Petr Biskup

Petr Biskup
Universität Konstanz | Uni-Konstanz · Institut für Slavistik

Dr. phil. habil.

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27
Publications
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70
Citations

Publications

Publications (27)
Article
This article is concerned with grammaticalization of prepositional elements in Slavic. It is argued that external prefixes are internal prefixes that underwent some grammaticalization process. After discussing the grammaticalization of the Slavic prefix po- it is shown that the Czech future po- differs from Russian and Polish non-future prefixes. F...
Preprint
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The paper provides experimental evidence (naturalness rating paradigm) that wh-extraction from clausal adjuncts (conditionals, temporal clauses, purpose clauses) is grammatical in Czech, although it is fully natural only in one specific condition: if the adjunct is left-peripheral (vs. right-peripheral/central), if the adjunct is not headed by nomi...
Preprint
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This article is concerned with the derivation of morphological aspect in Russian and Czech. It investigates four aspectual markers: prefixes, the secondary imperfective suffix, the semelfactive marker and the habitual suffix. It argues that not only in Russian (see Tatevosov 2011, 2015) but also in Czech aspect interpretation is separated from pref...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper is concerned with deriving morphological aspect in Russian and Czech. Aspect is separated from the four morphological aspect markers: prefixes, secondary imperfective, semelfactive and habitual. It proposes an Agree analysis of morphological aspect properties of verbal predicates and nominalizations.
Preprint
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The literature on Slavic aspect uses the notion of "derivational history" (ascribed to Karcevski 1927) to connect derivationally verbs that have a related meaning but differ in the morphological aspect and in the presence of various aspectual morphemes. In this squib, I show that this concept can be modeled in terms of the bottom-up morphosyntactic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We discuss the little known fact that left-adjoined conditionals like [If you invite John], the party will be fun are transparent for A'-extraction in Czech, yielding structures like This is the man who_1 [if you invite t_1], the party will be fun. String-identical but syntactically integrated conditionals The party will be fun [if you invite John]...
Article
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This article investigates case syncretism in Across-the-Board (ATB) constructions in Russian, Polish and Czech. It provides some new ATB data, which are problematic for most current approaches dealing with ATB constructions. It is proposed to derive ATB constructions by means of two (or more) independent movements and haplology reduction.
Chapter
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This article proposes certain modifications to the minimalist system, among which labeling plays a prominent role. It argues for a specific model of cyclic Transfer, where every operation Merge constitutes a phase. The operation labeling is a prerequisite of Transfer and can be delayed. This allows syntactic objects to escape from a phase. Because...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper deals with differences between compositional and non-compositional prefixed verbs in Slavic. Using a paraphrase test, it classifies prefixed verbs into four categories. In the course of this, it is shown that non-compositional prefixed verbs do not form a unified class. The paper provides a syntactic and semantic analysis of the particul...
Chapter
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This paper is concerned with the status of prominence scales in grammatical theory. We argue that the theta role scale and the case scale are a reflection of syntactic structure and that they are determined by syntacticosemantic properties of the clause structure. The complex scale represents alignments of members of the theta role scale with membe...
Article
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The No-Tampering Condition is often taken to derive effects of the Extension Condition and the Inclusiveness Condition; however there is no definition of the No-Tampering Condition in Chomsky’s articles that fully captures effects of both conditions. This paper proposes a new condition which in connection with other properties of the proposed syste...
Preprint
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This paper investigates the question of what the status of prominence scales is in grammatical theory. Specifically, we look at the interaction of prefixation and the theta role scale and the case scale in Russian and Czech. We argue that there is a correlation between the type of (crossings in) the complex scale tree, morphological marking, syntac...
Article
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In this paper we provide a derivational, minimalist account of the construction of particle and prefix verbs in German. In particular, we focus on the different stress patterns associated with particle and prefix verbs and on the positioning of the bound morpheme zu 'to' in particle and prefix verbs. Building upon an earlier proposal put forward by...
Article
In this paper, I argue that certain features can be spelled out only once in certain languages. Specifically, the pattern of behavior of Ger- man and Bulgarian DPs can be attributed to the fact that the relevant feature - the gender feature in German DPs and the definiteness fea- ture in Bulgarian DPs - can be spelled out only once. To analyze this...
Article
This paper is concerned with the syntactic operation merge. I propose a representational-derivational model that can derive non-local relations that are problematic for Chomsky's (2000, et seq.) phase model with the Phase Impenetrability Condition. The problematic non-local relations can be derived in a local fashion if the whole set of information...
Thesis
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This dissertation addresses two issues, phases and adverbials. The general proposal is that there is a correlation between the phase structure, the tripartite quantificational structure and the information structure of the sentence. At the semantic interface, the vP phase is interpreted as the nuclear scope of the quantificational structure and the...
Article
This paper is concerned with the syntactic operation merge. I propose a representational-derivational model that can derive non-local relations that are problematic for Chomsky’s (2000, et seq.) phase model with the Phase Impenetrability Condition. The problematic non-local relations can be derived in a local fashion if the whole set of information...
Article
Full-text available
Scrambling in Czech affects syntactic, semantic, and information-structural properties of a sentence. To derive these properties, I propose a theory of scrambling based on the unification of Diesing (1992) with Chomsky’s phase model (2000, 2001a,b, 2005) and enriched with information structure. I argue that Diesing’s splitting of the syntactic...
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