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Peter J Wijkstra

Peter J Wijkstra

MD PhD

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146
Publications
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Publications

Publications (146)
Chapter
Respiratory failure is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic neuromuscular disease and may develop gradually or as an “acute-on chronic” emergency situation. Long-term mechanical ventilation is the main therapeutic intervention leading to increased life expectancy and health-related quality of life in chronic neu...
Article
Home mechanical ventilation (HMV) improves quality of life and survival in patients with neuromuscular disorders (NMD). Developing countries may benefit from published evidence regarding the prevalence, cost of equipment, technical issues and organisation of HMV in NMD, facilitating the development of local turn-key HMV programmes. Unfortunately, s...
Article
Two working mechanisms of Nasal High-Flow Therapy (NHFT) are washout of anatomical dead space and provision of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP). The extent of both mechanisms depends on the respiration aerodynamics and the corresponding pressure distribution: at end-expiration the onset of uniform pressure indicates the jet penetration lengt...
Article
Study objectives: It has been suggested that treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) reduces cardiovascular risk. So far, knowledge is limited about the difference in the reduction of this risk between mandibular advancement device (MAD) and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. The aim of this study was to compare the cardiovasc...
Article
In the Netherlands we have an unique organisation of only 4 centres being responsible for all patients who need Home Mechanical ventilation(HMV). Nationwide criteria for referral and initiation of HMV are stated in our national guideline and recently a unique national learning management system (LMS) for all caregivers and professionals was develop...
Article
Background: Chronic non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is increasingly being used to treat people with COPD who have respiratory failure, but the evidence supporting this treatment has been conflicting. Objectives: To assess the effects of chronic non-invasive ventilation at home via a facial mask in people with COPD, using a pooled analysis of IPD...
Article
Background The optimal interface for the delivery of home non-invasive ventilation (NIV) to treat chronic respiratory failure has not yet been determined. The aim of this individual participant data (IPD) meta-analysis was to compare the effect of nasal and oronasal masks on treatment efficacy and adherence in patients with COPD and obesity hypoven...
Article
Study Objectives The impact of therapy with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and mandibular advancement device (MAD) has not been directly compared in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The purpose of this individual participant data meta-analysis was to compare the treatment effects of CPAP and titratable MAD on sleepine...
Article
Full-text available
Now that additional treatment options for severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have emerged in recent years, patients with severe COPD should not be left in the rather hopeless situation of "there is nothing to improve" any more. Inertia or fatalism is a disservice to our patients. Ranging from advanced care planning to quite intense...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are usually treated with either mandibular advancement device (MAD) or continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. The objective of this study is to evaluate changes in dental occlusion associated with long-term MAD and CPAP therapy. Materials and methods Data from 14 OSA patients usin...
Article
Background There is an increasing demand for Home Mechanical Ventilation (HMV) in patients with chronic respiratory insufficiency. At present, Non-invasive Ventilation (NIV) is exclusively initiated in a clinical setting at all 4 centres for HMV in The Netherlands. In addition to its high societal costs and patient discomfort, commencing HMV is oft...
Article
Study objectives: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a sleep related breathing disorder, commonly treated by either Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) or a Mandibular Advancement Device (MAD). Long-term follow-up and comparison regarding efficacy of these therapies is scarce. In this study the results of treatment, patient complian...
Article
Study objectives: Limited evidence exists on the cost-effectiveness of mandibular advancement device (MAD) compared to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy in moderate obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Therefore, this study compares the clinical and cost-effectiveness of MAD therapy with CPAP therapy in moderate OSA. Methods: In a mul...
Article
Study objectives: Comparable health effects of mandibular advancement device (MAD) and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy have been attributed to higher adherence with MAD compared with CPAP therapy. The objective of this study was to make a direct comparison of the objective adherence between MAD and CPAP in patients with moderate...
Article
Study objectives: Limited evidence exists on the cost-effectiveness of mandibular advancement device (MAD) compared to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy in moderate obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Therefore, this study compares the clinical and cost-effectiveness of MAD therapy with CPAP therapy in moderate OSA. Methods: In a mul...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Chronic non-invasive ventilation (NIV) has become evidence-based care for stable hypercapnic COPD patients. While the number of patients increases, home initiation of NIV would greatly alleviate the healthcare burden. We hypothesise that home initiation of NIV with the use of telemedicine in stable hypercapnic COPD is non-inferior to i...
Article
Full-text available
Currently, more than 3000 patients in the Netherlands receive long-term ventilatory support. In the majority of patients, long-term ventilatory support leads to increased survival without any complications. Diaphragm pacing with an external pacemaker (diaphragm pacing system, DPS) seems an attractive alternative for long-term ventilatory support by...
Article
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. This study systematically reviews the effects of oral appliance therapy (OAT) on a broad spectrum of cardiovascular outcomes. A literature search was performed up to December 31st 2016. Twenty-five relevant full-text articles were retrieved. Sixteen a...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction High-intensity noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has been shown to improve outcomes in stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. However, there is insufficient knowledge about whether with this more controlled ventilatory mode optimal respiratory muscle unloading is provided without an increase in patient–ventilator asynchrony...
Data
The QRS removal process. Notes: The averaged EMG (EMGa) shows respiratory activity. As control the signal from the abdominal magnetometer band (Band) is shown. From the diaphragmatic EMG signal (EMGd), the QRS complex was detected and stretched into a standard QRS pulse with a duration of 100 ms (QRS). During the QRS pulse a cut was made in the sli...
Data
Autotriggering. Notes: Shown are (from top to bottom) the raw intercostal signal (Int raw), the raw frontal diaphragm signal (F Dia raw), the raw dorsal diaphragm signal (D Dia raw), the pressure wave (Paw), the average intercostal signal (Interc), the average frontal diaphragm (F Dia) signal, and the average dorsal diaphragm signal (D Dia). During...
Data
Double triggering. Notes: Shown are (from top to bottom) the raw intercostal signal (Int raw), the raw frontal diaphragm signal (F Dia raw), the raw dorsal diaphragm signal (D Dia raw), the pressure wave (Paw), the average intercostal signal (Interc), the average frontal diaphragm (F Dia) signal, and the average dorsal diaphragm signal (D Dia). A s...
Data
An ineffective effort. Notes: Shown are (from top to bottom) the raw intercostal signal (Int raw), the raw frontal diaphragm signal (F Dia raw), the raw dorsal diaphragm signal (D Dia raw), the pressure wave (Paw), the average intercostal signal (Interc), the average frontal diaphragm (F Dia) signal, and the average dorsal diaphragm signal (D Dia)....
Data
Premature cycling. Notes: Shown are (from top to bottom) the raw intercostal signal (Int raw), the raw frontal diaphragm signal (F Dia raw), the raw dorsal diaphragm signal (D Dia raw), the pressure wave (Paw), the average intercostal signal (Interc), the average frontal diaphragm (F Dia) signal, and the average dorsal diaphragm signal (D Dia). Ele...
Data
Delayed cycling. Notes: Shown are (from top to bottom) the raw intercostal signal (Int raw), the raw frontal diaphragm signal (F Dia raw), the raw dorsal diaphragm signal (D Dia raw), the pressure wave (Paw), the average intercostal signal (Interc), the average frontal diaphragm (F Dia) signal, and the average dorsal diaphragm signal (D Dia). The e...
Data
A pressure-supported (PS) breath. Notes: Shown are (from top to bottom) the raw intercostal signal (Int raw), the raw frontal diaphragm signal (F Dia raw), the raw dorsal diaphragm signal (D Dia raw), the pressure wave (Paw), the average intercostal signal (Interc), the average frontal diaphragm (F Dia) signal, and the average dorsal diaphragm sign...
Data
A pressure-controlled (PC) breath. Notes: Shown are (from top to bottom) the raw intercostal signal (Int raw), the raw frontal diaphragm signal (F Dia raw), the raw dorsal diaphragm signal (D Dia raw), the pressure wave (Paw), the average intercostal signal (Interc), the average frontal diaphragm (F Dia) signal, and the average dorsal diaphragm sig...
Article
Full-text available
Most patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) develop respiratory insufficiency in the advanced stage of their disease. Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is commonly regarded to be a treatment that is effective in reducing these complaints. To assess whether the effect of NIV on gas exchange and quality of life (QOL) is different in patients...
Article
Full-text available
Thirty percent of ALS patients have a frontotemporal syndrome (FS), defined as behavioral changes or cognitive impairment. Despite previous studies, there are no firm conclusions on the effect of the FS on survival and the use of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in ALS. We examined the effect of the FS on survival and the start and duration of NIV in...
Article
Question High-intensity non-invasive ventilation (NIV) has been shown to improve outcomes in stable COPD. However, it is not known whether this ventilatory mode provides optimal respiratory muscle unloading without increasing patient-ventilator asynchrony (PVA). Patients and methods In 10 COPD patients on chronic NIV, 4 ventilatory settings were in...
Article
Background: Recently, an impressive survival improvement has been shown in stable COPD patients receiving chronic non-invasive ventilation (NIV) but the mechanisms of this improvement are unknown. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate predictors of NIV efficacy and survival in a cohort of COPD patients initiated on chronic NIV. Method: Data...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, clear benefits have been shown from long-term noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure. In our opinion, these benefits are confirmed and nocturnal NIV using sufficiently high inspiratory pressures should be considered in COPD patients with ch...
Article
Full-text available
Although the endurance shuttle walk test (ESWT) has proven to be responsive to change in exercise capacity after pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) for COPD, the minimally important difference (MID) has not yet been established. We aimed to establish the MID of the ESWT in patients with severe COPD and chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure following P...
Article
Full-text available
Rationale: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has demonstrated physiological, symptom-reducing, psychosocial, and health economic benefits for patients with chronic respiratory diseases, yet it is underutilized worldwide. Insufficient funding, resources, and reimbursement; lack of healthcare professional, payer, and patient awareness and knowledge; and...
Article
Full-text available
We present a case of facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) with a diaphragm paralysis as the primary cause of ventilatory failure. FSHD is an autosomal dominant inherited disorder with a restricted pattern of weakness. Although respiratory weakness is a relatively unknown in FSHD, it is not uncommon. We report on the clinical findings of a...
Article
Full-text available
Many positional therapy (PT) strategies are available for treating positional obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). PT is primarily supplied to selected patients as a secondary treatment option when other therapies have failed. To our knowledge this is the largest study to date to assess effectiveness and long-term compliance of PT (both commercial waistb...
Article
In conclusion, currently there is no conclusive evidence that NIV should be provided routinely to stable patients with COPD. Nevertheless, patients who are clearly hypercapnic, who receive confirmed effective ventilation by applying higher inspiratory pressures, and have a better compliance might show clinical benefits. The combination of rehabilit...
Article
Introduction: Home mechanical ventilation (HMV) in the Netherlands is normally initiated in hospital, but this is expensive and often a burden for the patient. In this randomised controlled study we investigated whether initiation of HMV at home in patients with chronic respiratory failure is non-inferior to an in hospital based setting. Methods:...
Article
Background: From the moment the respiratory muscle groups are affected in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), respiratory complications will be the major cause of morbidity and mortality. Untreated respiratory muscle impairment leads to respiratory insufficiency and additionally to difficulties in airway secretion clearance. Non-invasive ventilat...
Article
Full-text available
The effectiveness of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIV) in COPD patients with prolonged hypercapnia after ventilatory support for acute respiratory failure (ARF) remains unclear. We investigated if nocturnal NIV in these patients prolongs the time to readmission for respiratory causes or death (primary endpoint) in the following 12 mo...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a progressive muscle disease. No curative therapy is currently available, but in recent decades standards of care have improved. These improvements include the use of corticosteroids and mechanical ventilation. Objective: To present a detailed population based report of the DMD disease course in T...
Article
The effects of nocturnal noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) in patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remain controversial. The Cochrane Airways group Register of Trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL were searched up to August 2012. Individual patient data from randomised controlled trials on NIPPV outcomes w...
Article
Full-text available
Oral appliance therapy has emerged as an important alternative to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in treating patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). In this study we report about the subjective and objective treatment outcome of oral appliance therapy and CPAP in patients with OSAS. Cohort study of a previously conducted...
Article
There are limited data on health-related quality of life (HRQL) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure during an admission requiring ventilatory support. The aim was to assess and compare the reliability and validity of the Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ), Chronic Respiratory Question...
Article
Background: Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) is effective in treating acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Nocturnal non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (nocturnal-NIPPV) has been proposed as an intervention for stable hypercapnic patients with COPD. Objectives: To assess the effects of no...
Article
Currently, more than 2200 patients in the Netherlands receive chronic ventilatory support. In the majority of patients this leads to increased survival without any complications. Nevertheless, in case of ventilatory support via a mask, problems such as skin irritation, leakage and claustrophobia can occur. In case of tracheostomy, it can lead to in...
Article
Full-text available
Heart failure is a clinical syndrome characterized by poor quality of life and high morbidity and mortality. Co-morbidities frequently accompany heart failure and further decrease in both quality of life and clinical outcome. We describe that the prevalence of co-morbidities in patients with heart failure is much higher compared to age-matched cont...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: This study aimed to assess possible dental side effects associated with long-term use of an adjustable oral appliance compared with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in patients with the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and to study the relationship between these possible side effects and the degree of mandibular protrusion as...
Article
Over the last 20 years the number of Dutch patients on home mechanical ventilation has increased from 200 to 2000. Home mechanical ventilation is a cost-effective treatment which significantly improves the quality of life of patients. In 2011 83% of patients on home mechanical ventilation in the Netherlands is living at home. In the future further...
Book
Full-text available
What is the purpose of oxygen therapy? Patients with advanced COPD often need long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT). Oxygen therapy works by increasing the amount of oxygen carried in your blood and delivered to your tissues. This helps to keep your vital organs healthy, especially your heart and brain. Some people find that oxygen therapy also decreases...
Data
Entitled "Two-year home-based nocturnal noninvasive ventilation added to rehabilitation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients: a randomized controlled trial: measurement information and supplemental tables", contains additional information about the measurements used, and additional information about the results, including absolute chan...
Article
Full-text available
The use of noninvasive intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure remains controversial as long-term data are almost lacking. The aim was to compare the outcome of 2-year home-based nocturnal NIPPV in addition to rehabilitation (NIPPV + PR)...
Article
In patients with more severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the benefits of rehabilitation might not be clear and, therefore, new treatment options have been developed to increase the benefits of rehabilitation. This review provides an overview of new approaches being developed as an addition to exercise training. In turn, the benefi...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to assess variations in the occurrence of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) and the risk of developing pain and function impairment of the temporomandibular complex in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) patients treated with either an oral appliance (mandibular advancement device) or continuous positive airway...
Article
Long-term noninvasive ventilation (NIV) is an effective treatment for patients with chronic respiratory failure due to chest-wall deformity, but it is unknown if the time required for the patient to adjust to long-term NIV depends on whether the NIV is volume-targeted or pressure-targeted. To determine whether volume controlled or pressure controll...