Area and Biosphere Reserve in the eastern Czech Republic (= the...
Article
Full-text available
The African cluster bug Agonoscelis puberula Stål, 1854 (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomidae: Pentatominae: Agonoscelidini), an Afrotropical stink bug previously introduced to the New World, is recorded from Cuba for the first time. The specimen was collected in 1978 and represents the oldest record in America, suggesting the possibility of its in...
Article
A list of 96 available genus-group taxa, 1459 available species-group taxa and 5 unavailable infrasubspecific taxa of Heteroptera described by Rauno E. Linnavuori is compiled. One new substitute name, Phytocoris (Eriamiris) rostriformis nom. nov., is proposed to replace the junior homonym Phytocoris rostratus Linnavuori, 2000b (Miridae). Taylorilyg...
Article
The review of 22 genus-group and 152 species-group taxa named in honour of R. E. Linnavuori is given (Heteroptera-12 genera and 75 species; Auchenorrhyncha-10 genera and 49 species; Psyllomorpha-2 species; Coleoptera-25 species; Lepidoptera-1 species). Reference to the original descriptions and current status are given for each of the names.
Article
A list of 19 family-group, 206 available genus-group, 1267 available and 16 unavailable species-group taxa of Cicadomorpha described by Rauno E. Linnavuori is compiled. The following 18 taxa were originally proposed as unavailable infrasubspecific names, being either published in papers describing forms and varieties along with subspecies or being...
Article
Full-text available
The complete list of 306 papers authored by Rauno E. Linnavuori and dealing with Heteroptera, Auchenorrhyncha and Coleoptera is given. Exact publication dates of all papers, except one journal article and few conference abstracts, have been verified according to the original publications and indicated in square brackets after each reference.
Article
Full-text available
Ectatops grandis sp. nov., is described, illustrated, and compared with E. dembickyi Stehlík, 2007. The new species originates from central Vietnam and is the largest known species of the genus Ectatops Amyot et Serville, 1843 (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pyrrhocoridae). A list of all the species of Ectatops is provided and their distribution is review...
Article
Full-text available
New distributional data on the rare and endangered saproxylic beetle, Peltis grossa (Linnaeus, 1758), and its Eastern vicariant Peltis gigantea (Reitter, 1882) are provided. Peltis grossa is recorded from 21 European countries, with first or first exact records provided for Asian Turkey, Kosovo, Macedonia and Montenegro. In contrast, the species is...
Article
Full-text available
The first record of the introduced plant bug Deraeocoris flavilinea (A. Costa, 1862) (Miridae: Deraeocorinae: Deraeocorini) from Slovakia is presented, as well as four additional records from the Czech Republic. In three of the cases the species was collected on the non-native honey locust Gleditsia triacanthos in city parks.
Article
Full-text available
First record of Ceraleptus gracilicornis (Herrich-Schaeffer, 1835) (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Coreidae) from Bohemia (Czech Republic).
Book
Full-text available
Features: • Presents a brief history of past classifications, a summary of present classification, and speculation on how the classification may evolve in the future • Includes keys for the identification of families and subfamilies of the Pentatomoidea and for the tribes in the Pentatomidae • Explains transmission of plant pathogens and concepts o...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this application, under Article 23.9.3 of the Code, is to conserve the widely used specific name Metochus abbreviatus Scott, 1874, for a species of rhyparochromid bugs from East Asia. The name is threatened by the senior subjective synonym Rhyparochromus erosus Walker, 1872, which has seldom been used since its first publication. The...
Article
Full-text available
Food webs are of crucial importance for understanding any ecosystem. The accuracy of food web and ecosystem models rests on the reliability of the information on the feeding habits of the species involved. Water boatmen (Corixoidea) is the most diverse superfamily of water bugs (Heteroptera: Nepomorpha), frequently the most abundant group of insect...
Article
Full-text available
The brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys Stål, 1855 (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomidae), is recorded from Slovakia for the first time based on a 5<sup>th</sup> instar larva collected in the town of Štúrovo, Slovakia. The current distribution, economic importance and biology of the species are briefly reviewed. During the visit to Štúrov...
Article
Full-text available
Hemiptera records gained in July 2015 in course of the 7 th European Hemiptera Congress in Styria are presented. In total, 144 Auchenorrhyncha, 143 Heteroptera, 13 Psylloidea and 2 Aphididae species were collected. Ribautodelphax imitans (Delphacidae), Eurhadina saageri (Cicadellidae), Notonecta maculata (Notonectidae), Notonecta meridionalis (Noto...
Article
The generic name Lanchnophorus Reuter, 1887, deemed for a long time to be unavailable as incorrect original spelling of Lachnophorus (in fact Lachnophorus Distant, 1903 is an unjustified emendation of the former), is restored as a valid name of the genus. Lachnesthus Bergroth, 1915, syn. nov. (new name for the preoccupied Lachnophorus Distant, 1903...
Article
Full-text available
A new genus and species, Rhyparoclava pyrrhocoroides from the Montagne de Français in northern Madagascar is described and illustrated, including structures of the external scent efferent system of the metathoracic scent glands, pregenital abdomen and its trichobothrial pattern, and the genitalia of both sexes. This autapomorphic taxon is brachypte...
Article
Phytomonas spp. (phytomonads) are a diverse and globally distributed group of unicellular eukaryotes that parasitize a wide range of plants and are transmitted by insect hosts. Here we report the discovery and characterisation of a new species of Phytomonas, named Phytomonas oxycareni n. sp., which was obtained from the salivary glands of the invas...
Article
Circadian clocks keep organisms in synchrony with external day-night cycles. The free running period (FRP) of the clock, however, is usually only close to—not exactly—24 h. Here, we explored the geographical variation in the FRP of the linden bug, Pyrrhocoris apterus, in 59 field-lines originating from a wide variety of localities representing geog...
Article
Full-text available
A review of the West-Palaearctic Hebridae and their distribution is given, including two genera and 21 species-group taxa (18 species and 3 subspecies). A new species, Hebrus (Hebrus) atlas sp. nov. (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Hebroidea: Hebridae: Hebrinae), is described from Morocco and is the first micropterous species of Hebrus s. str. in the Palae...
Article
Full-text available
In the list of the type material of Nene undulatum sp. nov. (p. 612) the depository of three paratypes was erroneously indicated as Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgium (MRAC) instead of Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium (ISNB). The correct text should be read as follows: ‘…1 male 2 females, ‘environs de / T...
Article
Full-text available
Type specimens from the insect collections deposited in the Department of Entomology, National Museum, Prague, are currently being catalogued. In this part of the catalogue we deal with Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha. This group is namely represented in the museum by the whitefl y collection of Jiří Zahradník and the scale insect collections of Jiří Zah...
Article
Full-text available
A rapid increase in the number of alien species is one of the most important threats to global biodiversity as well as to agriculture. The article presents two species of the family Pentatomidae which are expected to reach the Czech Republic in the near future – the invasive Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (Halyomorpha halys) native to East Asia, and th...
Article
Full-text available
An annotated review of the Mesoveliidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Gerromorpha) of the south-east European countries is provided. Mesovelia thermalis Horváth, 1915 is recorded for the first time from Romania outside of its type locality and for the first time from Bulgaria, Serbia, and Croatia. Therefore, its European geographical range is two times...
Article
Full-text available
Two additional records of Lethocerus patruelis (Stål, 1855) (Heteroptera: Belostomatidae) are reported for Southern Dalmatia (Croatia).
Article
Discimita linnavuorii, new genus and species (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomidae: Pentatominae), is described from the Central African Republic. The genus is superficially similar to representatives of the Neotropical subfamily Discocephalinae, but the labium, which arises anteriad of the imaginary line traversing head at anterior limit of the ey...
Article
Full-text available
The poorly known assassin bug Reduvius (Pseudoreduvius) dicki Carayon, 1987 (Heteroptera: Reduviidae: Reduviinae), known so far only from Libya, is recorded here for the first time from Tunisia. In addition, the Tunisian record of Reduvius testaceus (Herrich-Schaeffer, 1845) was found to actually represent misidentification of R. dicki and R. testa...
Article
Full-text available
A detailed redescription (including first description of the male sex) of the genus Wachsiella Schmidt, 1931 (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Largidae: Physopeltinae) and its single species, Wachsiella horsti Schmidt, 1931, is provided. The systematic placement of the genus is discussed and it is placed in the tribe Physopcltini. Wachsiella horsti is a spe...
Article
Full-text available
Trichobilharzia Skrjabin & Zakharov, 1920 is known as the most species-rich genus of the blood fluke family Schistosomatidae. To date, more than 40 species have been described, even though validity of some of them is questionable (Horák et al. 2002). Members of the genus use various birds as final hosts, but they attract attention mostly as causati...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The metathoracic scent gland efferent system (MTSG) is one of the apomorphic and diagnostic structures in true bugs (Heteroptera), developed only in adults. External structures of MTSG, such as ostiole, vestibular scar, peritreme, and evaporatorium (terminology by Kment & Vilímová 2010: Zootaxa 2706: 1–77) provide useful characters for systematics...
Article
Full-text available
Two new genera and species, Jitka elegans gen. & sp. nov. (Myrocheini) and Nene undulatum gen. & sp. nov. (Triplatygini) (both Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomidae: Pentatominae), are described and illustrated, including structures of the male and female genitalia of both taxa and the 4th instar larva of J. elegans. The tribal placement of both new...
Article
Full-text available
The water bugs represent a significant component of the freshwater biota, play an important role in trophic webs, and may have considerable economic importance. Nevertheless, systematic research of this group has been underdeveloped in Slovakia (central Europe) for decades. This work presents a list of water bug species of Slovakia based on an exha...