Peter M Wiedemann

Peter M Wiedemann
Monash University (Australia) · Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences

Prof. Dr. habil.

About

212
Publications
36,254
Reads
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3,256
Citations
Citations since 2016
28 Research Items
969 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Additional affiliations
January 2011 - January 2013
Position
  • Science Forum EMF
Description
  • research quality, scientific controversy, integrity of science
Position
  • Risk Communication Risk Perception Moral Judgment

Publications

Publications (212)
Article
Research investigating risk perception suggests that not only the quantitative parameters used in technical risk assessment (i.e., frequency and severity of harm) but also 'qualitative' aspects such as the dread a hazard provokes or its controllability influence risk judgments. It remains to be elucidated, however, which neural mechanism underlie r...
Article
Full-text available
Possible adverse health effects due to electromagnetic fields (EMFs) from cellular phones and base stations present a major public health issue across Europe. Because scientists cannot exclude that EMFs may cause health problems, the application of the precautionary principle is debated heavily. By considering precautionary measures, political deci...
Article
The way in which risk communication messages are framed can influence recipients’ risk perceptions. Despite this, there is a limited understanding of how framing is responsible for influencing risk perception. One particularly important element may be whether a risk communication message is framed as a completed ‘risk assessment’ (specifying a magn...
Article
Background The difference between hazard and risk is crucial in risk assessment but rather unknown by non-experts. Hyper-partisan activists could use this knowledge gap to amplify risk perception by framing hazards as as-if risks, i.e., describing hazards as if their exposure is critical. Thus, using this as-if risk framing can trigger impressions...
Article
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Little was known about the relationship between carrying mobile phone handsets by men and their risk perception of radiofrequency-electromagnetic field (RF-EMF) exposure due to carrying handsets close to the body. This study aimed to determine where men usually carried their handsets and to assess the relationship to risk perception of RF-EMF. Part...
Chapter
Beim Mobilfunk dienen hochfrequente elektromagnetische Felder (HF EMF) im Frequenzbereich von 380 MHz – 2,6 GHz der Informationsübertragung. Im Public Health Kontext ist es von Belang, ab welcher Expositionsstärke diese Felder adverse gesundheitliche Risiken verursachen können. Die wissenschaftliche Kontroverse um die möglichen Gesundheitsrisiken d...
Article
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Uncertainty is a crucial issue for any risk assessment. Consequently, it also poses crucial challenges for risk communications. Many guidebooks advise reporting uncertainties in risk assessments, expecting that the audience will appreciate this disclosure. However, the empirical evidence about the effects of uncertainty reporting is sparse and inco...
Article
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The impact of providing people with an objectively measured personal radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) exposure information on the risk perception of people is not well understood. We conducted an experimental study, among three groups of participants, to investigate the risk perception of people towards RF-EMF from Wi-Fi sources (ISM...
Article
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The current study aimed to investigate how selective reporting of study results indicating increased health effects will influence its receiver’s risk perception. Using the example of the Interphone Study from 2010 on mobile phone usage and cancer, an online experiment was conducted separating respondents into two groups. One group of subjects was...
Article
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This article addresses six typical communication traps regarding COVID- 19 which can also be observed with respect to other risk topics. First, we argue that risk communication can slide into what is known as ‘risk kitsch’. This refers to the misconception that avoiding risk automatically results in safety. However, the avoidance of one risk always...
Article
In der Not frisst der Teufel auch Fliegen. Wir sind in der Coronakrise in einer ähnlichen Situation. Zu den Risikoinformationen, die uns aufgetischt werden, gibt es kaum Alternativen. Das Robert-Koch-Institut (RKI) ist der wichtigste Informationsgeber. Aber sind diese Informationen zuverlässig, relevant und verständlich? Erlauben sie eine informier...
Article
Full-text available
In the current paper, research on risk communication regarding radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) of mobile communication technologies is systematically reviewed. The following databases were searched in March 2017: EBSCO (PsycInfo, Academic search premier), Medline, SCOPUS, and emf-portal.org. Of 1139 unique hits, 28 articles (includin...
Article
Background Exposure to far-field radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) has raised public concerns in recent decades. However, it is not known if individuals’ perception towards the health risks of RF-EMF is dependent on their knowledge of the objectively measured personal RF-EMF exposure levels. Objectives This pilot study aimed to demons...
Article
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The measurement of personal exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMFs) is important for epidemiological studies. RF-EMF exposure can be measured using personal exposimeters that register RF-EMFs over a wide range of frequency bands. This study aimed to measure and describe personal RF-EMF exposure levels from a wide range of freque...
Conference Paper
In the presented research we analyse the effects of a special class of problems, called ‘risk communication traps’. These traps hinder the proper understanding of risk assessments, leading to misunderstandings of both the very existence of and magnitude of a risk. We focus on a set of five traps related to RF EMF (radio frequency electromagnetic fi...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Regarding electromagnetic fields from mobile communication technologies, empirical studies have shown that precautionary information given to lay recipients increases their risk perceptions, i.e. the belief that electromagnetic fields are dangerous. Taking this finding one step further, the current study investigates whether precaution...
Chapter
Full-text available
Abstract The aim of this chapter is to critically reflect definitions of hazard, risk, and risk perception and their assessments used in different scientific disciplines and give examples of the potential implications for scientific discussions, knowledge management, and risk communication. Scientists with backgrounds in public health, psychology,...
Article
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Die Akzeptanz von Stromtrassen ist nach wie vor ein Flaschenhals der Energiewende. Wie aber kann die Akzeptanz verbessert werden? Neben Information, Dialog und Beteiligung der Anwohnerschaft sind auch ökonomische Anreize im Gespräch. Dabei geht es um den Ausgleich des Wertverlusts der Immobilien. Mit zwei Studien wurden die hypothetischen Zahlungsf...
Article
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An implicit assumption of risk perception studies is that concerns expressed in questionnaires reflect concerns in everyday life. The aim of the present study is to check this assumption, i.e., the extrapolability of risk perceptions expressed in a survey, to risk perceptions in everyday life. To that end, risk perceptions were measured by a multid...
Conference Paper
Whether lay people’s risk perception regarding the potential health effects of electromagnetic fields exists only during a survey situation or extends beyond that into everyday life was the primary question of the present research. The results of an online survey indicated that people who just claim that they are concerned based on a single closed...
Article
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Im Mittelpunkt der vorliegenden Studie steht deshalb die Frage, ob sich die „gefühlte“ Sozialverträglichkeit eines Standortes einer Flüchtlingsunterkunft in einem Wohngebiet durch die Beteiligung der ansässigen Bevölkerung bei der Standortsuche .Geprüft wird, ob durch Beteiligungsverfahren die Akzeptanz erhöht, das Vertrauen in die Flüchtlingspolit...
Article
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Many radiation health agencies communicate precautionary measures regarding the use of mobile communication devices, e.g. the use of a headset while talking on the phone. These precautionary messages have, however, been shown to unintentionally increase risk perceptions about radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMFs). The current study tested...
Article
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Mobile phone subscriptions continue to increase across the world, with the electromagnetic fields (EMF) emitted by these devices, as well as by related technologies such as Wi-Fi and smart meters, now ubiquitous. This increase in use and consequent exposure to mobile communication (MC)-related EMF has led to concern about possible health effects th...
Article
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The results of a 2 × 2 factorial online experiment are reported. The first factor refers to the information on precautionary measures and the second factor on the information regarding the share of EMF exposure from extra-high-voltage power lines compared to overall EMF exposure measured in-house. The study is based on a community sample of 440 sub...
Article
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The present paper investigates the traps that emerge when communicating risk. It describes and discusses the origins of these traps as well as opportunities to overcome them. Five risk communication traps are examined: (1) the framing trap, (2) the selectivity trap, (3) the operationalisation trap, (4) the generalisation trap, and (5) the compariso...
Article
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Precautionary messages have been shown to increase recipients' threat perceptions about radio-frequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMFs) emitted by mobile phones and mobile phone base stations. The current study explored the interplay of variables on the side of message recipients with this effect. The individual difference variables of interest we...
Article
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Die Akzeptanz von Höchstspannungsleitungen ist eine Schlüsselfrage für den Netzausbau in Deutschland. Allerdings stellt sich die Frage, wie diese Akzeptanz verbessert werden kann. Ein Kernproblem dabei ist die Sorge der Anwohner vor möglichen Gesundheitsrisiken durch EMF-Expositionen. Welche Möglichkeiten Expositionsvergleiche bieten, um Risikoängs...
Article
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Die Energiewende braucht den Stromnetzausbau, der jedoch der Entwicklung hinterherhinkt. Gründe sind Akzeptanzprobleme in der Bevölkerung und damit verbundene langwierige Genehmigungs-verfahren. Der Erdkabelvorrang im Energieleitungsausbaugesetz soll mehr Zustimmung bei den Bürgern schaffen. Funktioniert das? In einer experimentellen Studie wurde u...
Article
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The presented survey investigates risk and exposure perceptions of radio frequency electromagnetic fields (RF EMF) associated with base stations, mobile phones and other sources, the key issue being the interaction between both sets of perceptions. The study is based on a cross-sectional design, and conducted with an online sample of 838 citizens f...
Article
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The presented survey was conducted in six European countries as an online study. A total of 2454 subjects participated. Two main research questions were investigated: firstly, how does the cognitive, moral, and affective framing of radio frequency electromagnetic field (RF EMF) exposure perception influence RF EMF risk perception? Secondly, can the...
Article
The presented survey was conducted in six European countries as an online study. A total of 2454 subjects participated. Two main research questions were investigated: firstly, how does the cognitive, moral, and affective framing of radio frequency electromagnetic field (RF EMF) exposure perception influence RF EMF risk perception? Secondly, can the...
Research
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Ende 2012 wurde eine deutschlandweite telefonische Befragung zu Problemkreisen von Trinkwasser und Badegewässern durchgeführt. An der Umfrage nahmen 1.350 Personen teil. In der Befragung wurden neben dem Nutzungsverhalten der Bevölkerung die Risikowahrnehmung sowie die subjektive Sicht auf Grundprinzipien der wissenschaftlichen Risikobewertung, Übe...
Article
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The presented study is part of the EU-Project Low EMF Exposure Future Networks (LEXNET), which deals among other things with the issue of whether a reduction of the radiofrequency (RF) electro-magnetic fields (EMF) exposure will result in more acceptance of wireless communication networks in the public sphere. We assume that the effects of any redu...
Article
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Risikokommunikation bedeutet nichts anderes als über Risiken zu informieren. Gute Risikokommunikation sollte dabei korrekt sein, d. h. auf fachlich bestem Wissen beruhen, nicht manipulieren und darüber hinaus auch emotionale Unterstützung bieten. Sie sollte weiterhin verständlich und zugänglich sein. Das ist leichter gesagt als getan. In einer perf...
Article
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Peter M. Wiedemann, Udo Erdmann and Frederik Freudenstein, University of Wollongong, TIBER and KIT, present the results of a survey that looks at the assessment of individual types of renewable energy, namely of solar energy, wind energy on land and sea, hydroelectric power, ocean current power, geothermal power and electricity and fuel from biomas...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Results of case studies describing people’s different intuitive risk perceptions of various exposure sources from telecommunication technologies in Serbia and in Montenegro are presented. Furthermore the cognitive link between risk perception and exposure perception of radio frequency electromagnetic fields is analysed. The knowledge about possible...
Article
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Background Risk communication should be designed such that its recipients can understand it. The literature on evidence-based patient information provides guidelines on how to inform non-experts about numerical risk data, i.e., risks numbers. Aim The paper argues that in occupational and environmental medicine, risk communication is not only restri...
Article
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In May 2011, the International Agency on Cancer in Research (IARC) issued an official statement concluding that cell phone usage was “possibly carcinogenic to humans.” There have been considerable doubts that non-experts and experts alike fully understood what IARC's categorization actually meant, as “possibly carcinogenic” can be interpreted in ma...
Conference Paper
One of the main assumptions of the LEXNET project is that a reduction of the RF EMF exposure will result in more acceptance of wireless communication networks in the public sphere. The presented survey investigates whether this assumption is correct. We assumed that the effects of any reduction of EMF exposure will depend on the subjective link bet...
Article
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Die Deutschen werden so alt wie nie zuvor. Andererseits werden ständig neue Risikopotenziale entdeckt, und man gewinnt den Eindruck, dass das Leben immer mehr Risiken birgt. Wird also das Leben tatsächlich immer riskanter oder wird es sicherer?
Article
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Germans are living longer than ever before. In fact, a child born in 2012 can expect to live six years longer than one born in 1990. On the other hand, potential new risks are constantly being discovered, which in turn gives rise to the impression that life harbors ever-increasing levels of peril. Is life becoming riskier or safer?
Chapter
Unternehmen sind mehr denn je mit ihren Entscheidungen und ihrem Agieren einem permanenten Beobachtungs-, Bewertungs- und Kommentierungsprozess seitens der verschiedensten gesellschaftlichen Interessens- und Anspruchsgruppen in einem öffentlich- politischen Raum ausgesetzt. Internet und Social Media verstärken dabei maßgeblich die Intensität und Ge...
Article
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Der Bau von neuen Höchstspannungsleitungen ist umstritten. Eine zentrale Frage ist dabei deren Akzeptanz in der Nachbarschaft von Häusern und Wohngebieten. Gefordert wird die Verschärfung von Grenzwerten. Striktere Grenzwerte, so lautet das Argument, stärken das Vertrauen in den Gesundheitsschutz und führen so auch zu einer höheren Akzeptanz von St...
Article
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In der Psychologie gibt es seit längerem ein Interesse daran, wie Menschen Risikozahlen und qualitative Risikobeschreibungen, wie zum Beispiel „möglich“ oder „wahrscheinlich“, interpretieren (Budescu et al. 2009; Gigerenzer et al., 2007; Visschers et al., 2009). Im Anschluss an diese Forschungstradition stehen in der vorliegenden Studie zwei Fragen...
Article
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Der Bau von neuen Höchstspannungsleitungen ist umstritten. Eine zentrale Frage ist dabei deren Akzeptanz in der Nachbarschaft von Häusern und Wohngebieten. Gefordert wird die Verschärfung von Grenzwerten. Striktere Grenzwerte, so lautet das Argument, stärken das Vertrauen in den Gesundheitsschutz und führen so auch zu einer höheren Akzeptanz von St...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: One of the crucial communication issues that have to be tackled by risk assessors is how to provide a comprehensible and informative characterization of their findings. The CORA framework (CORA stands for credibility of risk assessment) is designed for helping non-experts in judging the credibility of risk assessments. The CORA framework...
Article
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In der Diskussion um den Bau von Stromtrassen in Deutschland ist die Akzeptanz der Anlieger eine entscheidende Frage. Zur Problemlösung wird manchmal vorgeschlagen, freiwillig Grenzwerte zu verschärfen bzw. Vorsorge-Werte einzuführen. Es ist bislang unklar, welche Wirkungen ein solches Vorgehen auf die Akzeptanz von Höchstspannungsleitungen hätte....
Article
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Wenn nichts mehr hilft, um in der Bevölkerung Zustimmung für ein Geothermieprojekt zu erlangen, hilft dann Risikokommunikation? Nein, Risikokommunikation bietet keine letzte rettende Auskunft. Wohl aber ist sie ein Gebot der Klugheit, weil allein eine transparente und anschauliche Kommunikation über mögliche Risiken die nötige Plattform für eine Ve...
Article
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In the past decade, growing public concern about novel technologies with uncertain potential long-term impacts on the environment and human health has moved risk policies toward a more precautionary approach. Focusing on mobile telephony, the effects of precautionary information on risk perception were analyzed. A pooled multinational experimental...
Chapter
Beim Mobilfunk dienen elektromagnetische Felder im Frequenzbereich von 380 MHz bis 2,6 GHz (Megahertz/Gigahertz) der Informationsübertragung, d. h. zur Erzielung der gewünschten Funktion. Hochfrequente elektromagnetische Felder (HF EMF) insgesamt reichen von 30 kHz (Kilohertz) bis 300 GHz. Es wird nicht bestritten, dass HF EMF adverse gesundheitlic...
Article
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STANDPUNKT > Was macht Großprojekte wie Stutt-gart 21 so mühsam? Sie passten nicht mehr in die politische Landschaft, sagen die einen. Ihr Nutzen sei fraglich, und zu Recht machten Betroffene dagegen Front. Die anderen beklagen die Sklero-se der Demokratie und wünschen sich Beschleunigungsgesetze und Entbüro-kratisierungsinitiativen für die rasche...
Article
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Affect appears to have a central role in people?s risk perception and decision-making. It is, therefore, important that researchers and communicators know how risk communication can induce affect or more specific emotions. In this paper, several studies that examined affect-inducing cues presented in and around risk communication are discussed. We...
Article
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The transparent and fair characterization of scientific evidence for reporting the results of a hazard assessment is a demanding task. In this article, we present an approach for characterizing evidence--the evidence map approach. The theoretical starting point is to view evidence characterization as a form of argumentation. Thus, evidence maps are...
Chapter
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In the previous sixteen chapters of this volume, eight models for public participation in environmental decision making have been proposed and reviewed using the discursive standard criteria laid out in Chapter 3. These evaluations are valid and insightful and go a long way toward providing a basis for positioning the eight models relative to each...
Chapter
More and more the decision makers and affected parties engaged in solving environmental problems are recognizing that traditional decision making strategies are insufficient. Often heavily shaped by scientific analysis and judgment, these kinds of decisions are vulnerable to two major critiques. First, because they de-emphasize the consideration of...
Article
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A review of the scientific literature published until August 2010, covering epidemiological studies on the effects of RF EMF exposure on the incidence of brain tumours and leukaemia in children as well as experimental studies on RF EMF effects on cognition and CNS in children, reveals no or only scant evidence for the assumption that RF EMF exposur...
Book
An overview of the different approaches to cancer risk assessment of environmental factors - including "-omics" technologies, discussing the strengths and weaknesses of the methods in different fields. The main focus is on the carcinogenic effects of ionizing and non-ionizing radiation, demonstrating the difficulties in accurately assessing those f...
Article
IntroductionThe Concept of UncertaintyReasons for Communicating UncertaintiesFindings on Communicating UncertaintiesExplaining Inconclusive EvidenceConclusions References
Article
How do individuals judge the risks and benefits of toxicogenomics, an emerging field of research which is completely unfamiliar to them? The hypothesis is that individuals' perceptions of the risks and benefits of toxicogenomics are fragile and can by influenced by different issues and context framings as a technology. The researchers expected that...
Article
The transparent and fair characterization of scientific evidence for reporting the results of a hazard assessment is a demanding task. In this article, we present an approach for characterizing evidence—the evidence map approach. The theoretical starting point is to view evidence characterization as a form of argumentation. Thus, evidence maps are...
Article
For public health promotion purposes it is important to know how the general public perceives the risk factor "UV exposure" and how UV risk perception is connected to health-related attitudes and beliefs. The aim of the study was to collect representative data about UV risk perception in Germany. A representative telephone survey using the ADM desi...
Article
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Visitors' risk perceptions have been found to influence the on-site behaviour of tourists and their intention to return to a destination or to recommend it to others. The present study analyses the perception of tourism risks in the Tyrol, Austria. Building on the psychometric paradigm, participants (N = 207) assessed 15 vacation risks on nine risk...
Article
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The increased skin cancer incidences are important public health problems. In spite of the strong promotion of the UV-index as essential UV risk education tool, only few studies have investigated peoples understanding of the UV-index. This paper is the first to present representative data on UV-index understanding in Germany. In 2007, a representat...
Article
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Das wahrgenommene Risiko alpiner Destinationen stellt ein vernachlässigtes Forschungsfeld dar, obwohl bekannt ist, dass die Risikowahrnehmung den Reiseentscheidungsprozess und das Verhalten der Touristen vor Ort beeinflusst. In der vorgestellten Studie wurde daher in einer Online-Befragung an einer Stichprobe von 640 Probanden untersucht, welche Ri...
Article
Die Risikobewertung im EMF-Hochfrequenzbereich steht vor allem vor der Frage, wie mit Hinweisen auf mögliche Risiken umzugehen ist. Es geht darum, welche Evidenz notwendig ist, um einen Handlungsanlass für Vorsorge wissenschaftlich begründen zu können. Daneben geht es auch darum, welche Maßnahmen angemessen sind, um eine adäquate Vorsorge zu gewähr...
Article
Im Zusammenhang mit möglichen Risiken nieder- und hochfrequenter elektromagnetischer Felder hat sich der Begriff „Elektrosmog“ eingebürgert, der die Befürchtung zum Ausdruck bringt, dass–ähnlich wie bei Luftschadstoffen–gerade durch die Vielzahl im Alltag bestehender und ständig neuer Quellen elektromagnetischer Strahlung die Belastung irgendwann s...
Article
Im Folgenden geht es um die Wirkung von Information und Beteiligung der Öffentlichkeit als Vorsorgemaßnahmen beim Mobilfunk. So stellt die vom britischen Gesundheitsminister eingesetzte Independent Expert Group on Mobile Phones nach Abwägen der wissenschaftlichen Evidenz zwar fest, dass keine adversen Gesundheitseffekte durch die Exposition mit Mob...